Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNGOs inconservationEngland and Germany:Opportunities and boundariesof civic...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerIntroductionIntroductionEngland and Germany:Different systems, different ci...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerAchim SchröerUrban planner with background inadministration and federal pol...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLeading QuestionsWhat can NGOs do in conservation?How are these activities ...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEngland and GermanyDifferent systems,different civic institutions
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEnglandPart of the UKCentralised governmentLong tradition of civic activity
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEngland„The strength and depth of voluntaryinvolvement in the historic envi...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerHeritage NGOs in EnglandBroad and well structured scene of NGOs:• Local Civ...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerCivic SocietiesTradition of „Local Amenity Societies“since 1840 until today...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational Amenity SocietiesFounded as interest groups since 1877(SPAB by Wil...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerBuilding Preservation TrustsAcquire, restore and maintainheritage buildings...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerThe National TrustFounded 1895UK‘s largest charity with 3,7 mill. members,U...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerUmbrella organisations• Civic Trust / Civic Voice• Joint Committee of the N...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerGermanyFederation of 16 BundesländerParticular competenciesof the Bundeslän...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerHeritage NGOs in GermanyBürgerinitiativen(Local Civic Societies)New Regiona...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerBürgerinitiativenLocal or regional initiativesMostly on single issues / sin...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNetwork OrganisationsNew development since 2011Loose networks of civic soci...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerDt. Stiftung DenkmalschutzFounded in 1975Single national heritage NGOCollec...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerPublic-civic institutionsHeimatpfleger („caretaker“) installed by theBavari...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNGOs in conservationActivities and framework
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerCivic activitiesin conservationInvolvement in local politicsInvolvement in ...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics„Core“ of civic activity in conservationParticipation in heri...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics in GermanyPossibility to participate in planning issuesCivic...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics in EnglandOpportunity to participate in planningand building...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational politicsNational politics provide the framework forpolicies direct...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational pol. in GermanyNGOs have no status in conservation policyHardly an...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational pol. in EnglandNGOs as an integral part of the conservationpolicyT...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEducation and awarenessImportant activity for securing a broadsupport for c...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerFinancial activitiesNGOs need financial resources for• project work, like t...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerProject funding in GermanySupport for conservation projectsmainly through r...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerProject funding in EnglandSpecial funds and tax reliefs for projectsavailab...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerContinuous funding inGermanyNo support for the continuous work ofheritage N...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerContinuous funding inEnglandSupport schemes for continuous work byEnglish H...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusion
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusionForceful civic activity in conservation is based on1.a supporting...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusion.. and on2.strong networking of the single initiatives,and strong...
Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerThank you!
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Achim Schroer

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International NGOs forum "Protection of World Heritage Properties"

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Achim Schroer

  1. 1. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNGOs inconservationEngland and Germany:Opportunities and boundariesof civic activities in the heritage sector
  2. 2. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerIntroductionIntroductionEngland and Germany:Different systems, different civic institutionsNGOs in conservation:Activities and frameworkConclusion
  3. 3. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerAchim SchröerUrban planner with background inadministration and federal policyLecturer at the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar,PhD project on „Heritage Governance“Initiator and spokesman of the„Denkmalnetz Bayern“
  4. 4. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  5. 5. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  6. 6. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLeading QuestionsWhat can NGOs do in conservation?How are these activities determined by thespecific institutional framework they work in?Can this framework be altered by the NGOs?
  7. 7. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEngland and GermanyDifferent systems,different civic institutions
  8. 8. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEnglandPart of the UKCentralised governmentLong tradition of civic activity
  9. 9. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEngland„The strength and depth of voluntaryinvolvement in the historic environment inEngland is envied throughout the world.It is unique.“Report „Power of place“, English Heritage 2000
  10. 10. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerHeritage NGOs in EnglandBroad and well structured scene of NGOs:• Local Civic Societies• National Amenity Societies• Building Preservation Trusts• Network and Umbrella Organisations
  11. 11. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerCivic SocietiesTradition of „Local Amenity Societies“since 1840 until todayContinuity rather than single-issue-actionsOfficial consultation on local planning issuesResearch and education in local history
  12. 12. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  13. 13. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational Amenity SocietiesFounded as interest groups since 1877(SPAB by William Morris)Focus on special architectonical periods,thus contribuiting to the heritage discurseOfficial consultation on planning andconservation issuesResearch, education, lobby activities
  14. 14. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  15. 15. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerBuilding Preservation TrustsAcquire, restore and maintainheritage buildingsFrom „single building trusts“ toregional or national trustsFurther educative and lobby activities
  16. 16. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerThe National TrustFounded 1895UK‘s largest charity with 3,7 mill. members,UK‘s largest landowner4500 employees, 61.000 volunteersTailor-made legislation
  17. 17. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  18. 18. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerUmbrella organisations• Civic Trust / Civic Voice• Joint Committee of the National Amenity Soc.• Association of Building Preservation Trusts• Heritage AllianceAdvice, information, political activities
  19. 19. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  20. 20. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  21. 21. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerGermanyFederation of 16 BundesländerParticular competenciesof the Bundesländerin cultural policyLong tradition ofpublic institutions
  22. 22. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerHeritage NGOs in GermanyBürgerinitiativen(Local Civic Societies)New Regional Network OrganisationsDeutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz(German Conservation Trust)Public-civic institutions
  23. 23. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerBürgerinitiativenLocal or regional initiativesMostly on single issues / single buildingsContinuity in case of the Stadtforen(City Forums)„Verein“ as a rather flexible legal basis
  24. 24. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  25. 25. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  26. 26. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNetwork OrganisationsNew development since 2011Loose networks of civic societies inone or more BundesländerExchange and mutual adviceJoint political activities
  27. 27. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  28. 28. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerDt. Stiftung DenkmalschutzFounded in 1975Single national heritage NGOCollects donations for single private projectsActivities in education and policy
  29. 29. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  30. 30. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerPublic-civic institutionsHeimatpfleger („caretaker“) installed by theBavarian conservation law„Civic activity with a public brief“Umbrella organisation:Bayerischer Landesverein für Heimatpflege
  31. 31. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  32. 32. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNGOs in conservationActivities and framework
  33. 33. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerCivic activitiesin conservationInvolvement in local politicsInvolvement in national politicsEducation and awareness raisingFinancial activities
  34. 34. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics„Core“ of civic activity in conservationParticipation in heritage-related issuesLocal council and administration asimportant partners / counterparts
  35. 35. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics in GermanyPossibility to participate in planning issuesCivic activity often single-issue based ratherthan continuous, and often rather isolatedBürgerentscheid (local ballot) in someBundesländer; example of Munich
  36. 36. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  37. 37. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerLocal politics in EnglandOpportunity to participate in planningand building issuesComprehensive information policy:Formal consultation with the civic initiatives,information on siteContinuity of civic activityAdvice and support by network organisations
  38. 38. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  39. 39. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational politicsNational politics provide the framework forpolicies directed to conservation andcivic activityParliaments and national administration asimportant partners
  40. 40. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational pol. in GermanyNGOs have no status in conservation policyHardly any involvement of (local) initiativesPublic-civic advising bodies (e.g. DeutschesNationalkommittee) allow a very selective andtop-down participationNew networks as potential new actors?
  41. 41. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerNational pol. in EnglandNGOs as an integral part of the conservationpolicyTailor-made legislation for national NGOsFormal consultation with, and strong voice of,the national and umbrella organisations
  42. 42. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerEducation and awarenessImportant activity for securing a broadsupport for conservation issuesNational bodies can offer large educationprogrammes (DSD, NT)National bodies have better access tonational media
  43. 43. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerFinancial activitiesNGOs need financial resources for• project work, like the acquisition of buildings and conservation work• continuous work, like political or educative activities
  44. 44. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerProject funding in GermanySupport for conservation projectsmainly through reliefs on income tax(unsuitable for NGOs)Limited support available from state authoritiesof different levels, the Deutsche StiftungDenkmalschutz or some other funds
  45. 45. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerProject funding in EnglandSpecial funds and tax reliefs for projectsavailable only for Building Preservation Trusts,not for single private ownersPublic funds often controlled byindependent boards, like theArchitectural Heritage Fund
  46. 46. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  47. 47. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerContinuous funding inGermanyNo support for the continuous work ofheritage NGOsPrivate donations deductable from income tax(advantage for wealthy donors)
  48. 48. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerContinuous funding inEnglandSupport schemes for continuous work byEnglish Heritage> Question of independence?„Gift Aid“: Public addition to private donations
  49. 49. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim Schröer
  50. 50. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusion
  51. 51. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusionForceful civic activity in conservation is based on1.a supporting legal framework,concerning consultation and participationas well as funding issues
  52. 52. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerConclusion.. and on2.strong networking of the single initiatives,and strong presence on the national level.
  53. 53. Chair of Urban PlanningDipl.-Ing. Achim SchröerThank you!

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