Open source i det offentlige (24 11-2010)

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Slides til en præsentation om open source, som jeg holdt 24. november 2010 i København i forbindelse med http://digitaliser.dk/begivenheder/568199

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Open source i det offentlige (24 11-2010)

  1. 1. 2 Open Source i det Offentlige Advokat Martin von Haller Grønbæk Partner, Bender von Haller Dragsted ITST - 24. november 2010 mandag den 29. november 2010
  2. 2. – Advokat, Bender von Haller Dragsted – Medstifter, Open Source Leverandørfor.(OSL) – Editorial board IFOSSLR – Medfstifter, Creative Commons DK – Medstifter, Danish Internet Society Chapter – Juridisk rådgiver for Umbraco and Composite – Cases for ITST, LEGO og andre – Erfaring med GPL håndhævelse i Danmark 2 mandag den 29. november 2010
  3. 3. 3 Martin von Haller Grønbæk – http://www.bvhd.dk – http://www.openlife.dk – http://www.vonhaller.dk – http://www.linkedin.com/in/vonhaller – http://www.23hq.com/mhg – http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller – http://www.facebook.com/vonhaller – mhg@bvhd.dk – martin@groenbaek.net – groenbaek@gmail.com mandag den 29. november 2010
  4. 4. Martin von Haller Grønbæk –Legal500: “At IT boutique Bender von Haller Dragsted, Martin von Haller Grønbæk is the Danish expert on open source and emerging issues around Web 2.0 and internet law.” 4 mandag den 29. november 2010
  5. 5. I et rige bestående af blinde er den enøjede konge! mandag den 29. november 2010
  6. 6. 3 Agenda • Indledning • Open source jura overblikket • Licenser • Compliance • Copyleft mandag den 29. november 2010
  7. 7. mandag den 29. november 2010
  8. 8. Et par gamle travere! mandag den 29. november 2010
  9. 9. Communisme ? mandag den 29. november 2010
  10. 10. Cancer? mandag den 29. november 2010
  11. 11. Hvad er open source? mandag den 29. november 2010
  12. 12. mandag den 29. november 2010
  13. 13. mandag den 29. november 2010
  14. 14. “Open core” mandag den 29. november 2010
  15. 15. Open source 4.0 mandag den 29. november 2010
  16. 16. Cloud computing mandag den 29. november 2010
  17. 17. Licenser bliver mindre vigtige mandag den 29. november 2010
  18. 18. Åbenhed som forretnings model mandag den 29. november 2010
  19. 19. • Åbne data • Åbne standarder • Åbne API’er • Åbne personlige data mandag den 29. november 2010
  20. 20. Open source Licenser mandag den 29. november 2010
  21. 21. De fire friheder! mandag den 29. november 2010
  22. 22. #1 Brug selv programmet til hvad du har lyst mandag den 29. november 2010
  23. 23. #2 Kig i kildekode mandag den 29. november 2010
  24. 24. #3 Lav ændringer mandag den 29. november 2010
  25. 25. #4 Lav kopier og send dem videre mandag den 29. november 2010
  26. 26. Men lad være med at diskriminere mandag den 29. november 2010
  27. 27. “Give credit” mandag den 29. november 2010
  28. 28. Overhold licens eller lad være med at bruge mandag den 29. november 2010
  29. 29. Open source og Varemærker mandag den 29. november 2010
  30. 30. Open source og patenter mandag den 29. november 2010
  31. 31. Patent trolls mandag den 29. november 2010
  32. 32. Open source Licenser mandag den 29. november 2010
  33. 33. Open source Licenser mandag den 29. november 2010
  34. 34. Academic or permissive licenses mandag den 29. november 2010
  35. 35. Academic or permissive licenses mandag den 29. november 2010
  36. 36. Apache License v2 MIT License New BSD license mandag den 29. november 2010
  37. 37. Copyleft, reciprocal or hereditary licences mandag den 29. november 2010
  38. 38. Artistic license v1 Eclipse Public License Mozilla Public License v.1.1 GNU GPL v1-3 GNU LGPL v1-3 mandag den 29. november 2010
  39. 39. mandag den 29. november 2010
  40. 40. GPL mandag den 29. november 2010
  41. 41. Del din egen kode på same vilkår mandag den 29. november 2010
  42. 42. Distribution mandag den 29. november 2010
  43. 43. Afledede værker mandag den 29. november 2010
  44. 44. Kombinationer mandag den 29. november 2010
  45. 45. Ingen sager om copyleft mandag den 29. november 2010
  46. 46. Del din egen kode på same vilkår mandag den 29. november 2010
  47. 47. Intet ansvar for kode ved alle licenser! mandag den 29. november 2010
  48. 48. Fire rettigheder ved alle licenser mandag den 29. november 2010
  49. 49. Forskellen er copyleft mandag den 29. november 2010
  50. 50. FLOSS mandag den 29. november 2010
  51. 51. Håndhævelse mandag den 29. november 2010
  52. 52. Erstatning mandag den 29. november 2010
  53. 53. “Mindelige løsninger” mandag den 29. november 2010
  54. 54. Offentlig anvendelse af open source mandag den 29. november 2010
  55. 55. In-bound mandag den 29. november 2010
  56. 56. Out-bound mandag den 29. november 2010
  57. 57. Forretningsmodeller mandag den 29. november 2010
  58. 58. Dual licensing mandag den 29. november 2010
  59. 59. Garantier mandag den 29. november 2010
  60. 60. Copyleft fritagelser mandag den 29. november 2010
  61. 61. Forudsætning: Leverandøren kontrollerer koden mandag den 29. november 2010
  62. 62. Tjenester mandag den 29. november 2010
  63. 63. Garantier Vedligeholdelse Videreudvikling mandag den 29. november 2010
  64. 64. Kan leveres af alle! mandag den 29. november 2010
  65. 65. CASE: ITST • eFaktura (eInvoice) • Electronic invoices to, from and between public agencies • Core service: UDDI registry for webservice to identify senders and 65 mandag den 29. november 2010
  66. 66. Udfordringer • Two applications provided by NITA to user (e.g. ERP vendors) • API between users’ ERPs and UDDI WS • Reference implementation integrating API with ERP • NITA wanted to release the application under an OS license 66 mandag den 29. november 2010
  67. 67. Mål • Satisfying the politicians • Wide adoption of UDDI • Community based improvement of the API • Many vendors should integrate API into their ERP 67 mandag den 29. november 2010
  68. 68. The Mindstorm story mandag den 29. november 2010
  69. 69. LEGO goes open source 1 May 2006. LEGO press release Hackers, Get Ready! LEGO Group Announces Open Source Firmware, D e v e l o p e r K i t s f o r L E G O ® MINDSTORMS® NXT Consumer-directed robotics experience creation to enter “NXT” phase with open firmware, Software, Hardware and Bluetooth Developer Kits to launch in August mandag den 29. november 2010
  70. 70. Background ● Mindstorms robots launched in 1998 ● The best-selling LEGO product ever ● Huge Mindstorm community ● LEGO was and is not a software company ● Only minor upgrades to the firmware ● Several parallel Mindstorms OS’s mandag den 29. november 2010
  71. 71. Challenges ● LEGO was not comfortable with “openness” ● LEGO has been and is extremely reliant on strong IPRs ● ”You don't give away IPRs for free” ● Turbulent period for LEGO in general ● Third party software included mandag den 29. november 2010
  72. 72. Solution ● Embrace User driven innovation ● Open source as the enabler ● Third party permission for redistribution under an OS license ● Choice of license − ”Genuine” open source licence − Permissive (Academic) or Copyleft (reciprocal license) mandag den 29. november 2010
  73. 73. The OS license choice ● Mozilla Public license v. 1.1 ● Weak copyleft ● Modification is limited altering the files ● “I did not understand GPL v.2” ● LEGO was only concerned with modifications of the actual files 73 mandag den 29. november 2010
  74. 74. The “beauty” of the solution! • Huge press coverage and goodwill • Large number of downloads of code • Much more “intelligence” in the bricks • Convincing strategy towards competitors • Option to “close” the code again • Many more bricks sold! 74 mandag den 29. november 2010
  75. 75. Dual licensing mandag den 29. november 2010
  76. 76. CASE: MySQL Dual-licensing • The software company perspective • The same code is licensed under two different licences: – MySQL Community Server: GPL v. 2 with FOSS exception – MySQL Enterprise: Commercial license 76 mandag den 29. november 2010
  77. 77. Owner's prerogative ● The owner can decide to release under any and as many terms she likes ● Dual licensing is only possible for owner's own modfications ● Or assigned modifications ● Control is necessary to mitigate liability ● ”Closing in” the code again mandag den 29. november 2010
  78. 78. Copyright and control • MySQL has exclusive copyright to the code • MySQL controls and certifies the code • The GPL does not give any rights to use MySQLs trademarks 78 mandag den 29. november 2010
  79. 79. Why pay? • Certification of the code • Warranties • Maintenance and support • Copyleft exemption 79 mandag den 29. november 2010
  80. 80. Still not convinced? • MySQL AB was in 2008 bought by Sun Microsystem, Inc. for approximately USD $1 billion in total consideration 80 mandag den 29. november 2010
  81. 81. Solutions • API – Copyleft – Mozilla public license v. 1.1 (maybe EUPL v. 1.1) • Reference implementation – Permissive licence – FreeBSD license 81 mandag den 29. november 2010
  82. 82. Also available at http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller/ Thanks for listening! mandag den 29. november 2010

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