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International NGOs forum "Protection of World Heritage Properties"

International NGOs forum "Protection of World Heritage Properties"

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  • 1. Cha ir of Urba n P la nning Dipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNGOs in cons e rva tionEngla nd a nd Ge rma ny:Opportunitie s a nd bounda rie sof civic a ctivitie s in the he rita ge s e ctor
  • 2. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rIntroductionIntroductionEngla nd a nd Ge rma ny:Diffe re nt s ys te ms , diffe re nt civic ins titutionsNGOs in cons e rva tion:Activitie s a nd fra me workConclus ion
  • 3. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rAchim S chröe rUrba n pla nne r with ba ckground ina dminis tra tion a nd fe de ra l policyLe cture r a t the Ba uha us -Unive rs itä t We ima r,P hD proje ct on „He rita ge Gove rna nce “Initia tor a nd s poke s ma n of the„De nkma lne tz Ba ye rn“
  • 4. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 5. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 6. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rLe a ding Que s tionsWha t ca n NGOs do in cons e rva tion?How a re the s e a ctivitie s de te rmine d by thes pe cific ins titutiona l fra me work the y work in?Ca n this fra me work be a lte re d by the NGOs ?
  • 7. Cha ir of Urba n P la nning Dipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rEngla nd a nd Ge rma nyDiffe re nt s ys te ms ,diffe re nt civic ins titutions
  • 8. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rEngla ndP a rt of the UKCe ntra lis e d gove rnme ntLong tra dition of civic a ctivity
  • 9. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rEngla nd„The s tre ngth a nd de pth of volunta ryinvolve me nt in the his toric e nvironme nt inEngla nd is e nvie d throughout the world.It is unique .“Re port „P owe r of pla ce “, Englis h He rita ge 2000
  • 10. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rHe rita ge NGOs in Engla ndBroa d a nd we ll s tructure d s ce ne of NGOs :• Loca l Civic S ocie tie s• Na tiona l Ame nity S ocie tie s• Building P re s e rva tion Trus ts• Ne twork a nd Umbre lla Orga nis a tions
  • 11. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rCivic S ocie tie sTra dition of „Loca l Ame nity S ocie tie s “s ince 1840 until toda yContinuity ra the r tha n s ingle -is s ue -a ctionsOfficia l cons ulta tion on loca l pla nning is s ue sRe s e a rch a nd e duca tion in loca l his tory
  • 12. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 13. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNa tiona l Ame nity S ocie tie sFounde d a s inte re s t groups s ince 1877(S P AB by Willia m Morris )Focus on s pe cia l a rchite ctonica l pe riods ,thus contribuiting to the he rita ge dis curs eOfficia l cons ulta tion on pla nning a ndcons e rva tion is s ue sRe s e a rch, e duca tion, lobby a ctivitie s
  • 14. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 15. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rBuilding P re s e rva tion Trus tsAcquire , re s tore a nd ma inta inhe rita ge buildingsFrom „s ingle building trus ts “ tore giona l or na tiona l trus tsFurthe r e duca tive a nd lobby a ctivitie s
  • 16. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rThe Na tiona l Trus tFounde d 1895UK‘s la rge s t cha rity with 3,7 mill. me mbe rs ,UK‘s la rge s t la ndowne r4500 e mploye e s , 61.000 volunte e rsTa ilor-ma de le gis la tion
  • 17. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 18. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rUmbre lla orga nis a tions• Civic Trus t / Civic Voice• J oint Committe e of the Na tiona l Ame nity S oc.• As s ocia tion of Building P re s e rva tion Trus ts• He rita ge Allia nceAdvice , informa tion, politica l a ctivitie s
  • 19. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 20. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 21. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rGe rma nyFe de ra tion of 16 Bunde s lä nde rP a rticula r compe te ncie sof the Bunde s lä nde rin cultura l policyLong tra dition ofpublic ins titutions
  • 22. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rHe rita ge NGOs in Ge rma nyBürge rinitia tive n(Loca l Civic S ocie tie s )Ne w Re giona l Ne twork Orga nis a tionsDe uts che S tiftung De nkma ls chutz(Ge rma n Cons e rva tion Trus t)P ublic-civic ins titutions
  • 23. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rBürge rinitia tive nLoca l or re giona l initia tive sMos tly on s ingle is s ue s / s ingle buildingsContinuity in ca s e of the S ta dtfore n(City Forums )„Ve re in“ a s a ra the r fle xible le ga l ba s is
  • 24. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 25. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 26. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNe twork Orga nis a tionsNe w de ve lopme nt s ince 2011Loos e ne tworks of civic s ocie tie s inone or more Bunde s lä nde rExcha nge a nd mutua l a dviceJ oint politica l a ctivitie s
  • 27. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 28. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rDt. S tiftung De nkma ls chutzFounde d in 1975S ingle na tiona l he rita ge NGOColle cts dona tions for s ingle priva te proje ctsActivitie s in e duca tion a nd policy
  • 29. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 30. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rP ublic-civic ins titutionsHe ima tpfle ge r („ca re ta ke r“) ins ta lle d by theBa va ria n cons e rva tion la w„Civic a ctivity with a public brie f“Umbre lla orga nis a tion:Ba ye ris che r La nde s ve re in für He ima tpfle ge
  • 31. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 32. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNGOs in cons e rva tionActivitie s a nd fra me work
  • 33. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rCivic a ctivitie sin cons e rva tionInvolve me nt in loca l politicsInvolve me nt in na tiona l politicsEduca tion a nd a wa re ne s s ra is ingFina ncia l a ctivitie s
  • 34. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rLoca l politics„Core “ of civic a ctivity in cons e rva tionP a rticipa tion in he rita ge -re la te d is s ue sLoca l council a nd a dminis tra tion a simporta nt pa rtne rs / counte rpa rts
  • 35. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rLoca l politics in Ge rma nyP os s ibility to pa rticipa te in pla nning is s ue sCivic a ctivity ofte n s ingle -is s ue ba s e d ra the rtha n continuous , a nd ofte n ra the r is ola te dBürge re nts che id (loca l ba llot) in s omeBunde s lä nde r; e xa mple of Munich
  • 36. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 37. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rLoca l politics in Engla ndOpportunity to pa rticipa te in pla nningand building is s ue sCompre he ns ive informa tion policy:Forma l cons ulta tion with the civic initia tive s ,informa tion on s iteContinuity of civic a ctivityAdvice a nd s upport by ne twork orga nis a tions
  • 38. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 39. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNa tiona l politicsNa tiona l politics provide the fra me work forpolicie s dire cte d to cons e rva tion a ndcivic a ctivityP a rlia me nts a nd na tiona l a dminis tra tion a simporta nt pa rtne rs
  • 40. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNa tiona l pol. in Ge rma nyNGOs ha ve no s ta tus in cons e rva tion policyHa rdly a ny involve me nt of (loca l) initia tive sP ublic-civic a dvis ing bodie s (e .g. De uts che sNa tiona lkommitte e ) a llow a ve ry s e le ctive a ndtop-down pa rticipa tionNe w ne tworks a s pote ntia l ne w a cte urs ?
  • 41. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rNa tiona l pol. in Engla ndNGOs a s a n inte gra l pa rt of the cons e rva tionpolicyTa ilor-ma de le gis la tion for na tiona l NGOsForma l cons ulta tion with, a nd s trong voice of,the na tiona l a nd umbre lla orga nis a tions
  • 42. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rEduca tion a nd a wa re ne s sImporta nt a ctivity for s e curing a broa ds upport for cons e rva tion is s ue sNa tiona l bodie s ca n offe r la rge e duca tionprogra mme s (DS D, NT)Na tiona l bodie s ha ve be tte r a cce s s tona tiona l me dia
  • 43. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rFina ncia l a ctivitie sNGOs ne e d fina ncia l re s ource s for• proje ct work, like the a cquis ition of buildings a nd cons e rva tion work• continuous work, like politica l or e duca tive a ctivitie s
  • 44. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rP roje ct funding in Ge rma nyS upport for cons e rva tion proje ctsma inly through re lie fs on income ta x(uns uita ble for NGOs )Limite d s upport a va ila ble from s ta te a uthoritie sof diffe re nt le ve ls , the De uts che S tiftungDe nkma ls chutz or s ome othe r funds
  • 45. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rP roje ct funding in Engla ndS pe cia l funds a nd ta x re lie fs for proje ctsa va ila ble only for Building P re s e rva tion Trus ts ,not for s ingle priva te owne rsEbe n public funds ofte n controlle d byinde pe nde nt boa rds , like theArchite ctura l He rita ge Fund
  • 46. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 47. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rContinuous funding inGe rma nyNo s upport for the continuous work ofhe rita ge NGOsP riva te dona tions de ducta ble from income ta x(a dva nta ge for we a lthy donors )
  • 48. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rContinuous funding inEngla ndS upport s che me s for continuous work byEnglis h He rita ge> Que s tion of inde pe nde nce ?„Gift Aid“: P ublic a ddition to priva te dona tions
  • 49. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe r
  • 50. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rConclus ion
  • 51. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rConclus ionForce ful civic a ctivity in cons e rva tion is ba s e d on1.a s upporting le ga l fra me work,conce rning cons ulta tion a nd pa rticipa tiona s we ll a s funding is s ue s
  • 52. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rConclus ion.. a nd on2.s trong ne tworking of the s ingle initia tive s ,a nd s trong pre s e nce on the na tiona l le ve l.
  • 53. Cha ir of Urba n P la nningDipl.-Ing. Achim S chröe rTha nk you!