Citation: A Primer for Hospitality & Culinary Arts Students
Primer ContentsSlide 3: Why bother with citation styles in written work?Slide 4: APA Paper SectionsSlide 5: Sample Title PageSlide 6: Abstract (only if the professor requests it)Slide 7: Literature Review (and most student papers)Slide 8: In-text Citations: Short quotesSlide 9: In-text Citations: Long quotesSlide 10: In-text Citations: Electronic sourcesSlide 11: Reference List: Basic RulesSlide 12: Reference List: Books, Encyclopedia, MagazinesSlide 13: Reference List: Electronic SourcesSlide 14: Where to find more APA informationSlide 15: Experimental Report (4th year BABH)Slide 16: Experimental reports sections (4th year BABH)
Why bother with citations styles in written work? Citation styles are used in order to: To improve the first impression of your paper To ensure consistency in the format of your paper To allow readers to access materials used in your paper To avoid plagiarism (using another’s ideas without indication) APA format is preferred in the School of Hospitality
APA Paper Sections Essays should include four major sections: Title Page (see page 3 for example) Abstract (only if the professor requests it) Main Body (remember an introduction and conclusion helps all papers) References (see pages 8&9)
Title Page Page header: (use Insert Page Header) title flush left + page number flush right. Title: (in the upper half of the page, centered) name (no title or degree) + affiliation (university, etc.) Professor’s name (not shown here) Assignment Due date (not shown here)5 October 2009
Abstract (for experimental reports) 150-250 words outlining your paper Include all sections of the paper in short form Introduction Method Results Discussion References Write the abstract last (when you have completed your paper)
Literature Review (1st - 4th year BABH) A literature review is a summary of what existing literature says about your specific topic or question Often student research papers fall into this category of written work A literature review typically contains the following: Title page Introduction (double-spaced text) Discussion (double-spaced text) List of references Please note: Section titles are not used
In-Text Citations: The Basics Short Quotations If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by "p."). She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style," but she did not offer an explanation as to why (Jones, 1998, p. 199). According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).
Long Quotations Place direct quotations longer than 40 words in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Quotation only is single spaced Joness (1998) study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199)
Quotations from electronic sources Follow the quotation examples from Slides 8 & 9. Do not include the link in the text of your paper.
Reference List: Basic Rules Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. Single Author (Last name first, followed by author initials). • Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10. Two Authors (List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and.“) • Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048. Three to Six Authors (List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.) • Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). Theres more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.
References continued Book: McWaters, G., & Winthrop, S. (2005). The Canadian student financial survival guide: A comprehensive handbook on financing your education, managing your expenses & planning a debt-free future. Toronto: Insomniac Press. Article from an Encyclopedia: Durlach, N. (2000). Virtual reality. In Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 8, pp. 172-176).Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Article from a Newspaper or Magazine: Cribb, R. (2008, October 7). Inspectors fear repeat of listeriosis outbreak; bacteria reporting must be reinstated, critics say. Toronto Star, p A.18.
Reference List: Electronic Sources Article from an Electronic Scholarly Journal using DOI. Vega, C., & Ubbink, J. (2008). Molecular gastronomy: a food fad or science supporting innovative cuisine? Trends in Food Science & Technology, 372-382. doi:10.1016/j.tifs.2008.01.006 Page from a Website: Mediacorp Canada Inc. (2008). Employer review: George Brown College of Applied Arts and Technology. Retrieved from: http://www.eluta.ca/top-employer-george-brown-college-of- applied-arts-and-technology.
Where to find more Library Homepage » Research » APA Guide http://researchguides.georgebrown.ca/content.php?pid=16363&sid= 110376 See the APA site itself http://www.apastyle.org/learn/faqs/index.aspx George Brown Bookstore has the following in stock Houghton, P.M. & Houghton, T. J. (2007). APA (revised): The Easy Way. Flint: Baker College Bookstore.
4th year BABH- Experimental Report Experimental reports are used when you design and you conduct your own experimental research The structure of an experimental report (provided on the next slide) provides familiar cues to your reader, making it easier for him or her to scan your report to find out: Why the topic is important (covered in your introduction) What the research problem is (also covered in your introduction) What you did to try to solve the problem (covered in your methods section) What you found (covered in your results section) What you think your findings mean (covered in your discussion section)
Experimental reports format Unlike the format for literature reviews, section titles are provided in an experimental report Contents of experimental reports include: Title page (Note: do not include a section heading on your title page) Abstract Introduction (double-spaced text) (Note: do not include a section heading for your introduction) Method (double-spaced text) Results (double-spaced text) Discussion (double-spaced text) References (single-spaced text) Appendices (if necessary) Tables and/or figures (if necessary)
ACADEMIC DISHONESTY POLICY Chapter IX --- CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT (Chapter 9, pages 86-87) 7.1 George Brown College believes that the development of self-discipline and acceptable standards of academic honesty are fundamental aspects of the learning process. Individuals and groups must uphold the principles of academic integrity. 7.2 The establishment and maintenance of effective discipline is seen as the responsibility of College administration, faculty members, and students. Disciplinary action will be taken in response to acts of academic dishonesty. 7.3 The following offences are considered to be acts of academic dishonesty warranting disciplinary action • plagiarism, which is defined as o direct quotation from a text or paper without identification as to source, o submission of a work as one‘s own when it has been prepared by someone else, and o contraction for assignments or submission of reports that are not the work of the author. • the submission, without the knowledge and approval of the instructor to whom it is submitted, of any academic work for which credit has previously been obtained or is being sought in another course or program of study in the College or elsewhere; • the submission for credit of any academic work containing a purported statement of fact or reference to a source that has been concocted; 7.4 The College is firm in its commitment to academic integrity and will, without hesitation and without exception, penalize acts that demonstrate disregard for the standards governing honesty in academic performance. The minimal consequence for submitting a plagiarized, purchased, contracted, or in any manner inappropriately negotiated or falsified assignment, test, essay, project, or any evaluated material will be a grade of zero on that material.