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Presentation from the Chair of the Walking group of the ITF OECD

Presentation from the Chair of the Walking group of the ITF OECD

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Walking ... Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 'The OECD proposals for governments on Walking, Urban Space and Health' Prof. Thanos Vlastos, Chair of the OECD Working Group on ‘ Walking, Urban Space and Health’
  • 2. ITF/OECD working group on ‘Walking, Urban Space and Health’
    • experts from 17 OECD countries
    • geographers
    • urban planners
    • transport planners
    • psychologists
    • economists
    • 2008 publication ‘Towards Zero Accidents’ and many other reports
    • 2011 publication ‘Walking, Urban Space and Health’
    • The aims of the ‘Walking, Urban Space and Health’ publication:
    • to provide national governments with recommendations for the implementation of policies to encourage walking in urban areas
    • to help policy makers fill the gaps concerning walking in all administrative procedures and urban and transport policies
  • 3. The approach of the OECD/ITF group Towards a different city
    • Not a problem responsive approach but proactive, generative and oriented by a vision
    • vision for the humane city of tomorrow based on a new urban and mobility culture
    • The social challenge
    • -> urban social target: accepting of living in a more dense city
    • -> mobility social target: adopting more collective and responsible behaviors less depending on car
  • 4.  
  • 5. Topics covered by the future report
    • Pedestrian needs
    • Analysis of current situation: mobility, health and safety issues
    • Proposals of Measures to encourage walking
      • Institutional structures for pedestrians
      • Urban planning
      • Mobility planning
      • Urban space and design for pedestrians
      • Legislation and enforcement
      • Traffic and speed management
      • Security issues
      • Education and communication
  • 6. The crucial role of Urban Space. Walking and Sojourning
    • to create more open spaces as places to stay and meet other people
    • to liberate existing spaces (the streets) from
      • parking congestion
      • heavy traffic
    • to transform the m into livable , healthy and safe spaces where it will be a pleasure to walk and stay
    • to fill the streets with children, the elderly, people with mobility impairments, pedestrians, cyclists
    • to attract residents and visitors
  • 7.  
  • 8. The history and the decline of walking
    • Cities functioned almost exclusively around walking . This is one of the reasons why they were small in size
    • Today, cities are big, walking has to compete with many other means and his status has fallen
    • During the 20th century priority was given to cars because they offered residents new freedoms
  • 9.  
  • 10. Urban sprawl. From walking to driving
    • Urban sprawl consequences :
    • long distance trips
    • car dependency
    • accidents, particularly for pedestrians
    • energy consumption
    • climate change
    • obesity and other health problems
    • isolation vs social cohesion
    • moving away from the values of collective city experience and sociability
  • 11. Walking and pleasure
    • Walking means contact with the open space
    • Walking and sojourning is an inexpensive urban quality
    • Walking connects people
    • Walking is a learning exercise
    • Walking develops independence and identity
    • Walking is a pleasure of the body and of the mind
    • When walking and sojourning are missing the open space is devaluated
    • Walking will be reconsidered only when movement will be seen as a gain and not a loss of time
    • Do we really always need speed?
    • devaluation of open spaces
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Walking forms the heart of transport systems
    • virtually everyone is a pedestrian
    • every motorized movement or activity is preceded and followed by walking
    • Walking continues to be the most important mode of transport in terms of the number of trips
    • the ageing of the population will bring even more people to the streets.
    • the new interest in walking and cycling will result in a new growth in the coming decades.
    • However, public authorities know little about walking . Surveys are incomplete
  • 15.
    • Walking today is often risky. Priorities, speed, road design, level of traffic, poor maintenance
    • 8% to 36% of all road fatalities
    • high number of fallings
    • in order to avoid accidents many desirable outings on foot are avoided
    • -> with less pedestrians the street attracts more cars and becomes more hostile. Vicious circle
    • Pedestrian survivability after a crash is linked to the speed. 30 Km/h is a limit
    • The safety challenge. The ageing of the population will result in a growing number of vulnerable people dependent on walking.
  • 16. What to ask from Public Authorities I
    • to plan for the needs of pedestrians’ requirements as well
    • to create structures facilitating pedestrians to represent themselves in urban and mobility policy making
    • to change traffic rules and to create calm urban environment
    • to reconsider priorities
    • to unload the city from heavy traffic flows and excessive parking
    • to increase the space for pedestrians and to maintain it adequately (to reduce accidents due to falls)
  • 17.  
  • 18. What to ask from Public Authorities II
    • to reinforce public transport and cycling
    • to pay particular attention to the accessibility of public transport stations by foot
    • to create more areas with moderated speed. 30 km/h should be the maximum speed in residential areas
    • to provide pedestrians with a well connected network minimizing the effects of physical and technical barriers
    • to provide education about walking, the city , people and the neighborhood . The sustainable city needs organization and compliance to the rules
  • 19.  
  • 20. The urban planning strategy for the sustainable city -> to turn towards new targets
    • to better exploit the recent architectural heritage
    • to build more dense and public transport oriented cities
    • to limit urban extensions only towards areas connected by public transport
    • to mix activities in order to increase the number of destinations accessible on foot
  • 21. Conclusion we must convince Public Authorities that
    • cities have to revert from being areas of primarily motorized movements to becoming once again more natural, gentle, peaceful and clean places. Thus they will:
    • function better
    • become more productive and competitive
    • reduce external costs of transport and become more sustainable
    • become more attractive to residents, visitors and investors