PRESENTATION ON Empowerment of Poor Women on a Large Scale Carried out by Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) Prepared by Parakhiya Vasant
Limitation of study
Self Employed Women’s Association
SEWA is a National Trade Union
Established by Shri Elaben Bhatt in 1972
An organisation of poor, self-employed women workers
Who earn a living through their own labour or small businesses
They are the unprotected labour force of our country
93% of the workforce is in the informal economy SEWA organises informal women workers. THE INFORMAL ECONOMY
- health care
- child care
Decision-making and control
Is the organisation is in the direction of this two goal ?
To find out its performance constant
monitoring and evaluation is necessary
SEWA’s Eleven question
Have more members obtained more employment ?
Has their income increased ?
Have they obtained food and nutrition ?
Has their health been safeguarded ?
Have they obtained child-care?
Have they obtained or improved their housing ?
Have their assets increased ? (e.g. their own savings, land, house, work-space, tools or work, licenses, identity cards, cattled and share in cooperatives; and all in their own name.
Have the worker’s organisational strength increased ?
Has worker’s leadership increased ?
Have they become self-reliant both
collectively and individually?
Have they become literate?
SEWA adopts an Integrated & Need based Approach to Organizing
It is a member-based movement of about 7,00,000 poor, informal sector women workers of India
Works in 7 states of India
14 districts of Gujarat, covering 50% of the State of Gujarat
SEWA’s membership in Gujarat – 5,35,674
2/3 rd of SEWA members live in rural areas
Members represent more than 125 different kind of trades
There are about 3500 local producers groups and 9 Economic Federation
It is a sangam or confluence of three movements
Scaling-up in the Recent Past
Membership Growth in Gujarat
From 1070 in 1972 to 535674 in 2007
Started with organizing in Ahmedabad City
Now operates in 14 districts of Gujarat
7 states in India
Other countries – South Africa, Yemen, Turkey etc.
In markets, in their own home, in fields others and their own, in forests, on riverbanks and in the desert .
The members are divided in 4 categories
Home based workers
Vendors or Hawkers
service providers and Producers
Supportive activities includes
Organizing the informal Sector women into their own organizations
Livelihood security activities ( child care )
Financial Services ( insurance , banks )
Social Security Activities
To fulfill the requirement of unemployed women SEWA provides education and training. So that poor women can get work and serve their purpose.
Following activities are carried for the upliftment of women in society
Capacity buiding training
By upgrading women’s existing skills, SEWA’s vocational training can increase women’s earning potential and security.
Vocational training programmes are carefully planned with women’s needs and emerging market realities in mind.
Programs are developed in partnership with supportive, skilled instructors.
Capacity buiding training
Capacity building programs can roughly be
exposure and dialogue program
non-formal education program
Leadership training programmes form the essential core capacity building program
They ensure that the basic framework, vision and strategies of the movement are understood by all and that women are able to deliver this message to other women, policy makers, and the world as leaders.
Today's world is unforeseen without Information Technology where computer's is a must.
New generation is moving a step further towards Information Technology field. The women from the informal sector need to be trained so that their future can be brightened up.
SEWA Academy offers MS Office at basic level and DTP and Tally at advanced level
Participants live with a SEWA member and follow her daily activities for three days and nights.
After the visit, the participants and women come together to share their experiences, analyse the policies and structures contributing to poverty, and develop alternate approaches that meet real needs.
EDP helps participants move beyond a theoretical, abstract understanding to experience first-hand the realities of village life, the needs of self-employed women, and the effect of SEWA’s services, and the strengths of the women.
As we know about the Indian economy. We face major problem about 3 P’s , which is Poverty, Population and Politics as well as unemployment is also our major problem .
Our NGO SEWA providing the education & training to the women basically from the rural areas. They try to minimize the unemployment problem for women.
To understand working of self employed woman’s association, and activities carried by its Academy centre,
Its contribution to the society and especially for woman employment.
By doing this project and visiting the self employed woman’s association, and Academy center we can understand that how can poor people or illiiterate people can work and head of N.G.O. managed the people in large number.
- Collected through personal visit & interview
of Mentor & woman
- Through broacher & website of NGO
Management are not willing to share internal details
Can’t visit the work place of SEWA
Time constraint during the project was one of the limitations because the college working hours and NGO’s working hours are clash
Miss. Rahima medam
( Retired Secretory of SEWA trade facility centre ,
Miss. Reema Kapoor
( Mentor, SEWA Academy, Ellisbridge )
Miss Subhra medam
(Mentor, SEWA trade facility centre ,
Cases through net
Hansaben is a trainer in SEWA’s production unit.
Having three children
She was a read made garment worker (stitched traditional garments )
She was contacted by the SEWA organizers for a survey being conducted to enable them to understand how to provide sustainable income to traditional ready-made garment
She was selected for the training program at NIFT (National Institute of Fashion Technology ) and received intensive training in using state of the art technology in stitching and finishing
Nowadays she can earn about Rs.3000 pm
As per her words
“ SEWA has made a tremendous change in
my life, and now I am earning enough to
sustain my family and provide my
children with two square meals ”
SEWA motivates & helps unemployed women to be self reliable
SEWA provide full support in marketing of hand craft product.
SEWA doesn’t directly approach to the women but at the initial stage its special research team collects information about that particular area and women who are poor and unemployed.
According to findings of that survey SEWA decide to launch their activities in that are.
This research carried by SEWA , using managerial knowledge definitely helped women and they can get maximum advantage of the activities carried by SEWA.
The Task force and Trade Security Fund must be formed keeping in mind the long term implications of women’s participation in trade as driving force for economic growth and development.
Linkages have to be established with private sector and civil society organizations. Such partnerships should address the needs of all the stakeholders involved, thus creating a win-win situation for high economic growth and development.