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The Victorian Era <ul><li>Between the Georgian Era and the Eduardian Era </li></ul><ul><li>Shaped around the period of Que...
Culture  <ul><li>^Palace of Westminster </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic revival architecture became very popular </li></ul><ul><l...
Entertainment <ul><li>Entertainment varied  </li></ul><ul><li>with social class </li></ul><ul><li>Theatres and arts were  ...
Technology and Engineering <ul><li>Joseph Bazalgette had </li></ul><ul><li>designed a London sewage  </li></ul><ul><li>Sys...
Health and Medicine <ul><li>Nitrous Oxide by Humphry </li></ul><ul><li>Davy, 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>Anesthetics by William...
Poverty <ul><li>Huge population increase </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization as result of </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Re...
Child Labor <ul><li>Employment of young kids during  </li></ul><ul><li>economic hardship, IR </li></ul><ul><li>Children ex...
Prostitution <ul><li>Late 1840’s, prostitution became popular, known as “The </li></ul><ul><li>Great Social Evil” </li></u...
The Lady of Shalott <ul><li>•  The Lady of Shalott  </li></ul><ul><li>lives in an island castle  </li></ul><ul><li>in a ri...
The Lady of Shalott Cont… <ul><li>•  One day she sees Sir Lancelot  </li></ul><ul><li>and breaks the curse by looking  </l...
The Lady of Shalott Background <ul><li>•  A Victorian ballad by the English  </li></ul><ul><li>poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson ...
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The Victorian Era

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Transcript of "The Victorian Era"

  1. 1. The Victorian Era <ul><li>Between the Georgian Era and the Eduardian Era </li></ul><ul><li>Shaped around the period of Queen Victoria’s reign </li></ul><ul><li>Reigned June 1837, until her death on the 22 nd of January, 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Considered long period of peace, except for the Crimean War </li></ul><ul><li>Population of England doubled from 16.8 million to 30.5 million </li></ul>
  2. 2. Culture <ul><li>^Palace of Westminster </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic revival architecture became very popular </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Styles started as a fight between Gothic and Classical ideals </li></ul><ul><li>John Ruskin modernized this architecture created the Crystal Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Photography invented in this period, Queen Elizabeth was the first British monarch to be photographed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Entertainment <ul><li>Entertainment varied </li></ul><ul><li>with social class </li></ul><ul><li>Theatres and arts were </li></ul><ul><li>widely attended </li></ul><ul><li>> The Bandstand </li></ul><ul><li>Best architectural way </li></ul><ul><li>to create ornamental focal </li></ul><ul><li>point </li></ul><ul><li>Casinos and gambling </li></ul><ul><li>also became popular </li></ul><ul><li>A new form of entertainment required “spectacles”, where paranormal event occurred such as hypnotism and communication with the dead, involving the audience </li></ul>
  4. 4. Technology and Engineering <ul><li>Joseph Bazalgette had </li></ul><ul><li>designed a London sewage </li></ul><ul><li>System, London Underground, </li></ul><ul><li>water pipes, and Thames </li></ul><ul><li>Embankment </li></ul><ul><li>Studied natural history </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin, On the </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of Species , 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Gas lighting widespread </li></ul><ul><li>along streets, and heating for </li></ul><ul><li>homes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Health and Medicine <ul><li>Nitrous Oxide by Humphry </li></ul><ul><li>Davy, 1799 </li></ul><ul><li>Anesthetics by William </li></ul><ul><li>Morton, 1846 for surgeries </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Victoria used for birth </li></ul><ul><li>of eighth child </li></ul><ul><li>European diet became much </li></ul><ul><li>sweeter, widespread sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Led to “Waterloo Teeth” </li></ul><ul><li>Took new teeth from dead criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital staff wear gloves </li></ul>
  6. 6. Poverty <ul><li>Huge population increase </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization as result of </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Brought skilled and unskilled </li></ul><ul><li>workers, lowering wages </li></ul><ul><li>Housing scarce and expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Overcrowded </li></ul><ul><li>Dwelling slum houses </li></ul><ul><li>developed as landlords fail to maintain large houses </li></ul>
  7. 7. Child Labor <ul><li>Employment of young kids during </li></ul><ul><li>economic hardship, IR </li></ul><ul><li>Children expected to help out family </li></ul><ul><li>budget if poor, long and dangerous jobs </li></ul><ul><li>while getting no education </li></ul><ul><li>16 hour work days, most died before </li></ul><ul><li>age 25 until Factory Acts passed 1802 </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted amount of hours able to </li></ul><ul><li>work for ages under 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Flaw: only for textile industry until </li></ul><ul><li>agitation to new act in 1847, everyone </li></ul><ul><li>10 hour days </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prostitution <ul><li>Late 1840’s, prostitution became popular, known as “The </li></ul><ul><li>Great Social Evil” </li></ul><ul><li>750,000 women unmarried because not enough men </li></ul><ul><li>Magdalene Asylums were institutions of the Catholic Church, </li></ul><ul><li>making nuns out of “fallen women” </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution considered violation of homemaking role of women </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce legislation </li></ul><ul><li>introduced for men to </li></ul><ul><li>divorce wife for adultery </li></ul><ul><li>Moral reforms started </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Lady of Shalott <ul><li>• The Lady of Shalott </li></ul><ul><li>lives in an island castle </li></ul><ul><li>in a river which flows to </li></ul><ul><li>Camelot but no one </li></ul><ul><li>knows who she is. </li></ul><ul><li>• She is cursed, and so </li></ul><ul><li>must constantly weave a </li></ul><ul><li>magic web without </li></ul><ul><li>looking directly out at the </li></ul><ul><li>world and does this by gazing in a mirror </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Lady of Shalott Cont… <ul><li>• One day she sees Sir Lancelot </li></ul><ul><li>and breaks the curse by looking </li></ul><ul><li>out the window at him without </li></ul><ul><li>using a mirror </li></ul><ul><li>• She climbs down from her </li></ul><ul><li>castle and finds a boat and flows </li></ul><ul><li>down the river to Camelot while </li></ul><ul><li>singing her death song </li></ul><ul><li>• She dies before reaching the palace </li></ul><ul><li>• When the locals find the boat and her body they </li></ul><ul><li>then realize who she is and Sir Lancelot finds her </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful and prays God will have mercy on her soul. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Lady of Shalott Background <ul><li>• A Victorian ballad by the English </li></ul><ul><li>poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson </li></ul><ul><li>• Alfred, Lord Tennyson used of </li></ul><ul><li>blank verse, rare in his day, which </li></ul><ul><li>may be related to his complete tone </li></ul><ul><li>deafness which made it hard for him </li></ul><ul><li>to follow the conventional rhythms </li></ul><ul><li>of the poetry of his day. </li></ul><ul><li>• Tennyson used a wide range of </li></ul><ul><li>subject matter, ranging from medieval </li></ul><ul><li>legends to classical myths and from domestic situations to </li></ul><ul><li>observations of nature, as source material for his poetry </li></ul>
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