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Philip II

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PowerPoint from classroom discussion of Philip II by Mr. J. Smith

PowerPoint from classroom discussion of Philip II by Mr. J. Smith


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  • 1. Philip IIGOVERNMENT WARS ARTS RELIGION Philip II Builds strong Supports arts Supports makes himself navy and learning Catholic absolute ruler Reformation Controls all Defeats Sets up Stops parts of Ottoman schools of Catholics government navy in 1571 science and from mathematics converting to Protestantism Believes God English navy Encourages Persecutes had given him defeats painters and Protestants in right to rule Spanish navy writers Spain in 1588 Fights against Dutch Protestants for many years
  • 2. Dutch preparing for war
  • 3. Philip II and Queen Mary
  • 4. Elizabeth I Queen of England• Refuses Philip’s marriage proposal.• ½ sister of Mary• Sister-in-law of Philip
  • 5. Vocabulary• Divine Right-belief that a ruler’s authority comes directly from God.• Absolute Monarch-ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people they govern.
  • 6. The Escorial
  • 7. The Town of Escorial[30 km. Northeast of Madrid]
  • 8. El Escorial -- Background( El Escorial was begun in 1563 by Juan Bautista de Toledo, a Renaissance Spanish architect who had worked earlier in Italy, and was completed after his death in 1567 by Juan de Herrera.
  • 9. El Escorial Statistics ( 15 cloisters ( 16 courts ( 14 entrance halls ( 13 oratory ( 300 cells ( 86 stairways ( 9 towers ( 9 pipe organs ( 232 chorus books ( 73 statues ( More than 1,600 scenes ( 11 cisterns ( 88 fountains ( 2,673 windows ( 1,200 doors
  • 10. The Escorial Palace
  • 11. A Section of the Monastery & Gardens( one of the largest religious establishments in the world.
  • 12. The Monastery Gardens: Close-Up
  • 13. The View of the Countryside fromthe Monastery Area
  • 14. Philip II [r. 1556 – 1598]
  • 15. Philip II & “Bloody” Mary Tudor
  • 16. The Library Inside the Monastery ( 4,700 manuscripts [many illuminated]. ( 40,000 printed books.
  • 17. Philip II’s Chapel
  • 18. Stairwell Inside the Escorial
  • 19. Ceiling Inside the Escorial
  • 20. A Main Corredor Inside the Escorial
  • 21. TheEscorial’sLibrary( Over 4,700 rare manuscripts.( Many illuminated manuscripts.( Over 45,000 books.
  • 22. Philip II Died in this Bed
  • 23. The Crypt Area
  • 24. The Crypt of Philip II
  • 25. Miguel de Cervantes’ Don Quixote
  • 26. • In the 1600s, Spanish power slowly declined because rulers spent too much money on wars overseas.• The Spanish relied on gold and silver from their American colonies.• As a result, they neglected business at home.• At the same time, the middle class felt they were being taxed too much so they stopped supporting the government.• By the late 1600s, France had replaced Spain as the most powerful European nation.
  • 27. Exit Card1.Define absolute monarch and divine right.2. Why did the Spanish economy declined in the 1600s?