Influence of types of temperament on learning foreign languages


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Influence of types of temperament on learning foreign languages

  1. 1. The basic aim of the given project is to determine the influence of types of temperament on learning languages.Tasks of the research: 1. To study available sources of the information on the given theme. 2. To analyze all types of temperaments and determine their influence upon studying foreign languages. 3. To do interrogation to determine types of temperaments of pupils, teachers of English, and senior students of faculty of foreign languages of Surgut State University.
  2. 2. What is temperament?• Temperament – is persistent combination of personality’s individual qualities.• Temperament characterizes dynamics of a person, but it doesn’t describe his opinions, sights, interests, it isn’t indicator of person’s value, it doesn’t determine his possibilities.• There are four types of temperament: choleric, melancholic, sanguine, phlegmatic.
  3. 3. History of types of temperaments The founder of the doctrineabout types of temperaments isthe ancient doctor Hippocrates. He thought that there were four basic «juices» of life – blood, phlegm, bile, black bile. Sanguine - «blood»; phlegmatic – «phlegm»; choleric - «bile»; melancholic - «black bile».
  4. 4. Types of temperaments The sanguine person The choleric person extremely active  active sociable  initiative has an easy life through  has extra life energy misfortunes  impatient impatient  can conflict with others clumsy  hasn’t got enough self - changes mood control
  5. 5. Types of temperamentsThe Melancholic person The phlegmatic person mild  calm sensitive  patient observant  self-controlled anxiety in his behavior  hard to new people vulnerable  doesn’t show feelings isn’t active and sociable  isn’t active and sociable
  6. 6. Influence of type of temperament on learning foreign languagesThe sanguine person The choleric person communicative with loud  vivid with passionate quick voice speech can easy understand new  does important work for material himself; cheerful  he won’t work unless he active rebuilds the energy hardworking  has meaningful expression
  7. 7. Influence of type of temperamenton learning foreign languages The melancholic person The phlegmatic person has not rhythmic speech with  has calm, slow speech quite voice without clear emotions, shy; expression and gestures modest  quiet not active  silent incommunicative  slow
  8. 8. Influence of type of temperamenton learning foreign languages extroverts introverts The cholerics and sanguines  The melancholics and are extroverts phlegmatics are introvertsExtrovert(«extra») is a Introvert («intro») is a person, concentrated on person, concentrated on his people. own world.
  9. 9. Types of temperament of teachers of English Choleric Melancholic1(20%) 1(20%) Phlegmatic Sanguine 3(60%) CholericMel ancholic
  10. 10. Types of temperament of pupils 3 (13%) 3 (13%) 11 (46%) 4 (17%) 3 (13%)cholericsanguinemelancholicphlegmaticcholericmelancholic
  11. 11. Types of temperament of senior students of the faculty of foreign languages 2 (10%) 5 (25%) 9 (45%) 4 (20%) The choleric The melancholic The sanguine The phlegmatic
  12. 12. Does the type of temperament influencethe learning of foreign languages? The foreign language is much easier for communicative people, called extroverts There are no good or bad types of temperaments Each type of temperament has own advantages and disadvantages Every person can learn languages and be successful in it