Influence of types of temperament on learning foreign languages
The basic aim of the given project is to determine the influence of types of temperament on learning languages.Tasks of the research: 1. To study available sources of the information on the given theme. 2. To analyze all types of temperaments and determine their influence upon studying foreign languages. 3. To do interrogation to determine types of temperaments of pupils, teachers of English, and senior students of faculty of foreign languages of Surgut State University.
What is temperament?• Temperament – is persistent combination of personality’s individual qualities.• Temperament characterizes dynamics of a person, but it doesn’t describe his opinions, sights, interests, it isn’t indicator of person’s value, it doesn’t determine his possibilities.• There are four types of temperament: choleric, melancholic, sanguine, phlegmatic.
History of types of temperaments The founder of the doctrineabout types of temperaments isthe ancient doctor Hippocrates. He thought that there were four basic «juices» of life – blood, phlegm, bile, black bile. Sanguine - «blood»; phlegmatic – «phlegm»; choleric - «bile»; melancholic - «black bile».
Types of temperaments The sanguine person The choleric person extremely active active sociable initiative has an easy life through has extra life energy misfortunes impatient impatient can conflict with others clumsy hasn’t got enough self - changes mood control
Types of temperamentsThe Melancholic person The phlegmatic person mild calm sensitive patient observant self-controlled anxiety in his behavior hard to new people vulnerable doesn’t show feelings isn’t active and sociable isn’t active and sociable
Influence of type of temperament on learning foreign languagesThe sanguine person The choleric person communicative with loud vivid with passionate quick voice speech can easy understand new does important work for material himself; cheerful he won’t work unless he active rebuilds the energy hardworking has meaningful expression
Influence of type of temperamenton learning foreign languages The melancholic person The phlegmatic person has not rhythmic speech with has calm, slow speech quite voice without clear emotions, shy; expression and gestures modest quiet not active silent incommunicative slow
Influence of type of temperamenton learning foreign languages extroverts introverts The cholerics and sanguines The melancholics and are extroverts phlegmatics are introvertsExtrovert(«extra») is a Introvert («intro») is a person, concentrated on person, concentrated on his people. own world.
Types of temperament of teachers of English Choleric Melancholic1(20%) 1(20%) Phlegmatic Sanguine 3(60%) CholericMel ancholic
Types of temperament of pupils 3 (13%) 3 (13%) 11 (46%) 4 (17%) 3 (13%)cholericsanguinemelancholicphlegmaticcholericmelancholic
Types of temperament of senior students of the faculty of foreign languages 2 (10%) 5 (25%) 9 (45%) 4 (20%) The choleric The melancholic The sanguine The phlegmatic
Does the type of temperament influencethe learning of foreign languages? The foreign language is much easier for communicative people, called extroverts There are no good or bad types of temperaments Each type of temperament has own advantages and disadvantages Every person can learn languages and be successful in it