Open business helsingborg (10 09-2010)

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Open business helsingborg (10 09-2010)

  1. 1. Openness business Martin von Haller Grønbæk Partner, Bender von Haller Dragsted Lunds Universitet, Campus Helsingborg 10-09-2010 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  2. 2. My meme! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  3. 3. Openness is a Panacea! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  4. 4. Human torsdag den 23. september 2010
  5. 5. Democratic torsdag den 23. september 2010
  6. 6. € torsdag den 23. september 2010
  7. 7. • Open content • Open code • Open data • Other things open • Open (personal) data torsdag den 23. september 2010
  8. 8. My background torsdag den 23. september 2010
  9. 9. Lawyers and priest torsdag den 23. september 2010
  10. 10. Candy store torsdag den 23. september 2010
  11. 11. Class’ funds torsdag den 23. september 2010
  12. 12. Lowest common denominator torsdag den 23. september 2010
  13. 13. Law torsdag den 23. september 2010
  14. 14. Gallerie MM torsdag den 23. september 2010
  15. 15. Academic career? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  16. 16. Ph.D.... torsdag den 23. september 2010
  17. 17. InternetJura torsdag den 23. september 2010
  18. 18. Firenze, Berkeley og Columbia torsdag den 23. september 2010
  19. 19. Araneum torsdag den 23. september 2010
  20. 20. vonhaller.dk torsdag den 23. september 2010
  21. 21. Bender von Haller Dragsted torsdag den 23. september 2010
  22. 22. –Attorney-at-law, Bender von Haller Dragsted –Co-founder, Open Source Vendors Ass. (OSL) –Editorial board IFOSSLR –Co-founder, Creative Commons DK –Co-founder, Danish Internet Society Chapter –Legal advisor to Umbraco and Composite –Experience with GPL enforvement in Denmark 22 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  23. 23. –Legal500: “At IT boutique Bender von Haller Dragsted, Martin von Haller Grønbæk is the Danish expert on open source and emerging issues around Web 2.0 and internet law.” 23 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  24. 24. –http://www.bvhd.dk –http://openlife.dk –http://www.vonhaller.dk –http://www.linkedin.com/in/ vonhaller –http://www.23hq.com/mhg –http://www.slideshare.net/ vonhaller –http://www.facebook.com/ vonhaller –mhg@bvhd.dk –martin@groenbaek.net –groenbaek@gmail.com torsdag den 23. september 2010
  25. 25. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  26. 26. #1 Open content torsdag den 23. september 2010
  27. 27. Humans are communicators torsdag den 23. september 2010
  28. 28. EMRK art 10, Stk. 1. Enhver har ret til ytringsfrihed. Denne ret omfatter meningsfrihed og frihed til at modtage eller meddele oplysninger eller tanker, uden indblanding fra offentlig myndighed og uden hensyn til landegrænser. Denne artikel forhindrer ikke stater i at kræve, at radio-, fjernsyns- eller filmforetagender kun må drives i henhold til bevilling. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  29. 29. One way communication torsdag den 23. september 2010
  30. 30. Censorship torsdag den 23. september 2010
  31. 31. Propaganda torsdag den 23. september 2010
  32. 32. Consumers of Information torsdag den 23. september 2010
  33. 33. (Relatively) passive recipients torsdag den 23. september 2010
  34. 34. New technology changes the world torsdag den 23. september 2010
  35. 35. The BIG break-through torsdag den 23. september 2010
  36. 36. Democratization of sending and receiving information torsdag den 23. september 2010
  37. 37. ReadWrite web torsdag den 23. september 2010
  38. 38. Post dotcom torsdag den 23. september 2010
  39. 39. Web 2.0 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  40. 40. “Participatory culture” torsdag den 23. september 2010
  41. 41. ReMix torsdag den 23. september 2010
  42. 42. MashUps torsdag den 23. september 2010
  43. 43. eFolklore torsdag den 23. september 2010
  44. 44. Cultural and creative surplus torsdag den 23. september 2010
  45. 45. Innovation and business torsdag den 23. september 2010
  46. 46. Democracy torsdag den 23. september 2010
  47. 47. Copyright makes sense torsdag den 23. september 2010
  48. 48. But copyright is part of a social contract torsdag den 23. september 2010
  49. 49. Copyright shall promote innovation and growth torsdag den 23. september 2010
  50. 50. Not stiffle innovation torsdag den 23. september 2010
  51. 51. Not protect special interests torsdag den 23. september 2010
  52. 52. Not criminalize an entire generation torsdag den 23. september 2010
  53. 53. There is no 11th commandment! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  54. 54. Human rights rank above copyrights torsdag den 23. september 2010
  55. 55. Copyright needs rebalancing torsdag den 23. september 2010
  56. 56. The legislature has been highjacked by lobbyist torsdag den 23. september 2010
  57. 57. A market for content can provide rebalancing torsdag den 23. september 2010
  58. 58. Flexibility Transperancy Access torsdag den 23. september 2010
  59. 59. Fair licenses! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  60. 60. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  61. 61. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  62. 62. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  63. 63. Human readable! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  64. 64. Totalt søgbart! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  65. 65. 65 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  66. 66. 66 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  67. 67. 67 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  68. 68. CC is international torsdag den 23. september 2010
  69. 69. KODA gets it torsdag den 23. september 2010
  70. 70. More specifically: Nordic governments should release content under CC! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  71. 71. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  72. 72. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  73. 73. #2 Open source torsdag den 23. september 2010
  74. 74. Open Sovs torsdag den 23. september 2010
  75. 75. “Open not as in free beer but as in freedom” torsdag den 23. september 2010
  76. 76. Four freedoms torsdag den 23. september 2010
  77. 77. #1 Use the application for whatever you want torsdag den 23. september 2010
  78. 78. #2 Access the source code torsdag den 23. september 2010
  79. 79. #3 Delete, change, amend and so on torsdag den 23. september 2010
  80. 80. #4 Give away, sell all the copies you desire torsdag den 23. september 2010
  81. 81. Communisme ? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  82. 82. Cancer? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  83. 83. Cathedral or ? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  84. 84. Bazaar? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  85. 85. Free vs. Open torsdag den 23. september 2010
  86. 86. FLOSS torsdag den 23. september 2010
  87. 87. Open source initiative torsdag den 23. september 2010
  88. 88. Open Source principles • Free redistribution • Source code • Derived work • Integrity of The Author's Source Code • 5-10: Non-discrimination 88 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  89. 89. Comply or don’t use torsdag den 23. september 2010
  90. 90. Give credit! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  91. 91. Open source and copyright torsdag den 23. september 2010
  92. 92. Open source licenses • Academic or permissive licenses – Apache License v2 – MIT License – New BSD license • Copyleft, reciprocal or hereditary licences – Weak copyleft •Artistic license v1 •Eclipse Public License •Mozilla Public License v.1.1 – Strong copyleft •GNU GPL v1-3 •GNU LGPL v1-3 92 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  93. 93. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  94. 94. GPL is a here- ditary torsdag den 23. september 2010 License!
  95. 95. Open source and trademarks torsdag den 23. september 2010
  96. 96. Open source and patents torsdag den 23. september 2010
  97. 97. Patent trolls torsdag den 23. september 2010
  98. 98. LEGO Mindstorms torsdag den 23. september 2010
  99. 99. LEGO goes open source 1 May 2006. LEGO press release Hackers, Get Ready! LEGO Group Announces Open Source Firmware, Developer Kits for LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT Consumer-directed robotics experience creation to enter “NXT” phase with open firmware, Software, Hardware and Bluetooth Developer Kits to launch in August torsdag den 23. september 2010
  100. 100. Background ● Mindstorms robots launched in 1998 ● The best-selling LEGO product ever ● Huge Mindstorm community ● LEGO was and is not a software company ● Only minor upgrades to the firmware ● Several parallel Mindstorms OS’s torsdag den 23. september 2010
  101. 101. Challenges ● LEGO was not comfortable with “openness” ● LEGO has been and is extremely reliant on strong IPRs ● ”You don't give away IPRs for free” ● Turbulent period for LEGO in general ● Third party software included torsdag den 23. september 2010
  102. 102. Solution ● Embrace User driven innovation ● Open source as the enabler ● Third party permission for redistribution under an OS license ● Choice of license − ”Genuine” open source licence − Permissive (Academic) or Copyleft (reciprocal license) torsdag den 23. september 2010
  103. 103. The OS license choice ● Mozilla Public license v. 1.1 ● Weak copyleft ● Modification is limited altering the files ● “I did not understand GPL v.2” ● LEGO was only concerned with modifications of the actual files 103 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  104. 104. The “beauty” of the solution! • Huge press coverage and goodwill • Large number of downloads of code • Much more “intelligence” in the bricks • Convincing strategy towards competitors • Option to “close” the code again • Many more bricks sold! 104 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  105. 105. Dual licensing torsdag den 23. september 2010
  106. 106. CASE: MySQL Dual-licensing • The software company perspective • The same code is licensed under two different licences: – MySQL Community Server: GPL v.2 with FOSS exception – MySQL Enterprise: Commercial license 106 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  107. 107. Owner's prerogative ● The owner can decide to release under any and as many terms she likes ● Dual licensing is only possible for owner's own modfications ● Or assigned modifications ● Control is necessary to mitigate liability ● ”Closing in” the code again torsdag den 23. september 2010
  108. 108. Copyright and control • MySQL has exclusive copyright to the code • MySQL controls and certifies the code • The GPL does not give any rights to use MySQLs trademarks 108 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  109. 109. Why pay? • Certification of the code • Warranties • Maintenance and support • Copyleft exemption 109 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  110. 110. Still not convinced? • MySQL AB was in 2008 bought by Sun Microsystem, Inc. for approximately USD $1 billion in total consideration 110 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  111. 111. CASE: NITA • Danish National IT and Telecom Agency • eFaktura (NemHandel) • Electronic invoices to, from and between public agencies • Core service: UDDI registry for webservice to identify senders and receivers 111 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  112. 112. Challenges • Two applications provided by NITA to user (e.g. ERP vendors) • API between users’ ERPs and UDDI WS • Reference implementation integrating API with ERP • NITA wanted to release the application under an OS license 112 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  113. 113. Goals • Satisfying the politicians • Wide adoption of UDDI • Community based improvement of the API • Many vendors should integrate API into their ERP 113 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  114. 114. Solutions • API – Copyleft – Mozilla public license v. 1.1 (maybe EUPL v. 1.1) • Reference implementation – Permissive licence – FreeBSD license 114 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  115. 115. Latest news from the front torsdag den 23. september 2010
  116. 116. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  117. 117. LAMP downturn? torsdag den 23. september 2010
  118. 118. NoSQL Hadoopi OpenStack Android torsdag den 23. september 2010
  119. 119. #3 Open data torsdag den 23. september 2010
  120. 120. Open data torsdag den 23. september 2010
  121. 121. Data belongs to us all torsdag den 23. september 2010
  122. 122. Databases torsdag den 23. september 2010
  123. 123. Web 2.0 torsdag den 23. september 2010
  124. 124. Open API’s torsdag den 23. september 2010
  125. 125. Three rules of open data torsdag den 23. september 2010
  126. 126. #1 If data cannot be crawled or freely accessed they don’t exist! torsdag den 23. september 2010
  127. 127. #2 Data must be available in open formats torsdag den 23. september 2010
  128. 128. #3 Open licenses: Data want to be shares torsdag den 23. september 2010
  129. 129. torsdag den 23. september 2010
  130. 130. #4 Open personal data torsdag den 23. september 2010
  131. 131. Tak for opmærksomheden! Also available at http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller/ torsdag den 23. september 2010

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