Cancer Statistics According to the most recent statistics, an estimated 1,596,670 men and women will be diagnosed with cancer this year. About 571,950 of those diagnosed with cancer of all sites will die from it.
What is Cancer? The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. A malignant growth or tumor resulting from such a division of cells.
“What is Cancer?” Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEpTTolebqo
Cancer Cont. Cancer screening may reduce cancer morbidity since treatment of cancer in early stages is often less aggressive than it is in more advanced stages. Most cancer screenings are non-invasive or minimally invasive and carry some risks including false-negative screening tests, which may delay diagnosis and treatment or false-positive tests, which may cause unnecessary anxiety and other procedures that are
Cancer Treatments: Currently, there are severalmethods that are used to identify cancerous cells.Specific types of tests include:Mammograms Computed Tomography This is a test that This is a diagnostic takes X-ray pictures procedure that uses of the breast. special X-ray equipment to take cross-sectional pictures of the body. Computers display these pictures as detailed images.
Cancer Treatments Cont. Prostate-Specific AntigenPap Test (PSA) Test This is also called a This test analyzes the pap smear or cervical amount of PSA in the cytology. It examines blood by obtaining cells by using a blood samples. wooden scraper and brush to obtain cell samples.
Cancer Detecting App An app has been created by a team of medical doctors at Harvard University. The device can tell if a tumor is cancerous in almost no time at all! It is said that the 200- dollar mini diagnosis device might just be medicines next big thing. It is considered to be one of the worlds smallest cancer diagnostic
Cesar M. Castro, M.D., Physician Investigator Developed by doctor Cesar Castro and a team of researchers at Mass General Hospital, a mini nuclear magnetic resonance machine or NMR, tests tumor cells and is operated by smartphone and tablet software that interprets the information. Its designed to be easy-to- use and accurate for clinicians.
Tests are faster than Biopsies If you spot a suspicious lump, Doctor Castro says you normally get a biopsy then wait three to seven days to find out if its cancerous. With this, biopsy results only take 60 minutes!
Medical Advancement Usually, large samples of tissue The small system requires a are needed to analyze for small amount of tissue for cancer, but the new miniature testing, and so far, it can identify nuclear magnetic resonance up to 12 cancer markers. In one machine (NMR) can detect and study, it correctly diagnosed 48 screen cancer cells from a out of 50 suspicious masses as microscopic tissue sample. This cancerous or non-cancerous. In new device can tell the a subsequent test, it got 20 out difference between benign of 20 right. tumors and malignant growths with up to 100 percent accuracy based on testing that was done on patients with abnormal stomach tissue. More extensive clinical trials are in the works as this device has great potential for cancer detection and diagnosis. The system currently utilizes a miniaturized NMR probe for single-cell detection and uses a user-friendly iPhone interface.
Tumor Detecting App Cont. Basically, the antibodies find the bad cells, and then the nanoparticles signal you to what those bad cells are.
When Will This Be Available? The components of the tumor diagnosing device only cost about two-hundred dollars. Doctor Castro would like to see it in rural and community hospitals that cant afford expensive medical equipment. The machine is still being tested, and it could be five to ten years before its available for widespread use.
Tumor Detecting AppAdvantages Disadvantages Results take 60min. NONE! (except for the Instead of 3-7 days. fact that it will not be Can diagnose every available to hospitals variety of cancer. until further testing is Results are 100% complete) It is accurate. completely beneficial to patients and cheaply priced.
How will this enhance the lives of thepatients involved? This new device will give results sooner, so that actions for treatment be done quickly.
Why do I feel this advancement isimportant? I believe this advancement to be important because this device will bring quicker results. It will not only reduce anxiety but also increasing the efficiency and accuracy of cancer diagnosis; and because it the “Tumor Detecting App” title caught my attention (it sounded cool).
Cancer Facts There are more than About 70% of all 100 types of cancer deaths occur cancers; any part of in low- and middle- the body can be income countries. affected. Worldwide, the 5 most In 2008, 7.6 million common types of people died of cancer that kill men cancer - 13% of all are (in order of deaths worldwide. frequency): lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and oesophagus.
Cancer Facts Cont. Worldwide, the 5 most One fifth of all cancers common types of worldwide are caused cancer that kill women by a chronic infection, are (in the order of for example human frequency): breast, papillomavirus (HPV) lung, stomach, causes cervical colorectal and cancer and hepatitis B cervical. virus (HBV) causes Tobacco use is the liver cancer. single largest preventable cause of cancer in the world.
Cancer Facts Cont. More than 30% of People with a family cancers could be history of cancer are cured if detected early more likely to have and treated cancer than those adequately. who do not have a More than 30% of family history of cancer could be cancer. prevented, mainly by not using tobacco, having a healthy diet, being physically active and preventing infections that may
References https://www.google.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancer http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news/health &id=8415980 http://abclocal.go.com/kfsn/story?section=news/health /health_watch&id=8394007 http://www.cancer.org/Research/CancerFactsFigures/i ndex Dr. Castro’s interview discussing the new device can be found below http://ftpcontent.worldnow.com/kota/INDEPTH/3361% 20Dr.%20Castro.pdf