Digital Innovation in Vietnam: is it possible?

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By Vu DUONG (JVN) during OffiTalk discussion on Jul 19, 2013

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Digital Innovation in Vietnam: is it possible?

  1. 1. Digital Innovation in Vietnam Is it possible? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City OFFYTalk July 19, 2013 Vu Duong John von Neumann Institute – Vietnam National University HCM
  2. 2. “I have had a dream...” “A dream that one day Vietnam will become a world-class leader in Technologies, and that our children would be able to access to knowledge from anywhere in the world, not only to acquire them, but also to build them, John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City anywhere in the world, not only to acquire them, but also to build them, to construct the knowledge, and to make breakthrough innovations not only to make changes to society, but also to promote catalytic disruptions.” (inspired from Sir Martin Luther King’s speech 1963)
  3. 3. What made me thought so? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City What made me thought so?
  4. 4. What made me thought so? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City What made me thought so? M. Truong Trong Thi and the world’s first personal computer
  5. 5. What made me thought so? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City What made me thought so? Trung Dung and the Webcrawler OnDisplay acquisition by Vignette Corp. In 2000
  6. 6. What made me thought so? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City What made me thought so? Mr. Lu in Australia with his carbon-body bicycles..
  7. 7. What made me thought so? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City What made me thought so? Well, I even did some quite relevant inventions, eg. Airborne Separation Assistance Systems
  8. 8. Reality at work is sometimes cruel. John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Reality at work is sometimes cruel. Can you translate “Innovation” into Vietnamese?
  9. 9. Innovation in Vietnam? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Innovation in Vietnam? Sustainability doesn’t seem to be the major concern
  10. 10. Innovation in Vietnam? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Innovation in Vietnam? Copying what everyone else is doing and being “inventive” on price and brands..
  11. 11. Innovation in Vietnam? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Innovation in Vietnam? The fault is ignorance? Or superficiality?
  12. 12. So... What’s Happening? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City So... What’s Happening? Patents (1995-2010): 9047 among which 1326 by foreigners, 294 Vietnamese
  13. 13. So... What’s Happening? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City So... What’s Happening? Global Innovation Index (WIPO & INSEAD): Vietnam ranks 76th/141 (2012), 51st/125 (2011), and 71st/125 (2010) Within ASEAN & Ociania, Vietnam ranks 12th 17 Among lower middle income countries, we are 7th/36.
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. So... What’s Happening? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City So... What’s Happening? “Some of Vietnam’s greatest weaknesses are its institutions and its ease of protecting investors. Underdeveloped human capital and research, especially in tertiary education, are problematic.” (VNHelp, 2013)
  16. 16. SWOT (Vietnam Innovation Profile, World Bank July 2013) • Political stability provides foundation for future foreign investments • Continued economic growth • Diminishing poverty levels John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City • Diminishing poverty levels • Strong agricultural sector • Strong export trade in rice and coffee • Access and proximity to large indigenous & global markets • Abundant labor force
  17. 17. SWOT (Vietnam Innovation Profile, World Bank July 2013) • Poor overall economic infrastructure • Poor innovation infrastructure • Weak policy focus on research and innovation John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City • Weak policy focus on research and innovation • Weak higher education system • Low levels of research & development, especially in private sector • Low productivity levels • Limited access to finance for innovation and starts-up • Absence of links between foreign and domestic firms • Underdeveloped capacities of R&D statistics and indicators and of strategic intelligence
  18. 18. SWOT (Vietnam Innovation Profile, World Bank July 2013) • Young population and sizable diaspora • Stronger focus on an improved higher education sector • Increased FDI and an expanding MNE base John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City • Increased FDI and an expanding MNE base • Expanding IT sector • Improving innovation infrastructure and policy emphasis • Good innovation potential given stage of development • Opportunity to exploit its Technology Transfer Fund
  19. 19. SWOT (Vietnam Innovation Profile, World Bank July 2013) • Global financial situation • Lack of administrative and legal reforms • Failure to tackle banking system reform and level of corruption John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City • Failure to tackle banking system reform and level of corruption • Entrenched public research system • Strong regional competitors (e.g., ASEAN Economic Community 2015) • High trade and tariff barriers for imports • Increasing brain drain
  20. 20. So... Are we Hopeless? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City So... Are we Hopeless?
  21. 21. Innovation? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Innovation? = invention + commercialization/societal adaption A crucial key for sustainable growth in knowledge-based economy Is the generator of dynamics in the ecosystem
  22. 22. Ecosystem as Energy Dynamics (Deborah Jackson, NSF 2011) John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City (Deborah Jackson, NSF 2011) Energy – the fundamental entity of nature that is transferred between parts of a system in the production of physical change within the system (Quizzlet LLC, 2012) Dynamics - the forces or properties that stimulate growth, development, or change within a system or process (Oxford Dictionaries, 2012)
  23. 23. Entrepreneurship Isn’t it the vital force driving innovation? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Isn’t it the vital force driving innovation? But again, can you translate “Entrepreneurship” into Vietnamese?
  24. 24. Innovation Ecosystems as Economics Dynamics to Enable Technology Dev & Inno 24
  25. 25. Traditional Innovation & Entrepreneurship Continuum 25
  26. 26. Fostering the Change Innovation Centers as Platform Nurturing Ecosystems 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. Innovation Framework 28
  29. 29. Innovation Ecosystem Framework 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. Building an Innovation Ecosystem at VNUHCM? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Building an Innovation Ecosystem at VNUHCM?
  32. 32. Ecosystem to Foster Innovation and Entrepreneurship at VNU-HCM University •Innovation Capitalist •Champion •Talents Venture Capital •Innovation Supporters •Innovation Grants Innovation Environment Industry •Innovation Demanders •Strategic Partnership with U. Government •Innovation Catalists •SO Corp •Research Grants 32
  33. 33. “Innovation Capitalist” (Nambisan & Sawhney, HBR 2007 vol. 3) • Basic Idea: • Companies sometimes need to source innovative product ideas from outside • So, they turn to “Innomediaries” (Innovation Intermediaries) to separate the wheat from the chaffIntermediaries) to separate the wheat from the chaff • Leads are Innovation Capitalists, which are firms or organizations with particular expertises Research & Post-Graduate Educational Institutions (of major Research Universities) shall become Innovation Capitalists to transform Universities into Innovation Universities with Research as major activities. Doing “Innovative Research.” 33
  34. 34. Pioneering Ecosystem for Change at VNU-HCM InnovationInnovation IndustryPeople LabLab ResearchResearchEducationEducation IndustryPeople
  35. 35. Example • Innovation Environment of Ecosystem • John von Neumann Institute • Open Innovation Lab • THP Innovation & Business Acceleration Center• THP Innovation & Business Acceleration Center Processes: • Partnerships with Industries (THP Group, DatViet VAC, Pose) • Partnerships with Worldwide Institutions (Eurecom Institute, ParisTech, Poli Turino, UIUC, etc…) • Affiliate Program to attract Talents from abroad • Incorporation of Innovation & Entrepreneur courses in the major curriculum • … 35
  36. 36. The route is still long and rough. Acceleration is possible with serious fundings. John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Acceleration is possible with serious fundings. MoST and WB programs ramp up but yet for “tomorrow.” Hope, hope, and pray!
  37. 37. Innovation is more than key for industrial competition but catalytic for social changes John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City but catalytic for social changes “With catalytic innovations, social change is the primary object. It can exceed the statu quo to offer new solutions to social problems identified unsatisfactory.” Christensen et al. (2006) “Disruptive Innovation for Social Change.” Harvard Business Review 2006(12) pp 94-101.
  38. 38. What would be the needed dynamics in the innovation ecosystem in Vietnam? Is that leadership-for-change? John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Is that leadership-for-change? Creating the momentum at the beginning to turn the wheel of chicken-and-egg, and sustaining the growth when the system functions.
  39. 39. 39 Leadership Triangle Knowledge & Vision
  40. 40. Developing leadership capability in you, giving your life a real value, real sense of life… John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City giving your life a real value, real sense of life…
  41. 41. You have the power to change the world John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City You have the power to change the world The country needs you!
  42. 42. Thank you for your attention John von Neumann Institute, Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City Thank you for your attention

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