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Open source i det offentlige (24 11-2010)

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Slides til en præsentation om open source, som jeg holdt 24. november 2010 i København i forbindelse med http://digitaliser.dk/begivenheder/568199

Slides til en præsentation om open source, som jeg holdt 24. november 2010 i København i forbindelse med http://digitaliser.dk/begivenheder/568199

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    Open source i det offentlige (24 11-2010) Open source i det offentlige (24 11-2010) Presentation Transcript

    • Open Source i det Offentlige Advokat Martin von Haller Grønbæk Partner, Bender von Haller Dragsted ITST - 24. november 2010 2mandag den 29. november 2010
    • – Advokat, Bender von Haller Dragsted – Medstifter, Open Source Leverandørfor.(OSL) – Editorial board IFOSSLR – Medfstifter, Creative Commons DK – Medstifter, Danish Internet Society Chapter – Juridisk rådgiver for Umbraco and Composite – Cases for ITST, LEGO og andre – Erfaring med GPL håndhævelse i Danmark 2mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Martin von Haller Grønbæk – http://www.bvhd.dk – http://www.openlife.dk – http://www.vonhaller.dk – http://www.linkedin.com/in/vonhaller – http://www.23hq.com/mhg – http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller – http://www.facebook.com/vonhaller – mhg@bvhd.dk – martin@groenbaek.net – groenbaek@gmail.com 3mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Martin von Haller Grønbæk –Legal500: “At IT boutique Bender von Haller Dragsted, Martin von Haller Grønbæk is the Danish expert on open source and emerging issues around Web 2.0 and internet law.” 4mandag den 29. november 2010
    • I et rige bestående af blinde er den enøjede konge!mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Agenda • Indledning • Open source jura overblikket • Licenser • Compliance • Copyleft 3mandag den 29. november 2010
    • mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Et par gamle travere!mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Communisme ?mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Cancer?mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Hvad er open source?mandag den 29. november 2010
    • mandag den 29. november 2010
    • mandag den 29. november 2010
    • “Open core”mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source 4.0mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Cloud computingmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Licenser bliver mindre vigtigemandag den 29. november 2010
    • Åbenhed som forretnings modelmandag den 29. november 2010
    • • Åbne data • Åbne standarder • Åbne API’er • Åbne personlige datamandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source Licensermandag den 29. november 2010
    • De fire friheder!mandag den 29. november 2010
    • #1 Brug selv programmet til hvad du har lystmandag den 29. november 2010
    • #2 Kig i kildekodemandag den 29. november 2010
    • #3 Lav ændringermandag den 29. november 2010
    • #4 Lav kopier og send dem videremandag den 29. november 2010
    • Men lad være med at diskrimineremandag den 29. november 2010
    • “Give credit”mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Overhold licens eller lad være med at brugemandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source og Varemærkermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source og patentermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Patent trollsmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source Licensermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Open source Licensermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Academic or permissive licensesmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Academic or permissive licensesmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Apache License v2 MIT License New BSD licensemandag den 29. november 2010
    • Copyleft, reciprocal or hereditary licencesmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Artistic license v1 Eclipse Public License Mozilla Public License v.1.1 GNU GPL v1-3 GNU LGPL v1-3mandag den 29. november 2010
    • mandag den 29. november 2010
    • GPLmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Del din egen kode på same vilkårmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Distributionmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Afledede værkermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Kombinationermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Ingen sager om copyleftmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Del din egen kode på same vilkårmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Intet ansvar for kode ved alle licenser!mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Fire rettigheder ved alle licensermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Forskellen er copyleftmandag den 29. november 2010
    • FLOSSmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Håndhævelsemandag den 29. november 2010
    • Erstatningmandag den 29. november 2010
    • “Mindelige løsninger”mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Offentlig anvendelse af open sourcemandag den 29. november 2010
    • In-boundmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Out-boundmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Forretningsmodellermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Dual licensingmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Garantiermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Copyleft fritagelsermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Forudsætning: Leverandøren kontrollerer kodenmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Tjenestermandag den 29. november 2010
    • Garantier Vedligeholdelse Videreudviklingmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Kan leveres af alle!mandag den 29. november 2010
    • CASE: ITST • eFaktura (eInvoice) • Electronic invoices to, from and between public agencies • Core service: UDDI registry for webservice to identify senders and 65mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Udfordringer • Two applications provided by NITA to user (e.g. ERP vendors) • API between users’ ERPs and UDDI WS • Reference implementation integrating API with ERP • NITA wanted to release the application under an OS license 66mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Mål • Satisfying the politicians • Wide adoption of UDDI • Community based improvement of the API • Many vendors should integrate API into their ERP 67mandag den 29. november 2010
    • The Mindstorm storymandag den 29. november 2010
    • LEGO goes open source 1 May 2006. LEGO press release Hackers, Get Ready! LEGO Group Announces Open Source Firmware, Developer Kits for LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT Consumer-directed robotics experience creation to enter “NXT” phase with open firmware, Software, Hardware and Bluetooth Developer Kits to launch in Augustmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Background ● Mindstorms robots launched in 1998 ● The best-selling LEGO product ever ● Huge Mindstorm community ● LEGO was and is not a software company ● Only minor upgrades to the firmware ● Several parallel Mindstorms OS’smandag den 29. november 2010
    • Challenges ● LEGO was not comfortable with “openness” ● LEGO has been and is extremely reliant on strong IPRs ● ”You dont give away IPRs for free” ● Turbulent period for LEGO in general ● Third party software includedmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Solution ● Embrace User driven innovation ● Open source as the enabler ● Third party permission for redistribution under an OS license ● Choice of license − ”Genuine” open source licence − Permissive (Academic) or Copyleft (reciprocal license)mandag den 29. november 2010
    • The OS license choice ● Mozilla Public license v. 1.1 ● Weak copyleft ● Modification is limited altering the files ● “I did not understand GPL v.2” ● LEGO was only concerned with modifications of the actual files 73mandag den 29. november 2010
    • The “beauty” of the solution! • Huge press coverage and goodwill • Large number of downloads of code • Much more “intelligence” in the bricks • Convincing strategy towards competitors • Option to “close” the code again • Many more bricks sold! 74mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Dual licensingmandag den 29. november 2010
    • CASE: MySQL Dual-licensing • The software company perspective • The same code is licensed under two different licences: – MySQL Community Server: GPL v. 2 with FOSS exception – MySQL Enterprise: Commercial license 76mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Owners prerogative ● The owner can decide to release under any and as many terms she likes ● Dual licensing is only possible for owners own modfications ● Or assigned modifications ● Control is necessary to mitigate liability ● ”Closing in” the code againmandag den 29. november 2010
    • Copyright and control • MySQL has exclusive copyright to the code • MySQL controls and certifies the code • The GPL does not give any rights to use MySQLs trademarks 78mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Why pay? • Certification of the code • Warranties • Maintenance and support • Copyleft exemption 79mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Still not convinced? • MySQL AB was in 2008 bought by Sun Microsystem, Inc. for approximately USD $1 billion in total consideration 80mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Solutions • API – Copyleft – Mozilla public license v. 1.1 (maybe EUPL v. 1.1) • Reference implementation – Permissive licence – FreeBSD license 81mandag den 29. november 2010
    • Thanks for listening! Also available at http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller/mandag den 29. november 2010