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Chapt 18 lesson 2
 

Chapt 18 lesson 2

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Lesson 2 from Chapter 18 revised by Macca - May,2011

Lesson 2 from Chapter 18 revised by Macca - May,2011

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Chapt 18 lesson 2 Chapt 18 lesson 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson 2 Physical Features and Climate
  • locations of physical features
  • Core Words 气旋 cyclone 季风 monsoon 珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Everest
  • Extension words Nepali 尼泊尔语 cardamom 小豆蔻 Brahmaputra 布拉马普特拉河
  • Also known as plate convergence. Mountains are formed by slow but gigantic movements of the earth‘s crust.
  • The Earth's crust is made up of 6 huge slabs called plates, which fit together like a jigsaw puzzle.
  • The Himalayas The Himalayan Mountains were formed by the collision of Asia and India.
  • Himalayan Mountains How did the Himalayas get their name?
  • Deccan Plateau
      • A region of high, flat land with many rivers
      • Millions of tiny farms dot the landscape
      • The Eastern and Western Ghats
        • Low-lying mountain ranges
        • “ ghats” = passes
    Northern Plains Deccan Plateau
  • Spices 香料
    • pepper
    • ginger
    • cardamom
  • The Travels of Marco Polo
  • Bangladesh Alluvial Plain floodplain
  • Ganges Delta
  • What problem do they have? flooding What causes the flooding?
  •  
  • Find the rivers of the Indian subcontinent
  • Ganges
  • “ Mata Ganga”(Mother Ganges)
  •  
  • Brahmaputra 布拉马普特拉河 1,800 miles long
  • Floods on the Brahmaputra: 2003
  • Flooding on the Brahmaputra
    • Climate
      • Monsoons : seasonal winds that control the lives of farmers in South Asia
      • Cyclones : a storm system with strong winds that spin in a circular motion
  • Most of India has tropical monsoon climate.
  •  
  • From land to sea---northeast wind From sea to land---southwest wind Dry, hot---little rainfall---dry season Wet, hot---much rainfall---rainy season January July July January features wind direction
  • Features of tropical monsoon climate distribution map of temperature and rainfall for Mumbai in a year high temperature all the year, includes a dry and rainy season. Dry season: October to May (in following year) Rainy season: June to September Plenty of water
  • Rainy season Dry season
  • How these events might affect people
  • tropical savanna climate 热带稀树草原气候
  • highland climate
    • Rain shadow
      • Mountains can create a rain shadow
    Wet, windward Dry, leeward
  •