Samarth Bharat Parva CELEBRATION OF STRENGTH OF INDIA
Samarth Bharat Parva Samarth Bharat Parva is the celebration of Strength of India, observed from 25th December – the first day of Swami Vivekananda’s meditation on Rock in 1892 - to 12th January – Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary. The focus is on the strength of India with an urge to build on it to forge ahead to a Stronger India. In almost all the fields of knowledge and action, India in Past and Present has contributed significantly to the world. Also, the Future is bright and open for India. World needs the eternal values of India. As Swamiji has said,”On India depends the future of World.” Swamiji had tremendous faith on youth to make India what it is destined to be – Jagadguru Bharat – Spiritual guide to the world, to make the world noble – Krinvanto Vishvam Aryam .
UP INDIA! AND CONQUER THE WORLD WITH YOUR SPIRITUALITY
Indus Valley Civilization When many cultures in the World were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan Culture in Indus Valley Civilization
The first University was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the World studied more than 60 streams. The University of Nalanda built in the 4 th century BC was one of the Greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans
Ayurveda is the oldest school of medicine codified by Charaka 2,500 years ago. Sushruta, the father of surgery, conducted complicated procedures dealing with cataracts, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery, caesarean section and brain surgery 2,600 years ago. Over 125 surgical instruments were in use. The use of anesthesia was also known in ancient India.
Astronomy is one area which has fascinated all mankind from the beginnings of history. In India the first references to astronomy are to be found in the Rig Veda which is dated around 2000 B.C. Vedic Aryans saw divinity in the Sun, Stars and Comets. Astronomy was then interwoven with astrology and since ancient times Indians have involved the planets (called Grahas) with the determination of human fortunes. Ancient Indian astronomers had recognised that stars are same as the sun, that the sun is center of the universe (solar system) and that the circumference of the earth is 5000 Yojanas. One Yojana being 7.2 kms., the ancient Indian estimates came close to the actual figure.
“ Many of the advances in the sciences that we consider today to have been made in Europe were in fact made in India centuries ago." - Grant Duff, British Historian of India
The art of navigation was born in the river Sindhu 5000 years ago. The very word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH
‘ We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.’ - Albert Einstein
India contributed to the number system by the number 0, innovated by Aryabhatta. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus originated in India. The quadratic equation was solved by Sridharacharya in the 11 century. The Greeks and Romans contented themselves with rather small numbers, while Hindus used units as big as 10 raised to the power 53 with specific names as early as 5000 BC during the Vedic period. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India dating back to at least 100 BC. The solar year was calculated as 365.25875684 days by Bhaskaracharya in the 5th century, hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. The value of pi was first calculated by Bodhayana, who also discovered the Pythagorean Theorem in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.
‘ Yoga’ is one of the most unique contributions of India to the World .
“ If there is one place on the face of the earth where all dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.” - French scholar Romain Rolland
India is the largest democracy in the World, nearly 400 million voting in the last elections
India has one of the largest pool of scientists and engineers in the World
India has the third largest investor base in the World
‘ Jaipur foot’ in medical parlance all over the World is contributed by manufacturers of artificial limbs of Jaipur
"India was the motherland of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. India was the mother of our philosophy, of much of our mathematics, of self-government and democracy. In many ways, Mother India is the mother of us all." - Will Durant , American Historian 1885-1981
The Kumbh Mela Festival, held every 12 years in the city of Prayag attracts 25 m people or more than the population of 185 of the 227 countries in the World
There are over 70,000 bank branches in India – among the highest in the World
The State Bank of India is World’s Largest Bank in terms of branches
Postal Network in India – the largest postal network in the World
India: World's Largest Milk Producer with over 80 million tonnes annual production
Indian Railway is the largest employer in the World, with a staff of 1.6 million people
"In India I found a race of mortals living upon the Earth, but not adhering to it. Inhabiting cities, but not being fixed to them, possessing everything but possessed by nothing". - Apollonius Tyanaeus, Greek Thinker and Traveller 1st Century AD
India is one of the three countries in the World to have built a Super Computer indigenously
India has the third largest army in the World, nearly 1.5 million strong
With 800 movies per year, India’s Film industry overshadows Hollywood
Of the Fortune 500 companies, 220 outsource their software related work to India
The number of companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, are more than 6000, is second only to New York Stock Exchange
India is the World’s premier centre for diamond cutting and polishing. Nine out of every ten stones sold in the World pass through India
Laxmi Mittal is the Largest Steel Producer of the World
Vinod Dham is the creator of the Pentium chip, 90% of World’s computer run on it
Sabeer Bhatia created World’s first web based email service – hotmail.com
World famous motivational speaker and best selling author, Deepak Chopra
Vishwanathan Anand – One of World’s Greatest Chess players of all times
<ul><li>In India, which has launched satellites for years and is preparing for a moon orbit this decade, Kalpana Chawla is a new kind of heroine. Born in Karnal, Chawla earned a degree in engineering from Punjab Engineering College in 1982 and then went to the United States, where she earned her Master's and doctorate in aerospace engineering. She joined NASA in 1995 as an astronaut candidate. became the first Indian woman to enter space in 1997, when she was part of the Columbia mission that orbited the earth. </li></ul>
Half Indian half American, commander Sunita Williams is a graduate of the US Naval Academy. She is one of only six women NASA has put in space since 1965. Her father is an Indian-born doctor. Sunita’s' mission, the 20th to the space station, will include a complex set of tasks carried out over three spacewalks, including adding a small structural truss to the orbiting laboratory and reconfiguring the station's electrical system to begin drawing power from solar panels added on the last mission. The astronauts will also move an older set of solar arrays out of the way of the new arrays, which will turn on their axis like a paddlewheel as the station follows its orbital path.
I AM INDIA The land of India is my own body. The Comorin is my feet, the Himalayas my head. From my hair flows the Ganga, from my head come the Brahmaputra and the Sindhu. The Vindhyachalas are girt round my loins. The Coromandel is my left and the Malabar my right leg. I AM THE WHOLE OF INDIA, and its East and West are my arms, and I spread them in straight line to embrace humanity. When I walk, I feel it is India walking. When I speak, I feel it is India speaking. When I breathe, I feel it is India breathing. I am India. -Swami Rama Tirth