Objective: At the end of the presentation the students must be able to understand how Literature started during the Spanish Period.
Spanish colonization of the Philippinesstarted in 1565 during the time of MiguelLopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. Literature started toflourish during his time. The spurt continuedunabated until the Cavite Revolt in 1872. TheSpaniards colonized the Philippines for morethan three centuries.
SPANISH INFLUENCES ON THE PHILIPPINE LITERATURE1. ALIBATA2. Christian Doctrine3. Spanish language became the literary language this time4. European legends and traditions5. Ancient literature was collected and translated to Tagalog6. Grammar books were printed in Filipino7. Religious tone
THE FIRST BOOKS1. Ang Doctrina Cristiana (The Christian Doctrine)2. Nuestra Senora del Rosario3. Libro de los Cuatro Postprimeras de Hombre (in Spanish and Tagalog)4. Ang Barlaan at Josephat5. The Pasion6. Urbana at Felisa7. Ang mga Dalit kay Maria (Psalms for Mary)
LITERARY COMPOSITIONS1. Arte y Reglas de la Lengua Tagala (Art and Rules of the Tagalog language)2. Compendio de la Lengua Tagala (Understanding the Tagalog language)3. Vocabulario de la Lengua Tagala (Tagalog vocabulary)4. Vocabulario de la Lengua Pampanga (Pampango vocabulary)5. Vocabulario de la Lengua Bisaya (Bisayan vocabulary)6. Arte de la Lengua Ilokana (The Art of the Ilocano language)7. Arte de la Lengua Bicolana (The Art of the Bicol Language)
FOLK SONGS Folk songs became widespread in thePhilippines. Each region had its national songfrom the lowlands to the mountains ofLuzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Folk songs truly manifest the artisticfeelings of the Filipinos. They show theFilipinos’ innate appreciation for, and love ofbeauty.
Examples of Folk songs:• Leron-Leron Sinta (Tagalog)• Pamulinawen (Iloko)• Dandansoy (Bisaya)• Sarong Banggi (Bicol)• Atin Cu Pung Singsing (Kapampangan)
RECREATIONAL PLAYS There were many recreationalplays performed by Filipinos during theSpanish times. Almost all of them werein poetic form.
THE MORO-MOROLike the Cenaculo, the Moro-Moro ispresented also on a special stage. This isperformed during town fiestas toentertain the people and to remindthem of their Christian religion. : “Prinsipe Rodante”Example
KARAGATAN This is a poetic vehicle of a socio-religious nature celebrated during thedeath of a person.
DUPLO The Duplo replaced the Karagatan.This is a poetic joust in speaking andreasoning.
THE BALAGTASAN This is a poetic joust or a contest ofskills in debate on a particular topic orissue.
THE DUNG-AW This is a chant in free verse by abereaved person or his representativebeside the corpse of the dead.
THE AWIT and the CORRIDO Both referred to as narrative poetry.Some use the two interchangeablybecause the distinction is not clear.
AWIT • is in dodecasyllabic verse. • are fabricated stories from writers’ imaginationalthough the setting and characters are European. • refers to chanting. Example: Florante at Laura by Francisco Balagtas
CORRIDO • is in octosyllabic verse.• were usually on legends or stories from European countries like France, Spain, Italy and Greece. • refers to narration. Example: Ibong Adarna by Jose de la Cruz