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Health At A Glance Focus On Usa

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  • 1. USA Healthat a Glance
    Highlightsfrom the OECD report
    Disclaimer:Thefollowingpresentationis not published by the OECD and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries
  • 2. Main characteristics
    The USA society isfacingspecifichealth challenges.
    The system isexpensive.
    The system isuniquelyfinanced.
    The outcomes are close to OECD average.
  • 3. HEALTH OF THE AMERICANS: the SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT
  • 4. American children
    do not drink, do not smoke, and exercise.
  • 5. American children
    However, they are more affected by weight issues.
  • 6. Alcohol, tobacco and weight
    Similarly, adults drink and smokesignificantlyless, but are more likely to beaffected by obesity.
  • 7. Costs of the health system
  • 8. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD
    In 2007, the USA spent 7290 USD per capita on health
  • 9. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD
    That represents 16% of their GDP.
  • 10. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD
    If USA expenditure on health in terms of GDP were consistent withthose of otherOECD countries, itwouldspend $3000 less by year.
  • 11. FINANCING AMERICAN HEALTH CARE
  • 12. The main source of healthfinancingisprivate
    In contrastwithmost OECD countries where ¾ of healthfinancingis public, in the USA, the public shareislessthan 50%.
  • 13. The role of privatehealthinsurance
    The USA is the country where the share of privatehealthinsuranceis the highest.
  • 14. Sources of healthfinancing
    However, itonlyrepresents a third of all healthexpenditure.
  • 15. The share of out-of-pocketexpenditure
    In the USA, the share out-of-pockethealthspendingsisbelowaverage.
  • 16. Exposure to large out-of-pocketexpenditures
    Still, manyAmericans have to pay over USD 1,000 per year, and few don’tpay out-of-pocketexpensesat all.
  • 17. Catastrophicexpenditures
    Catastrophicexpenditures are defined as thoseexceeding 40% of the income of a household, aftersubsistenceneeds are met. One American household out of 200 isconcerned.
  • 18. Unmethealth care needs
    In the USA, 52% of the population belowaverageincomedid not accesshealthcare whentheyneeded to because of costs.
  • 19. OUTCOMES OF THE SYSTEM
  • 20. Life expectancy
    Life expectancy in the USA isvery close to OECD average.
  • 21. Life expectancy as a return on healthexpenditure
    But compared to the cost of theirhealth system, Americanscouldexpect to live 5 years longer.
  • 22. Premature mortality
    Prematuremortality, whichismeasured by the collective numbers of yearsthatwould have been lived if people whodiedbefore 70 hadlived up to thatage, isslightlyabove the OECD average.
  • 23. Subjective perception of health
    Almost 90% of the American population considersthemselveshealthy.
    This is an excellent figure compared to other OECD countries.

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