Writing and editing research papers mak pandit jan 22


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Writing and editing research papers mak pandit jan 22

  1. 1. Writing & EditingResearch Papers Mak Pandit mak@technowrites.com
  2. 2. In this presentation• What is a Research Paper• Who writes them and why• Contents & Structure of Research Papers• Writing Guidelines• Writing Process• Review Guidelines• Publishing Trends• QAs21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 2
  3. 3. Types of Papers• Research paper• Case report• Concept paper• Review article• Survey paper• Species paper• Technical paper• and so on…21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 3
  4. 4. What is a Research Paper• Paper that publishes scholarly content based on research performed by an individual or group• Research Papers are important as they – Claim ownership of content and technological/scientific developments – Publish information in public domain – Capture information in knowledgebase – Provide authors contact details – Serve as a reference in future21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 4
  5. 5. Research Paper Statistics 21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 5Ref: http://solgelnanophotonics.blogspot.in/2012/01/top-40-countries-by-number-of-research.html
  6. 6. Sample Research Papers• A look at samples21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 6
  7. 7. Structure of Research Paper• Title • Acknowledgements• Authors • Endnotes & Footnotes• Abstract • Cross-references• Keywords • Citations• Introduction• Content• Methodology• Details• Discussion• Conclusion21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 7
  8. 8. Writing Process• Follow the writing guidelines• Put together the content• Compose the paper• Define keywords• Review content• Update• Publish (one or more formats)21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 8
  9. 9. IEEE Research Paper Template Research Paper Template for A4 Page Size First Author1, Second Author2, Third Author3 1 First-Author Department, University, Country 2 Second-Author Department, University, Country 3 Third-Author Department, University, Country Abstract— This document gives formatting instructions for TABLE I authors preparing papers for publication in the proceedings of FONT SIZES FOR PAPERS CAMA. The authors must follow the instructions given in the document for the papers to be published. You can use this Font Appearance (in Time New Roman or Times) document as both an instruction set and as a template into which Size Regular Bold Italic you can type your own text. 8 Table caption (in Reference item Small Caps), (partial) Figure caption, Keywords— Include at least 5 keywords or phrases Reference item 9 Author email address Abstract Abstract heading I. INTRODUCTION (in Courier), body (also in Bold) This document is a template. An electronic copy can be Cell in a table downloaded from the conference website. For questions on 10 Level-1 heading (in Level-2 heading, paper guidelines, please contact the conference publications Small Caps), Level-3 heading, committee as indicated on the conference website. Paragraph Author affiliation Information about final paper submission is available from the 12 Author name conference website. 24 Title II. PAGE LAYOUT All title and author details must be in single-column format An easy way to comply with the conference paper and must be centered. formatting requirements is to use this document as a template Every word in a title must be capitalized except for short and simply type your text into it. minor words such as “a”, “an”, “and”, “as”, “at”, “by”, “for”, “from”, “if”, “in”, “into”, “on”, “or”, “of”, “the”, “to”, “with”. A. Page Layout Author details must not show any professional title (e.g. Your paper must use a page size corresponding to A4 Managing Director), any academic title (e.g. Dr.) or any which is 210mm (8.27") wide and 297mm (11.69") long. The membership of any professional organization (e.g. Senior margins must be set as follows: Member IEEE). • Top = 19mm (0.75") To avoid confusion, the family name must be written as the • Bottom = 43mm (1.69") last part of each author name (e.g. John A.K. Smith). • Left = Right = 14.32mm (0.56") Each affiliation must include, at the very least, the name of Your paper must be in two column format with a space of the company and the name of the country where the author is 4.22mm (0.17") between columns. based (e.g. Causal Productions Pty Ltd, Australia). Email address is compulsory for the corresponding author. III. PAGE STYLE C. Section Headings All paragraphs must be indented. All paragraphs must be No more than 3 levels of headings should be used. All justified, i.e. both left-justified and right-justified. headings must be in 10pt font. Every word in a heading must A. Text Font of Entire Document be capitalized except for short minor words as listed in Section III-B. The entire document should be in Times New Roman or Times font. Type 3 fonts must not be used. Other font types 1) Level-1 Heading: A level-1 heading must be in Small may be used if needed for special purposes. Caps, centered and numbered using uppercase Roman Recommended font sizes are shown in Table 1. numerals. For example, see heading “III. Page Style” of this document. The two level-1 headings which must not be B. Title and Author Details numbered are “Acknowledgment” and “References”. Title must be in 24 pt Regular font. Author name must be 2) Level-2 Heading: A level-2 heading must be in Italic,21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. in 11 pt Regular font. Author affiliation must be in 10 pt Italic. left-justified and numbered using an uppercase alphabetic 9 Email address must be in 9 pt Courier Regular font.
  10. 10. MLA Style Guide for ResearchPaper • A look at the PDF document of the Modern Language Association Style Guide21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 10
  11. 11. Review Guidelines• Does it follow the template• Does it follow the style guide• Author list & contact details• Captions inserted• Spelling & Grammar Check (Grammarly a good tool)• Units mentioned• Citations mentioned• Plagiarism21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 11
  12. 12. Citation StandardsPopular Styles• American Psychological Association (APA) Style• Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Style• Modern Language Association (MLA) StyleNote• Citations could be of papers, websites, personal interview, YouTube, other online resource• For online resources mention the date you accessed the site21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 12
  13. 13. Peer Review• Done by another scholar• Blind review• Ensures quality content• Checks for plagiarism21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 13
  14. 14. Publishing Formats• Popular formats – doc – html – pdf – epub• More than one formats may be used• epubs may be published ahead of the printed copy to claim intellectual rights21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 14
  15. 15. For more information• IEEE Web Site http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/index.html• STC Scientific Communication SIG http://scicomsig.org/• Step by Step Guide for MLA Style Papers http://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/academic1/mla-style-papers/21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 15
  16. 16. Acknowledgements• Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research_papers• Number of Research Papers published by countries http://solgelnanophotonics.blogspot.in/2012/01/top-40- countries-by-number-of-research.html• MLA Guidelines http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/• APA Style Guide http://www.apa.org21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 16
  17. 17. Handy tools• Reference Generators• Harvard reference generator http://www.neilstoolbox.com/bibliography-creator/• MLA Reference Generator http://citationproducer.com/mla- citation/cite/book.html• Plagiarism Checker http://www.neilstoolbox.com/plagiarism- tester/• Plagiarism Checker paid tools Viper, Copyscape, Grammarly, Plagscan• Reference sites Google Scholar, Google Patents21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 17
  18. 18. Course on Coursera21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 18
  19. 19. Thank you! • Mak Pandit • mak@technowrites.com21-Feb-13, tcworld India (C) Technowrites Pvt. Ltd. 19
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