Project Proposal On Improving River Water Quality In Tegucigalpa, Honduras


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Project Proposal On Improving River Water Quality In Tegucigalpa, Honduras

  1. 1. Project Planning and Evaluation Lecturer : Manfred Metz Report on group exercise Preparation of project proposal:Improving River Water Quality in Tegucigalpa, Honduras Project team members  Volkan Emre 0534436 Turkey  Maria Burova.. . 0534432 Russia  Dilshod Yusupov 0534450 Uzbekistan Berlin, August 2011 i
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page1.Introduction 012.Problem Analysis 012.1 Lack of infrastructure to maintain the purity of water 022.2 Wastewater dumping directly into the river 022.3 Solid waste dumping into the river 033.Objective Analysis 053.1 Increased infrastructure for maintaining water purity 053.2 Reduced Wastewater dumping directly into the river 053.3 Reduced solid waste dumping into river 054.Strategy Selection 074.1 Strategy 1: Policy against corruption 074.2 Strategy 2: Education & Information Policy 074.3 Strategy 3: National policy 084.4.Fiscal& Commercial policies 084.5 Selection of the strategy 085.Stakeholder Analysis 085.1 Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados 085.2 National Autonomous University of Honduras 085.3 Inter-American Development Bank 085.4 Agua Para el Pueblo and Red de Agua y Saneamiento de Honduras 095.5 Local TV station “Channel 6” 095.6 Government of Honduras and local municipalities 095.7 Ministry of Health (Secretaria De Salud Honduras) 096. Log frame Matrix 136.1 Overall objective 136.2 Specific objective 136.3 Planned outputs / results 146.4 Key activities 146.4.1 Public awareness campaign 146.4.2 Assist municipalities with creation of education departments 156.5 Assumptions / Risks 157. Work Plan 187.1 Preliminary phase 187.2 Implementation phase 187.2.1 Public awareness campaign 187.2.2. Assisting municipalities with creation of education departments 198.Organizational Chart 258.1 Steering committee 258.2 Project manager 258.3 Finance department 258.3.1 Accounting and funds management 258.4Administrative department 268.5 Technical implementation department 26 ii
  3. 3. 9. Pre appraisal of Relevance , Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impacts and Sustainability 299.1 Relevance 299.2 Effectiveness 299.3 Efficiency 299.4 Impacts 309.5 Sustainability Indicators 31 LIST OF TABLESTable 2.1 Problem Tree 04Table 3.1 Objective Analysis 06Table 4.1 Strategy Selection 07Table 4.2 Decision Criteria and Strategy Selection 08Table 5.1 Stakeholder Analysis 11Table 6.1 Logframe Matrix 16Table 7.1 Work Plan 20Table 8.1 Organizational Chart 28Table 9.2 Efficiency 29Table 9.4 Impacts 30Table 9.5 Sustainability 31Map 2.1 Honduras 01 ABBREVIATIONS / ACRONYMS APP Agua Para el Pueblo RAS-HON Red de Agua Saneamiento de Honduras IDB Inter American Development Bank NAUH National Autonomous University of Honduras SANAA Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados CH6 Channel 6 PMU Project Management Unit MIDE MIDE Consulting Group MDG Millennium Development Goal iii
  4. 4. 1.INTRODUCTIONHonduras is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. According to theUnited Nations reports, barely half of the population had access to disinfected water,80% of the illnesses detected in Honduras originate from the water they consumed,and 26% of the people lived without access to sanitation.Water borne diseases stemming from inadequate water quality of deteriorating riversrank among the most urgent challenges in Honduras. This particular problem of thesmall pacific country is also related to the Millenium Development Goals (MDG) thatdeal with reducing child mortality rates , improving maternal health , combatting withdiseases and ensuring environmental sustainability (MDG’s with number 4,5,6 and 7).The capital city of Honduras, Tegucigalpa, is the largest city in the country. With itsroughly 1.5 million population it is the most crowded city as welI. The city is surroundedby low income neighborhoods located next to the Choluteca River that flows through itsarea. Due to low service quality problems water supply ,sanitation and pollution in theCholuteca river, serious amount of the households who live around the river and facewith the threats of the water borne diseases every day. Deterioration in the riverecosystem is posing another threat to the families that are dependent on the fishingactivities because of the decline in the fish stock in the river.As MIDE Consulting Group, we aim to increase the quality of the Choluteca River inTegucigalpa, Honduras and consequently to reduce mortality rates by decreasingnumber of water borne diseases. In order to meet sufficient water quality criteria in theselected river within project area, several attempts to include community members tobe more sensitive about the threats of solid waste and wastewater dumping arerequired besides stringent pollution control of the governmental institutions.This project proposal includes details of the main approach of MIDE Consulting Groupto increase the level of education and awareness about the threats of solid wastedumping and its direct effects on water borne diseases in Tegucigalpa, Honduras withthe cooperation of the local and international stakeholders. The Duration of the projectis estimated to be 12 months. For this purpose problem analysis, objective tree, strategyselection, stakeholder analysis, log frame analysis, work plan and organizational chart,appraisal of relevance, effectiveness , efficiency, impacts and sustainability analysis havebeen developed and explained in the following sections of this project proposal. Project Area: Choluteca River in Tegucigalpa, Honduras 1
  5. 5. 2.PROBLEM ANALYSIS There is a strong tie between the river quality deterioration and water borne diseases inthe selected region. High incidence of the water borne diseases means having highermortality rates which is a very important problem.The second important problem stems from the deterioration in the quality of CholutecaRiver and therefore the deterioration of the river ecosystem. This problem is an directreason of the decline in the fish stock ,meaning a decrease in the income of fishermen inthe region.MIDE Consulting Group’s Project in Honduras aims to solve the problem of the waterdeterioration in the Choluteca River in Tegucigalpa and therefore we identify thisproblem as the core problem. From this point on, our main focus will be to improve riverwater quality . Choluteca river will be on the particular focus of the project proposal.MIDE Group defines the reasons of deterioration in the river water quality respectivelyunder the following three major causes such as solid waste and wastewater dumped intoriver and lack of infrastructure to maintain water purity.2 .1 Lack of infrastructure to maintain the purity of waterIt is a common problem for those cases in that there are businesses and householdswithout access to the sewage network due to the low rate of investment and lack ofpolitical interest. The double arrow on Table 2.1 between “political interest” and“infrastructure” shows a dependence on local administration influence. There have beenserious attempts to increase the sewage network in the Honduras , especially inTegucigalpa in the last years , however current infrastructure is still not sufficient tomaintain water purity.2.1.1 Low investments in infrastructure are basically the core problems underneath the lack of infrastructure to maintain water purity in the rural areas of Tegucigalpa.2.1.2 Limited number of households and businesses are connected to sewage network is a direct result of having lack of investments in infrastructure. This problem is obviously visible in the rural areas of Tegucigalpa.2.2 Wastewater dumping directly into the riverThis problem comes from the low interest in politics to the environmental problems,which consequently lead to the wrong values of law. Inadequate legal regulations – thatis how we called the cause of wastewater dumping.2.2.1 Low political interest effect both administration as well as the environmental law. The second linkage comes to the reason why households living around the river line are allowed to dump wastewater and pollute the river water. It simply means that there is not sufficient legislations against polluters and, thus, no real dissuasive force to them to become environmentally friendly. At this point it must be mentioned that this problem is interacting with the problem that is stated as ‘low investments in infrastructure’. This link can be observed on the problem analysis table. 2
  6. 6. 2.2.2 Inadequate legal regulation is a direct result of having low political interest to deal with direct wastewater dumping to the river. In the case of Honduras, there have been serious attempts in raising the political interest and therefore introduce new legal regulations. However this attempts are still not sufficient.2.3 Solid waste dumping into the river This problem could be defined as a final placement of refuse that is not salvaged or recycled. The first cause level starts with such problem as Lack of education and information. It comes further to either Corruption or Lack of Public Awareness. The last problem is a direct line towards the lack of knowledge that makes society feel itself unreceptive to the environment. However, the corruption, known as the abuse of public power, leads to Insufficient control on polluters. 2.3.1 Lack of education and information comes to the point that households together with businesses are not familiar with the consequences of solid waste dumping directly to the river. They refuse to change their behaviour because of lack technical & practical information of the long term threats and negative externalities of their activities. This problem has been observed in many cases around the river line of the Choluteca River in the rural areas of Tegucigalpa especially among the poor households. 2.3.2 Lack of public awareness is a direct result of lack of education and information that is identified and discussed above. Insufficient educational background of how to use water in a proper way of water consumers. The effective way of water usage in daily life activities of households and businesses is needed to be maintained by not only infrastructure of water canalization, but also by teaching how not to pollute before this sanitation problem turns to a disaster. 2.3.3 Corruption is an important local figure that directly effects the seriousness and deterrence of the control on polluters that are dumping solid waste directly to the river. It has also an interaction with lack of education and hence education level. The higher education level is the smaller is the size of the corruption on the controlling activities. 2.3.4 Insufficient control on polluters is a direct result of corruption which is identified and discussed in detail above. Problem Tree that is developed with regard to the particular problems in Tegucigalpa is as follows: 3
  7. 7. Table 2.1 Problem tree Decline in fish stock High rates of humanDecline in mortalityincome offishermen Deteriorating River Water Borne EFFECTS Ecosystem Diseases & Illnesses Deterioration of Water Quality in PROBLEM the River Solid waste dumping Lack of infrastructure into river for maintaining water purity Wastewater dumping directly into the river CAUSES Insufficient control Lack of Public Inadequate legal Limited number of households and businesses on polluters Awareness Regulations are connected to sewage network Corruption Lack of Education Low political interest Low Investment in & Information on pollution Infrastructure 4
  8. 8. 3.OBJECTIVE ANALYSISObjective analysis has the problem tree as a basis and tries to solve every identifiedproblem step by step. Since we already identified the deterioration of water quality inthe river as the core problem behind the decline in fish stock in the river and waterborne diseases among people who are living in the river line, our main objectives will bedetermined by taking these facts into account.Our main objective as Improving quality of water in the river in Tegucigalpa, Hondurasand therefore decrease the incidence of water borne diseases and reduce the mortalityrates. On the other hand achievement of the core objective will lead us to animprovement in the river ecosystem and have an increase in the fish stock and hence anincrease in the income of fishermenThree sub-objectives must be achieved to improve the river quality. Those arerespectively showed on the objective analysis respectively as reducing solid wastedumping into river, reducing wastewater dumping directly into the river and increasinginfrastructure for maintaining water purity.3.1 Increased infrastructure for maintaining water purityIncrease in infrastructure for maintaining water purity is accomplished by two mainachievements. Those achievements are respectively explained below:3.1.1 Higher investment in infrastructure . Governmental and private investments in thewastewater treatment infrastructure are increases. Rise in the political interest andrevision of the business plans of the businesses had direct effects in the achievement.3.1.2 Increased number of households and businesses connected to sewage network is adirect result of the achievement that is higher investment in infrastructure.3.2 Reduced wastewater dumping directly into the riverA decline in the volume of wastewater directly dumped into the river could be achievedby two efforts. Those efforts are respectively explained below:3.2.1 Increased political interest in pollution3.2.2 Establishment of new legal regulations is the direct result of the increased political interest in pollution.3.3 Reduced solid waste dumping into riverA decline in the volume of wastewater directly dumped into the river could be achievedby two efforts. Those efforts are respectively explained below:3.3.1. Educational & informational programs are established , MIDE Consulting Group hasimplemented two different programs. First one is a public awareness campaign amongthe households. Second program is assisting municipalities in establishing neweducation departments that are directly involved in giving education to the societyabout the environmental and health issues that are also related with the threats of solid 5
  9. 9. waste dumping. Details of these programs will be explained in the upcoming parts of the project proposal. 3.3.2. Public awareness is increased the direct result of the successful establishment of the educational and informational programs. Problem Analysis that is developed with regard to the Problem tree in the second part of the project proposal is as follows: Table 3.1 Objective AnalysisIncome of Fish stock is increasedfishermen Decreased rates of is human mortalityincreased Improved River Decline in number EFFECTS Ecosystem of Water Borne Diseases Quality of River Water is Improved PROBLEM Reduced solid waste Increased infrastructure dumping into river for maintaining water purity Reduced Wastewater dumping directly into the river CAUSES Sufficient control on Increased Public New legal Regulations Increased number of households and businesses polluters Awareness are established connected to sewage network Decreased Level of Educational & Increased political Higher Investment in Corruption Informational interest on pollution Infrastructure Programs are established 6
  10. 10. 4. STRATEGY SELECTIONMIDE Group identifies main strategies that are aiming to improve the river quality inTegucigalpa in four main groups. Strategy analysis can be explained by using thestrategy selection table below. Table 4.1 Strategy selection4.1 Strategy 1 : Policy against corruptionInsufficient control on polluters is one of the core problems that is effecting the volumeof solid waste dumped into river. It is an undeniable fact that corruption of thecontrolling authorities plays an important role at that stage. This strategy is focusing onreducing corruption of the controlling authorities with the cooperation of thegovernmental institutions.4.2 Strategy 2 : Education & Information policy 7
  11. 11. Lack of education and insufficient social awareness about the threats of solid wastedumping and its connection with the water borne diseases is a very important issue inthe rural areas of Tegucigalpa. This strategy aims to deal with the mentioned problem intwo sub-strategies. First one is starting a public awareness campaign first among theselected households and then increase the scope by broadcasting a TV advertisement.Second sub-strategy is assisting municipalities in establishing education departmentsthat will aim to educate households and small businesses with specifically trained localpersonnel.4.3 Strategy 3 : National policyReducing wastewater dumping by introducing new legal regulations is under themonopoly of the government. National policy strategy aims to raise the lack of politicalinterest on pollution. This strategy is mainly depends on the governmental advocacyactivities in the parliament. Commitment and sustainability between the nationalelection periods are the key issues for the success of the strategy.4.4 Strategy 4: Fiscal & Commercial policiesIncreasing infrastructure to sustain better water purity needs private and governmentalinvestments. Raising those investments requires set of fiscal & commercial policies ,which must be included to the business plans of the institutions & corporations.4.5 Selection of the strategyIn evaluation of the strategy selection in the project proposals MIDE Group uses the‘Decision Criteria and Strategy Selection’ table that is shown below. MIDE group selectsthe strategy number two, based on the criteria , listed on the table 4.2 . Table 4.2 Decision Criteria and Strategy Selection 8
  12. 12. Depending on the selected strategy, MIDE Group plans to implement a public awarenesscampaign in order to raise the social awareness in reducing solid waste dumping intothe river and to convince & assist municipalities in establishing new educationdepartments. The length of the project is estimated at 12 months.5. STAKEHOLDER ANALYSISThere are seven main stakeholders with vested interests in the MIDE Consulting Groupproject that is being implemented in Honduras. These interested parties range frominternational donors, national legislative and executive bodies (government and localmunicipalities), public institutions (ministry of health, public universities), andnonprofit organizations. The list of key actors is the following: Servicio AutónomoNacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados (SANAA), National Autonomous University ofHonduras (NAUH), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Local NGOs: Agua Para elPueblo (APP) and Red de Agua y Saneamiento de Honduras (RAS-HON), TV StationChannel 6, Government of Honduras (GOV), and Ministry of Health (MOH).The range and type of stakeholders is extensive and diverse. Each stakeholder has aparticular role set in the project but all stakeholders are involved to achieve the commongoal – to reduce number of water borne diseases & illnesses through water andsanitation project. The stakeholders will collaborate with each other throughoutdifferent development stages of the project to ensure successful outcome andcompletion.5.1 Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados is public sectoraqueduct and sewage company. It operates 33 of the nearly 4800 piped water systems inthirty municipal capitals including that of the capital city of Tegucigalpa. It has anenormous influence on water and sanitation system in Honduras. Through its largeadministrative staff and regulatory authority it can encourage and enforceenvironmental and health standards proposed by MIDE Consulting Group project.SANAA has a thorough understanding of local water and sanitary needs and is known tohave a strong established relationship with local NGOs and governmental agencies.5.2 National Autonomous University of Honduras is public university of Honduraswith many campuses throughout the country. It will provide technical expertise inimplementing educational programs, conducting surveys and support projectimplementations with the help from academic staff, student organizations and volunteergroups. NAUH has a direct access to many target group and locations through itsextensive network of affiliate colleges and universities. With its strong engineeringprograms, it will also serve as the labor pool for trained water and sanitationprofessionals and engineers.5.3 Inter-American Development Bank is an international financial institution and thelargest source of development financing for Latin America and the Caribbean. It willserve as a main donor (source of money) for implementing the project. It has allnecessary financial, technical capacity and strong international and political influence.On the other hand, IDB does not have strong ties with local NGOs and has poorcoordination of allocation of funds. On a positive note, IDB includes an audit arm withinits organization that ensures the project is carried out in a way satisfactory way. 9
  13. 13. 5.4 Agua Para el Pueblo and Red de Agua y Saneamiento de Honduras are local NGOsthat work on developing water treatment projects, focusing particularly on the less-privileged communities of the rural areas and developing urban zones and supportingthe modernization of the PHC of Honduras, through actions of knowledge managementand advocacy, with the active participation of the public sector, civil society and donoragencies, at national, regional and local levels. Local NGOs are best positioned to deeplyand more efficiently reach our target groups. They have previous experience working inthe area with local population and possess established coordination capacity. MIDEConsulting Group will collaborate with APP and RAS-Hon to provide technical andengineering expertise to these locally well positioned NGOs. 5.5 Local TV station “Channel 6” provides public-access television to the Honduranpeople. Channel 6 can be used to reach the largest number of viewers in Honduras byless financially costly means. It will provide broadcasting of education programs for aperiod of eight months to access large target group audience.5.6 Government of Honduras and local municipalities are responsible for a wide rangeof services for their local communities. Few of them are refuse removal, refuse dumpsand solid waste disposal. Through the supervision and support of federal government,local municipalities will help to enforce health standards embodied in the core ofeducational programs of MIDE Consulting Group project and tackle the issues of solidwaste disposal and dump removal in a more efficient and environmentally friendly way.These government bodies will be involved in the project from the inception andimplementation stages all the way till completion of the project.5.7 Ministry of Health (Secretaria De Salud Honduras) is a department of Hondurangovernment that is responsible for government policy for health and social care matters.Ministry of Health of Honduras will be responsible for encouraging educationalprograms proposed by MIDE Consulting Group on a state, district and local level throughstate operated hospitals. The central level of the MOH will be responsible for planningand implementing MIDE educational programs. Since the process includesdeconcentration, the provincial and local levels of MOH will be responsible forimplementing most of the education programs. 10
  14. 14. Table 5.1 Stakeholder Analysis Stakeholder Analysis Description Stakeholder Characteristics Interests/ Mandates Strength Opportunities Weaknesses/ Threats Public Sector Operates 33 of the nearly 4800 Administrative capacity (large staff) and Lack of sufficient financial resources Aqueduct and piped water systems in thirty physical capacity (office space) Sewage Company municipal capitals including that Servicio Autónomo Regulatory authority Lack of Motivated Staff of the capital city of Tegucigalpa Nacional de Government (Approximately half of the urban Awareness of local water and sanitary needs No policy for sector financing Acueductos y Institutions Alcantarillados water supply and sanitation systems) Coordination capacity Bureaucracy (Red Tape) (SANAA) Ability to coordinate with local agencies and Lack of advanced engineering expertise external NGOs University National public university of Direct access to target groups and locations Lack of sufficient internal and external Honduras with many campuses (locations throughout the country) sources of funds throughout the country. National Autonomous Expertise in teaching, conducting Lack of autonomyAcademic Institutions University of educational programs and surveys Honduras (NAUH) Strong volunteer and proactive groups Understaffing Technical knowledge in the fields of Bureaucracy engineering, water and sanitation International IDB is the largest source of Large amount of financial reserves Detrimental environmental policies Financial Institution development financing for Latin America and the Caribbean. Technical expertise in the field Small administrative capacity within the country (Honduras) International Inter-American Capacity to organize and lobby Politically motivated Development Development Bank Organizations (IDB) Strong relationship with the government Lack of strong ties with local NGOs and civil society groups Good coordination and Lack of direct access to target groups monitoring/evaluation mechanisms and locations Agua Para el Pueblo Honduran NGO Developing water treatment Technical expertise on issues of potable Limited administrative capacity Local NGOs projects, focusing particularly on water, disinfection, and treatment coverage (APP) 11
  15. 15. the less-privileged communities of Field work on promotion of water treatment Lack of sufficient financial resources the rural areas and developing systems urban zones Community involvement in sanitary education Ability to coordinate with local agencies and external NGOs Honduran Network of To support the modernization of Awareness of local water and sanitary needs Little financial resources Water and Sanitation the PHC of Honduras, through actions of knowledge management Red de Agua y and advocacy, with the active Saneamiento de participation of the public sector, Honduras(RAS-HON) civil society and donor agencies, at Organizational knowledge from previous Lack of specific engineering expertise national, regional and local levels water and sanitation programs Coordination capacity Main Television To provide public-access Publicly accessible Lack of autonomy from the government Station in Honduras television to the Honduran peopleLocal TV Station Channel 6 (CH6) Capacity to reach large audience Censorship Self funded and financially independent Bureaucracy State and district Local government are responsible Understand local community needs Corruption municipalities for a wide range of services for their local communities. Few of them: refuse removal, refuse Supervisory role Lack of skilled staff Government of dumps and solid waste disposal. Government (GOV) Honduras Creating a more cohesive community Bureaucracy Weak educational policies Lack of co-ordination with National Government Government entity Department of Honduran Strong relationship with national and local Limited technical capacity government that is responsibile governments for government policy Organizational Capacity Low level approach to projects Secretaria De Salud for health and social care mattersMinistry of Health Honduras Supervisory role Limited international support Understanding of local community needs Bureaucracy 12
  16. 16. 6. LOGFRAME MATRIX‘‘The LogFrame method is an instrument employed by analysts, planners and managers forproblem analysis, objective formulation, planning, implementation, monitoring andevaluation of selected,objective-oriented interventions that aim at a change of reality froma situation which is perceived asnegative towards a positive situation’’ (Metz, 2005). MIDEGroup is following a similar line with a 4 by 4 Logframe Matrix in specifiying the overalland specific objectives, planned outputs/results, key activities, assumptions/risks of thesocial awareness campaign regarding the threats of solid waste dumping in Honduras.Detailed information regarding the elements of the Logframe Matrix are presentedbelow.6.1 Overall ObjectiveWater borne diseases stemming from inadequate water quality of deteriorating riversrank among the most urgent challenges in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. This particularproblem of the small pacific country is also touching to the Millenium DevelopmentGoals (MDG) that deal with reducing child mortality rates , improving maternal health ,combatting with diseases and ensuring environmental sustainability (MDG’s withnumber 4,5,6 and 7).As stated in the problem analysis section, there are several reasons behind thedeterioration of the water quality in Choluteca River in Tegucigalpa, Honduras.Deterioration in the river water quality causes water borne diseases. Regarding themain problem in the region and Millenium Development Goals, MIDE Group objects‘Reduced umber of water borne diseases and ilnesses around Tegucigalpa’ as the overallobjective of this project proposal. Main objective’s outputs can be measured with major indicators during and after theimplementation of the project: Improved health indicators indicating water bornediseases and illnesses among target group, reduced mortality rate and improved humandevelopment indicators. MIDE Group aims to obtain the results of the mentioned indicators from governmentstatistics, specific surveys of ministry of health of Honduras in on water borne diseases,UNDP Human Development Index and WHO Reports. MIDE group assumes that there will be no epidemic outbreaks and no lack of politicalinterest during the implementation period of the project.6.2 Specific ObjectiveTo achieve the overall objective stated as ‘Reduced number of water borne diseases andillnesses’ MIDE identifies ‘Improved river quality by reducing the volume of dumpedsolid waste’ as the specific objective of the project proposal. MIDE Group aims to reducethe volume of dumped solid waste into the Choluteca River. Indicators to measure the river quality are classified under two main groups. Firstgroup is physical and chemical indicators. Dissolved oxygen, temperature, ph andalkalinity tests will aim to measure and evaluate ongoing project’s effects in the river.Second group of indicators is biological indicators which includes tests regarding thelevel of microbes, algeas and fish in the river. 13
  17. 17. MIDE Group aims to obtain the results of above mentioned surveys from governmentstatistics, NAUH (National Autonomous University of Honduras) , SANAA(GovernmentSector Aquadact and Sewega Company).MIDE Group assumes that institutions will cooperate and there will be no major naturalor industrial disaster during the implemetation period of the project.6.3 Planned Outputs / ResultsMIDE Group’s Project aims to achieve two major results to reach to the specific andoverall objectives. First result is ‘Raised public awareness of the threat of water bornediseases posed by solid waste dumping’and the second result is : ‘Increased publiceducation and information programs’. These results are expected to reduce the volumeof solid waste dumped into the river and hence improve the river water quality. Thefinal result of this chain will be reduced number of water borne diseases.Planned results can be measured by several indicators. Those indicators arerespectively: Number of people reached, attendance of target households to theworkshop, No./% of households using municipalsolid waste collection services,viewership members of the campaign advertisements on TV, numbers of educationdepartments established within municipalities, number of permanent staff educated.MIDE Group is going to measure above mentioned planned results by projectmonitoring, government and municipality and health surveys.6.4 Key ActivitiesKey activities are the key steps towards the achivement of the planned results statedabove. MIDE Group divides its project activities in two main parts. First part is to createand implement a Public Awareness Campaign. The second part is assist municipalitieswith creation of education departments. MIDE Group aims to raise the social awarenessof the threats of solid waste dumping into the riverline with a Public awarenesscampaign and therefore reduce the volume of solid waste dumped and reduce thenumber of water borne diseases. On the other hand establishing new educationdepartmets within local municipalities aims to have the sustainability and raise theeffectiveness of the social awareness in the threats of solid waste dumping. MIDE Groupidentifies its key activities in the project as in the following order:6.4.1 Public Awareness CampaignConduct a survey among households and form the target areas and target groups. Thisactivity is important to define the cause- effect relationships. 1. Develop training materials for educators. 2. Training the volunteer educators in line with the threats of the solid waste dumping and its direct relation with the water borne diseases in the region is an important activity in MIDE Consulting Group’s Project. 3. Printing and distributing leaflets to the target households is an anorther activity that are going to be implemented at the same time with other educational activities during the project in the region. 4. MIDE Consulting Group is going the organise workshops in the selected areas with the cooperation of government, the local NGO APP and municipalities in order to raise the awareness of the threats of the solid waste dumping to the riverline. 14
  18. 18. 5. In order to reach more people and sustain the long term stability , MIDE Consulting Group is going to organise TV broadcasting campaign by an adviretisement. MIDE will be in charge for the development and management of the campaign. The local TV Channel CH6 will be used in order to accomplish this aim.6.4.2 Assist municipalities with creation of education departments In order to establish new education departments within local municipalities that will be in charge for giving education and information to the community members it is very important to develop and publish article of associations. MIDE Group will assist the municipalities in defining institutional goals and ethics 1. In line with long term goals of the project and the administrative sensitivinesses in Honduran local administration , MIDE Group will assist municipalities to constitute the organisational charts of the new departments. 2. Education of the new personnel has a great importance for the succes of the project. Therefore MIDE Group will be in charge in developing and printing training materails for permanently hired local personnel. 3. MIDE Group is going to give recruitment assistance to local municipalities in hiring permanent personnel. 4. MIDE Group’s last task will be to manage the training of the hired personnel.6.5 Assumptions / RisksBefore and during the project implementation that is based on the above mentionedobjectives, results and activities, MIDE Consulting groups assumes that there won’t bean interuption becasuese of some external factors. Main factors , that have significantimportance are stated on the Logframe Matrix. MIDE Counsulting Group assumptionsare as in the following : No epidemic outbreaks, no lack of political interest, cooperationof institutions, na major industrial or natural disasters, cooperation of communitymembers, no corruption, enough funding, suitable and adequate personnel. 15
  19. 19. Table 6.1 Logframe MatrixStrategy Indicators Means of Verification Assumptions / RisksOverall Goal · Health Indicators indicate that water borne · Government Statistics · No epidemic diseases & illnesses among target group have outbreaksReduced number of water borne diseases & illnesses reduced · Mortality rate has decreased · Water bornde · No lack of political diseases & health intrest statistics / surveys · Human Development indicators have improved · UNDP Human Development IndexSpecific objectives / planned outcomes Physical and chemical indicators · Water quality tests · Cooperation of1. Improved river quality by reducing the volume of conducted by NAUH institution · Dissolved Oxygen · No major industrial / naturaldumped solid waste disaster · Temparature · pH and alkalinity Biological Indicators · Water quality tests conducted by SANAA · Microbes · Algeas · FishPlanned Outputs / Results · Number of people reached · Project monitoring · Cooperation of community1. 1 Raised public awareness of the threat of water borne members · Attendance of target households to the workshops · Government statistics · No coruptiondiseases posed by solid waste dumping & surveys · No./% of households using municipal solid waste · Municipality statistics · No cultural collections services & surveys conflicts & resistances 16
  20. 20. · Viewership ratings of the campaign · Rating surveys1. 2 Increased public education and information programs adviretisements on TV · Number of education departments established · Project monitoring & within municipalities Government statistics · Number of permanent staff educated at the local · Project monitoring & municipalities Government statisticsKey Activities1.1.1 Public awareness campaign Number of people effectedby water borne · Project monitoring · Enough funding1.1.1.1 Conduct a survey among households and form the diseases · Suitable & target areas and target groups adequate personnel Training materials · MIDE, GOV, · Cooperation of Municipalities community1.1.1.2 Develop and print training materials for educators members1.1.1.3 Train volunteer educators Number of educators · No corruption Printed leaflets · MIDE, NAUH, GOV, · No cultural Municipalities conflicts & Print leaflets and distribute to target househols resistances Workshop materials · MIDE, GOV, Workshops in the target areas APP,Municipalities Workshop attendances · Project monitoring1.1.1.6 Organise an awareness campaign by broadcasting TV advertisements Viewership ratings of TV advertisements · MIDE, GOV, CH61.2.1 Assist municipalities with creation of education departments Article of associations of the education · Municipalities1.2.1.1 Define institutional goals & ethics departments Article of associations of the education · Municipalities1.2.1.2 Constitute the organisational chart departments Printed training materials · MIDE, NAUH, GOV, Develop and print training materials Municipalities1.2.1.4 Assist to hire local personnel Number of permanent personnel hired · MIDE, Municipalities1.2.1.5 Train hired local personnel Number of permanent personal trained · MIDE, Municipalities 17
  21. 21. 7. WORK PLANMIDE Consulting Group’s Work Plan is divided in two main phasis: preliminary andimplementation. The prelimary phase includes the necessary activities to prepare and tostart the project implementation in Tegucigalpa,Honduras. MIDE Group plans toimplement its project for one year starting from January 2012. Detailed informationregarding the preliminary and implementation phasis and the time framework of theproject can be found on the Work Plan Table following the information below.7.1 Preliminary phase1.Advocacy activities: There are some certain steps that must be taken before reachingthe memorandum of understanding. To convince the target institutions for theircommitment in the project, MIDE Group is going to elaborate project proposal to cometo the agreement with the stakeholders.2. Memorandum of understanding: MIDE Group is planning to reach to the agreementwith the main stakeholders : GOV, IDB and APP within one month after the elaborationof the project proposal.3.Establishing stering committee (SC): Representatives of the main stakeholders ofthe project that are going to sign the memorandum of understanding will establish thesteering committee which will be in charge in monitoring and controlling all activitiesrelated with the project.4.Establishing project management unit (PMU): Project Management Unit (PMU) isthe general term that is widely used in the literature. PMU is the unit is responsible forimplementing the project.5. Establishing an office for PMU: MIDE Group is going to hire an office in Tegucigalpa.The main motivation its strategical location and logistic advantages.6. Sustaining residance & orientation for PMU staff: During the implementation ofthe project, selected experts of MIDE Group are going to reside in Tegucigalpa tomanage and evaluate the ongoing process. Therefore there is a need to sustainredidances for the personnel.Orientation is an another part of their arrival toTegucigalpa.7. Opening a bank account for PMU at an international bank: MIDE Group prefers towork with an international bank. Therefore a bank account in HSBC Teguciglpa will becontacted7.2 Implementation phase7.2.1 Public Awareness CampaignActivities that are listed below are in the chronogical order for the project.1. Survey among households: In order to identify the fundamentals of the project, GOV and APP will distribute questionnaires to the households living around Choluteca River in Tegucigalpa.2. Survey among households: APP, GOV(Ministry of health) and PMU select households from the sample. Volume of solid waste dumped into river and incidence of water borne diseases are two main critetiria in the selection.3. Development & printing training materials for educators: APP, GOV(Ministry of health), NAUH and PMU works in cooperation to develop dtraining materials for 18
  22. 22. educators who are going to be in the field to inform selected households about the threats of solid waste dumping4. Training volunteer educators: GOV, NAUH (National University of Honduras) and PMU cooperates to educate volunteer educators before sending them to the field. NAUH is going to be in charge for teaching theoritical aspects of the threats of solid waste dumping and its effects as an indicator on water borne diseases .5. Printing leaflets and distributingto target households: GOV (Municipalities) and APP cooperates to distribute the leaflets, developed and printed by PMU to the target households.6. Developing the TV advertisement: Since MIDE Group aims to reach the also the households and business that are not in the target group, PMU will be in charge for the management of developing a TV advertisement with cooperation with stakeholders. Detailed information can be found on the work plan table.7. Contract Signing with selected local TV channel: PMU and Honduran TV channel CH6 signs a contract regarding the advertisement campaign. Duration of the contract is 8 months.8. Preparing an Evaluation Report: PMU prepares an evaluation report to the SC with regard to the public awareness campaign.7.2.2 Assisting Municipalities with creation of education departments1. Project presenting to the municipalities: PMU presents project proposal and itsdetails to the municipalities in January 2012, before the implementation of the project.2. Defining institutional goals& ethics: PMU, GOV and NAUH cooperates to define theinstitutional goals and ethics of the new education departments before theestablishment.3. Assisting municipalities to hire local personnel: PMU assists municipalities to hirelocal personnel with the technical support of NAUH. This activity takes six monthsbetween june and november.4. Developing & printing training materials for permanently hired personnel:PMU, GOV and NAUH develops training materials for new personnel that is going to behired for the education departments within municiplaties .5. Training permanently hired personnel: Final task of the second phase of theproject i to train the personnel. PMU, GOV and selected professors of the NAUH areinvolved in this task. This will be implemented for seven months simultaneously withassisting municipalities to hire local personnel.6. Preparing an Evaluation Report: PMU prepares an evaluation report to the SC withregard to assisting municipalities with creation of education departments. 19
  23. 23. Table 7.1 Work Plan MainProject Phase A/B Stockholders Main inputs toAreas of Activities involved Action taken by Stakeholders be provided 2012 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 September December February Novemer October January August March April June June MayA : Preparation / inception phase * Service fee for legal1) Advocacy Activities MIDE * Elaboration of project proposal consultants2) Memorandum ofunderstanding GOV GOV * Impelling municipalities to establishSigning the letter of understanding environmental education departments with its commitment. * Funding the Project for the assisting * Service fee for legal municipalities consultants * Impelling NAUH to cooperate & lawyers * Administrative support IDB IDB * Funding for the public awareness campaign APP APP * Cooperation in the public awareness campaign MIDE MIDE * Managing & implementing the project3) Establishing the steeringcommittee (SC) IDB * Mutual Agreement between members * Meeting costs APP with regard to SC establishment * Administrative costs MIDE 20
  24. 24. 4) Establishing projectmanagement unit (PMU) MIDE * Establishing orgonagram & job descriptions * No costs5) Establishing an office for PMU * Renting an office in Tegucicalpa * Deposit&Rent * Equipment & Furniture MIDE * Procuring office materials costs * Connecting landline & internet..etc * Utility connection costs *6) Sustaining residence & Transportation&PerDiemorientation MIDE * Allocation of the stuff to the residences costs for PMU Staff IDB * Field Trips7) Opening a bank account forPMU at an international bank MIDE * Contacting HSBC Honduras * Service feeB: Main implementation phase1) Public Awareness Campaign GOV (Statistical Office & Ministry of1.1) Survey among households Health) GOV * Distributing questionnaires * Detecting households dumping solid waste into riverline APP APP * Survey fee * Distributing questionnaires * Administrative costs PMU PMU * Management * Identifying fundamentals like cause - effect relationship1.2) Forming target groups APP GOV(Ministry of Health&Municipaliti * Selection of households from sample with es) cooperation * Administrative Costs PMU1.3) Development & printing GOV (Ministry oftraining Health) GOV 21
  25. 25. materials for educators * Involving experienced medical personnel * Fees for education NAUH NAUH professionals * Involving Professors from related departments * Printing costs APP APP * Administrative costs * Involving experienced personnel PMU PMU * Active participation & management GOV (Ministry of * Fees for education1.4) Training volunteer educators Health) GOV professionals * Teaching practical knowledge * Administrative costs NAUH NAUH * Teaching theoritical knowledge PMU PMU * Active participation & management1.5) Printing leaflets and GOVdistributing (Municipalities) * Mutual participation in development materials * Printing costs to target households APP * Cooperation * Administrative costs1.6) Developing the TV GOV (Ministry of * Fees for the selectedadvertisement Health) advertisement NAUH * Mutual participation in the development of the agency APP TV advertisement campaign *Administrative costs IDB * Cooperation Selected Advertising Agency PMU1.7) Contract signing with * Fee of theselected CH6 CH6 adviretisement campaign local TV channel * Regular broadcasting for 8 months PMU PMU * Management & assesment & control1.8) Preparing an EvaluationReport GOV(Municipalities) PMU * Administrativec costs * Preparation of the report regarding the SC assesments and * Printing costs NAUH effects of the public awareness campaign 22
  26. 26. * Reporting the report to the SC, GOV , NAUH and APP APP PMU2) Assisting municipalities withcreation of education departments2.1) Project proposal to themunicipalities PMU * Presenting Project Proposal * Administrative costs2.3) Defining institutional goals &ethics GOV(Municipalities) GOV * Administrative costs * Sharing information with PMU by into account law and institutional culture of the government sector NAUH NAUH * Involving Professors from related departments to cooperate with PMU PMU PMU * Defining the instittutional goals & ethics regarding integrity, professionalism, caring and teamwork2.4) Assisting municipalities to * Service fee forhire NAUH NAUH professionals * Involving Professors from related departments local personnel to * Administrative costs cooperate with PMU and mınicipalities PMU PMU * Management of the recruitment advisory for municipalities2.5) Developing & printingtraining materials GOV(Municipalities) GOV Fees for educationfor permanently hired personnel * Involving experienced medical personnel professionals 23
  27. 27. NAUH NAUH * Involving Professors from related departments Printing costs PMU PMU * Active participation & management Administrative costs2.6) Training permanently hired * Fees for educationpersonnel GOV(Municipalities) GOV professionals * Practical training of the personnel * Administrative costs NAUH NAUH * Theoritical training of the personnel PMU PMU * Active participation & management2.7) Preparing an EvaluationReport GOV(Municipalities) PMU * Administrativec costs * Preparation of the report regarding the SC assesments and * Printing costs NAUH effects of the project * Reporting the report to the SC, GOV , NAUH and APP APP PMU 24
  28. 28. 8.ORGANIZATIONAL CHARTAn organizational chart (often called organigram) is a diagram that showsthe structure of an organization and the relationships and relative ranks of its parts andpositions and jobs. The various organizational positions are involved throughout theproject, with some playing more active role at the initiation stage of the projectdevelopment and others at the implementation stage through completion stage. Thehierarchical structure of organization reflects top-to-bottom approach where SteeringCommittee is in charge of making executive decisions on the project which areaccordingly trickle down to the project manager and his/her team which is charge ofcoordination, implementation, and assessment of the project. This hierarchical structureensures closer supervision of every project staff member, proper implementation atevery development stage of the project and stronger accountability to guarantee that theproject is being executed in responsible and appropriate way.8.1 Steering Committee advisory committee made up of high level stakeholders andexperts who provide guidance on key issues such as company policy and objectives,budgetary control, marketing strategy, resource allocation, and decisions involving largeexpenditures. Our committee consists of representative from government of Honduras,Inter-American Development Bank, local NGO Agua Para el Pueblo and NationalAutonomous University of Honduras.8.2 Project Manager is responsible for the overall direction, coordination,implementation, execution, control and completion of specific projects ensuringconsistency with company strategy, commitments and goals. Project manager has thefollowing list of duties:  lead the planning and implementation of project  define project tasks and resource requirements  assemble and coordinate project staff  plan and schedule project timelines  track project deliverables  constantly monitor and report on progress of the project to the steering committee  project evaluations and assessment of results8.3 Finance Department directs and coordinates project’s operating budget andresponsible for processing payments to vendors, contractors and staff members. Itmaintains financial records and issues quarterly financial reports. The financedepartment also provides purchasing function to procure services, supplies, materials,office equipment necessary for implementing the project. The following provides a morecomplete list of specific job responsibilities of finance department  provides oversight for the rationality of all project expenditures.  oversees all budgeting activities on sponsored educational projects.  provides oversight on all aspects of program expenditures.  ensures financial compliance with applicable regulations for sponsored projects8.3.1 Accounting and Funds Management is responsible for preparation, examination,and analysis of accounting records, financial statements, and other financial reports to 25
  29. 29. assess accuracy, completeness, and conformance to reporting and procedural standards.One of the main duties of this arm of finance department is to analyze projectoperations, trends, costs, financial commitments, and obligations and report to theproject manager the financial situation by comparing budgeted costs to actual costs.8.4 Administrative Department provides administrative support for the projectimplementation. The administrative department includes two Program Coordinators,one responsible for Project Awareness campaign and the other for assistingmunicipalities in establishing educational departments. The rest of the administrativestaff includes field workers which provide assistance in project implementation “on theground”.8.4.1 Project Coordinator (Public Awareness) is responsible for Project Awarenesscampaign. He or she will assist project manager with day to day operations related tothe ongoing awareness campaign and work closely with numerous field workers inachieving common daily objectives set for educational programs. He or she will monitorthe field work, act as liaison between subcontractors and PMU, and supervise thecontact work to ensure that previously set objectives and procedures are beingcomplied with and followed. He or she will utilize and evaluate available resources ofvarious program materials and assessment criteria to develop, market and piloteducational programs. Program coordinator in this capacity is fully proficient in Englishand Spanish languages.8.4.2 Project Coordinator (Assisting municipalities in establishing education departments)is responsible for assisting municipalities in establishing educational departments. Thejob entails extensive travelling time and thorough coordination with training andrecruitment units to ensure that the adequate and well educated water and sanitationspecialist are recruited to work in educational department of municipalities. Programcoordinator will keep close a communication with the staff from local municipalities andis fully proficient in English and Spanish languages in this capacity.8.4.3 Field Workers include several hired administrative staff and many volunteereducators. Field workers will help to promote educational programs, workshops, andseminars that are established by the project. Field workers will be spread outthroughout several locations in Tegucigalpa, Honduras to reach larger number of targetgroups. They will distribute information and educational materials to target groups andin public areas and conduct community meetings with local residents and enterprises.8.5 Technical Implementation Department provides technical support and recruitingassistance for the project needs. It consists of two main units: training unit andrecruitment unit.  8.5.1 Training Unit will be responsible for drawing and implementing specific professional training plan for water and sanitation specialists and engineers. The unit will consist of highly qualified engineers and sanitation specialist with extensive work experience and strong background in solid waste dumping issues. The unit will be evaluating the success of individual and group training on an ongoing basis and making sure new recruits have continuing opportunities for improvement and development. 26
  30. 30.  8.5.2 Recruitment Unit will handle the group’s human resource matters. In this capacity, the unit will be responsible to indentify needed staff vacancies, recruiting, interviewing and selecting applicants for both project needs and educational departments of the municipalities. They will recruit highly skilled engineers and water and sanitation educational specialists that will be ultimately trained by the Training Unit to join previously specified labor positions. 27
  31. 31. Table 8.1 Organizational Chart 28
  32. 32. 9. PRE-APPRAISAL OF RELEVANCE, EFFICIENCY,EFFECTIVENESS,IMPACTS,SUSTAINABILITY9.1 RelevanceMIDE Group identifies the relevance of the project in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, as follows:  Relevance to MDG’s number 4,5,6 and 7  Incidence of the water borne diseases in the region  Volume of solid waste dumped directly to the river in the region  Low level of the environmental sensitiveness  Published reports about the stated problem9.2 EfficiencyMIDE Group identifies the relevance of the project in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, on thetable below: Table 9.2 Efficiency Efficiency Cost -Benefit Analysis Cost - Effectiveness Analysis· MIDE Group publishes the cost benefit analysis, · MIDE Group publishes the costincluding detailed budget of the project, after the effectiveness analysis during the elaborationelaboration of the project of the project External Costs External Benefits· Possible Expension of the project scope during · Possible minimization of the project scopethe implementation during the implementation· Extra costs that stem from the mistakes in the · Extra benefits from the mistakes in thecalculation of the prices & wages&service fees in calculation of the prices & wages&servicethe budget during the implementation of the fees in the budget during theproject implementation of the project · Benefits for MIDE Group’ s long term plans from learning process from stakeholders, especially from local ones.9.3 EffectivenessEffectiveness measures to what extent the Project is reaching its objectives. MIDE Groupdescribes the effectiveness of the under the following substances:  Cooperation between stakeholders : Perfect partnership & teamwork among stakeholders  Available funds from stakeholders : IDB,GOV  Evidence of the raised public awareness  Evidence of the raised public education level  Functioning education departments established within municipalities 29
  33. 33. 9.4 ImpactsMIDE Group identifies the impacts of the project on the table below. On the tableplanned effects are showed directly. On the other hand, unplanned effects would be theresults of the negative external interventions and positive & negative externalities of theproject. Those effects are classified in the secondary impacts. Table 9.4 Impacts of the project Positive Impacts Negative Impacts Primary Impacts (Short term) Primary Impacts (Short term)· Selected households are more aware of the · Households give extra effort to reach thethreats of solid waste dumping and its effect on solid waste collection units of thewater borne diseases municipalities· Volume of solid waste dumped into the riverlineis reduced· Municipalities are able to educate the societyabout the environmental sentivinesses and thethreats of solid waste dumping with the establishededucation departments Secondary Impacts (Longer term) Secondary Impacts (Longer term)· Positive externalities of the educational activities · Activities of households are restrictedin the society (Unplanned Impact) because of incresed environmental sensitiveness· Incidence of water borne diseases is decreased · Activities of local municipalities are restricted because of incresed environmental sensitiveness· Fish population in the river is incresed · Negative externalities of the educational activities in the society (Unplanned Impact)· Income of the fishermen is increased9.5 SustainabilityMIDE Group defines its projects sustainability as positive results lasting for longer termafter the implementation of the project. MIDE identifies the longer term effects as infollows: 30
  34. 34. Table 9.5 Sustainability Indicators Sustainability Indicators Quantitative Qualitative· Number of education departments · Commitment of the community membersestablished within the municipalities· Number of trained personnel for the · Commitment of the societyeducation departments · Commitment of the government · Commitment of the municipalities 31
  35. 35. References Millennium Development Goals, 2007, (United Nations, online) available at: Metz, M., 2005, Consultant, Agricultural Policy Support Service, Policy Assistance Division, FAO, Rome, Italy Pure Water for the World. Honduras. Accessed on August 25, 2011. United Nations Report (2000). We the Peoples: Full Report, 2000. NGO Learning (2011). Analysis and Strategy Selection. Accessed on August 25, Channel 6. Canal 6 Historia. Accessed on August 26, 2011 Government of Honduras Official Website. Portal de Gobierno de Honduras. Accessed on August 16, 2011 Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management, Accessed on August 05,2011. Honduras Ministry of Health. Secretaria de Salud. Accessed on August 17, 2011. SANAA, Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados [Online] Available at in August 2011 PAN, Hondurian water platform, [Online] Available at Accessed in August 2011 UNEP (2009), United Nation Development Program, Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan, Volume 2 [Online] Available at Accessed in August 2011 32