AS OCIAL P ROJECT
Prof. Jitendra Sharma
ABOUT INDIAN RED CROSS
The British Government, after the II world war and failure of the
League of Nations, started establishment of National Red Cross
Societies in their colonial nations. The Act 15 of 1920 established the
Indian Red Cross Society in 1920.
Subsequently the Indian Red Cross Society Ahmedabad District was
established in 1923. The collector Shri Garret became the 1st
President and Sir Ramanlal Nilkanth became the Hon. Secretary of
The act was last amended in 1992 and of rules were formed in 1994.
The IRCS has 35 State / Union Territories Branches with their more
than 700 districts and sub district branches.
The President of India is the President and Hon'ble Union Health
Minister is the Chairman of the Society.
The Secretary General is the Chief Executive of the Society
Hon'ble President of India:
(Smt.) Pratibha Devisingh Patil
Chairman Secretary General
Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss Dr. S.P. Agarwal
PROGRAMMES AND ACTIVITIES
Promoting humanitarian principles and values
Health and Care in the Community.
OTHER MAJOR ACTIVITIES
Home for disabled servicemen
Vocational training centers
Maternity railway & other accidents and events
Child and family welfare
Junior Red cross activities
Preparedness and prevention of communicable & infectious diseases
Relief operations in fire
Railway & other accidents and events
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To Study thalassemia program at Indian Red Cross
To study awareness level among student.
To study how Indian Red Cross Society are
providing treatment and blood units to patients.
To know the working area of Indian Red Cross
How NGO like Indian Red Cross Society working
for our society.
SCOPE OF THE PROJECT
To find out awareness of Thalassemia among
To spread awareness among students how to
prevent from Thalassemia.
To spread awareness about medical treatment of
Target Population: College Students
Sample Frame: Gandhinagar
Sampling Technique: Convenience Sampling.
Sample Size: 50
We have collected secondary data from websites of the Indian Red
Cross Society, Ahmedabad and other websites related to the
Thalassemia and broachers of Indian Red Cross Society,
INTRODUCTION OF THALASSEMIA
It’s a Genetic blood disorder.
A Blood cell consists of two different proteins, an
alpha and a beta.
Red blood cells do not form properly and cannot
carry sufficient oxygen.
Thalassemia is not a single disorder but a group of
There are 23 pairs of chromosome, in thalassemia
minor one chromosome of 11 pair is defected.
PROBABILITY OF THALASSEMIA
Thalassemia major, occurs when a child inherits
two mutated genes, one from each parent.
Thalassemia major usually develop the symptoms
of severe anemia within the first year of life.
They lack the ability to produce normal adult
hemoglobin (red blood cells).
Patients are regular transfusions of red blood cells
every (Every 4 to 6 weeks).
Probability of Thalassemia Major- 25%
Thalassemia trait in one gene are known as carriers
or Thalassemia minor.
Special blood test called hemoglobin
electrophoresis which can identify the gene.
Probability of Thalassemia Minor- 50%.
Milder form of Thalassemia.
One of the more severe thalassemic genes.
Develop symptoms later in life.
CAUSES OF THALASSEMIA
There are red cells, white cells and plate
cells in our blood.
Hemoglobin in red blood cells carries
oxygen from lungs to all parts of body.
Lack of Protein(hemoglobin)- can't carry
enough oxygen- thalassemia occur.
People with moderate to severe forms of
thalassemia have inherited abnormal genes
from both parents.
SIGN & SYMPTOMS OF
Severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the
Alpha thalassemia - No signs or symptoms of the disorder.
Mild Anemia- People feel tired.
Beta thalassemia- Slowed growth and delayed puberty.
Severe Thalassemia-Pale and listless appearance, Poor
appetite, Slowed growth and delayed puberty.
DIAGNOSE OF THALASSEMIA
Complete blood count (CBC) – provide amount of
hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells.
Special hemoglobin tests - Types of hemoglobin in
TREATMENT OF THALASSEMIA
Blood Transfusions - Main treatment for people
who have moderate or severe thalassemias.
Red blood cells live for only about 120 days.
Thalassemia Major - Need regular blood
transfusions ( every 21 days).
It is expensive and carry a risk of transmitting
infections and viruses.
IRCS provide calferal to remove excessive Iron
IRON CHELATION THERAPY
Needed to remove excess iron from the body.
Deferasirox is a pill taken once a day.
Deferoxamine is a liquid medicine that's given
slowly under the skin.
Folic Acid Supplements: - Folic acid is a B vitamin
that helps build healthy red blood cells.
1. Have you donated blood?
2. Do you know about the Thalassemia?
3. Do you know how this disease spreads?
4. Do you know about treatment?
5. Do you think that Thalassemia test is necessary
6. Do you think you have to join this awareness
programme of Thalassemia?
ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS
We have made questionnaire for students and from
that we have analyze that most of student know
about Thalassemia but not in detail but they know
that it is necessary to test before marriage.
Government should organize awareness
programme of Thalassemia in colleges.
The Leader of each and every cast and society
organize seminar for the same.
Government should make a compulsory test for
Thalassemia and it should be free of charge.
Government should make a compulsory blood
donation for healthy people
LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
Sample size of 50 units cannot give accurate
conclusion regarding students awareness.
This research is done only for the students of
Gandhinagar not for the students of other cities of
Gujarat or India.
Research works, analysis, interpretation and finding
are influences by time constrains
There may be possibilities for Bias or dishonesty on
the part of respondents.
Broachers and Video CD of Indian Red Cross