Elderly People And Use Of ICT In Spain

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Antonio Jimenez Lara's contribution to W4A panel session on 'Supporting Older Web Users in Spain'

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Elderly People And Use Of ICT In Spain

  1. 1. Elderly and use of ICT in Spain Antonio Jiménez Lara
  2. 2. ICT usage by age. Spain, 2008
  3. 3. Computer usage, by age and sex. Spain, 2008 Encuesta sobre Equipamiento y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación en los hogares 2008
  4. 4. Internet usage, by age and sex. Spain, 2008 Encuesta sobre Equipamiento y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación en los hogares 2008
  5. 5. Mobile usage, by age and sex. Spain, 2008 Encuesta sobre Equipamiento y Uso de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación en los hogares 2008
  6. 6. Evolution of the use of ICT. 2003-2008 8,90 56,70 10,30 61,00 2008 6,40 52,00 7,50 57,20 2007 4,20 48,60 5,60 54,10 2006 (2ª wave) 5,00 47,90 7,50 54,00 2006 (1ª wave) 4,50 42,10 6,80 48,60 2005 (2ª wave) 3,70 41,20 6,70 48,30 2005 (1ª wave) 3,00 37,50 5,50 45,50 2004 3,20 34,20 5,50 42,70 2003 65-74 Whole (16-74) 65-74 Whole (16-74)   People who have used Internet in the last three months People who have used the computer in the last three months
  7. 7. Internet usage in the last 3 months by location 3,80 4,10 Other sites 0,80 3,90 Public area with wireless network (hotspot) 2,40 8,80 Cyber, cyber café or similar 7,90 2,10 Public institution or association 3,10 3,20 City Hall 0,10 0,20 Post office 2,50 6,70 Public library 10,40 25,20 Home of relatives or friends 4,10 12,40 Learning Center 13,90 43,90 Workplace 81,60 77,60 Home 65-74 Whole (16-74)
  8. 8. Status and Trends <ul><li>The greater the age, the lower the use of computers and ICT in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Older women make less use of ICTs to senior males. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of ICT by older people has increased significantly in recent years. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone is the ICT resource most valued by older. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Barriers and solutions <ul><li>The main barrier for older people is the initial access. </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts should be directed to an initial approach to technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Older people who have had an initial approach to ICT tend to become regular users. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Two types of barriers <ul><li>Attitudinal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technophobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of the unknown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology = Complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never used a computer before </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sociodemographic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of functional abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship with the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic barriers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Good Practices <ul><li>Websites and resources through Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy and training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training courses for ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior centers / cyber-classrooms / Telecentres </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using new channels for the provision of services and content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TDT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Models approach to promote the use of ICT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Associationism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using technology to assist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tele care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alerts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention of cognitive impairment </li></ul></ul>

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