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Behavior Driven Development with Drupal

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Talk given at Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013.

Talk given at Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013.

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  • 1. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT ALEXANDRU BADIU
  • 2. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT ALEXANDRU BADIU Drupal developer for 10 years. Drupal Romania founding member. I work at Demotix / Corbis. ! http://alexandrubadiu.ro http://twitter.com/voidberg Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 3. BDD IS A SECOND-GENERATION, OUTSIDE–IN, PULL-BASED, MULTIPLE- STAKEHOLDER, MULTIPLE-SCALE, HIGH- AUTOMATION, AGILE METHODOLOGY.
  • 4. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT WAIT, WHAT?
  • 5. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT TDD’S SHORTCOMINGS • Unit tests, Inside - out. • Write the unit test before the code. • Typically written by the programmer. • Can’t test everything: full functional tests? • Can’t refactor as you wish: dependent on early tests. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 6. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD FEATURES • It picks up where TDD leaves off. • Rethinking the approach to unit and acceptance testing. • Uses a common language that everyone can use from all chains of command. • Becomes a test, a piece of documentation, a specification. • Supported by a wide range of tools: Gherkin, Cucumber, Behat, Travis, Jenkins, Jira and so on. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 7. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD FEATURES • Test code or describe behaviour? • Both. • TDD is about ensuring behaviour. • BDD is about describing behaviour. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 8. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD FEATURES • User story. • Stakeholder, effect, value. • Acceptance criteria or scenarios. • Steps. • Initial conditions. • Triggers. • Outcomes. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 9. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD FEATURES Feature: Authentication! ! In order to change my information and add sessions! As a registered Drupalcamp user! I need to be able to authenticate! ! Scenario: User login! Given I am on "/"! When I follow "Log in"! And I fill in "name" with "bddtest"! And I fill in "pass" with "bddtest"! And I press "Log in"! Then I should see "My account" ! ! Scenario: User logout! Given I am logged in! And I am on "/"! When I follow "Log out"! Then I should see "Log in" Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 10. BDD IS A SECONDGENERATION, OUTSIDE–IN, PULL-BASED, MULTIPLESTAKEHOLDER, MULTIPLE-SCALE, HIGH- AUTOMATION, AGILE METHODOLOGY.
  • 11. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD IN PHP • Behat. • OSS. • Cucumber “language”. • Mink for testing web apps. • Different drivers: Selenium, zombie.js, goutte etc. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 12. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT COMPOSER.JSON {! "require": {! "behat/behat": "2.4.*@stable",! "behat/mink": "1.5.*@stable",! "behat/mink-extension": "*",! "behat/mink-goutte-driver": "*",! "behat/mink-selenium-driver": "*",! "behat/mink-selenium2-driver": "*",! "behat/mink-sahi-driver": "*",! "behat/mink-zombie-driver": "*",! },! "minimum-stability": "dev",! "config": {! "bin-dir": "bin/"! }! }! Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 13. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT INSTALL curl http://getcomposer.org/installer | php! php composer.phar install —prefer-source! ! bin/behat —init! ! +d features - place your *.feature files here! +d features/bootstrap - place bootstrap scripts and static files here! +f features/bootstrap/FeatureContext.php - place your feature related code here Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 14. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BEHAT.YML default:! extensions:! BehatMinkExtensionExtension:! base_url: http://drupalcamp.ro/! goutte: ~! zombie: ~! sahi:! port: 9999! selenium2:! wd_host: "http://127.0.0.1:4444/wd/hub"! ! default_session: 'selenium2'! javascript_session: 'selenium2'! Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 15. DEMO
  • 16. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD IN DRUPAL • Behat Drupal Extension. • Provides step definitions for common testing scenarios specific to Drupal sites. Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 17. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD IN DRUPAL composer.json! ! ! ! ! ! "require": {! ! "drupal/drupal-extension": "*"! ! },! behat.yml! ! ! DrupalDrupalExtensionExtension:! blackbox: ~ Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 18. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD IN DRUPAL Given I am logged in as a user with the "authenticated user" role! ! Then I should see the heading “History"! ! Then I should see the heading "User login" in the "left sidebar" region! ! Given the cache has been cleared! ! When I run cron! ! Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 19. BEHAVIOUR DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT BDD IN DRUPAL Given "page" nodes:! | title |! | Page one |! | Page two |! ! And "article" nodes:! | title |! | First article |! | Second article |! ! Given "article" nodes:! | title | promote | First article with fields | 1 ! Given users:! | name | mail | status | Joe User | joe@example.com | 1 | body |! | PLACEHOLDER BODY |! |! | Drupalcamp Tirgu Mures 2013
  • 20. THANK YOU Alexandru Badiu ALEXANDRUBADIU.RO
  • 21. We’re hiring! AngularJS, Node.js. Come talk to me if you’re interested.