Disaster management
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Disaster management

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Disaster management Disaster management Presentation Transcript

  • DISASTERMANAGEMENT
  • INTRODUCTIONMASSIVE HUMAN LOSSES RENDER INTODRY STATISTICS FATALITIES SOAR SKY-HIGHTHEDYING CAN DIFFERENTIATETHEMSELVES FROM DEADNATURAL CALAMITY.
  • NATURAL CALAMITYIS AN ADVERSITY CAUSINGDEEP DISTRESS AMOUNTINGTO GRIEVOUS DISASTER ANDMASSIVE LOSSCONSTITUTED BY NATURE.
  • “IN A MINUTE, THERE IS TIME,THAT A MINUTE WILL NOT REVERSE” ‘NOBEL LAUREATE T S ELIOT’
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT ISINCREASINGLY BECOMING AGLOBAL ISSUE  CHILD LABOUR  TERRORISM  INTERNATIONAL PEACE  HUMAN RIGHTS
  • BETWEEN 1988 AND 1997, DISASTERSKILLED 5116 PEOPLE AND AFFECTED24.97 MILLION.IN 1998, 9846 PEOPLE DIED AND 34.11MILLION PEOPLE WERE AFFECTED IN 2001-2002 30,000 (INCLUDINGGUJARAT EARTHQUAKE) PEOPLE WEREDIED AND 41.82 MILLION PEOPLE WEREAFFECTED BY ALL TYPES OF DISASTERS
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT IMPORTANCE, METHODOLOGY AND CHALLENGES
  • PHASE IWHAT IS A DISASTER?THE NATIONAL SCENARIOPHASE IINATURAL CALAMITIES EXPERIENCED BYINDIAINDUSTRIAL AND TECHNOLOGICALDISASTERSTHE INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
  • PHASE III DISASTER MANAGEMENT WARNING AND FORECASTING SYSTEM ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN INDIAPHASE IV DISASTER MANAGEMENT EDUCATION METHODOLOGY FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT EDUCATION ROLE OF SOME SPECIFIC AGENCIES WORKING IN THE FIELD OF HIGHER EDUCATION. DISASTER MANAGEMENT EDUCATION: SOME CHALLENGES.
  • WHAT IS A DISASTER? “A GRAVE OCCURRENCE HAVING RUINOUS RESULTS” Webster’s Dictionary“ANY OCCURRENCE THAT CAUSES DAMAGE, ECONOMICDISTRACTION, LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE ANDDETERIORATION IN HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICESON A SCALE SUFFICIENT TO WARRANT ANEXTRAORDINARY RESPONSE FROM OUTSIDE THEAFFECTED COMMUNITY OR AREA” WHO
  • “An occurrence arising with little orno warning, which causes orthreatens serious disruption of life,and requires therefore amobilization of effort in excess ofthat normally provided by thestatutory emergency services”
  • CLASSIFICATION OF DISASTERS NATURAL MAN-MADE OTHER DISASTERS DISASTERS DISASTERSMAJOR MINOR MAJOR MINOR COMMUNAL RIOTS TRANSPORTEARTHQUAKE HEAT WAVE ETHNIC EPIDEMICS, ACCIDENT,FLOODS COLD WAVE ONFLICTS, INDUSTRIAL FESTIVAL,DRAUGHTS LANDSLIDE REFUGEES, ACCIDENTS, PILGRIMAGECYCLONE AVALANCHE TERRORISM, FIRE, POLICY RELATED, TORNADOES WAR, ECONOMIC CONFLICTS, FOOD HAILSTORM SCANDALS, CROP POISONING, MISMANAGEM- FAILURE LIQUOR ENT TRAGEDY, TECHNOLOGY DISASTER, ETC.
  • THE NATIONAL SCENARIO
  • DROUGHTEARTHQUAKEFLOOD AND CYCLONETORNADOLANDSLIDESVERY HIGH OR LOW CLIMATICTEMPERATURES
  • ZONE MAGNITUDE EFFECTZONE I < 2.5 VERY LOW DAMAGE RISK ZONE GENERALLY NOT FELT BUT RECORDED.ZONE-II <4.5 LOW DAMAGE RISK ZONE.ZONE-III <6 MODERATE DAMAGE RISK ZONE AND CAN BE DESTRUCTIVE IN POPULOUS.ZONE-IV <7.9 HIGH DAMAGE RISK ZONE. MAJOR EARTH QUAKES INFLICT SERIOUS DAMAGE.ZONE-V >8 VERY HIGH DAMAGE RISK ZONE. GREAT EARTH QUAKES OCCUR ONCE EVERY 5-10 YEARS. PRODUCE TOTAL DESTRUCTION TO NEARBY COMMUNITIES.
  • NATURAL CALAMITIES EXPERIENCED BY INDIA
  • EARTHQUAKE NEAR KOYNAIN MAHARASHTRA. 1968
  • UTTARKASHI EARTHQUAKE 1991
  • EARTHQUAKE STRUCK LATURIN MAHARASHTRA 1991
  • EARTHQUAKE OF 1997 NEAR JABALPUR
  • CHAMOLI EARTHQUAKE INGARHWAL REGION 1999
  • SUPER CYCLONE IN ORISSA ON OCTOBER 29, 1999
  • GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE JAN 26, 2001
  • MAJOR OIL SPILL TOOKPLACE OFF THE KANDLA PORT
  • INDUSTRIAL& TECHNOLOGICAL DISASTERS
  • PETROLEUM SPILLAGE .AND FIRE INCUBA TAO IN BRAZIL IN FEB 84LPG EXPLOSION IN MEXICO CITY INNOV 84BHOPAL GAS TRAGEDY IN INDIA INDEC 84. 2000 DEATHS 34000 EYE INFECTIONS MIGRATION OF 2 LAKH PEOPLE
  • THE INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
  • MORE THAN 8000 MAJORDISASTERS HAVE BEEN RECORDEDWORLDWIDE SINCE 1960 NATURAL CALAMITIES HAVE CLAIMED MORE THAN 2.8 MILLION LIVES ADVERSELY AFFECTED 820 MILLION PEOPLE
  • “THE COSTS OF WEATHERRELATED DISASTERS IN 1998EXCEEDED THE COST OF ALLDISASTERS IN THE DECADEOF 1980’S”
  •  IN 1998, IN THE CARIBBEAN, THEHURRICANES GEORGE AND MITCH KILLEDMORE THAN 13,000 PEOPLE, WITHMITCH BEING THE DEADLIEST ATLANTICSTORM IN LAST 200 YEARS MAJOR FLOODS HIT CHINA, INDIA,NEPAL, BANGLADESH AND MUCH OFEAST ASIA, KILLING THOUSANDS OFPEOPLE. TWO THIRDS OF BANGLADESHWAS INUNDATED FOR MONTH, LEAVINGMILLIONS HOMELESS.
  • CATASTROPHIC YANGTZE RIVERFLOOD OF 1998,EARTHQUAKE INEARTHQUAKE IN TAIWAN“A UNESCO study shows thaton average, more than 10,000 people die each year fromearthquakes and losses amount to billions of rupees”
  • DISASTERMANAGEMENT
  • THE CRYING NEED OF THE HOUR IS SOLIDARITY CO-OPERATION AND CO-ORDINATION IN REACHING OUT TO THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN THE WORST HIT BY THE CALAMITY
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT, IN ORDEROF PRIORITY, SHOULD MEANIMMEDIATE RESCUE RELIEF REHABILITATION RECONSTRUCTION MEASURES
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT INCLUDES  PLANNING  ORGANIZING  STAFFING,  DIRECTING  CO-ORDINATING  REPORTING  BUDGETING FUNCTIONS BEFORE THE DISASTER ATTACKS AND RESCUE RELIEFAND REHABILITATION WORK AFTER THE DISASTER ATTACKS
  •  LEADERSHIP INFORMATION-TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TIME MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITY MANAGEMENT RISK MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT COMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT TOO.
  • DISASTER MANAGEMENTPRE-DISASTER POST-DISASTERMANAGEMENT MANAGEMENTRISK RESCUEIDENTIFICATION RELIEFRISK REDUCTION REHABILITATIONRISK REDUCTIONMAJOR CONCERNS MAJOR CONCERNS GOVERNMENT CONCERNED STATE CONCERN DEPTT. OF GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNMENT (LIKE MANAGERIAL FUNCTIONS AGENCIES WEATHER NGO (LOCAL, NATIONAL FORECASTING PLANNING INTERNATIONAL SEISMOLOGIC DEPTT. ORGANISATION GENERAL PUBLIC AS IN RAILWAY, RAILWAY, HUMAN RESOURCE INDIVIDUAL OR GROUPS FINANCE, HRD) DIRECTION (IN ANY FORM, ANY EDUCATIONAL OR CO-ORDINATION CAPACITY) SPECIAL R & D COMMUNICATION LOCAL GOVERNMENT ORGANISATION BUDGETING MEDIA NGO CONTROL CORPORATE HOUSE MEDIA RESEARCH AND FOREIGNERS INSURANCE AGENCIES DEVELOPMENT (INDIVIDUALS, NGO, GOVT
  • WARNING &FORECASTING SYSTEM
  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) IMD provides cyclone warnings from the AreaWarning & Cyclone WarningForecasting Centres (ACWCs) It has developed theSystem necessary infrastructure to originate and disseminate the cyclone warnings at appropriate levels.
  •  Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)  It has made operational a satellite based communication system called CycloneWarning & Warning Dissemination System for directForecasting dissemination of cyclone warnings to the cycloneSystem prone coastal areas.  IMD runs operationally a Limited-area Analysis and Forecast System (LAFS), based on an Optimal Interpretation (OI) analysis and a limited area Primitive Equation (PE) model, to provide numerical guidance.
  •  National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA)  Long term drought proofing programmes on the naturalWarning & resources of the district have been greatly helped byForecasting the use of satellite data obtained by NRSA.System  Satellite data can be used very effectively for mapping and monitoring the flood inundated areas, flood damage assessment, flood hazard zoning and past flood survey of river configuration and protection works.
  •  Seismological Observations Seismological observations in theWarning & country are made through national networkForecasting of 36 seismic stations operated by the IMD,System which is the nodal agency. These stations have collected data over long periods of time.
  •  Warning System for Drought  The National Agricultural Drought Assessment and Management System (NADAMS) has been developed by the Department of Space for theWarning & Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, and is primarily based onForecasting monitoring of vegetation status through National Oceanic and AtmosphericSystem Administration (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution (AVHR) data.  The drought assessment is based on a comparative evaluation of satellite observed green vegetation cover (both area and greenness) of a district in any specific time period, with that of any similar period in previous years.
  •  Flood Forecasting  Flood forecasts and warnings are issued by the Central Water Commission (CWC)Warning & Ministry of Water Resources.Forecasting  These are used for alerting the public and for takingSystem appropriate measures by concerned administrative and state engineering agencies in the flood hazard mitigation. Information is gathered from the CWCs vast network of Forecasting Stations on various rivers in the country
  •  Cyclone Tracking  Information on cyclone warnings is furnished on a real-time basis to the control room set up in theWarning & Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.Forecasting  High-power Cyclone Detection Radars (CDRs)System that are installed along the coastal belt of India have proved to be a very useful tool to the cyclone warning work.  These radars can locate and track approaching Tropical Cyclones within a range of 400 km.
  •  Cyclone Tracking  Satellite imagery received from weather satellite is extensively used in detecting the development andWarning & movement of Tropical Cyclones over oceanicForecasting regions, particularly when they are beyond the rangeSystem of the coastal radars.  The existing mode of dissemination of cyclone warnings to various government officials is through high priority telegrams, telephones, telex and fax.
  • ADM STRUCTURE OF DISASTER MGT IN INDIA
  •  The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) in the Ministry of Agriculture, `Government of India, is the nodal department for all matters concerning natural disasters relief atADMINISTRATIVE the Centre.STRUCTURE OF  The National Contingency ActionDISASTER Plan (CAP) facilitates launching ofMANAGEMENT IN relief and rescue operations withoutINDIA delay.  There are various committees at the national level for disaster management such as Cabinet Committee for effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of natural calamity
  •  National Crisis Management Committee at the national level headed by the Cabinet Secretary who is in charge of various types ofADMINISTRATIVE disasters and supporting ministriesSTRUCTURE OF as membersDISASTER  Crisis Management Group reviewsMANAGEMENT IN various measures required forINDIA dealing with a natural disaster, and coordinates activities of the Central ministries and the State Governments pertaining to disaster preparedness and relief and obtains information from nodal officers on measures relating to the above
  • DISASTER MGT EDN
  •  CREATION OF GENERAL AWARENESS IT ALSO HELPS TO TEACHING FACULTIES INCREATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SCIENTIFICAND SYSTEMATIC KNOWLEDGE IT ALSO HELPS TO THE GOVERNMENT AND ITSAGENCIES WORKING FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IT IS MORE SIGNIFICANT IN SOME SPECIFICDISASTER PRONE ZONE/ REGION OR STATE
  •  IT ALSO HELPS IN DISSEMINATE THEKNOWLEDGE/INFORMATION ABOUTDISASTERS AND MANAGEMENT OF DISASTERSIN GENERAL LOCAL PUBLICIT HELPS IN SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDINGAND CONVINCING THE TRUTH AND AVOIDSSOME UNSCIENTIFIC BELIEF AND AVOIDS ATLEAST A RUMOUR IN THE TIME OF POSTDISASTER IT ALSO HELPS IN THE SCIENTIFIC ANDRESEARCH BASED METHODOLOGICALEDUCATION SYSTEM FOR DISASTERMANAGEMENT
  •  WE CAN COORDINATE SOCIAL RESOURCESOF NGOS IN TO THE FORMAL/INFORMALEDUCATION SYSTEM. LAST BUT NOT THE LEAST IT IS ARGUEDTHAT ONE CAN PROTECT HIMSELF IN ANYDISASTER SITUATION, IF HE/SHE HAS BASICBUT SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUTDISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • METHODOLOGY FORDISASTER MGT EDN
  •  INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY ANDMANAGEMENT, NEW DELHI PG DEGREE INDISASTER MITIGATION. THE CENTRE FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT(BHOPAL MP) POSTGRADUATE WITHAFFILIATION TO IGNOU INDIAN INSTITUTE OF DISASTERMANAGEMENT. METEOROLOGY DEGREES ANDHRAUNIVERSITY VISHAKAPATANAM M Sc METEOROLOGY ,COCHIN UNIVERSITYOF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY KERALA, M TECH IN METEOROLOGY BHARATIYARUNIVERSITY COIMBATORE,
  •  DIPLOMA IN METEOROLOGY, SHIVAJIUNIVERSITY KOLHAPUR B Sc IN METEOROLOGY AND MARINESCIENCE, MS UNIVERSITY OF BARODA ,M ScMETEOROLOGY GEOLOGY; GUJARAT UNIVERSITY,AHMEDABAD , MS UNIVERSITY OF BARODA,MOHAN LAL SUKHADIYA UNIVERSITYUDAIPUR, VIKRAM UNIVERSITY AND NAGPURUNIVERSITY NAGPUR IGNOU OFFERS CERTIFICATE IN DISASTERMANAGEMENT COURSE AS A SIX MONTHPROGRAMME FOR SELECTED TARGET GROUPS.
  • PROPOSED DISASTER MANAGEMENT EDUCATION MODULE FORMAL SETUP NON FORMAL SETUP SECONDARY HIGHER EDUCATION EDUCATION BY NGO’S BY GO’S PRIMARY SECONDARY +2 LEVEL STORY BASED SYSTEMATIC SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION INFORMATION FIELD POLICY AWARENESS FOR FORMATIONS UG PG UNI. LEVEL RESCUE FUNDING RELIEF HRD REHABILITATION R&D THROUGH MANAGEMENT SELF & SOCIAL TRAINING & IEC RESEARCH AND (SEMINAR, ADMINISTRATION AWARENESS MODEL DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE, AND CONTROL THROUGH SPL. (INFORMATION WORKSHOP, INSTITUTIONAL PAPER, PART OF EDUCATION EXHIBITION, DEVELOPMENT THE COMMON COMMUNICATION) COMPETITIONS, PAPER AND PUBLICATIONS) NCC/NSS
  • ROLE OF SOME SPECIFIC AGENCIESWORKING IN THE FIELDOF HIGHER EDUCATION.
  • MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVPT (MHRD) POLICY FORMATION. INSTITUTIONAL SET UP (SEPARATELY FOR DM) FUNDING ARRANGEMENT. GUIDELINES FOR THE AGENCIES WORKING UNDERTHE MINISTRIES I.E. DST, UGC ETC. SPECIAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES SPECIAL INNOVATIONS FOR NCC/NSS. CREATION FOR JOB OPPORTUNITIES
  • NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING (NCERT)SYLLABI PREPARATION FOR VARIOUS LEVELOF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM. TEXT AND METHODOLOGY PREPARATION. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TRAININGPROGRAMMES FOR DM FOR DIFFERENT LEVEL.
  • ALL INDIA COUNCIL FOR TEACHER EDUCATION (AICTE) SPECIAL ATTENTION ON SETUP OF A DMINSTITUTES WITH ADEQUATE INFRASTRU-CTURES. SPECIAL SUBJECTS TO OFFERS TOEXISTING TECHNICAL INSTITUTION UNDERITS JURISDICTION. SPECIAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES ON DMEDUCATION. SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS OF INFORMALDM EDUCATION PGMES LIKE SEMINAR,WORKSHOPS.
  • UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION (UGC) SPECIAL ATTENTION ON DM EDUCATION. PREPARATION OF GUIDELINES INCLUDINGSUBJECTS CONTENTS, METHODOLOGY,EVALUATION FOR DM EDUCATION AT UG/PGLEVEL. ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL DIVISION/CELL FOR DME. AVAILABILITY OF EXPORTS ON VARIOUSSUBJECTS OF DME, SPECIAL RESEARCH PROGRAMMES FOR DMUNDER ITS MINOR/MAJOR RESEARCHPROJECTS SCHEMES.
  •  ANNOUNCEMENT OF SPECIAL PROGRAMMES FOR DM. LIKE UNIVERSITY TALK AIDS, WOMEN EDUCATION. SPECIAL FINANCIAL. NON-FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FOR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES WHO ARE TAKING INITIATIVES OF DME. ORGANIZING SEMINAR, WORKSHOP ON DME. SPECIAL INCENTIVES FOR TEACHERS FOR PREPARATION OF DME LITERATURE, METHODS ETC.
  • DISASTER MGT EDN: SOME CHALLENGES
  •  POLITICAL WILLPOWER IS MUST FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DME SYSTEM. INTER –DISCIPLINARY CO-ORDINATION IS MUST. THERE MAY BE A POSSIBILITIES OF OPPOSE LACK OF POLICY ON DM MAY BE A BARRIER TO THE SYSTEM. THIS SYSTEM MAY BENEFIT AFTER LONGTIME OF ITS ESTABLISHMENT.
  • CONCLUSION