105. health and safety management system
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105. health and safety management system Document Transcript

  • 1. 1 Health and Safety Management System Table of Content Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 3 Manual Operation hazard analysis ........................................................................................ 3 Recommendation...................................................................................................................... 5 Conclusion................................................................................................................................. 7 Reference................................................................................................................................... 7 Task 2:........................................................................................................................................ 8 Health and Safety Management System: The case study of University Kitchen....................... 8 Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 8 Key factors of a health and safety control scheme................................................................ 8 Legal requirement.................................................................................................................. 12 Recommendation.................................................................................................................... 15 Conclusion............................................................................................................................... 15
  • 2. 2 Reference................................................................................................................................. 15
  • 3. 3 Task 1: Safety and Health Risk Assessment: The case of Manual Handling Introduction Employer in workplaces has general duties of ensuring the safety and health of worker in all aspects in regards of their work. The purposes of carrying out risk assessments are of enabling the employers in taking the measures necessary for the safety and health protections of worker. Each corporation owns manual handling assignments which are probably hazardous and the manual operation data info-graphic which gives the illustration for the reason for which manual operation is very essential in the safety of a job. Manual Operation hazard analysis Manual Operation is an action taken place physically at almost workstation, and in several circumstances the action does not cause any issue. Nevertheless, it can only become a prospect workstation risk if staffs are requested to operate extremely tough packs, which could lead to a back problem. The kind of manual operation action which is necessary to receive the assessment gets the definition in Regulation 68 of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work, (Common Application) Regulations 2007: Manual Operation is the involvement of whichever kind of moving or assisting of whichever pack by one or several staffs, and the inclusion of the action to lift, put down, push, pull, carry or move a pack, which from its features or poor ergonomic states, there is the involvement of hazard, especially of back problem, to staffs. Such features or poor ergonomic states are the hazardous elements being sketched out in Schedule 3 of the 2007 Regulations and own the prospect to lead to hazard. The following picture gives the illustration of a manual operation action which would be necessary to get the address to be partially belonged to manual operation hazard analysis procedure. One feature of the pack which has the involvement of hazard is the drum which weighs 80kgs. A poor ergonomic state is the physical pain caused by lifting such a pack.
  • 4. 4 A lot of the issues which lead to back injury come from a disc being injured or damaged. To bend over leads to hardness on the discs, and may as well lead to the disc bulging backward against the spine. To twist and to bend at the same time cause the hardest pressure on the spine, particularly on the discs, and are instances of job states which raise the hazard of back issues. The following picture gives the illustration of several cases of job states which has involvement to hazard: Below are the chief requests which have to get the adherence related to manual operation, as per the The Safety, Health and Welfare at Work, (General Applications) Regulations 2007, Chapter 4 of Part 2:  To carry out a manual operation hazard analysis of present manual operation jobs before following a given choice about what manual operation jobs need the avoidance or reduction.  To organize jobs for the allowance of the using mechanical or different tools for the avoidance or reduction of the demand for the manual operation of packs by staffs at the workstation. The risks can get the avoidance or reduction via introducing suitable
  • 5. 5 measurements of the organization for instance the progressed framework of a work region for the reduction of redundant far bringing gaps; or using suitable tools, particularly mechanical one.  To provide the education and teaching to employee in charge. Recommendation Hazard analysis of manual operation jobs can be done via the conduction of below phases: Phase 1: This phase gets the involvement of the data collection via the method of the task performance and the identification of the main phases in the request. This should come from a group attempt which involves consulting with these who usually perform the task. The staff (or the person who performs the analysis) should get a complete pragmatic comprehension of the kind of manual operation works being done. Phase 2: The collection of every technical detail for the data inclusion about the pack weight, pack dimension, amount of manual lifts, common data of carriages viewed and the occupation surrounding. Phase 3: The identification of the issues or hazard elements. This should get the completion from doing indication to the Hazard Elements as per the detail in the Health and Safety Authority published with the title Controlling of Manual operation at the workstation or the Guideline to the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (General Application) Regulations 2007: Chapter 4 of Part 2: Manual Operation. Phase 4: The identification of the progresses which could be put in position. After the identification of the hazard elements, it needs to be taken the investigation of the prospect resolutions. Instances of attempts which should be done comprise of the use of mechanical assistants, the setting of the job action for the reduction of the demand for carrying far gap or minimizing the dimension of the pack. Obviously sort out the data for the basis for the decision of the suitable management tool, figuring out the reason for which different management tools could not be done and the method for the proposed management tool will prevent or decrease the
  • 6. 6 hazard of accident. It is important that staffs are a critical role of this procedure and in which a new job action gets the introduction it is necessary for the assessment to make sure it has no introduction of new risks. Phase 5: To review the efficiency of the management tools: Efficiency is the level to that the management tools have prevented or decreased the hazard of accident. Conclusion This report has introduced the definition of manual handling, its risk assessment. Recommendations have been made in order to improve the health and safety management in regards of manual handling. Reference Council, S. B. (2012). Health and Safety in the Work Place. Available online at: https://www.sheffield.gov.uk/ Health and Safety Authority. Manual Handling - Frequently Asked Questions- Responses. Available online at: http://www.hsa.ie/eng/Workplace_Health/Manual_Handling/ Health and Safety Executive. Risk Assessment. Available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/msd/risk.htm Walters, D. (Ed.). (2002). Regulating health and safety management in the European Union. Lang.
  • 7. 7 Task 2: Health and Safety Management System: The case study of University Kitchen Introduction Health and safety control scheme is the tool by that a corporation management hazard via the control procedure. It belongs to the complete control scheme those tools the control of the OH&S hazards in association with the trading of the corporation. This comprises the framework of the organization, scheming actions, liabilities, performances, progresses, and sources for the development and achievement, review and maintenance of the corporation’s OH&S regulation. Key factors of a health and safety control scheme The six factors of HSG 65 are: Policy development Organisational development Developing techniques o planning, measuring and reviewing PPoolliiccyy OOrrggaanniissiinngg PPllaannnniinngg && IImmpplleemmeennttiinngg MMeeaassuurriinngg PPeerrffoorrmmaannccee RReevviieewwiinngg PPeerrffoorrmmaannccee AAuuddiitt  Policy – An obvious and safety regulation makes the contribution to trade effectiveness and non-stop progress inside the performance. The regulation should
  • 8. 8 figure out the purposes of the corporation regarding obvious targets, goals, and higher control participation.  Organising – A good definition of health and safety corporation job covers should make the identification of health and safety liabilities at most of the degrees of the corporation. An efficient corporation will be remarked for nice connection, the promoting of competitiveness, and the compromise of all staffs and a reactive reporting scheme.  Planning and implementing – An obvious health and safety scheme basing on hazard analysis and puts and practices operation qualities, goals and progresses via an efficient health and safety control scheme. The set up should prioritize job covers and goals for the management or removal of risks and the decrease of hazards.  Measuring performance – This comprises dynamic (from time to time known as being proactive) and spontaneous controlling of the health and safety control scheme. It is as well critical for the measurement of the corporation on its way to achieve its long-term targets and views.  Reviewing performance – The outcomes of controlling and self-governing audits should make the indication if the goals and purposes requested in the health and safety farming covers regulation need a change. Variations in the health and safety surrounding in the corporation, for example injury, should as well enhance an operation overview. Operation overview should comprise evaluation between inside operation pointers and the outward operation pointers of resembling corporations with excellent performances and high qualities.  Auditing – A self-governing and formulated audition of every area of the health and safety control scheme influences the overview progress. It the audit is efficient enough, it must possess the assessment of the complying with requested progresses as well as the operation at the workstation. It will give the identification the bad points in
  • 9. 9 the health and safety regulation and progresses and the identification of the working covers impractical or inappropriate qualities and goals. Below consultancy via the Safety, Health and Environment Committee, the College has made the adoption of a more distinct group of qualities for safety control. This method is indicated to as HASMAP – Health and Safety Management Profile – and got the development for Higher Study by the Colleges Safety and Health Association. The case study following HASMAP, which resembles to the College’s Safety Control Format, is set on the Health and Safety Executive’s instruction information HSG65 for Healthy success and Safety control which establishes a complex control scheme for efficient hazard management. In HASMAP, the Health and Safety control greatest performance qualities of HSG65 get the arrangement into operation pointers/qualities and divisions will get the expectation for the safety management against such qualities. The HASMAP pointers state the 4 pointers which are important to a well organized health and safety control scheme. They are familiar with assessing the operation of the division regarding its control of safety and have formulated the organization of this year’s Annual Safety Turnover. Below are the pointers: Commitment: The compromise of the senior staff in whichever corporation gets the recognition as a critical factor of healthiness and safety operation. This is critical regarding the provision of leading to academics and investigators, other supervisors and employee. It is as well important that these persons that decide about plan, performing, and spending precedence gets the recognition of the influence of their deciding on the health and safety of employee and other people influenced by their trading. Organising: To organize is viewed as comprising of four groups of planning of inter-relation and interdependence i.e. management, connection, linking and competitiveness. Planning and risk control: There should be an efficient progress for identifying, assessing and controlling hazard. Additionally, a written health and safety scheme should get the development to assist the progress that establishes targets of measurability in a given duration.
  • 10. 10 This scheme should be grounded on the turnovers of hazard analysis and get the endorsement from senior supervision by being included in the scheming progress. Written procedure qualities should get the development for the management of hazard and the specification of whom is liable for activity when activity has to be done. Such qualities should at least match the smallest degree of legal requests. Measuring and reviewing performance: There should be planning for controlling the control of health and safety in the corporation for the pre-decided schemes and significant operation qualities. Controlling planning should get the inclusion of active controlling (investigation grounded) as well as passive controlling (spontaneous inspection). Therefore, there should be planning for implementing local investigations as a tool of controlling safety operation. These should get the measurement of the achieving of health and safety targets and action of performing qualities and qualities at workstation states. These investigations should get the planning, in a specific frequency, and the record of optimistic as well as pessimistic results. Additionally, there should be agreements in written form for injury report and researches. This progress should make sure that instant and core reasons get the identification, line supervisors are instantly concerned about the research, and senior supervisors are concerned in case of severe injuries. The governing state should get the written investigation on controlling actions. A suitable committee or relevant part should make sure that operation is overviewed and the overview progress should get the inclusion of the health and safety scheme, achieving of targets, standard of hazard analysis and operation qualities, controlling information and the outcomes of auditing. It is critical that the results of the overview are performed and utilized for the revision of the regulation and planning for health and safety control. Legal requirement Part 2 of the HSW Act and the Employers’ Health and Safety Rule Declarations (Eclusion) Regulations 1975 request managers with five or more staffs to make the preparation and overview regularly basing on a written health and safety rule, altogether with the corporation and planning needed for the carrying out and bringing the rule and whichever safety job covers
  • 11. 11 amendment of it to the remark of their staffs. Below are the inclusion of the Rule Declaration of Intent Corporation Planning: 1. Goals and targets: Safety guideline; Scheming and Setting 2. Liabilities of hirer and staffs: The chart of the corporation; Injury report 3. Operation goals and standards: Liabilities; Urgent cases 4. Name of the staff in charge for health and safety: The location of sources with the inclusion of finance; sub-contractors and visitors. 5. Announced and advertised: safety controlling scheme; Consultancy and connection with staffs 6. Indentifying of chief risks: Fire preventions 7. Chief hazard analysis and risk management. 8. Operation controlling Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006: The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006 came to practice on 1st October 2006, which gave the consolidation of former requests in terms of asbestos. The rules practice Directive 2003/18/EC, on its own a revision to the Asbestos Worker Protection Directive 83/477/EEC. The rules get the support from two Approved Codes of Practice, ‘L 127’ and ‘L 143’. Hirers and different people that own a contractual rule in terms of maintaining and repairing infrastructure (rather than domestic lodgings) are responsible to investigate: 1. In which asbestos-concerning substances are in the lodging. 2. Its cost of presence, and 3. In which state it is in different situations.
  • 12. 12 Besides, the HSE makes the emphasis that the liability for the management of asbestos- concerning substances on and inside the places is not a liability for the removal of this asbestos. To follow the hazard analysis created by asbestos at a lodging place, a control scheme will get the production and a staff in charge for the implementation, monitoring and reviewing this scheme. The main targets are to: 1. Make sure data gets transferred to these in need for it – service officer, maintenance staffs, urgent services, and staffs. 2. The arrangement for data is recognized about particular situations in which asbestos is seen – for example via using labels, allowance-to-work schemes, and guidelines. Most of the kinds of asbestos-concerning substances get the covering as per the 2006 Rule and hirers must make the prevention to expose to asbestos or, in which this is not suitable pragmatic, ensure it is held as little as suitable pragmatic, and in whichever circumstance under the management limitation. There is one sole management limitation of 0.1 fibre/ml for four- hour-time duration for most kinds of asbestos. Recommendation It is suggested that the College Kitchen to bend health, safety and welfare rule instantly for particular site safety requests, most remarkably: site welfare; safety of entrance and exit; height operation; operation in limited areas and operation close to or above water. Besides, it is suggested that coaching should get the setting by Property Control to make sure that every concerning party has get information of the requests. Conclusion This task has examined the health and safety management system through the case of College Kitchen. According to HSG 65, six factors of a health and safety control scheme have been introduced along with the application the case study. Recommendations have been made for the College Kitchen to improve the better management system in regards of health and safety management.
  • 13. 13 Reference Health and Safety Executive. Successful health and safety management (HSG65) is changing. Available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/books/hsg65.htm Robson, L. S., Clarke, J. A., Cullen, K., Bielecky, A., Severin, C., Bigelow, P. L., ... & Mahood, Q. (2007). The effectiveness of occupational health and safety management system interventions: a systematic review. Safety Science, 45(3), 329-353. UK Legislation. The Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006. Available at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2006/2739/contents/made University of Oxford. Health and safety management profile (HASMAP) audit. Available at: http://www.admin.ox.ac.uk/safety/policy-statements/s1-11/ Work gloves UK. KEY ELEMENTS OF A HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (HSG 65). Available at: http://www.workgloves.eu/?page_id=30 This document is provided by: VU Thuy Dung (Ms.) Manager Center for Online Writing Resources Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/vu.thuydung.5076 Email : assignmentsource@gmail.com Blogger : http://assignmentsource.blogspot.com/ Website : http://assignmentsource.com/
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