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WebSphere Portal Technical Overview

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WebSphere Portal Technical Overview WebSphere Portal Technical Overview Presentation Transcript

  • Portal Technical Overview Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1
  • WebSphere Portal Production Architecture Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview WAS/WP Portal Tier Repository Collaboration Tier Backend Tier ERP EIS Enterprise Data Security Tier TAM LDAP Firewall Content Tier DB2 CM Web CM Browser Firewall DMZ Load Balancer Web Servers WebSEAL
  • Works with your Environment
    • Platforms
      • AIX®, i5/OS®, RHEL and SLES Linux® (Intel®, pSeries®, zSeries®), HP-UX, zOS® (native)*, Solaris™ and Windows®
    • Databases
      • IBM DB2®, Oracle®, SQL Server®, Derby (Cloudscape®)
    • Directories
      • Microsoft® Active Directory, Novell® eDirectory, Sun™, Domino®, IBM Directory Server, Custom User Registry
    • External Security Manger
      • Tivoli® Access Manager, SiteMinder
    • HTTP Web Servers
      • IBM, Apache, Microsoft, Sun
    • Browsers
      • Microsoft Internet Explorer, Firefox®
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview *Coming later in 2008
  • WebSphere Portal Main Components Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview WebSphere Portal WebSphere Application Server Derby (database) IBM HTTP Server IBM Directory Server (LDAP) Search Web Content Management Personalization Collaboration WebSphere Portlet Factory Also Domino, Microsoft, AD, Novell, Sun, etc Also IIS, etc. Also DB2, Oracle, SQL Server
  • Architecture Overview WebSphere Portal V6.1 Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview Portal Database(s) User profile Database LDAP Directorie(s) Page Aggregation Themes and skins Page Handler Dynamic UI Manager Rules Portlet Container and Services Portlet API Content access Search Portlet Preference Collab- oration AJAX Proxy Web clipper Live Text Site Admin Credential Vault Single Sign-on XML Access Portal Script REST / APP J2EE JCA Web Services EJB JMS JDBC Servlet Security Caching Enterprise Data, Applications, Internet Content Process Server Remote portlet producer AUTHENTICATION Desktop and mobile Browsers, Mashups and offline Clients Remote portlet consumer Policy Portal Model Template Composition Component Handler Application Runtime AUTHORIZATION Feed Provider JSR286 WSRP 1.0 + 2.0 WSRP 1.0 + 2.0 Widgets
    • JDBC = Java Database Specification
    • JCA = J2EE Connector Architecture
    • EJB = Enterprise Java Beans
    • JMS = Java Message Service
  • Portlet Perspective
    • To an End User: a portlet is a window to display their preferred content
    • To a Content Provider: a means for targeting content to the end user.
    • Portal Administrator: a WAR file
    • Portal Server: a component rendered and aggregated into one of its pages
    • Developer: a java application whose lifecycle is managed by the container
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Portlet Standards Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • Java ™ Specification Request (JSR) 286 – Java Portlet Specification V2.0
      • IBM is leading this JSR, all major Java technology portal (commercial and open source) vendors represented
      • Approved: March 04th 2008 (WebSite complete April 9th)
    • Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) V2.0
      • Standard protocol for accessing portlets as web service
      • Defined at OASIS, chaired by IBM, Approved: March 31st 2008
    • Common goals
      • Enable coordination between portlets and allow building composite applications based on portlet components (events and render context (e.g. public render parameters) )
    • WebSphere Portal seamlessly integrates JSR168, JSR286 and WSRP 2.0 Portlets.
      • Also integrates IBM Portlet API and WSRP 1.0
    04.03.2008: http://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=286 31.03.2008: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/ballot.php?id=1431
  • Portlet Conceptual Flow (Server-Side Aggregation)
    • 1. User clicks on portlet, request sent to action dispatcher function
    • 2. Dispatcher sends input to portlet as a request object
    • 3. Portlet accesses application that accesses data and returns to portlet
    • 4. Portlet generates markup fragments and passes to page aggregation
    • 5. Page aggregation builds page and returns to browser
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Portal Page Aggregation Process (Server Side Aggr) Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Client Side Aggregation Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • Turn your existing Portal Applications into “desktop like” applications
      • Highly reactive and direct user interface
      • Many actions possible without server roundtrips
      • Avoids page reloads
    • Improved performance and scalability
      • Reduced server side processing
      • Reduced bandwidth requirements
      • Reduced client-side processing
      • Improved cachability
    • Browser-side Aggregation, Navigation and Customization
      • Renders XML obtained from the server in the browser
      • Implemented using Asynchronous JavaScript ™ and XML (AJAX), XML, Dojo, and JavaScript
    *REST is the acronym for „Representational State Transfer“ It is the architectural model on which the WWW is based “ Most existing Portlets benefit directly from Web2.0 rendering model without any changes.” Gadgets Atom / RSS Feeds REST-accessible Markup Fragments Portlets or other WSRP Services
  • Portal Clustering Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview Deployment Mgr HTTP Server Directory Server Database Server
    • WebSphere Portal (& WCM) utilize WAS clustering
    • Portal ships with WebSphere Application Server ND (Network Deployment) in the box*.
    • Search Server can be separated from Portal. Search Portlets communicate remotely
    • Reference: Step-by-Step Cluster Guide for IBM WebSphere Portal v6.1 http://www-1.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?rs=688&uid=swg21313184
    Portal Search WebSphere Portal Content Apps WebSphere Portal Content Apps WebSphere Portal Content Apps *Limited license for Portal Express The Basic Horizontal Cluster Multi-Node
  • WAS Virtual Member Manager (VMM) Integration Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview WebSphere Application Server (WAS) LDAP WAS Security WebSphere Portal PUMA SPI (public since v5101) VMM UR Adaptor DB Custom* Federated* WAS LDAP LDAP * Default Portal Install (Federated, File-based)
  • WebSphere Portal 6.1 Security
    • Portal utilizes Virtual Member Manager (VMM) in WebSphere Application Server V6.1
      • VMM User Registry (UR) adapter acts as integration point between WebSphere Applicaiton Server security & VMM
        • com.ibm.ws.wim.registry.WIMUserRegistry
        • Public API for custom adapter
    • Out of the box, VMM supplies adapters for File-based, LDAP & Database repositories
    • WebSphere Application Security is enabled when Portal is installed
    • Integration in WebSphere Security infrastructure
      • Supports WebSphere TAI++ (Trust Association Interceptor)
      • Enables establishment of trust without verification with WebSphere Portal 6.1
    • WebSphere Portal can bind to multiple LDAP directories
    • SPNEGO support (Windows Desktop SSO)
      • Automatically authenticate the user if logged into the desktop
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview LDAP 1 Customers LDAP 2 Partners LDAP 3 Employees
  • Remember Me and Step-Up Authentication Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview Customer identification with your Website can increase customer loyalty. The site recognizes me without login… … requires user authentication… Access to sensitive service or operation,... … before access is provided.
  • Exceptional “User Experience” Drives Productivity
    • Contemporary, Fresh Look and Feel
    • Fly Out Menus and Page navigation
    • Drag & drop support
    • Portlet Palette
    • Search
    • Menus delivered “in context”
      • Appropriate actions based on the portal object
      • Only shows the “actions” allowed by the “User Role” (Security)
    • Super-responsive, rich and interactive portlets, content and applications
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Putting Pages, Applications & Other Content into Portal
    • Display Existing HTML/Web Apps
      • Web Clipping, Web Application Integrator*
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • Install Existing Portlets Out-of-the-Box or from the Portlet Catalog
      • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Customer Relationship Management (CRM), eMail, Green Screen, Dashboard, etc. (drag and drop on to pages)
    • Use HTML tools (“Static Pages”)*
      • Build HTML/CSS with HTML editor. Add portlets, live text, instant messaging, etc.
    • Lotus® Web Content Management
      • HTML/JS content, Personalization, Web Content Integrator , Doc Libraries *
    • Use Built-in Web 2.0 Services*
      • Semantic Tagging (Live Text), Client-Side aggregation, AJAX, REST
    • Incorporate Collaboration
      • Awareness, Instant Msg, Team spaces, etc.
    • Consume a Web Service or WSRP
      • Standards based integration, WSRP 2.0*
    • Build Composite Applications, eForms & Business Processes
      • Click to Action (C2A)*, Cooperative portlets, HATS, App templates, Process Portal, Lotus Forms
    • Develop Custom Portlets
      • Portlet Factory, RAD, (Java, JSPs, Web Services, REST*, AJAX*, JSR 286*)
      • Run .net apps as Java apps (Mainsoft™)
    • Extend the Browser
      • Utilize rich/remote/mobile clients, e.g. Expeditor, Citrix® portlets, Mobile Portal
    * New for 6.1
  • Portlets Provided with WebSphere Portal 6.1 Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • Mail / PIM Solutions - Lotus Notes®, Exchange, IMAP/POP3
    • Web Apps Integration: Bookmarks, Banner, Quicklinks, Webpage, Web Clipper, Really Simple Syndication (RSS), File Server, Java Server Page (JSP) Server, Servlet Invoker, Web Services (producer and consumer)
    • Personal Organization: Reminder, PDF Document Viewer, World Clock, My SQL Query Reports, Retirement Planner, Currency Calculator, My ToDo’s, Comma Separated Values (CSV) file viewer
    • News and Information: Events, News, Links, My Weather, My Vertical News, My Stock, Company Tracker.
    • Administration Portlets – Site Management, Manage Pages, Manage Portlets, Themes and Skins, Web Services, Manage Search, Web Content Libraries, Syndication, Virtual Portal manager, etc.
    • Collaboration: Lotus Instant Messaging Contact List, Who Is Here, People Finder, My Team Workplaces, Web Conferencing, Domino Web Access, Domino Document Manager, NotesView, Notes Mail, Calendar, Tasks, ToDo, Discussion, Teamroom
    • Utility Portlets: Login, Profile Management, About WebSphere Portal, Directory Search, Search Center, Instant Messaging connect
    • Search: Document Search, Search Center, Suggested Links
    • Content Integration: Web Content Management, Productivity Components, converters and viewers
    • Business Process Integration: My Tasks and process portlets
    • Sample Portlet Applications: Basic, Struts framework, cooperative portlets
  • IBM Provides Collaborative Capabilities Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview Contact Information, Skills, Expertise Communities, Discussions Blogs/Wikis Shared Documents Shared Bookmarking Activites/ Project Management Instant Messaging, Web Conferencing E-mail, Calendar, Contacts Scorecards, Business Intelligence Telephony, Video, VOIP Documents, Presentations, Spreadsheets Composite Applications Business Mashups Electronic forms In Context Of How People Work
  • Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview WebSphere Portal 6.1 and Web 2.0
    • Social Features
      • Social Software with Lotus Connections
      • Blogs and Wikis, and forums in Quickr™
      • User Contribution to portal sites through WCM
      • Situational Development through the Portlet Palette, Drag and Drop page composition, Click-2-Action, Property Broker and Composite Application Templates
    • Technical Features
      • Support for AJAX Portlets
        • Portlet Factory builder, RAD tooling, DOJO, AJAX Proxy, Samples,…
      • Exploits AJAX for context menus, search menu, and more
      • Provides REST services for browser side programming
      • Client Side Aggregation improves user experience
      • Semantic tags and Microformats support Smart Markup
      • Provides and consumes ATOM Feeds
  • Easily Deploy Content -- Web Content Management 6.1
    • Inline Editing for easy authoring
    • User-friendly, simple templates for entering content
    • Full text, attribute and taxonomy search
    • Simplified process for including personalization rules in content & layout
    • Views allow users to find their content easily
    • User interface can be customized easily to provide tailored experience
    • Link and Image Management
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Creating the personal touch you need Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview Many ways to make a personalized site Profile Drives my look and feel by login Customization Allows the user to change their own interface. Personalization Drives a custom user experience at all levels based upon personal or other attributes
  • Advanced Personalization
    • Administrators can apply “Personalization rules” to both portlets and portal pages
      • Use of Business logic to provide “dynamic” experience
        • E.g. Show HR Benefits Page during enrollment period
    • Personalization Engine in Portal used for:
      • Client-tailored content
      • Site Management (visibility rule)
      • System Policies
      • Custom Applications
    • Personalization rules dialog is accessed in context
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Build Composite Applications
    • Easily create new composite applications
    • Deploy them to different communities with different…
      • Look and feel, Parameters
      • Members and Roles
    • Application owners can then change it to meet new requirements
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Cooperative Portlets
    • Regulated by the Property Broker
    • Easily enable portlets to communicate using a Click-to-Action (C2A) menu or Portlet Wires
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Business Process Integration
    • Having good business processes is not enough
    • Efficient execution is becoming a key factor of success
      • Provide access to everybody – employees, customers, suppliers
      • Present the staff tasks to the right people at the right time
      • Automatic fail-over for approvals
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
  • Tooling for Portal Development Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • WebSphere Portlet Factory
      • One Designer license included with WebSphere Portal
      • Eclipse tool using reusable components
    • Rational Application Developer
      • An open, comprehensive development environment for building e-business applications
      • Portal Tools are fully integrated to support portal and portlet development
      • Version 7.5 works with Portal 6.1
  • WebSphere Everyplace Mobile Portal Enable (WEMPE)
    • Platform for device independent apps that operate in connected mode
      • Lower development/maintenance cost through device independent XDIME markup - ‘Write once, render many’
      • Increased reach/target audience through content on a variety of channels – PDAs, Smartphones, Laptops, Desktops
      • Reduced time to market and more revenue through device database with over 5000 preconfigured device profiles and automatic device update service
      • Lower administration/integration cost through integration with WebSphere Portal
    Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview WebSphere Portal based
  • Portal Single Sign On (SSO) Discovering the value of IBM WebSphere Portal V6.1 - Portal Technical Overview
    • WAS = WebSphere Application Server
    • TAI = Trust Association Interceptor
    • LTPA = Lightweight Third-Party Authentication
    Basic Authentication User Registry Domino EIS Application Back-end Systems Access to Domino External Security Managers HTTP WAS Portal HTTP WAS Portal HTTP WAS Portal WAS Portal HTTP HTTP TAI LTPA