English and spanish


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By: Veronica Ricigliano

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English and spanish

  1. 1. English v. Spanish By: Veronica Ricigliano
  2. 2. Spanish Worldwide <ul><li>The population of people who speak Spanish worldwide is about 322 million. </li></ul><ul><li>From those 322 million, 20% of them are in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time it is 2030, the number is projected to double (Encarta, 2004) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Features of Spanish <ul><li>Spanish is a Romance language and is part of the Indo- European language family (Coe, 1987). </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish alphabet contains 27 letters and only 18 consonant phonemes. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two letters that have the double letters – ll and rr . </li></ul><ul><li>The ñ is the 27 th letter that is pronounced different than the letter n. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish vocabulary is phonetic and is written how it sounds </li></ul>
  4. 5. Spanish Grammar <ul><li>The grammar used is masculine and feminine. </li></ul><ul><li>To speak about something masculine, you use the article el , to talk about something feminine you use the article la . </li></ul><ul><li>The four main articles used are: el, la, los, and las. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Spanish Adjectives <ul><li>When speaking, the adjective comes before the noun in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example if I said ‘the blue ball’ in English, in Spanish it would be, ‘la bola azul’. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Differences <ul><li>Spanish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 vowels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spelled phonetically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjective comes before noun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar is either masculine or feminine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabet is 27 letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs are conjugated based on the speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 vowels but long/short </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT spelled phonetically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjective comes after the noun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar is not gender based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alphabet is 24 letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs are conjugated based on when the action happen </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Similarities <ul><li>Both English and Spanish are Subject Verb Object </li></ul><ul><li>English and Spanish have a common ancestry background - Indo-European </li></ul><ul><li>30%-40% of all English words have a related word in Spanish (Calderon, 2003). </li></ul><ul><li>Words that end in ‘-tion’ in English, end in ‘-cion’ in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation in English = Nacion in Spanish </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Spanish ‘loan’ words <ul><li>Chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>Armadillo </li></ul><ul><li>Fiesta </li></ul><ul><li>Cafeteria </li></ul><ul><li>Plaza </li></ul><ul><li>Tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Potato </li></ul><ul><li>Sombrero </li></ul><ul><li>Avacado </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane </li></ul><ul><li>Cockroach </li></ul><ul><li>Fajita </li></ul><ul><li>Hammock </li></ul><ul><li>Bravo </li></ul><ul><li>Llama </li></ul><ul><li>Margarita </li></ul><ul><li>Ranch </li></ul><ul><li>Salsa </li></ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul><ul><li>Iguana </li></ul>
  9. 11. Interview with Angie This picture was taken almost 2 years ago. Isn’t she the cutest?
  10. 12. <ul><li>After talking to Angie, I noticed that most of her mistakes were verb tenses and missing articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of saying, ‘Go to sleep’, she says, ‘go sleep’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>She also spoke in Spanish for some of the questions asked </li></ul><ul><li>For some questions she didn’t say I. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Spanish, when you conjugate a verb to talk about yourself instead of saying ‘yo …’, you just say the verb. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Cont… <ul><li>She also couldn’t say my name correctly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of saying Veronica she pronounced it Beronica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>V isn’t pronounced in Spanish, it is replaced with a ‘B’. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Example from the Interview I have a big pool Have pool big Do you have a pool SHE is Aunt Maria Her is Aunt Maria Who is your favorite aunt? Go TO sleep. Go sleep. What are you going to do when I leave? I have A dog. I have dog. Do you have any pets? Errors Answers Questions
  13. 15. <ul><li>The interlanguage that has grown of speaking in both Spanish and English, is known as Spanglish. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanglish is a language in which a Spanish speaker doesn’t lose his Latin/Spanish background while speaking English. </li></ul><ul><li>It is easier for English speakers to understand when a Spanish person starts to speak in Spanglish because we share common words </li></ul>
  14. 16. Instructional Impact <ul><li>A teacher needs to be nurturing to an ELL student and make sure they know that they are trying and doing a great job. </li></ul><ul><li>When correcting a child, who has said something wrong, we should repeat the sentence back to them correctly to let them know that you understand what they are trying to say. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Cont. <ul><li>We should make learning English fun for all students. </li></ul><ul><li>We should keep the materials visual as well as interactive and engaging. </li></ul><ul><li>Things we can do to teach Spanish speaking children: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use tons of visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach using clips (Youtube, educational videos, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use songs to have children remember information using a catchy tune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play games! </li></ul></ul>