Appeasement sec.1

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Ch. 31 section 1 Appeasement

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Appeasement sec.1

  1. 1. McCarthy Kellogg and Cleveland 1
  2. 2. Building Towards WWII Asia 3
  3. 3. Japanese Aggression: Hirohito• In September of 1931, Japan invades and takes over Manchuria, in northern China.• The move was a violation of the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928 (signed by Japan)• Despite cries of protest from China, the League of Nations accepted Japan’s reasoning of self-defense for the aggression.• US reaction- ends arms and trade agreements• Japanese look at end of pact as threat to national security….OIL involved. 4
  4. 4. Building to World War II Europe• Treaty of Versailles• Punishes Germany with reparations, extreme poverty causes resentment to Great Britain and France. Opens the door for a radical leader. Hitler = totalitarian.• Uses Jews as scapegoat for all of Germany’s woes. Social Democrats in power prior to Hitler composed of many Jews, and blamed for Germany’s conditions. 5
  5. 5. 6
  6. 6. Aggression: Mussolini and Hitler• Italy-expands into Albania and Ethiopia, already possesses Libya, Eritrea, and Somaliland, Sardinia, Sicily• Germany absorbed Austria into the Third Reich=German Empire.• Why didn’t the U.S. act? Isolationism 7
  7. 7. HITLER’S WWIIAllies/Partners 8
  8. 8. IndiaBrazil THE ALLIED POWERS 9
  9. 9. US and Isolationism• Isolationism-remaining out of foreign affairs.• Patch up relations with Latin America• Tydings-McDuffie Act gives independence to Phillipines (to not upset JP)• Neutrality Act of 1936 -stops sending arms to nations at war• US refuses to join the World Court in the League of Nations• Neutrality Act of 1937 -changes arms sales to “cash and carry” 10
  10. 10. When cautioned not to anger European powers, Hitler responded:“They’ll never act. They’ll just protest. And theywill always be too late.” Sadly, Hitler was right. Not only Europe, but the world responded much to late to the aggression and violence of Hitler. The “isolationist” and “neutral” attitude of the world led to the deaths of millions and a full scale world war that may have been prevented. 11
  11. 11. The Painful Lesson• Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany meet in Munich on September 28, 1938.• Hitler has been aggressive in taking land west of Germany• GB and FR try to appease Hitler by agreeing to the dismembering of democratic Czechoslovakia, in hopes that Hitler would cease.• “agreement” is a failure.• Hitler invades the “demilitarized” Czechoslovakia and promptly breaks Munich Pact• By the end of 1939 both Hitler and Mussolini had conquered more territory in Europe and made plans for further wars.• Becomes famous as the “Lesson of Munich” 12
  12. 12. Troubling Agreements• In order to continue on his quest to dominate Europe, Hitler knew he must avoid war with the Soviet Union.• Hitler and Stalin (Soviet Union) sign Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939• GE gets western Poland (prevents 2-sided war)• SU gets eastern Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bessarabia (creates buffer against GE invasion)• What is the overwhelming consequence of European Why does Russia sign this appeasement to both Hitler and non-aggressive pact with Mussolini? Germany? 13
  13. 13. September 1st, 1939 Germany invades Poland officially beginning World War II• On September 1, 1939 Hitler launched a full-scale invasion of Poland.• Britain and France declared war on Germany and WWII had begun.• Germany and the Soviet Union divided Poland into two zones.• One month later Germany invaded France 14
  14. 14. HITLER INVADES POLAND:SEPTEMBER 1, 1939 15
  15. 15. 16
  16. 16. MILITARY STRENGTH COMPARSION BETWEEN GERMANY AND POLAND IN 1939 MILITARY UNIT GERMANY POLAND INFANTRY 46 38 DIVISIONS MOTORIZED 4¾ 11 CALVALRY DIVISIONS BRIGADES(HORSES) TANK DIVISIONS 7 NONE TANKS 3200 600 BOMBERS 1176 146 FIGHTERS 771 315 OTHER PLANES 1337 381 17

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