GRAMMAR GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES - Senac Upper Intermediate

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  • 1. Gerunds andinfinitives –changes inmeaning
  • 2. REMEMBER – FORGET– STOPThese verbs can be followedby gerunds or infinitives butwith a change in meaning.
  • 3. REMEMBERRemember with the gerund refers to aprevious action.‐ I remember meeting you last year. (I metyou before now).
  • 4. REMEMBERRemember with the infinitive is used forsomething that happens at or after acertain time.‐ Please remember to close the door. (Inthe future please close the door.)
  • 5. FORGETForget with the gerund is often used withnever for a memorable previous action.‐ Ill never forget going to japan.
  • 6. FORGETForget with the infinitive meanssomething happens at or after a certaintime.‐ Dont forget to meet me at 5.00.
  • 7. STOPStop with the gerund means to end anaction. It means to interrupt an activity inorder to do something else.‐ I stopped eating fast food last year.‐ I cant stop loving you.‐ Stop being so annoying!
  • 8. STOPStop with the infinitive means to interruptan action.‐ I was walking to the subway station, andI stopped to say "hi" to my friends.‐ I was working at home, and I stopped toanswer the phone.
  • 9. EXERCISESChoose the correct option tocomplete the sentences.
  • 10. EXERCISE1. Stop _____ mean to your sister!a) being b) to be
  • 11. ANSWER:1. Stop being mean to your sister!
  • 12. 2. On my way home, I stopped _____some gas.a) getting b) to get
  • 13. ANSWER:2. On my way home, I stopped to getsome gas.
  • 14. 3. Before you go to sleep, dont forget_____ the door.a) locking b) to lock
  • 15. ANSWER:3. Before you go to sleep, dont forget tolock the door.
  • 16. 4. Jason remembered _____ in to me at aparty two years ago.A) running b) to run
  • 17. ANSWER:4. Jason remembered running in to me ata party two years ago
  • 18. 5. We will never forget _____ calledmommy and daddy for the first time.a) being b) to be
  • 19. ANSWER:5. We will never forget being calledmommy and daddy for the first time.
  • 20. 6. I had to go home early yesterdaybecause my son had forgotten _____ hiskey.a) taking b) to take
  • 21. ANSWER:6. I had to go home early yesterdaybecause my son had forgotten to take hiskey.