A fundamental problem before carriers today is to optimize network cost
and performance by better resource allocation to traffic demands. This is especially
important with the packet infrastructure becoming a critical business resource.
The key to achieving this is traffic engineering (TE), the process of
systematically putting traffic where there is capacity, and backbone
capacity management, the process of ensuring that there is enough network
capacity to meet demand, even at peak times and under failure conditions,
without significant queue buildups.
In this talk, we first focus on the TE techniques and approaches used
in the networks of two large carriers: Global Crossing and
Sprint, which represent the two ends of the traffic engineering spectrum.
We do so by presenting a snapshot of their TE philosophy, deployment strategy,
and network design principles and operation.
We then present the results of an empirical study of backbone traffic
characteristics that suggests that Internet traffic is not self-similar at
timescales relevant to QoS. Our non-parametric approach requires minimal
assumptions (unlike much of the previous work), and allows
us to formulate a practical process for ensuring QoS using backbone
(This latter work is joint with Thomas Telkamp, Global Crossing Ltd. and Arman
Maghbouleh, Cariden Technologies, Inc.)