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Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010
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Victorvan Rij Sesti weaksignals Cognitive Enhancement2010

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Introduction on concepts and future images on cognitive enahncement

Introduction on concepts and future images on cognitive enahncement

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  • 1. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities SESTI Workshop on Cognitive Enhancement [Weak signals in Cognitive Enhancement] Victor van Rij Ministry of Education, Culture and Science Netherlands 07-06-2010 The SESTI project is funded under the European FP7 and researches the application of weak signals and emerging issues for improving the anticipatory intelligence of the European Commission and the EU Member States on future developments and issues
  • 2. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 2 Outline• Cognitive Enhancement & Human evolution• Future evolution (desire, hope and fear)• Levels of enhancement (temporarily aid and enhancing the basics)• Motives for CE• Pathways for CE• Weak signals monitoring the progress towards the fears and hopes• Some analysis of resultsWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 3. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 3 Cognitive enhancement & human evolution – past and present• Cognitive Genes (nature) , Richardson and Boyd• Social learning (culture) , Corbelis• The use of language and tools (education) , Gibson and Ingold)• Communicating knowledge and ways of thinking over generations by drawing, writing, printing, video etc)• Computers , internet (language, visuals , oral presentation, computing , translating)Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 4. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 4 Cognitive enhancement- future evolution• Hopes and desires ; threats and fears• Hopes : 1. Heal or prevent cognitive impairment 2. Make perfect humans : Trans – humanism (Kurzweil, Warwick, Bostrom, Pearson) humans direct connected with computers, machines and extra sensory systems etc – genetic modification of human – border between humans and machines will disappear• Fears: 1. Brave new world see : Brave new Worlds – Appleyard – 2. Eugenetics, risks of self selection – imperfect choices etc Human Genetics Alert, David King –, 3. Loosing human feelings: What computers can’t do, DreyfussWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 5. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 5 Cognitive enhancement- future evolution (1) Seeing by sound or Artificial retina Additional memory Superintelligent cyborg superconnected with infrared vision Reading minds to control machines Healing Parkinson & Alzheimer??? by deep brain stimulation Mind controlled humansWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 6. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 6 Cognitive enhancement- future evolution (2)In Vitro Fertilisation By the use of retinal stemcells Gene therapy Super Humans Genetic Screening Functional analysis of cognitive genes Medicines for restoration of Developmental shortcomings Imperfect knowledge Eugenics Commercial use Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 7. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 7 Cognitive enhancement- future evolution (3) Smart drugs? Educational , social, psychological , chemical, physical and nutrional optimalisationWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 8. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 8 Levels of enhancement• Improve performance of Cognitive - task performance (using tools as books, pc, internet etc , drugs , tea ??)• Improve Cognitive development of an individual (right nutrients, proper education, culture)• Improve Cognitive development of population (educational system, supply of infrastructure - internet)Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 9. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 9 Main motives for enhancement• Individual level, being smart pays better , being smart helps you to find solutions in complex problems , increases your chance on survival and success• Parents usually would like to have smart children for that reason• Population level , CE of population stands for economic growth , capacity to resolve challenges of country and of individuals (staying longer healthy) etc• Fighting cognitive impairment and deterioration of cognitive capacities• Commercial market for CEWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 10. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 0 Main pathways for enhancement• Social, psychological : socio economic environment , attention, education, peer influence NLP etc• Biological : physical environment (light, sound ) , chemical environment (food, pollution, developmental drugs etc), genetics• Tools : learning material, PC, internet, smart interfaces , smart drugs, implants etcWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 11. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 1 Search for weak signals (ratio)Are there signals that give information on:• The direction of developments in the different pathways (towards fears or hopes)• The speed of these developments• Possible responses in society and politics• Emerging policy issues that need to be addressedWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 12. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 2 Search for weak signals (results 1)40 exemplary signals gathered:• Mainly on S&T developments (90 %)• Majority on biological pathways (16) and tools (15)• Minority on social and psychological (6) and on responses in society (4)Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 13. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 3 Analysis (1)Most eminent (close by) ethical and legal issues:• Neuro- reading (legal issues)• The use of neural implants (reading and unconscious influencing)• Cognitive performance enhancing with drugs (inequality, health risks etc)• Genetic screening of Cognitive genes and In Vitro Fertilization (Eugenics, new problem in use of animals , the human- zoo hybrid)• Drugs influencing the neuro- cognitive development• Commercial interest• Knowledge from healing and preventing cognitive impairment may also be used for (costly) developmental and performance Cognitive Enhancement of individuals (with problems on the insurance border and further widening of social, economic divide)Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 14. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 4 Analysis (2)Public priorities in Cognitive Enhancement• No studies available on expected cost benefits of different pathways for general CE , despite proven success of social/psychological pathway and bio-environmental pathway – both contain still unknowns (example: smart food and embryonal development)• Most attention (signals) seem to be related to Enhancing Cognitive Performance of tasks in stead of development of Cognitive Enhanced Development• Choice in research on healing, preventing cognitive impairment (following nature or use of artificial devices)• `Promising tools for education (augmented reality, virtual reality and gaming)Weak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010
  • 15. Scanning for emerging science and technology issues Project funded under the Socio- economic Sciences and Humanities 1 5 Conclusions on the use of weak signals for an established issue/topic as CE• Cognitive enhancement is a topic that already had some attention in the Technology Assessment arena therefore motives , objectives and objections as well as pathways of CE are more or less clear• + Our brief weak signals search has focused on the achievement of success in the direction of the motives and objections in the different pathways and points to developments that need more urgent policy attention• + Due to the TA attention more soft scientific ways (psycho, sociological, environmental) for CE may slip out of our attention, and our prioritisation without proper analysis of their comparative value to more hard pathways. Through weak signal search we may explicit this kind of gaps.• - the focus of our search was scientific development, although an attempt has been made to look to economical and societal signals we need to improve our search for these kind of signals• For more unkown topics it is clear that a pre-study is needed to explicit the motives, objectives and objections before these kind of weak signals can be identifiedWeak signals in cognitive enhancement : 7/6/2010

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