Prepositions mini lesson_esl502Presentation Transcript
Objective: Students will be able to identify words and groups of words that are prepositions. Objective: Students will be able to use prepositions in a sentence. PA State Standards: 1.5 Quality of Writing (F.1.5.5) Materials needed: Six 3 x 5 index cards each card will have one of the following prepositions or groups of prepositions written or typed on it: on top inside under between toward With A list of commonly used prepositions (see slide 16 to print list for student reference). a shoe box with a top Book entitled Behind the Mask by Ruth Heller Directions: Tape index preposition card (on top) on top of the shoe box cover. Tape index preposition card (inside) inside of the shoe box. Tape index preposition card (under) on the bottom of the shoe box. Preposition index cards (between, toward, with) will be given to individual students for kinesthetic exercise.
This lesson is appropriate for ESL students and students who are native speakers of the English language - grades 5 to 7.
Today we will learn about Prepositions. A preposition is a word or group of words that is placed before a noun or pronoun to show how a sentence fits together.
I would like to read to you a few pages from a book entitled: Behind the Mask by Ruth Heller. As I read the book, I will hold my left hand up when I read a preposition. (Prepositions are typed in red print.)
“Of prepositions have no fear. They help tomake directions clear” (p.1). “Along thenorthern shore, bear east” (p. 2). “Beyondthis green reptilian beast… past its hungrygaping mouth… veer directly…”(pgs 3 – 4).“To the south, toward a place wheremermaids flock upon, beside, and near arock” (p.5). “One hundred twenty paceswest…the treasure lies inside thischest”(p.6).
“Prepositions are best!” (p. 7). “They’renever alone. They’re always in phrases…behind the masks and through the mazes”(p. 8). “They almost always start thephrase…” (p. 9). “Around the World inEighty Days except if you perhaps shouldfind that you’re poetically inclined and wishto say”. “The World Around then at the veryend they’re found” (p. 10).
A preposition is a word or group of words that is placed before a noun or pronoun to show how a sentence fits together.
Review: a noun – is a Person
Review: A noun is a Place
A noun is a Thing
LocationThe chairs are under the umbrella. (noun) (preposition)
Movement or Direction The man walks into the office. (noun) (preposition) He climbs up the stairs.(noun) (preposition)
TimeWe are leaving at 4:00 p.m.(pronoun) (preposition)
List of Prepositions MovementLocation Direction Timeacross down beforeinside into afterbetween near nowI will say each of these words . You repeat them after I say them. Additional examples:She walked across the street.(pronoun) (preposition)We eat desert after dinner. (pronoun) (preposition)They went into the store.(pronoun) (preposition)
Show box with Preposition (on top) I put my hand on top of the box.
Show box with Preposition (inside) Look inside the box. Inside
Show box with Preposition (under) The man is under the boxes.
Kinesthetic – Class Exercise Katia, Michael and Jose please stand. Katia will hold the (between) index card. Katia is standing between Michael and Jose. between
Kinesthetic – Class Exercise Give student preposition (toward) card.John is walking toward me.Give student preposition (with) card.Muhammid is standing with me.
List of Prepositions MovementLocation Direction Timeacross down beforeinside into afterbetween near nowI will divide you into groups of two or three students. In your group, choose twoprepositions and write a sentence for each.
List of Prepositions MovementLocation Direction Timeacross down beforeinside into afterbetween near nowNow, please share your sentences with the class.
MovementLocation Direction Timeacross down beforeinside into afterbetween near nowNow, let’s review. On the count of three, we will sayeach preposition as I point to it.
For homework, you will take the preposition list home and practice writing sentences. We will continue to share our sentences with prepositions tomorrow.