Aida Cf Overview Kerle Iscram2009


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Presentation on paper #250: "AÏDA – Providing a framework for objective assessment of ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Africa" (Norman Kerle, ITC)

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Aida Cf Overview Kerle Iscram2009

  1. 1. AÏDA - Providing a framework for objective assessment of ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Africa Dr. Norman Kerle International Institute for Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation (ITC) ( AÏDA – Advancing ICT for DRM in Africa
  2. 2. Purpose and scope Overview of the AÏDA project Purpose of the Conceptual Framework (CF) Structure & scope Principal findings Significance within AIDA & wider utility 2
  3. 3. Overview of the AÏDA project Motivation Disaster occurrence and costs are increasing 3
  4. 4. Effect especially severe in developing countries (90% of fatalities) Hyogo framework for Action is guiding policy ICT solutions What is available? Share information on ICT knowledge and solutions 4
  5. 5. Why Africa? 2007/2008 UNDP Human Development Report – 35 out of last 50 countries in Africa Renewed interest by China and US EU wants to keep up influence (GMES for Africa), and stem immigration Renewed interest in disaster risk management (DRM), e.g. Hyogo Framework of Action, also touches Africa 5
  6. 6. Overview of the AÏDA project Project structure ( 10 partners 2 years VITO (Belgium, lead), ITC (Netherlands), EUMETSAT (Germany), NET QI (Switzerland), GEOSAT (France), Technologies Sans Frontières (Luxemburg), Ardhi University (Tanzania), Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (South Africa), Federal University of Technology, Minna (Nigeria), Institut d’Economie Rurale du Mali (Mali) 6
  7. 7. Objectives Reduce the risk of natural disasters Improve the capacity to respond to disasters Bridge the ICT information access gap within Africa Promote existing, successful and adequate ICT solution & share this information Open up the GEONETCast system for alerting purposes Establish a long-term ICT-cooperation with and within Africa 7
  8. 8. Project Structure Regional First task in WP1: Conceptual Framework (CF) National African Partners 8
  9. 9. Purpose of the CF Review relevant disaster risk management (DRM) concepts and terminology Establish common language Review the disaster situation in Africa Review international policy initiatives in DRM that affect Africa Review international ICT efforts Review African ICT initiatives for DRM Focus is on continental or regional scale 9
  10. 10. Structure of CF 1. Objectives and scope of the Conceptual Framework 2. Natural disasters in Africa 3. Disaster management conceptualized 4. The scalability of risk 5. The hazard situation in Africa 6. From hazard to risk 7. Disaster Risk Reduction policies and strategies 8. The role of ICT for DRM in Africa 9. International ICT-based DRM efforts directed towards or including Africa 10. Tools for information transfer and use – beyond the internet 11. African ICT initiatives 12. Summary 13. Acronym list 14. References 10
  11. 11. Results & observations – Hazard and disasters Most rapid disaster increase in Africa 11
  12. 12. Most rapidly rising population More elements at risk and pressure on resources 12
  13. 13. Hazards and disasters show strong regional patterns Understanding those is the key to risk reduction The macroscopic hazard picture is well known – but not well adapted to different hazard aspects Major hazards at regional and nationals levels are being well monitored At sub-national levels far less capacity exists (infrastructure, skilled personnel, or methods [e.g. local seismic effects]) 13
  14. 14. Results & observations – Risk Risk, as defined, is scalable Fundamentally a social phenomenon As those are locally defined, risk is inherently local (as is reducing vulnerability) In Africa little is known about the actual risk distribution (as it is also hazard dependent) Those hazards can also compound each other Risk should include all vulnerabilities – challenging existing methods and quantification 14
  15. 15. Results & observations – Disaster Risk Management Strategies Africa is well linked in at broad conceptual levels African Union has adopted Hyogo Framework Many countries have developed effective monitoring, early warning and DRM strategies Often the most effective solution is not technological, but community empowerment and a local champion Myth that there are no resources for DRM as all is needed for development and poverty reduction 15
  16. 16. Results & observations – ICT solutions Africa is underconnected in terms of fixed lines and internet 16
  17. 17. Results & observations – ICT solutions Partly made up by leap-frogging to mobile phones 17
  18. 18. Results & observations – ICT solutions For ICT solutions and data transfer this is impractical One solution is GEONETCast Large number of extra-African monitoring exists (FEWS, windstorms, volcanic hazard, seismic grid) Africa itself has shown strong technical capacity and readiness to participate in advanced ICT-based DRM solutions 4 countries have already operated space technology (Egypt, Algeria, Nigeria, South Africa) Missing is ready cross-boundary cooperation and African concept 18
  19. 19. seismic Tropical storms Thermal anomalies Severe weather 19
  20. 20. Rainfall and NDVI anomalies At times modelled observations - malaria 20
  21. 21. African solutions Individual countries have space technology But also joined projects (e.g. Ocean Data and Information Network for Africa (ODINAFRICA), AfricaArray for seismic monitoring, Regional Subsahara Wildland Fire Network (Afrifirenet) Also good efforts in ICT capacity building (e.g. African Centre for Space Science and Technology (CRASTE-LF) in Morocco, and the anglophone Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education (RECTAS) in Nigeria, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD, Kenya), Regional Remote Sensing Project (RRSU, Botswana). 21
  22. 22. What is needed is prioritization – do we focus on statistics of fatalities or affected people? 22
  23. 23. Further details All reviewed in detail in the CF Extensively illustrated First draft ready, final version by June 2010 Can be requested from the AIDA consortium or Meant to provide a basis for the EU to decide on future funding Guidance for NGOs and governmental agencies focusing on DRM in Africa Science community African stakeholders to accelerate cooperation and adoption or what works elsewhere 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. Thank you 25