Vesna Tomse


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Preservation of Architectural Heritage and Other Forms of Sustainability

Vesna Tomse (International Network of Urban Research and Action, Association “Gueterbahnhof”, Local Network “Right to City“, Zurich)

International NGOs forum
«Protection of World Heritage Properties»
June 22-24, 2012
St.Petersburg, Russia

Published in: Technology, Real Estate
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Vesna Tomse

  1. 1. International NGO Forum on World Cultural Heritage, St. Petersburg 22.-24. June 2012Preservation of architectural heritageand other forms of sustainabilityVesna Tomse, sociologist / urban activist
  2. 2. Romantic Zurich
  3. 3. Hypotheses• The neoliberal way of preservation: Instead of preservation laws investment into historical sites• The «heritage turn»: Architectural heritage as a factor of upgrading• From state led to private led urban upgrading• Alternatives to exclusion: Sustainable redevelopment of old buildings
  4. 4. Zürich Nord Zürich Four West development Old Freight Yard areasSihl City Old city Manegg
  5. 5. Structure of the presentation• Structural change and its reflection in space and architecture• Four sites and ways of dealing with heritage1. Zurich North and the destruction of heritage2. Zurich West and state led upgrading by preservation3. Influencing sites outside Zurich West (Sihl City and Manegg)4. A new dimension: Social sustainability and heritage
  6. 6. Structural change: From the industrial to the knowledge economyFrom the industrialsites of workers … … to the office-towers of a managerial class
  7. 7. Zürich Nord Zurich North Old Freight YardSihl City Old city
  8. 8. Zurich is not a city of financeOerlikon 1930 Neu-Oerlikon 2008Neu-Oerlikon1988-1998 planing phase1998-2008 construction5’000 inhabitants, 12’000 working places2 billion € investment
  9. 9. A new city
  10. 10. The most destructive power: Money. And coming with it: alienation.MaschinenfabrikOerlikon (MFO):Headquarter MFO-parc
  11. 11. Displacement of the MFO headquarter 22.05.2012: Displacing 6200tons by 60 meters
  12. 12. Zürich NordZürich Zurich WestWest Old city
  13. 13. Escher-Wyss Company 1930 – the biggest factory in Oerlikon Prime Tower 2012Zurich West• 8000 inhabitants, 2015 40000 working places• Cooperative planing 1997-2000• Construction 2000 –• Usages: Research, start-ups, design, gastro, urban housing
  14. 14. Flagship projectsupgrading the former industrial sites
  15. 15. The reconstruction of Zurich West
  16. 16. State-led upgradingThe ship-building facility ofEscher-Wyss 2000 Puls 5, industrial interior
  17. 17. Löwenbräu brewery: Private- led regeneration and preservation Löwenbräu 2012 and 2013
  18. 18. Toni-Areal 2011 and 2013:Art academy (academy ofclassical and jazz music,visual arts academy,academy of design etc.)
  19. 19. Zürich Nord Zürich Sihl City WestSihl City Old city
  20. 20. Private led upgrading throughpreservation of industrial heritageThe «Zurich paper-factory at the Sihl» now is «Sihl City»:77 shopping areas, a hotel, a wellness facility, a multiplexcinema) • 2300 working places, • 20000 visitors per day • investment volume 500 mio.€ • rent profit 40 mio.€ per year 1936: «Zürcher Papierfabrik an der Sihl» («Zurich paper- factory at the Sihl»
  21. 21. The «urban entertainment center «Sihl City» wasopened 2007
  22. 22. Zürich NordZürich The HürlimannWest brewery Hürlimann brewery Sihl City Old city
  23. 23. The Hürlimann brewery• Production : 1870-1997• 1999 planing (preservation of 4 buildings), 2001-2009 construction• 350 mio € of investment• Appartments (lofts), old-age residences (no retirement home), thermal bath, restaurants, offices, a market (eg. Google Switzerland) Brewery «Hürlimann», 1900
  24. 24. Hürimann areal1997 and 2010 Thermal bath 2010
  25. 25. Zürich Nord Zürich West ManeggSihl City Old city Manegg
  26. 26. Architectural industrial heritage and sustainability (social and ecological) • 2006: Planing beginning • 2011: Planing for «GreenCity.Zurich» • 700–1200 inhabitants and ca. 3000 working places • 4 Housing cooperatives involved«Sihl Papier», constructed 1960 The spinnery beside the «Sihl-Papier», constructed in 1857
  27. 27. • 2011: Planing the «GreenCity.Zurich»• 700–1200 inhabitants and ca. 3000 working places• 250 apartments cooperative housing
  28. 28. Zürich Nord Zürich West The old freight Old Freight Yard yardSihl City Old city Manegg
  29. 29. Even moresustainability: The old freight yardand its association
  30. 30. Architecturerevolutionisinglogistics aroundthe world
  31. 31. The regional project: a police and legal centre
  32. 32. The association: Alternatives in urban development
  33. 33. Sustainability in urban development• Historic sustainability: Identity and architectural heritage• Social sustainability: Old / young people, families; small businesses• Ecological sustainability: Minimising energy and living surface consumption• Economic sustainability: Investors (housing cooperatives; foundations)
  34. 34. Thecommittee
  35. 35. Thank you for your attention!