Brief Student Background This poster is a summary of data analysis and language comparison research of 13 year old female Russian ELL student. This student and her family moved the United States approximately three years ago. Her English language acquisition has been deliberate and swift.There is a possibility that she will be tested for “gifted” in the near future. The majority of errors were due to inter-languagedevelopment. I propose that she will continue to develop her English language skills to near perfection while suffering no attrition in her native Russian language.
русский язык является весьма отличается отанглийского.Translation: The Russian language is very different than the English language.
Interesting Fact 1: The Russian language has 33 Cyrillic alphabetic consonant phonemes and approximately 5 major vowels (Gildersleeve-Newman and Wright, 2010).Cyrillic alphabet Consonant phonemes
Interest Fact 2: There are no homophones in the Russian Language.
Interesting Fact 3:Allwords in the Russian language are pronouncedand spelled phonetically.
The following are examples of student inter-language translation errors found in writing samples from Russian (L1) to English (L2).
Student Syntactical Errors Student Error: In a deep forest live wild cats. Russian Format: В условиях глубокого лесных жить диких кошек. Explanation: In the Russian language, syntactical placement of words in a sentence do not give sentence meaning. Affixes are added to the end of words to make sentences comprehensible. English Correction: Wild cats live in the deep forest.
Student Errors in Article UsageStudent Error: It very beautiful town.Russian Format: Это очень красивый город.Explanation: In the Russian language, there are noarticles (the, an, a).English Correction: It is a very beautiful town.
Student Errors in Verb TenseStudent Error: They didn’t had borders.Russian Format: Они не имеют границ.Explanation: In the Russian language, “Prefixationcreates verbs from nouns, adjectives or otherverbs” (Spencer and Zaretskaya, 1998).English Correction: They didn’t have borders.
Student Errors in Preposition UsageStudent Error: I don’t want go.Russian Format: Я не хочу углубляться.Explanation: The Russian language does notrequire prepositions for sentences to havemeaning.English Correction: I don’t want to go.
The research and data journal analysis indicate astrong inter-language connection between thestudent’s L1 and L2. This inter-languageconnection is the source of the majority of theerrors found in the ELL students writing samples.
Gildersleeve-Newmann, C.E. & Wright, K.L. (2010, October, English Speech Acquisition in 3 to 5 Year Old Children Learning Russian and English. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools, 41, 429-444.Spencer, a. & Zaretskaya, M. (1998), Verb Prefixation in Russian as Lexical Subordination, Linguistics, 36, 1-39.www.translate.reference.com