ZigBee Alliance Tutorial September-November 2005 Bob Heile   Chairman, ZigBee Alliance Chair, IEEE 802.15 Copyright © 2005...
Today’s Wireless Themes <ul><li>Ubiquitous communication with focus on interoperability, plug-and-play, IP, self-organizin...
The 802 Wireless Space Data Rate (Mbps) Range ZigBee 802.15.4 802.15.3 802.15.3a 802.15.3c WPAN WLAN WMAN WWAN WiFi 802.11...
802.15.4 Application Space <ul><li>Sensors & Controls: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In...
<ul><li>Large networks (large number of devices and large coverage area) that can form autonomously and that will operate ...
What IEEE 802.15.4 Addresses <ul><li>IEEE 802.15.4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MAC and PHY only </li></ul></ul>IEEE 802.15.4 MAC...
So Why ZigBee? <ul><li>Needed an organization with a mission to define  a  complete  open  global standard  for reliable, ...
Who is supporting the ZigBee Alliance? <ul><li>Eight promoter companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chipcon, Ember, Freescale, H...
The ZigBee Platform IEEE 802.15.4 Public Application Profile ZigBee Stack Certified Product Compliant Platform
The ZigBee Platform IEEE 802.15.4 Private Application Profile ZigBee Stack Compliant Platform
Basic Radio Characteristics ZigBee technology relies upon IEEE 802.15.4, which has excellent performance in low SNR enviro...
<ul><li>65,536 network (client) nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Optimized for timing-critical applications and power management </...
ZigBee Mesh Networking  Slide Courtesy of
ZigBee Mesh Networking  Slide Courtesy of
ZigBee Mesh Networking  Slide Courtesy of
ZigBee Mesh Networking  Slide Courtesy of
ZigBee Mesh Networking  Slide Courtesy of
ZigBee Network Topologies PAN coordinator Full Function Device Reduced Function Device Star Mesh Cluster Tree
Cluster Tree Networks <ul><li>Cluster tree networks enable a peer-peer network to be formed with a minimum of routing over...
Cluster Tree Networks <ul><li>Employ multi-hop routing </li></ul><ul><li>Can be very large:  255 clusters of 254 nodes eac...
ZigBee Device Types <ul><li>ZigBee Coordinator (ZC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One and only one required for each ZB network. <...
Network Structure
Network Structure
Network Structure
ZigBee Channel Access Options <ul><li>Two channel access mechanisms: </li></ul><ul><li>Non-beacon network </li></ul><ul><u...
Other Benefits of Beacon Mode <ul><li>Beacon Mode </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A very powerful mechanism for controlling power co...
ZigBee – Highly Reliable <ul><li>Mesh and tree networking protocol provides redundant paths </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic re...
ZigBee – Highly Secure <ul><li>Utilizes AES 128-bit encryption </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of a “trust center” </li></ul><ul...
ZigBee Applications ZigBee Wireless Control that  Simply Works RESIDENTIAL/ LIGHT COMMERCIAL CONTROL CONSUMER ELECTRONICS ...
ZigBee Home Control
General Commercial Building Automation <ul><li>Quick Payback Leads to Early Adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obvious Uses </...
Patient Monitoring <ul><li>May allow more patient freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitors vital statistics and sends via in...
<ul><li>Microprocessor based devices with embedded radios </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting Ballasts become control and communica...
Reduced cost and complexity of system installation Simplicity of Commissioning Key value drivers of a Wireless Lighting Co...
Easy and intuitive to use facilitating improved worker productivity Operating cost and complexity reductions Improved ener...
The ZigBee eco-system adds future value Safety Asset Tracking Security Maintenance
Why ZigBee? <ul><li>Reliable and self healing </li></ul><ul><li>Supports large number of nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to d...
Advantages of  ZigBee over proprietary solutions? <ul><li>Product interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor independence <...
Benefits of joining the alliance <ul><li>Access to  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member...
Benefits of joining the alliance <ul><li>World class PR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be associated with a hot technology </li></u...
<ul><li>“ Just as the personal computer was a symbol of </li></ul><ul><li>the '80s, and the symbol of the '90s is the Worl...
Slide  More Information <ul><li>ZigBee Alliance Web Site  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ZigBee.org </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE 8...
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053744r00 Zb Mwg 2005 09 11 Zig Bee Alliance Tutorial

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  • 053744r00 Zb Mwg 2005 09 11 Zig Bee Alliance Tutorial

    1. 1. ZigBee Alliance Tutorial September-November 2005 Bob Heile Chairman, ZigBee Alliance Chair, IEEE 802.15 Copyright © 2005 ZigBee TM Alliance. All Rights Reserved. Wireless Control That Simply Works
    2. 2. Today’s Wireless Themes <ul><li>Ubiquitous communication with focus on interoperability, plug-and-play, IP, self-organizing networks and low power </li></ul><ul><li>High quality AV streaming </li></ul><ul><li>Bits/Hz/watt </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning & Location </li></ul>
    3. 3. The 802 Wireless Space Data Rate (Mbps) Range ZigBee 802.15.4 802.15.3 802.15.3a 802.15.3c WPAN WLAN WMAN WWAN WiFi 802.11 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 Bluetooth 802.15.1 IEEE 802.22 WiMax IEEE 802.16 IEEE 802.20
    4. 4. 802.15.4 Application Space <ul><li>Sensors & Controls: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Metering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Toys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active RFID/ asset tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Large networks (large number of devices and large coverage area) that can form autonomously and that will operate very reliably for years without any operator intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Very long battery life (years off of a AA cell), very low infrastructure cost (low device & setup costs) and very low complexity and small size </li></ul><ul><li>Device data rate and QoS needs are low </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized protocols are necessary to allow multiple vendors to interoperate </li></ul>Sensor/Control Network Requirements
    6. 6. What IEEE 802.15.4 Addresses <ul><li>IEEE 802.15.4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MAC and PHY only </li></ul></ul>IEEE 802.15.4 MAC Upper Layer Stack IEEE 802.2 LLC Other LLC IEEE 802.15.4 2400 MHz PHY IEEE 802.15.4 868/915 MHz PHY
    7. 7. So Why ZigBee? <ul><li>Needed an organization with a mission to define a complete open global standard for reliable, cost-effective, low-power, wirelessly networked products addressing monitoring and control </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance provides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upper layer stack and application profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compliance and certification testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>branding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result is a set of recognizable, interoperable solutions </li></ul>
    8. 8. Who is supporting the ZigBee Alliance? <ul><li>Eight promoter companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chipcon, Ember, Freescale, Honeywell, Mitsubishi, Motorola, Philips and Samsung </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A rapidly growing list (Now over 175) of industry leaders from 29 countries spanning 6 continents committed to providing ZigBee-compliant products and solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies include chip suppliers, wireless IP providers, OEMs, test equip manufacturers and end users </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. The ZigBee Platform IEEE 802.15.4 Public Application Profile ZigBee Stack Certified Product Compliant Platform
    10. 10. The ZigBee Platform IEEE 802.15.4 Private Application Profile ZigBee Stack Compliant Platform
    11. 11. Basic Radio Characteristics ZigBee technology relies upon IEEE 802.15.4, which has excellent performance in low SNR environments
    12. 12. <ul><li>65,536 network (client) nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Optimized for timing-critical applications and power management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to Join Network: <30ms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleeping to active: <15ms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Channel access time: <15ms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Full Mesh Networking Support </li></ul>Basic Network Characteristics Network coordinator Full Function node Reduced Function node Communications flow Virtual links
    13. 13. ZigBee Mesh Networking Slide Courtesy of
    14. 14. ZigBee Mesh Networking Slide Courtesy of
    15. 15. ZigBee Mesh Networking Slide Courtesy of
    16. 16. ZigBee Mesh Networking Slide Courtesy of
    17. 17. ZigBee Mesh Networking Slide Courtesy of
    18. 18. ZigBee Network Topologies PAN coordinator Full Function Device Reduced Function Device Star Mesh Cluster Tree
    19. 19. Cluster Tree Networks <ul><li>Cluster tree networks enable a peer-peer network to be formed with a minimum of routing overhead. </li></ul>DD/CH0 1 0 2 3 4 6 7 8 12 10 11 9 13 14 20 22 5 CH1 CH2 CH3 CH5 CH4 CH6 “ Parent” “ Child” Links indicate familial relationship, not communications capability
    20. 20. Cluster Tree Networks <ul><li>Employ multi-hop routing </li></ul><ul><li>Can be very large: 255 clusters of 254 nodes each = 64,770 nodes </li></ul><ul><li>May span physically large areas </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for latency-tolerant applications </li></ul>
    21. 21. ZigBee Device Types <ul><li>ZigBee Coordinator (ZC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One and only one required for each ZB network. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiates network formation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as 802.15.4 2003 PAN coordinator (FFD). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May act as router once network is formed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ZigBee Router (ZR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional network component. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May associate with ZC or with previously associated ZR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acts as 802.15.4 2003 coordinator (FFD). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participates in multihop routing of messages. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ZigBee End Device (ZED) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional network component. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shall not allow association. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shall not participate in routing. </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Network Structure
    23. 23. Network Structure
    24. 24. Network Structure
    25. 25. ZigBee Channel Access Options <ul><li>Two channel access mechanisms: </li></ul><ul><li>Non-beacon network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A simple, traditional multiple access system used in simple peer and near-peer networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard ALOHA CSMA-CA communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive acknowledgement for successfully received packets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beacon-enabled network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superframe structure- network coordinator transmits beacons at predetermined intervals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated bandwidth and low latency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Power Consumption mode for Coordinator </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Other Benefits of Beacon Mode <ul><li>Beacon Mode </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A very powerful mechanism for controlling power consumption in extended networks like cluster tree or mesh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows all clients in a local piece of the network the ability to know when to communicate with each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAN has a coordinator that manages the channel and arranges the calls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant value will be in system power consumption for networks which are primarily battery powered </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. ZigBee – Highly Reliable <ul><li>Mesh and tree networking protocol provides redundant paths </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic retries and acknowledgements </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast delivery scheme ensures reliable broadcasts across the network </li></ul><ul><li>Parents keep track of messages for sleeping children </li></ul><ul><li>High intrinsic interference tolerance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency agility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robust modulation </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. ZigBee – Highly Secure <ul><li>Utilizes AES 128-bit encryption </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of a “trust center” </li></ul><ul><li>Link and network keys </li></ul><ul><li>Authentication and encryption </li></ul><ul><li>Security can be customized for the application </li></ul><ul><li>Keys can be “hard-wired” into application </li></ul>
    29. 29. ZigBee Applications ZigBee Wireless Control that Simply Works RESIDENTIAL/ LIGHT COMMERCIAL CONTROL CONSUMER ELECTRONICS TV VCR DVD/CD remote security HVAC lighting control access control lawn & garden irrigation PC & PERIPHERALS INDUSTRIAL CONTROL asset mgt process control environmental energy mgt PERSONAL HEALTH CARE BUILDING AUTOMATION security HVAC AMR lighting control access control mouse keyboard joystick patient monitoring fitness monitoring
    30. 30. ZigBee Home Control
    31. 31. General Commercial Building Automation <ul><li>Quick Payback Leads to Early Adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obvious Uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HVAC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alarm Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entry Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less Obvious Uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Landscaping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leak Detection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pest Monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humidity in Walls </li></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Patient Monitoring <ul><li>May allow more patient freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitors vital statistics and sends via internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patient can remain in their own home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers cost and improves comfort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows monitoring of elderly family member </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sense movement or usage patterns in a home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notify via mobile phone when anomalies occur </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can track behavior without visual “spying” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless panic buttons for falls or other problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Again lowers cost and improves patient lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used in hospice care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patients are allowed greater movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced staff to patient ratio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light way to bathroom when they get out of bed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces patient confusion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>graphic graphic
    33. 33. <ul><li>Microprocessor based devices with embedded radios </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting Ballasts become control and communication nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizes an open protocol for communication – ZigBee </li></ul><ul><li>Mesh Network - Scalable, flexible up to 65,000 network nodes </li></ul><ul><li>100% digital component based network of devices with the lighting infrastructure providing the DLN backbone </li></ul><ul><li>Software and UI’s determine the user experience </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed control of lighting – From personal space to enterprise control </li></ul>Characteristics of a ZigBee Lighting Control System
    34. 34. Reduced cost and complexity of system installation Simplicity of Commissioning Key value drivers of a Wireless Lighting Control system Simplify Lighting Control System design in both new construction and retrofit applications
    35. 35. Easy and intuitive to use facilitating improved worker productivity Operating cost and complexity reductions Improved energy management and control Key value drivers of a Wireless Lighting Control system
    36. 36. The ZigBee eco-system adds future value Safety Asset Tracking Security Maintenance
    37. 37. Why ZigBee? <ul><li>Reliable and self healing </li></ul><ul><li>Supports large number of nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to deploy </li></ul><ul><li>Very long battery life </li></ul><ul><li>Secure </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used globally </li></ul>
    38. 38. Advantages of ZigBee over proprietary solutions? <ul><li>Product interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor independence </li></ul><ul><li>Increased product innovation as a result of industry standardization </li></ul><ul><li>A common platform is more cost effective than creating a new proprietary solution from scratch every time </li></ul><ul><li>Companies can focus their energies on finding and serving customers </li></ul>
    39. 39. Benefits of joining the alliance <ul><li>Access to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Member IP pool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media and analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VCs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network with </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners </li></ul></ul>
    40. 40. Benefits of joining the alliance <ul><li>World class PR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be associated with a hot technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage Alliance event and PR activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your competitors are here, chance to strengthen your leadership position </li></ul><ul><li>Get access to marketing ideas, get a sense of the market direction and optimize your product/company plans </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalent info from other sources would cost many multiples of the annual membership fee </li></ul><ul><li>Result is you get to market quicker with a better solution </li></ul>
    41. 41. <ul><li>“ Just as the personal computer was a symbol of </li></ul><ul><li>the '80s, and the symbol of the '90s is the World </li></ul><ul><li>Wide Web, the next nonlinear shift, is going to be </li></ul><ul><li>the advent of cheap sensors.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Paul Saffo </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for the Future </li></ul>Parting Thought
    42. 42. Slide More Information <ul><li>ZigBee Alliance Web Site </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ZigBee.org </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE 802.15 Web Site </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ieee802.org/15 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bob Heile, ZigBee Alliance Chairman, bheile @ ieee .org </li></ul></ul>

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