Resistance Welding
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  • 1. RESISTANCE WELDING
    • 1910.255, SUBPART Q
    • Samuel D. Yates
    • Corporate Safety and Environmental
    • Meadowcraft, Inc.
    • [email_address]
  • 2. VARIOUS TYPES OF RESISTANCE WELDERS Rocker Arm, Seam, and Spot Welder
  • 3. MULTIHEAD RESISTANCE WELDER
  • 4.
    • In General
    • INSTALLATION – All equipment is to be
    • installed by qualified electrician.
    • There must be a safety-type discon-
    • necting switch, a circuit breaker or a
    • circuit interrupter to open each
    • power circuit to the machine conven-
    • iently located at or near the machine.
  • 5.
    • Ignitron tubes used in resistance
    • welding equipment must be equipped
    • with a thermal protection switch.
    • Employees assigned to operate resis-
    • tence welding equipment must be
    • properly trained and judged competent
    • to operate the equipment.
    • All controls of automatic or air and
    • hydraulic must be arranged or guarded to
    • prevent accidental activation by the operator.
  • 6.
    • NONPORTABLE SPOT AND SEAM
    • WELDING MACHINES
    • For operator safety, all external weld
    • initiating control circuits shall operate
    • on low voltage (not over 120 volts).
  • 7.
    • CAPACITOR WELDING
    • Stored energy or capacitor discharge
    • resistance welding equipment and con-
    • trol panels involving voltages of over
    • 550 volts must be insulated and pro-
    • tected by complete enclosures with
    • interlocked doors with contacts wired
    • into the control circuit. These interlocks
    • must interrupt power and short circuit
    • all capacitors when the door or panel is open.
  • 8. CONTROL CABINET
  • 9.
    • Capacitor Welding
    • A manual switch or other suitable pos-
    • itive device, along with other mechani-
    • cal interlocks or contacts, must be in-
    • stalled as an additional safety measure.
  • 10.
    • INTERLOCKS
    • All doors and access panels of all
    • resistance welding machines and con-
    • trol panels are to be kept locked and
    • interlocked to prevent access to live
    • portions of the equipment by un-
    • authorized persons.
  • 11.
    • GUARDING
    • All press welding machines must be
    • guarded where there is a possibility of
    • the operator’s fingers being under the
    • point of operation by such devices as:
    • Electronic eye safety circuits.
    • Two hand controls similar to punch
    • press operations.
  • 12.
    • GUARDING
    • All chains, gears, operating bus
    • linkage and belts must be protected
    • by adequate guards.
  • 13. VARIOUS TYPES OF GUARDING
  • 14.
    • SHIELDS
    • Where practical, shields guards of safety
    • glass or suitable fire-resistant plastic,
    • shall be installed to guard against flying
    • sparks.
    • Additional shields or curtains shall be
    • installed as necessary to protect passing
    • persons from flying sparks.
  • 15.
    • SHIELDS
    • All operators and attendants shall use
    • transparent face shields or goggles to
    • protect their eyes while operating resis-
    • tance welders or resistance brazing
    • equipment.
  • 16. FOOT SWITCHES
    • All foot switches shall be guarded to
    • prevent accidental operation of the
    • machine.
  • 17. STOP BUTTONS
    • Two or more emergency stop
    • buttons shall be provided on all
    • special multispot welding machines,
    • including 2-post and 4-post weld
    • presses.
  • 18. SAFETY PINS
    • On large machines, four safety pins
    • with plugs and receptacles (one in
    • each corner) shall be provided so
    • that when the safety pins are re-
    • moved and inserted into the ram or
    • platen, the press becomes inopera-
    • tive.
  • 19. GROUNDING
    • WHEN?: When technically practical.
    • WHAT?: The secondary of all
    • welding transformers used
    • in multispot, projection,
    • and seam welding.
    • HOW?: By permanently grounding
    • one side of the welding
    • secondary current circuit.
  • 20. GROUNDING
    • When not technically practical:
    • Use a center tapped grounding
    • reactor connected across the sec-
    • ondary or use a safety disconnect
    • switch in conjunction with the
    • welding controls. The safety discon-
    • nect shall be arranged to open both
    • sides of the line when welding current
    • is not present.
  • 21.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Counterbalance: All portable welding
    • guns shall have suitable counter-
    • balanced devices for supporting the
    • guns, including cables, unless the
    • design of the gun makes counter-
    • balancing impractical or unnecessary.
  • 22.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Safety Chains: All portable welding guns,
    • transformers and related equipment
    • that is suspended from overhead
    • structures, eye beams, trolleys, etc.
    • shall be equipped with safety chains or
    • cables capable of supporting the total
    • shock load in the event of failure of any
    • component of the supporting system.
  • 23.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Clevis: Each clevis shall be capable of
    • supporting the total shock load of the
    • suspended equipment in the event of
    • trolley failure.
  • 24.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Switch guards: All initiating switches,
    • including retraction and dual schedule
    • switches, located on the portable
    • welding gun shall be equipped with
    • suitable guards capable of preventing
    • accidental initiation through contact
    • with fixtures, operator’s clothes, etc.
    • The initiating switch voltage shall not
    • exceed 24 volts.
  • 25.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Moving Holder: The movable holder,
    • where it enters the gun frame, shall have sufficient clearance to prevent the shearing of fingers carelessly placed on the operating movable holder.
  • 26.
    • PORTABLE WELDING MACHINES
    • Grounding: The secondary and case of
    • all portable welding transformers shall be grounded by center tapped secondary or by a center tapped grounding reactor connected across the secondary.
  • 27.
    • FLASH WELDING EQUIPMENT
    • Ventilation and Flash Guard: Flash
    • welding machines shall be equipped with a hood to control flying flash. In cases of high production, where materials may contain a film of oil and where toxic elements and metal fumes are given off, ventilation shall be pro-vided in accordance with 1910.252(c).
  • 28.
    • FLASH WELDING EQUIPMENT
    • Fire Curtains: For protection of the operators of nearby equipment, fire-resistant curtains of suitable shields shall be set up around the machine and in such a manner that the operators movements are not hampered.
  • 29.
    • MAINTENANCE
    • PERIODIC INSPECTION SHALL BE MADE
    • BY QUALIFIED MAINTENANCE PER-
    • SONNEL.
    • A CERTIFICATION RECORD MUST BE
    • MAINTAINED TO INCLUDE:
    • DATE OF INSPECTION
    • THE SIGNATURE OF PERSON CONDUCTING THE INSPECTION
    • SERIAL NUMBER OR IDENTIFIER OF EQUIPMENT INSPECTED
  • 30.
    • MAINTENANCE
    • OPERATORS SHALL BE INSTRUCTED TO
    • REPORT ANY EQUIPMENT DEFECTS TO
    • HIS SUPERVISOR AND THE USE OF THE
    • EQUIPMENT DISCONTINUED UNTIL
    • SAFETY REPAIRS HAVE BEEN COM-
    • PLETED.