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Cloud Computing & Its Impact on Project Management
 

Cloud Computing & Its Impact on Project Management

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How Cloud Computing would impact Project Management in Infrastructure Projects

How Cloud Computing would impact Project Management in Infrastructure Projects

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    Cloud Computing & Its Impact on Project Management Cloud Computing & Its Impact on Project Management Presentation Transcript

    • CLOUD COMPUTING & PROJECT MANAGEMENT
      IT Solutions in Project Management
      The power of Information Technology
      -VSR
      05-May-2011
      The views mentioned in this document are solely by the presenter and does not reflect the organization views
    • Infrastructure Investments in India
      All the numbers are in Billion Dollars
      Housing
      Education
      Security
      Healthcare
      150
      160
      300
      120
      40
      120
      100
      30
      Sanitation
      Power
      Roads
      Water
      Source: From the Report, prepared by Booz & Company in association with Cisco Systems for CII
      $ 1 Trillion Investments in 10 years (2020)
    • The Dream of a Project Manager
      Extra Cost
      Extra Time
      Extra Scope
      Balancing the competing demands for quality, scope, time and cost
      Time
      Cost
      With NO claims & litigations
      Scope & Quality
    • Project Management Ecosystem is very complex - failure rate is significant!
      Organization
      Requirements
      External Influences
      • Organization PM Maturity
      • Conflicting expectations of Stakeholders
      • Technology Maturity
      • Politics
      • Complex/Different Processes
      • Unknown requirements
      • Ambiguous requirements
      • Project design
      • Political
      • Social
      • Environmental
      Workforce
      Dependencies
      Location/
      Logistics
      • Distributed Workforce
      • Workforce capability
      • Cultural sensitivities & Unified team
      • Integrated & Dependent Projects
      • Distributed Global Partners
      • Project Location
      • Travel
      • Amenities
    • Few reasons of why projects fail?
      • Inadequate design and planning
      • Scope creep
      • Material cost escalations
      • Weak procurement planning
      • Delays in land acquisition / site handover
      • Delays in regulatory approvals
      • Litigations, and disputes
      Cost overruns, delays, dissatisfied customers/citizens
      • Inability to work with different cultures, genders & Individuals
      • Lack of governance & accountability of team
      • Ineffective field communication
      Communication and collaboration failure
      • High volume documents, records and their misplacement
      • Cash flow issues
      • No visibility on contractor Performance
      • ineffective claims management/Irregular payments
      Disputes & Impact on credibility
    • Sophisticated Project Management is very key for projects success
      Source: Oracle
    • INFORMATION is the KING and INFORMATION is the ASSET to take timely decisions, corrective/preventive actions for success of projects
      Transactional Data, Documents &Text capture
      Data
      INFORMATION
      Insight & Foresight
      Decision Making, Corrective actions & preventive actions
    • There are different elements of Information in Projects … Illustrative
      REAL TIME & ACCURATE INFORMATION IS THE KEY
      Information on
      Information on
      Information on
      Information on
      • Environment
      • Safety
      • Travel
      • Location
      • Designs & simulations
      • Best practices
      • Customer
      • Vendor/Supplier
      • Issues
      • Changes
      • Scope
      • Dependencies
      • Risks
      • Competitors
      • Quality
      • Assets
      • Regulatory policies
      • Next practices
      • Lessons Learnt
      • Contractors
      • Disputes
      • Litigations
      • Insurance
      • Compliance
      • Locations
      • Schedule
      • Resources
      • Budget
      • Cost
      • Claims
      • ROI
      • POs
      • Invoices
      • Material Cost
      How do we get this information on different elements?
      (Manual?? How? Is there any alternative solution)
    • The information explosion .. Illustrative scenario for$500- $600 MUSD size Infrastructure project
      • The project manager receives between 400+mail and document actions a day, and has to respond in a timely manner
      • 50-75 organizations engaged in project? 50% are from outside India
      • Information/documentation communication over FTP systems, hard copies and email. File size restrictions on email accounts meant that drawings were bouncing back and slowing down the review cycle
      • 600,000 documents, 1.5 million mail items, 600users and 50+ companies. It is very difficult to manage this load
    • Few Examples of Information Gaps…
      Improper Change Management
      Lack of Coordination & communication
      Lack of Safety & Green Measures
      Fixed Time Trainings
      Reactive
      Non alignment with Objectives
      Locked Knowledge
    • Technology has been playing a role in providing real time & accurate information
      Agile, Lean & integrated project management processes
      REPEAT THE SUCCESS
      Technology that automates project management processes, captures and mine the projects data, and provides information & intelligence for successful delivery of projects
      Information Technology for ‘All’ at an affordable price
      MINIMIZE TECHNOLOGY DIVIDE AMONG MSML projects
      (Micro, Small, Medium & Large Projects)
      FASTER, BETTER, CHEAPER, STEADIER DELIVERY OF PROJECTS
      INFORMATION, INSIGHT & FORESIGHT
    • The Technology Engine for Project Management (illustrative)
      Project Management & Related Processes
      • Logistics & Transportation
      • Legal Management
      • Document Management
      • Communication Management
      • Decision Management
      • Knowledge Management
      • Contract Management
      • Designs/ Virtual Construction
      • Finance Management
      • Insurance Management
      • Workforce Management
      • Assets Management
      • Compliance Management
      • Risk Assessment & Monitoring
      • Project Portfolio Management
      • Program Management
      • Project Management
      • Procurement Management
      Desktop , Enterprise or Mobile Project Management Applications
      Development & Integration Platform to build/implement project Management Applications
      Middleware Machines
      Middleware Machines
      Middleware Machines
      PLATFORM
      PLATFORM
      PLATFORM
      Database Machines
      Database Machines
      Database Machines
      Infrastructure Platform
      for Computing Power
      Operating System
      Operating System
      Operating System
      Network
      Network
      Network
      INFRASTRUCTURE
      INFRASTRUCTURE
      INFRASTRUCTURE
      Storage
      Storage
      Storage
      Hardware (Servers)
      Hardware (Servers)
      Hardware (Servers)
    • In the Real Time Scenario, we require many Technology Engines
      (DATA CENTER)
      to generate HUGE COMPUTING POWER to support thousands of IT applications
      The challenge is to get reliable COMPUTING POWER at an affordable PRICE
    • Interesting facts on Data Centers
      • Government & Industry have established large data centers (many Technology Engines)
      • Micro & Small enterprises do not have the required money to build their own data centers
      • World wide carbon emissions from Data Centers would quadruple by 2020
      • World wide 44 million servers consume 0.5% of electricity
      • Data Centers consume near 25% of total corporate IT Budgets
      • Electricity consumption by data centers was equivalent to 14 power plants (The total electric bill to $7.2 billion worldwide)
      • Average utilization of hardware (technology engines) is only 5%-15% of the total capacity
      • 25-30% of overall IT Budget is spent on managing Data Centers (this is serious concern)
    • Interesting facts on Data Centers (Contd..)
      Micro & Small enterprises: No money for establishing Data center, still WANT Technology support to drive business
      Occasional usage of IT applications not in regular use – example: Virtual construction and simulation of capital assets 6 times during project duration.. Why to invest on permanent hardware & software?
      Urgency in setting up the project operations due to business demand: In weeks not in months? (e.g.: financials, procurement to comply with regulatory etc.,)
      Technology experimentation zones for developers/team: Set up in days not in months
      Most importantly how to use the hardware (Technology engines) at a capacity of 50%-60% as against 5%- 15% today
    • SMART DATA CENTERS HAVE TO BE ESTABLISHED
      • Low energy consumption
      • Low carbon emissions
      • Effective (near full capacity) utilization of hardware through Elasticity
      • Low cost of maintenance of applications
      Technology Innovation is available today to build smart Data Centers:
      • Virtualization
      • Multi Tenant Applications
      • Access through Internet
    • You have a choice…
      Own vs. Rent
      Smart Data Centers
      Owning Smart Data Centers is called Private Cloud Computing
      Renting Smart Data Centers is called Public Cloud Computing
      When to go for what?
      Public clouds are playing the key role in providing Commercially viable Computing Power
    • In Public Cloud…Smart Data Centers are available as Service
      Applications are provided as a Service – Project Management Software as a Service (SaaS) – pay per usage (utilities based)
      Middleware Machines
      PLATFORM
      Platform as a service (PaaS) – Pay per usage (utility based)
      Database Machines
      Operating System
      Infrastructure as a service (Iaas)– Pay per usage (utility based)
      Network
      INFRASTRUCTURE
      Storage
      Hardware (Servers)
      Metering for charge back is the key feature of renting… like we do for other utility services (power, water etc)
    • CLOUD COMPUTING IMPACT ON PROJECT MANAGEMENT
    • Public Cloud enables India to get the required Computing Power and project management applications ON DEMAND (rent) without CAPEX
      Minimize IT Divide between Emerging and Developed economies
      Providing Leapfrog opportunities to emerging economies
      Creating new businesses and jobs
      ECONOMY
      ECONOMY
      ECONOMY
      India can build World class infrastructure by leveraging Public Cloud to offer better citizen services and to improve quality of citizen life… Technology would be available at affordable price
    • Public Cloud enables enterprises to get the required Computing Power and project management/engineering applications ON DEMAND (rent) without CAPEX
      Minimize IT Divide between Small and Large enterprises
      See the future of your business through simulation
      Collaborative design with supplier and customers
      BUSINESS
      BUSINESS
      BUSINESS
      Indian organizations get opportunity to compete with global organizations in power, energy, construction etc., sectors – innovation can be tested with cheaper price.. You have an option now
    • Public Cloud enables enterprises to get the required Computing Power and project managementlearning content ON DEMAND (rent) without CAPEX
      Interactive / collaborative learning
      Access to teaching resources from all over the world
      Low cost simulation
      LEARNING
      LEARNING
      LEARNING
      Access to Virtual Learning on Project Management & Engineering from best in class people in the world .. No boundaries, you can purchase the learning content/services for limited period of time
    • Caution: Cloud Computing is not that simple!!
      87.5%
      Security
      83.3%
      Availability
      82.9%
      Performance
      81.0%
      On-demand paym’t model may cost more
      80.2%
      Lack of interoperability standards
      79.8%
      Bringing back in-house may be difficult
      76.8%
      Hard to integrate with in-house IT
      76.0%
      Not enough ability to customize
      0%
      10%
      20%
      30%
      40%
      50%
      60%
      70%
      80%
      90%
      Q: Rate the challenges/issues of the 'cloud'/on-demand model
      Source: IDC Enterprise Panel, 3Q09, n = 263, September 2009
      23
    • Illustrative Project Management & Collaboration Applications available on Cloud (On Demand)
    • Primavera On Demand
    • Why IT fails??
      IT is not a Perpetual Machine
      Ability to embrace Change
      Big Bang Approach
      Output without input
      (No data entry, but expect information)
      Lack of Trust on Technology
      Lack of Executive Sponsorship
      Remote Locations & No Connectivity
    • Summary
      • Think different and see how Cloud Computing is going to impact your Infrastructure, Energy, Power, Transportation projects
      • Now you have a choice of accessing complex applications/technology over internet on rental basis
      • Test your innovation in project management for delivering better results
    • Summary .. Conclusion
      National Institute of Standards & Technology Definition
      “Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.”
      4 Deployment Models
      5 Essential Characteristics
      3 Service Models
      • Private Cloud
      • Community Cloud
      • Public Cloud
      • Hybrid Cloud
      • On-demand self-service
      • Broad network access
      • Resource pooling
      • Rapid elasticity
      • Measured Service
      • SaaSSoftware as a Service
      • PaaSPlatform as a Service
      • IaaSInfrastructure as a Service
    • Thank You!