Assign #7 modern latin americaPresentation Transcript
Modern Latin America Arman Vatanpur
Latin America Latin America usually refers to areas south of the United States that speak Spanish or Portuguese
Latin American Independence 1807 - 1824 ended the Spanish and Portuguese rule over Mexico, Central America, South America and created independent Latin American nations Spanish Bourbon reform act brought colonists together against monarchy Spanish king took all economic holdings from Latin American Catholic Church Independence brought many changes but most Latin Americans paid little attention to politics
Influence of Britain on Latin Americans With independence from Spain, Britain wishes to take over Latin America starting with economic trade British business involved itself with every aspect of Latin American economy except politics WWI stalled British influence and WWI ended it With Spain having problems at home colonist governed themselves and then refused to return to imperial rule
Latin American Wars of the 19th Century Anti-Rosa forces from Britain and France try numerous times to defeat brutal Rosa government Rosa finally defeated outside Buenos Aires in 1952
The Second World The NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), which went into effect on January 1, 1994, was supposed to help Mexico into the first world. However, joining NAFTA has put Mexico under America’s strategic umbrella. One Mexican diplomat said, “Globalization is our real existential crisis: harsh adjustments to international competition, wider income gaps, and more drug and people trafficking through our territory to the U.S.”
The Second World Inequality and instability go hand in hand; Mexico is a country where colonial monuments stand right beside slums. The rural-urban split in Mexico’s politics reveals that there are four Mexico's: The northern region on the American border, where dollars and pesos are interchangeable. Central Mexico, the country’s capital and bread basket. The indigenous, economically destitute isthmus region. The “New Maya” region of the Yucatan, unevenly modernizing and overwhelmingly poor.
The Second World Mexico is diversifying away from dependency on a single commodity. It was once mainly an oil exporter, but now manufactured goods account for 80% of its exports. However, hundreds of maquiladoresare shutting down and moving to China, where manufacturing is becoming more and more rapid. This has resulted in many lost Mexican jobs, and thus a spike in illegal immigration into the United States.
The Second World Profit-hungry polleros continue to smuggle immigrants into the U.S., and illegal drugs are largely trafficked to the U.S. through Mexico via local organized crime groups. This turns border towns into places of robbery, kidnapping, and gang warfare. Mexican immigrants take jobs in construction and restaurants that Americans don’t want, but also strain underfunded education and health systems. Because Mexico is so unequal – half the country lives in poverty – immigration into America will continue.
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva LuizInácio Lula da Silva, originally LuizInácio da Silva, byname Lula (born Oct. 27, 1945, Garanhuns, Braz.), Brazilian politician who served as president of Brazil from 2003 to 2011.
Fidel Castro Fidel Castro is a revolutionary figure and former Prime Minister of Cuba who served the country from 1959 to 1976 and gained a reputation of an anti- capitalist who openly refuted the American dominance in Asian countries. He was also the 22nd president of the country, a position he took in 1976 and held until 2008, when he resigned and formally transferred all his duties and powers to his brother, vice -president Raul Castro. As a major political, Fidel drew attention for his highly critical views on Capitalists countries including the United States, whose political and corporate influence in Cuba had increased with time.