FOSS: Free and Open
“free software” = liberty, not price.
• Run the program.
• Study, adapt. Source code is a
must. “Open source is a development
method for software that harnesses
• Redistribute/Copy. the power of distributed peer review
and transparency of process.”
• Improve/Release improvements.
• GCC ( GNU C compiler )
• Linux ( Operating System )
• Eclipse ( de facto IDE )
• KDE ( Desktop Environment )
• Firefox ( Web browser )
• Global collaboration
– Members all over the world.
– Developers = users = testers.
• Distributed change management
– Use branches in CVS.
• Iterative development
– Short dev cycle. “User satisfaction can
– Unstable releases. improve and be driven
– Decentralized testing. by shortening the time
– Remote quality assurance. interval between
• Fast exploitation
– Share/try new ideas.
– Community help testing.
• New topics
– Basically anything new.
– Community is important.
Modeling feedback control system(?)
• Source code availability:
– Fast/effective defect-correction
Fast feedback by users =
developers = testers. “The promise of open source is
– High security assurance betterflexibility, lowerreliability, an
• White testing end to predatory vendor lock-in. “
• Code review
• Free testers
“Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow.”
• Evolutionary ( hackerish? ) because software
change too fast.
– No design at all.
– Read the code! No doco.
• Modularized components
– Mozilla extensions.
– Linux kernel modules.
– Eclipse plug-ins.
Reduce software complexity.
• Distribution model
• New services = $$$
– Technical supports.
Test tree vs. production tree? ( RH )
• Modeling feedback control system.
• Social aspects.
• Economical aspects.
• The Free Software Definition http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
• Christof Ebert, Open Source Drives Innovation
• Nazim H. Madhavji et al, SOFTWARE EVOLUTION AND FEEDBACK