Roman gods


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Roman gods

  1. 1. Roman gods<br />
  2. 2. Jupiter<br />Jupiter is known to be the ruler of Roman God. He is considered to be the most powerful God of sky, thunder and lightening! Being the patron God of Rome, the Romans made his temple as the official place wherein the business affairs and religious sacrifices took place! Jupiter is the son of Roman God Saturn.<br />
  3. 3. Pluto<br />Pluto has been revered for centuries as the Roman God of the Underworld. Originally he was honoured as the God of Metals; however, in time since metals were mined, he took on the attributes of the God of the Underworld. The name 'Pluto' is derived from the Greek word for wealth, 'Plοutos'. He is believed to be the lord of all the metals, jewels and riches that lie under the surface of the Earth<br />
  4. 4. Neptune<br />Neptune is the Roman God of Sea and the Horses. He is also the brother of the Roman Gods Pluto, Jupiter and Juno. Neptune is also the owner of the trident and his festival called Neptunalia was celebrated on July 23.<br />
  5. 5. Juno<br />Juno is the sister as well as the wife of the ruler of Roman Gods, Jupiter and is therefore known as the Queen of Gods. She is the Goddess who protects the Roman state and guards the Roman Empire's finances! The month name 'June' is named after this Roman Goddess and her major festivals named Matronalia and Nonae Caprotinae are celebrated in the month of March and July. Juno is also the mother of Mars, Vulcan and Juventas.<br />
  6. 6. Mars<br />Mars was driven by rage and a strong desire for violence. He enjoyed the great noise of battle, and he loved warfare. Conflict and mindless killing was how he liked to spend the day. <br />Mars was also associated with agriculture and particularly with the laurel tree. The month of March was sacred to him. March was very important since it was the messenger of the rebirth of plant life and the season of wars and campaigns. <br />Mars was the father of the famous Roman heroes Romulus and Remus who founded the city of Rome. For that reason, Mars was believed to come to the aid of Romans in times of crisis. The two heroes were born after Mars fell in love Rhea Silvia, a Vestal Virgin. Having lost her virginity, Rhea Silvia was condemned as a fallen priestess and imprisoned. Years later, however, her twin sons released her from captivity. <br />
  7. 7. Vulcan<br />Vulcan is the God of fire, craftsmanship and blacksmiths. It is said that the forge of Vulcan is situated under Mount Etna where this God of fire forges weapons for heroes and Gods.<br />
  8. 8. Apollo<br />Apollo is the God of Sun, music, medicine, truth and light. He is the son of Jupiter and Leto and is known to drive the Sun across the sky daily with the help of his 4 horses ridden chariot! The Apollo is also an archer and plays a golden Lyre. The crow is known to be his bird, the dolphin is said to be his animal and the laurel tree is known to be his tree.<br />
  9. 9. Ceres<br />Ceres is known to be the Roman Corn Goddess. She is the Goddess of crops, agriculture, grains, civilization and the mother's love for her child. The daughter of Saturn and Ops, Ceres is the goddess which protects a woman, marriage and motherhood as she is worshiped for fertility. Her festival is known as Cerealia.<br />
  10. 10. Mercury<br />Mercury is the Roman God of profits, merchants, trade and travellers. The attribute or the symbol is Mercury is a staff with two snakes which are interlinked, known as the Caduceus, and a purse to depict his inter relation of commerce and trade. His festival called the Mercuralia was celebrated on May 15 wherein the Roman merchants went to his well near the Porta Capena and sprinkled their heads and merchandise with water from the well.<br />
  11. 11. Minerva<br />She was the Goddess of wisdom, learning and arts with an owl as her symbol. She was the daughter of Jupiter and also the one who protected industry and education. Her main festival is known as the Quinquatria, celebrated from March 19 to March 23.<br />
  12. 12. Bacchus<br />He was one of the most popular Roman God of wine, partying and ecstasy. Bacchus is the son of Jupiter and is the Roman God who inspires people to worship joyfully and in ecstasy. He is also known as the God of truth and sensual pleasures.<br />
  13. 13. Vesta was the Roman Goddess of fire, hearth and home. The temple of Vesta always had a burning flame which was considered as the 'hearth of Rome'. The priests had to make sure that the flame never went out and always kept burning. Vesta was the daughter of Saturn and Ops. Her festival known as the Vestalia was celebrated on June 7 and the ass was considered to be her sacred animal.<br />Vesta<br />
  14. 14. Diana<br />Diana was the Roman Goddess of hunting and she is also famously known as the Moon Goddess. Diana is known for her athletic grace, beauty, courage, strength and her hunting skills. As a huntress, she always possesses a bow and an arrow and is accompanied by a hunting dog.<br />
  15. 15. Saturn<br />Saturn was a sort of forefather of the gods: he fathered Jupiter by whom he was later slain. As well as being god of time (Greek Cronos) he was also a divinity of agriculture and sowing of seeds. Saturn was supposed to have lived in Latium in the earliest days of man and the gods and to have founded a very early settlement on the top of the Capitoline hill called "Saturnia".<br />According to tradition the altar to Saturn predates Romulus' founding of Rome, possibly founded by a mythical people emigrated from Greece to central Italy.<br />
  16. 16. Janus<br />Janus, also known as Janus Bifrons was, in the archaic period regarded extremely highly, perhaps the highest out of the list of Roman gods and possibly initially considered as one and the same with Jupiter. He was the god of doors, gates, perimeters, borders, beginning and end. As such he was also a representation of all that changes and transforms i.e. a symbol of our very existence. He was two-faced i.e. he was depicted with a face both on the front and "back" of his head symbolising his power to look either way, both forward and backward in time - a power granted him by Saturn, father of time who had given birth to Jupiter.<br />
  17. 17. And……….<br /> for some interesting facts…..<br />There were no roman myths before they invaded Greece around 393.A.D<br />Pluto lived in the land of Hades.<br />the gladius (glădĭus) was the roman word for sword, and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Rome soldiers. Early ancient Roman swords were similar to those used by the Greeks. From the 3rd century BC, the Romans adopted swords similar to those used by the Celtiberians and others during the early part of the conquest of Hispania.<br />
  18. 18. Thank you for watching<br />