GRAMMAR GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES - Senac Upper IntermediatePresentation Transcript
Gerunds andinfinitives –changes inmeaning
REMEMBER – FORGET– STOPThese verbs can be followedby gerunds or infinitives butwith a change in meaning.
REMEMBERRemember with the gerund refers to aprevious action.‐ I remember meeting you last year. (I metyou before now).
REMEMBERRemember with the infinitive is used forsomething that happens at or after acertain time.‐ Please remember to close the door. (Inthe future please close the door.)
FORGETForget with the gerund is often used withnever for a memorable previous action.‐ Ill never forget going to japan.
FORGETForget with the infinitive meanssomething happens at or after a certaintime.‐ Dont forget to meet me at 5.00.
STOPStop with the gerund means to end anaction. It means to interrupt an activity inorder to do something else.‐ I stopped eating fast food last year.‐ I cant stop loving you.‐ Stop being so annoying!
STOPStop with the infinitive means to interruptan action.‐ I was walking to the subway station, andI stopped to say "hi" to my friends.‐ I was working at home, and I stopped toanswer the phone.
EXERCISESChoose the correct option tocomplete the sentences.
EXERCISE1. Stop _____ mean to your sister!a) being b) to be
ANSWER:1. Stop being mean to your sister!
2. On my way home, I stopped _____some gas.a) getting b) to get
ANSWER:2. On my way home, I stopped to getsome gas.
3. Before you go to sleep, dont forget_____ the door.a) locking b) to lock
ANSWER:3. Before you go to sleep, dont forget tolock the door.
4. Jason remembered _____ in to me at aparty two years ago.A) running b) to run
ANSWER:4. Jason remembered running in to me ata party two years ago
5. We will never forget _____ calledmommy and daddy for the first time.a) being b) to be
ANSWER:5. We will never forget being calledmommy and daddy for the first time.
6. I had to go home early yesterdaybecause my son had forgotten _____ hiskey.a) taking b) to take
ANSWER:6. I had to go home early yesterdaybecause my son had forgotten to take hiskey.