Philip IIGOVERNMENT WARS ARTS RELIGION Philip II Builds strong Supports arts Supports makes himself navy and learning Catholic absolute ruler Reformation Controls all Defeats Sets up Stops parts of Ottoman schools of Catholics government navy in 1571 science and from mathematics converting to Protestantism Believes God English navy Encourages Persecutes had given him defeats painters and Protestants in right to rule Spanish navy writers Spain in 1588 Fights against Dutch Protestants for many years
The Town of Escorial[30 km. Northeast of Madrid]
El Escorial -- Background( El Escorial was begun in 1563 by Juan Bautista de Toledo, a Renaissance Spanish architect who had worked earlier in Italy, and was completed after his death in 1567 by Juan de Herrera.
• In the 1600s, Spanish power slowly declined because rulers spent too much money on wars overseas.• The Spanish relied on gold and silver from their American colonies.• As a result, they neglected business at home.• At the same time, the middle class felt they were being taxed too much so they stopped supporting the government.• By the late 1600s, France had replaced Spain as the most powerful European nation.
Exit Card1.Define absolute monarch and divine right.2. Why did the Spanish economy declined in the 1600s?