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Types of academic writing

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  • 1. Types of Academic Writing Prof. Vivian B. Margutti Faculdade de Letras/UFMG
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Essay : argumentative text, usually short (1,500 to 6,000 words).
    • Research paper : longer essay involving library research (3,000 to 6,000 words).
    • Research article : an essay written to be published in scientific journals.
  • 4.
    • Dissertation : long essay involving study and research (6,000 to 20,000 words).
    • Thesis : completed over a number of years. Offers an original contribution to the research area. (20,000 words).
  • 5.
    • Technical report : describes process, progress and results of scientific research.
    • Research project : describes the ideas for an investigation on a certain topic.
  • 6. Basic structure of Academic Writing
  • 7. Report
  • 8. Project
    • Describes the ideas for an investigation on a certain topic.
    • Title (hypothesis)
    • Background Analysis and Information
    • Literature Review
  • 9.
    • 4.Research Questions and Objectives
    • 5. Significance of Project
    • 6. Methodology
    • 7. Timetable
    • 8. Bibliography
  • 10. Argumentative Essay
    • Presents an argument through reasoning and the use of evidence.
    • Thesis statement: expresses the researcher’s position in relation to a given problem. It is normally stated in the introduction of an essay.
  • 11.
    • Topic sentences: give support to the thesis statement in the body of the essay.
    • Evidence and examples: from reading, reflection and analysis, support the topic sentences.
  • 12. Structure of Argumentative Essay
    • Title page: title, date, course, instructor’s name, student’s name.
    • Introduction: background of argument, content of essay, theoretical perspectives used, definition of key terms, line of argument and organization of essay.
  • 13.
    • Body: presents support to thesis statement, contains developing sentences that extend topic sentences, gives evidence to support topic sentences, provides a concluding sentence.
  • 14.
    • Conclusion: restates the line of argument, summarises the points that support the thesis, suggests further research.
    • Bibliography: sources cited in paper listed alphabetically.
  • 15. Appropriate tone and style
  • 16.
    • Formal, impersonal, objective
    • Cautious language
    • Technical vocabulary
    • Structure according to genre
    • Analytical and critical
    • References to other writers’ publications
  • 17. Bibliography
    • ACADEMIC Essay: Academic Tip Sheet. Edith Cowan University, Australia. Available in: < http://www.ecu.edu.au/CLT/tips/docs/essay.pdf > (access: 21/07/2011).
    • JORDAN, R. R. Academic Writing Course : Study Skills in English. Pearson Education: England, 1999.
  • 18.
    • WHAT IS Academic Writing. Available in: < www.wwnorton.com/college/film/.../ writing .../what-is academic - writing .pdf > (access: 21/07/2011).
    • ZEMLIANSKY, Pavel, LOWE, Charles(ed.). Writing Spaces : Readings on Writing. Vol 1. Indiana: Parlour Press, 2010.