Reading MiniLesson – Compare and ContrastThis MiniLesson is designed to assist students in creating comparison/contrast statements. ThisMiniLesson allows the students to: 1. follow me in the creation of a Venn Diagram and Summary statement 2. create a Venn Diagram and Summary Statement as a class 3. create a Venn Diagram and Summary Statement individually and them compare the results with the rest of the class 4. apply the practiced skills and create a Venn Diagram and Summary Statement independently for assessment.Going through these steps allows the student to see how I do it, see how their classmates do it, doit for themselves and check their results with other classmates and then demonstrate the skillsthat they have acquired and do it for themselves.Direct InstructionI have the students to create a Venn Diagram on a piece of paper and hand out copies of areading passage. I will discuss the skill and the strategy of comparing and contrasting, focusingon the example passage provided.Step 1 – I show them an example of how to use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast twostories. As a class we discuss two known fictional characters, the Tooth Fairy and theBoogeyman, and create Venn diagrams for them.We then develop a Summary Statement discussing the similarities and differences of the two.Summary: Both imaginary characters sneak into children’s rooms at night but the Tooth Fairy isgenerous and welcomed in to children’s rooms while on the other hand, the scary Boogeyman isnot.Guided Practice1. I will distribute copies of a reading passage and guide students through the process of creating a Venn Diagram and Summary Statement.
2. I will read the selection aloud choose two characters, two settings, or two events to compare and contrast. Then, have students note similarities and differences about each of the subjects.3. I then ask the students to label each circle of the Venn Diagram and then place the “similar” details in the center of the diagram and the “different” details in the separate part of the appropriate circle.4. Next, I have students identify the types of details to be included in the Venn diagram (for example, “appearance” or “personality5. The last thing that we do is create a Summary Statement using 1 or 2 sentences detailing the most important similarities or differences.Step 2 – As a class we read a passage and select two elements from that passage to compareand contrast. We will read “The Yolk’s on Me” and create Venn diagrams comparing thecharacters, settings and events from the passage as well as a summary statement.Summary statement: _______________________________________________________Independent/Group PracticeHave students work in groups (or individually) to complete the same tasks using anotherpassage.Step 3 – In groups (or individually), they read another passage and do the same thing; identifycharacters, settings and events from the passage. Once we identify the elements we create aSummary statement.Summary statement: __________________________________________________________
Once they have completed the reading, Venn diagrams and summary statements we share andcompare the results.AssessmentStudents will independently complete a Venn Diagram and Summary Statement, comparing andcontrasting two short stories from our Short Story Unit.Step 4 – Individually they apply this technique to stories that we have read in class and dotheir own comparisons and contrasts.Directions: Select two characters, settings or events to compare and contrast. Gather detailsabout each of the subjects, and label the two separate parts of the circles in the diagram below.List details that fit one or both subjects in the appropriate parts of the diagram. After makingsure that you have listed the same types of details for both subjects, write a summarizingsentence. (ie: If comparing characters, did you look at actions, words, appearance for eachsubject?)Summary statement:____________________________________________________________