Music in North America 5° senior Teacher: Paula Motta
IntroductionThe United States folk music or folk music is a broad category that includes country, gospel, the music of Sea Islands, the old- time, the jug band, folk music of Appalachia, blues, Texmex , rock and Northern- native Texan and American music. Music is regarded as Americanor U.S. is original or has been transformed from her enough for musicologists considersomething different and new, is considered "roots music" (roots music) served as the basisfor for music later developed in the United States, such as rock and roll, rhythm and blues or jazz.The forms of roots music reached its most expressive and varied in the first two or three decades of the twentieth century. The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl were very important for the dissemination of these styles of music for the rest of the country, as themaster of Delta blues, honky tonk singers and itinerant musicians of Latino and Cajunscattered cities like Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. The growth of the recording industry in the same approximate period was also important, the potential and benefits of music growing pressure on the artists, songwriters and record label executives to repeat the previous songs hits. This meant that fads like the slack- key guitar never died Hawaiicompletely as rhythms, instruments and vocal styles were incorporated into disparategenres. In the 1950s, all forms of roots music had led to pop-oriented forms. Musicianslike The Kingston Trio folk, pop- Tejano and Cuban-American fusions like boogaloo, cha-cha-cha and mambo, blues-derived rock and roll and rockabilly, pop-gospel, doo wop and R & B (later secularized soul music) and the Nashville sound in country music allmodernized and expanded the musical range of the country.
TechnoTechno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Ditroit, Michigan in the United States during the mid to late 1980s. The firts recorded use of the word techno, in reference to a genre of music, was in 1988. Many styles of techno now exist, but Detroit Techno is seen as the foundation upon which a number of subgenres have been built. Music journalists and fanx of techno are generally selective in their use of the term; so a clear distinction can be made between sometimes related but often qualitatively differet styles,such as tech house and trance. Techno is also commonly confused with generalized descriptors, such as electronic music and dance music. The initial blueprint for techno developed during the mid 1980s in Belleville, Michigan, a suburb of Ditroit by Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson, Derrick May, and Eddie Fowlkes, all of whom attended school together at Belleville High.
PopPop music has absorbed influences from most other forms of popular music, but as a genre is particularly associated with the rock and roll and later rock style. According to Grove Music Online, the term "pop music" "originated in Britain in the mid-1950s as a description for Rock and roll and the new youth music styles. Pop music has been dominated by the American and (from the mid-1960s) British music industries, whose influence has made pop music something of an international monoculture, but most regions and countries have their own form of pop music, sometimes producing local versions of wider trends, and lending them local characteristics. Some of these trends (for example Europop) have had a significant impact of the development of the genre.
Rock & RollRock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock n roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s,primarily from a combination of the blues, country music, jazz and gospel music. Though elements of rock and roll can be heard in country records of the 1930s, and in blues records from the 1920s, rock and roll did not acquire its name until the 1950s. An early form of rock and roll was rockabilly, which combined country and jazz with influences from traditional Appalachian folk music and gospel. In the earliest rock and roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument, but these were generally replaced or supplemented by guitar in the middle to late 1950s. The beat is essentially a blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, the latter almost always provided by a snare drum. Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm), a string bass or (after the mid- 1950s) an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit. Rock and roll began achieving wide popularity in the 1960s. The massive popularity and eventual worldwide view of rock and roll gave it a widespread social impact. Bobby Gillespie writes that "When Chuck Berry sang Hail, hail, rock and roll, deliver me from the days of old, thats exactly what the music was doing. Chuck Berry started the global psychic jailbreak that is rocknroll." Far beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll, as seen in movies and on television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. It went on to spawn various sub-genres, often without the initially characteristic backbeat, that are now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock."
Hip-HopHip-hop or hip-hop is an art movement that emerged in the U.S. in the late 1960s in Latin American and African American communities of New York neighborhoods like the Bronx, Queens and Brooklyn. The DJ Afrika Bambaataa said the four pillars of hip hop culture: MC, DJ, breakdance and grafiti. Other elements include beatboxing. Hip hop or rap is a music genre that developed as part of hip hop culture, and is defined by four stylistic elements: MC, DJ / turntablism, sampling (or sound synthesis) and beatboxing. Hip hop began in the South Bronx of New York in the early 1970s. The term rap is often used synonymously with hip hop, hip hop but also refers to the practices of all thissubcultura.
Folk musicFolk music is an English term encompassing both traditional folk music and contemporary folk music. The term originated in the 19th century. Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted by mouth, as music of the lower classes, and as music with unknown composers. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. This music is also referred to as traditional music and, in US, as "roots music".Starting in the mid-20th century a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. The most common name for this new form of music is also "folk music", but is often called "contemporary folk music" or "folk revival music" to make the distinction. This type of folk music also includes fusion genres such as folk rock, electric folk, and others. While contemporary folk music is a genre generally distinct from traditional folk music, it often shares the same English name, performers and venues as traditional folk music; even individual songs may be a blend of the two.
ConclusionAmerican music is the result of themixture of different races thatarrived at USA. This peopleinstalled their culture in the placeswhere they arrived and created themusic that we listen to nowadays