One person died Wednesday after a forklift accident in Fluvanna County. The incident happened shortly after 5 p.m. in front of the Tapscott Brothers Lumber Company. (NC)
The Will County Coroner's line reports that a 35 year old Aurora man was pronounced deceased at Silver Cross Hospital at 7:22 AM Wednesday morning, after a forklift accident in Mokena. The Coroner's line stated that Jose R Barrera-Ruiz died of multiple injuries.
These Deaths Were Preventable
These were not isolated incidents.
There were 1000+ deaths in 10 Years 2000-2010.
Workers have a right to a safe workplace.
In the operation of forklifts these are the FIVE largest risks among many:
Hit by Falling or moving Load
Hit by Forklift
All of these are preventable
2010 Injury Causation Statistics
32 falls: includes 12 pallet, platform or forks, 10 forklift went off dock, 1 ejected from forklift, 5 fall from load lifted, 1 fall through hole, 1 order picker platform, 2 mezzanine
46 struck by falling/moving object or load
36 struck by forklift
15 forklift overturned
29 crushed or caught in forklift/load and an object
10 caught in amputation
5 burns / fire
3 CO, 1 Ammonia
Type of forklift not included - many not identifying the type
Injury Prevention Basics
Hazard Prevention and Control
Education and Training
Program Evaluation and Improvement
Communication and coordination on multi-employer sites
These principles are adopted and recognized by…
2100 VPP Companies
States AR, CA, LA, HI, MN, MT NV, NH, NY, OR, WA
Pallets used as elevating platforms has lead to many deaths and is not acceptable
Employees use what is available
Use proper platforms designed per ANSI/ITSDF B56.1-2005
Elevating/Order Picker Truck
Fall protection is required when the operator rides up with the load
Use ANSI Z359 fall arrest equipment
What should be done?
Many a foot have been crushed by people getting too close.
How close is too close?
Leaving forklift trucks without brakes or chocks
Falling Loads KILL
Loads improperly stored kill people.
What can be done?
Struck-by What should be done when backing out?
Accidents – Forklift Leaves Dock
November 1, 2000
An employee was driving a forklift truck in reverse
She backed off of the receiving dock and was pinned under the forklift
Operator was not wearing seatbelt and the forklift didn't have a overhead guard
Change in grade
Low tire pressure
Excessive weight lifted
Is a Forklift a Crane?
OSHA’s Construction Crane standard may apply in construction.
Many injuries result from dropped loads when using slings for rigging.
SHIB http://www.osha.gov/dts/shib/shib072709.html There have been fatalities where standup type fork trucks crush the operator under cross bar of a rack system. Body part outside frame of forklift is dangerous!
Lifting/Moving the Forklift
Is there a procedure to get forklift off?
What is the procedure to free a stuck forklift?
Is material palletized?
Will the load stay stable as straps are loosened?
Many times a person adjacent to the load being removed is hit.
Where do people stand?
Lockout or Guarding?
The person who works on the forklift must know the OSHA lockout standards.
Any body part can be cut or crushed if caught in a scissor point.
Forklift maintenance fatalities – employees were crushed after jack failure, or crushed between mast and frame of truck because they didn’t block it.
The employer shall monitor environmental exposure of employees to carbon monoxide whenever internal combustion engine powered industrial trucks as defined in Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, section 1910.178(a)(1) are operated indoors to ensure that carbon monoxide levels do not exceed those given in Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, section 1910.1000, Table Z-1-A.
The air monitoring shall be done at least quarterly and represent exposures during a day of highest usage in the areas where employee carbon monoxide exposure is most likely.
Subpart 2. Tailpipe exhaust gas analysis.
The employer shall ensure that powered industrial truck engine exhaust gases do not contain more than one percent carbon monoxide for propane fueled trucks or two percent carbon monoxide for gasoline fueled measured at idle and at three-fourths throttle during final engine tuning in a regular maintenance program.
OSHA 50 ppm 8-hour Time Weighted Average (TWA)
NIOSH 35 ppm 8-hour TWA
200 ppm Ceiling by NIOSH
ACGIH Threshold Limit Value is 25 ppm 8-hour TWA; 40-hour work week
Dizziness, nausea, convulsions. Death within 1 hour. 20 minutes 1600 Dizziness, nausea, convulsions. Death after 2-3 hours. 45 minutes 800 Symptoms intensify. Life threatening after 3 hours. 1-2 hours 400 Headache, fatigue, nausea. 2-3 hours 200 Symptoms Time PPM CO
Limit CO concentration to 1% or less for propane fueled trucks
Limit CO concentration to 2% or less for gasoline fueled trucks.
Forklift Exhaust Test
Forklift emits low level of CO
Prevention of CO Poisoning
Maintain equipment in good working order
Provide periodic tune-ups for forklifts to ensure that they run “lean”
Periodic CO analysis of exhaust gases to determine emission concentrations
Provide adequate ventilation
Install CO monitors
What is the problem and solution?
Material stored properly in racks
Rack was hit by forklift and tagged out and pallets removed.
Aisle properly marked
Smooth Clean lanes
Corner marked so forklift operation can see around corner
Watch for any holes. These will flip some forklifts. These should be identified in advance and plans to prevent a forklift from going into one is necessary.
Watch for aerial lifts and other mobile equipment. Barricade the equipment to prevent contact with each other.
How often does a forklift driver have to be re-evaluated/certified? __________
Forklifts must be inspected every ________ before use.
OSHA’s limit for Carbon Monoxide in an 8 hour shift is ____ ppm.
Compliance Assistance Specialists in OSHA offices
Quick Takes http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/quicktakes
www.aiag.org Pedestrian & Vehicle Safety Guidelines Comments or Corrections go to John Newquist
What is the pending hazard?
Job Hazard Analysis
This ppt was prepared by John Newquist as a preliminary aid for people required to evaluate forklifts.
Thanks to Misette Kobler, Carlos Gallegos and Janet S., for corrections and suggestions.
Thanks to Joe Schwarz, Marc Snitzer, Walter Visage, Rick Dvorak, Cynthia Evans, Aaron Priddy, for previous work on the topic.
This is not an official OSHA publication. Those will be on the OSHA.gov website.
[email_address] is my email if you see any errors. This is just a draft as of the cover date.
Wage & Hour Referral
No one under 18 allowed on a PIT
“ Order 7 of Hazardous Occupations” prohibits employees under 18 years of age from operating forklifts, employers must make certain that workers under 18 years of age are not permitted to use PIT’s.