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Vesna Tomse


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Preservation of Architectural Heritage and Other Forms of Sustainability …

Preservation of Architectural Heritage and Other Forms of Sustainability

Vesna Tomse (International Network of Urban Research and Action, Association “Gueterbahnhof”, Local Network “Right to City“, Zurich)

International NGOs forum
«Protection of World Heritage Properties»
June 22-24, 2012
St.Petersburg, Russia

Published in: Technology, Real Estate

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  • 1. International NGO Forum on World Cultural Heritage, St. Petersburg 22.-24. June 2012Preservation of architectural heritageand other forms of sustainabilityVesna Tomse, sociologist / urban activist
  • 2. Romantic Zurich
  • 3. Hypotheses• The neoliberal way of preservation: Instead of preservation laws investment into historical sites• The «heritage turn»: Architectural heritage as a factor of upgrading• From state led to private led urban upgrading• Alternatives to exclusion: Sustainable redevelopment of old buildings
  • 4. Zürich Nord Zürich Four West development Old Freight Yard areasSihl City Old city Manegg
  • 5. Structure of the presentation• Structural change and its reflection in space and architecture• Four sites and ways of dealing with heritage1. Zurich North and the destruction of heritage2. Zurich West and state led upgrading by preservation3. Influencing sites outside Zurich West (Sihl City and Manegg)4. A new dimension: Social sustainability and heritage
  • 6. Structural change: From the industrial to the knowledge economyFrom the industrialsites of workers … … to the office-towers of a managerial class
  • 7. Zürich Nord Zurich North Old Freight YardSihl City Old city
  • 8. Zurich is not a city of financeOerlikon 1930 Neu-Oerlikon 2008Neu-Oerlikon1988-1998 planing phase1998-2008 construction5’000 inhabitants, 12’000 working places2 billion € investment
  • 9. A new city
  • 10. The most destructive power: Money. And coming with it: alienation.MaschinenfabrikOerlikon (MFO):Headquarter MFO-parc
  • 11. Displacement of the MFO headquarter 22.05.2012: Displacing 6200tons by 60 meters
  • 12. Zürich NordZürich Zurich WestWest Old city
  • 13. Escher-Wyss Company 1930 – the biggest factory in Oerlikon Prime Tower 2012Zurich West• 8000 inhabitants, 2015 40000 working places• Cooperative planing 1997-2000• Construction 2000 –• Usages: Research, start-ups, design, gastro, urban housing
  • 14. Flagship projectsupgrading the former industrial sites
  • 15. The reconstruction of Zurich West
  • 16. State-led upgradingThe ship-building facility ofEscher-Wyss 2000 Puls 5, industrial interior
  • 17. Löwenbräu brewery: Private- led regeneration and preservation Löwenbräu 2012 and 2013
  • 18. Toni-Areal 2011 and 2013:Art academy (academy ofclassical and jazz music,visual arts academy,academy of design etc.)
  • 19. Zürich Nord Zürich Sihl City WestSihl City Old city
  • 20. Private led upgrading throughpreservation of industrial heritageThe «Zurich paper-factory at the Sihl» now is «Sihl City»:77 shopping areas, a hotel, a wellness facility, a multiplexcinema) • 2300 working places, • 20000 visitors per day • investment volume 500 mio.€ • rent profit 40 mio.€ per year 1936: «Zürcher Papierfabrik an der Sihl» («Zurich paper- factory at the Sihl»
  • 21. The «urban entertainment center «Sihl City» wasopened 2007
  • 22. Zürich NordZürich The HürlimannWest brewery Hürlimann brewery Sihl City Old city
  • 23. The Hürlimann brewery• Production : 1870-1997• 1999 planing (preservation of 4 buildings), 2001-2009 construction• 350 mio € of investment• Appartments (lofts), old-age residences (no retirement home), thermal bath, restaurants, offices, a market (eg. Google Switzerland) Brewery «Hürlimann», 1900
  • 24. Hürimann areal1997 and 2010 Thermal bath 2010
  • 25. Zürich Nord Zürich West ManeggSihl City Old city Manegg
  • 26. Architectural industrial heritage and sustainability (social and ecological) • 2006: Planing beginning • 2011: Planing for «GreenCity.Zurich» • 700–1200 inhabitants and ca. 3000 working places • 4 Housing cooperatives involved«Sihl Papier», constructed 1960 The spinnery beside the «Sihl-Papier», constructed in 1857
  • 27. • 2011: Planing the «GreenCity.Zurich»• 700–1200 inhabitants and ca. 3000 working places• 250 apartments cooperative housing
  • 28. Zürich Nord Zürich West The old freight Old Freight Yard yardSihl City Old city Manegg
  • 29. Even moresustainability: The old freight yardand its association
  • 30. Architecturerevolutionisinglogistics aroundthe world
  • 31. The regional project: a police and legal centre
  • 32. The association: Alternatives in urban development
  • 33. Sustainability in urban development• Historic sustainability: Identity and architectural heritage• Social sustainability: Old / young people, families; small businesses• Ecological sustainability: Minimising energy and living surface consumption• Economic sustainability: Investors (housing cooperatives; foundations)
  • 34. Thecommittee
  • 35. Thank you for your attention!