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Oracle apps 11i tutorial(v2)

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Oracle Applications 11i tutorial for beginners.

Oracle Applications 11i tutorial for beginners.

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  • 1. PDF by http://www.k2pdf.com
  • 2. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 2 About Me Name: Dinesh Kumar S Degree: B.Tech, Computer Science Job: PL/SQL Developer Email: dineshcse86@gmail.com About this Material This is a complete Technical guide for Oracle Apps Beginners. The tutorial starts with basics of ERP and slowly gets into oracle apps 11i concepts. All the concepts are explained with practical scenarios and with simple examples. The exercises will be given at the end of every chapter. Each & every step in the exercises is explained clearly with screenshots. For people who are all interested in technical or programming field in oracle apps, this material will be helpful in taking their first step towards oracle ERP. If anything found wrong in this material please mail to my personal id, So that it helps me to improve this material.
  • 3. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 3 Contents Chapters Topic Page No. Chapter 1 Overview of ERP 4 Chapter 2 Oracle Application Technical Terms 9 Chapter 3 Overview of ERP Functional Flow (Financial Modules) 14 Chapter 4 Essential Tools in Oracle 15 Chapter 5 Application Architecture 19 Chapter 6 Oracle Application Technology Layer 22 Chapter 7 File Systems 24 Chapter 8 Overview of Oracle Application Developer User Guide 28 Chapter 9 Apps Login Screen 40 Chapter 10 Oracle Metalink & eTRM 52 Chapter 11 Designing Custom Application 67 Chapter 12 Application Object Library (AOL) 75 Exercise 1 Responsibility with Mandatory Component (Menu & Data Group) 84 Exercise 2 Overview of Inventory Responsibility Menu Tree 98 Exercise 3 Creating Customized menus for Customized Responsibility 118 Exercise 4 Menu & Function Exclusion 135 Chapter 13 AOL Concurrent Processing & Program 144 Exercise 5 Defining a Concurrent program (Default Parameters) 146 Exercise 6 Defining a Concurrent program (with user parameters) 154 Exercise 7 Concurrent program with report executable 168 Chapter 14 AOL Table Relations 180 Chapter 15 Overview of Flexfield Concepts 187 Exercise 8 Creating Accounting Flexfield Structure 194 Exercise 9 Modifying Flexfield Definition 204 Exercise 10 Enabling Descriptive Flexfield (DFF) 210 Chapter 16 Oracle User Profile Options 223 Exercise 11 Custom Profile Option for Responsibility 227 Exercise 12 Custom Profile Option for User 238 Chapter 17 Oracle Alerts 243 Exercise 13 Creating Periodic Alert 244 Exercise 14 Creating an Event Alert 267 Exercise 15 Transferring & Deleting Alert Definitions 273 Chapter 18 Oracle FNDLOAD - Generic Loader 281 Chapter 19 SQL *Loader 287 Exercise 16 Upload data using SQL *Loader 294 Exercise 17 Upload data using SQL *Loader - Options 300 REFERENCES Useful Links 306
  • 4. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 4 Chapter 1 Overview of ERP Consider Real Time scenario Business : Stationary shop Keeper. Dealer : Indian dealers Pvt. Ltd. Let us classify the business growth into 3 stages.
  • 5. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 5 Entities Identified: Dealer VENDOR Shop Keeper OWNER People Buying items CUSTOMER Store Room INVENTORY Stage 1 Daily Job: Collect goods from vendor. Sell items/goods to customers. If any goods out of stock note it down to order it from vendor. Daily accounting – Profit & loss.
  • 6. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 6 Stage 2 After a year you business is developed & you are becoming a whole sale dealer. Changes in Business Many branches. Hire People for working. Maintaining a small database for the business. Transportation services. Daily Job: Collect goods from vendor & store it in inventory. Take order from shop keepers. Maintain a small database for goods, shopkeepers & employees. Using a computer for accounting. Delivering items to customers. Stage 3 Changes in business Worldwide Branches and customers. Developed as a Multinational Organization. International Transportation. Ecommerce, Phone marketing, etc. Workload in business Now the owner of the business cannot go to sites (all over the world) daily. He has to maintain a big database for his business to run continuously. Need to manage inventory activities (how much is sold, received items etc.). Need to maintain the employees and their benefits (Needs HR team). Need to calculate accounting (profit & loss for worldwide business). Asset management.
  • 7. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 7 Therefore, to maintain & control these kinds of situations Oracle Corporation have created huge software known in the category of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) as Oracle Applications. To integrate all these activities and to run the business ERP is necessary.
  • 8. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 8 Identifying the modules Modules Description General Ledger (GL) In banks they will be maintaining a Balance Sheet for credits & debits. In the same way oracle General Ledger module keep tracking of all transactions in the business. Inventory (INV) It is the place where your item stocks are stored. All the Physical items/goods coming in and going out will be tracked. Thus inventory is heart of the business. Purchasing (PO) This module manages all the purchasing order that deals with business. This has information about Requisition, Po, Supplier, Shipment details of the order. Order Management (OM) It is required to manage & control the sales order fulfillment. It manages the order book, order entry, ATP(Available to Promise) etc. Account Payables (AP) It handles all the payment you have to pay to the vendors. Oracle Payables allows invoice entry, payment entry, and payment voiding in open accounting periods. Account Receivables (AR) It allows you to create invoice, answers invoice related customer queries, it runs AR reports, records and schedule collection activities. Simply, it summarizes all the payments you need to get from the customer. Human Resource (HRMS) This module deals with HR activities (Related to employees etc.) Including recruiting performance management, learning, compensation, benefits, payroll, time management, and real time analytics. Asset Management It deals with the administrative cost related to business like electricity, maintenance of building,, furniture’s etc. Projects This module deals with the cost associated with the projects. Which includes project costing, billing, time & expenses etc. Work in Progress (WIP) Oracle Work in Process is a complete production management system. Supports discrete, project, repetitive, assemble-to- order, work order-less, or a combination of manufacturing methods. Inquiries and reports give you a complete picture of transactions, materials, resources, costs, and job and schedule progress. Cost Management Helps you effectively manage and control your cash cycle. It provides comprehensive bank reconciliation and flexible cash forecasting.
  • 9. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 9 Chapter 2 Oracle Application Technical Terms Approver Person who has authority to approve requisition or PO (Purchase order). ASN Advance Shipment Notice The “external” supplier ships the goods directly to the 3rd Party customer and confirms the shipment through the use of an Advanced Shipment Notice (ASN). You should take a note, Oracle uses this ASN to record a receiving transaction into inventory followed by an immediate logical shipping transaction. From these transactions, conveyance of title takes place and the customer can be invoiced and the supplier’s invoice can be processed. ATP: Available to Promise Available to promise (ATP) inventory consists of on-hand inventory minus inventory allocated for backorders and reserved inventory. ATP inventory is the inventory that is available to fulfill orders. The ATP support provides the ability to allocate from existing inventory or backorder from expected inventory and obtain an estimated availability time once it has been ordered for each order item. Buyer Buyer is a person who purchases finished goods, typically for resale, for a firm, government, or organization. Back Order Backorder is a distribution term that refers to the status of items on a purchase order in the event that some or all the inventory required to fulfill the order is insufficient to satisfy demand.
  • 10. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 10 Customer A customer refers to individuals or households that purchase goods and services generated within the economy. Change Order A document containing the changes made in approved purchase order. Charge of Accounts The account structure used to record transactions and maintaining account balance in GL. Deliver-to-Location Actual physical location where goods to be delivered. Drop Ship Drop shipping, a retailing practice of sending items from a manufacturer directly to a customer. General Ledger Maintains all accounting transactions i.e. Balance sheet (Contains credits, debits to calculate profit & loss). I-Procurement One of the oracle self- servicing application for ordering goods or services. Internal Purchase Order A purchase order to another department within the organization.
  • 11. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 11 Item Type Indicating whether one is requesting goods billed by quantity or services or by amount. Invoice An invoice or bill is a commercial document issued by a seller to the buyer, indicating the products, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services the seller has provided the buyer. An invoice indicates the buyer must pay the seller, according to the payment terms. Item A physical quantity. Notification A electronic message that is involved when a specific business condition or rule is met. Payment terms Rules used to calculate the due date & payment date for payment of a transaction based upon invoice date. Pay site A Supplier site that is designated to receive payments. Preparer An individual who is authorize to create a requisition.
  • 12. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 12 Purchase Order (PO) Purchase order (PO) is a commercial document issued by a buyer to a seller, indicating the type, quantities and agreed prices for products or services the seller will provide to the buyer. Sending a PO to a supplier constitutes a legal offer to buy products or services. Acceptance of a PO by a seller usually forms a once-off contract between the buyer and seller so no contract exists until the PO is accepted. Pack Slip A pack slip denotes what should be "packed" for a delivery. It may consolidate several orders to a route, truck or customer. In Short, a pack slip facilitates the method in which orders are consolidated/ organized and shipped to a customer. "Pack" - pack up the truck Pick Slip A pick sheet denotes what items to pull from inventory. it too may be derived from consolidated orders. In short, a pick slip facilitates the method/order/consolidation of picking items from inventory. "Pick" - pick it from inventory Receiver An individual who is responsible for online receipt of goods & services. Requestor An individual who has identified a need of goods or services.
  • 13. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 13 Requisition A requisition is a request for something, especially a formal written request on a pre- printed form. Responsibility It is a pre-defined set of menus, forms & form functions assigned to each user. Supplier/Vendor A supplier is "... a person who is a manufacturer, processor or packager of a controlled product or a person who, in the course of business, imports or sells controlled products". Sales Order The sales order, sometimes abbreviated as SO, is an order received by a customer from a business. A sales order may be for products and/or services.
  • 14. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 14 Chapter 3 Overview of ERP Functional Flow (Financial Modules) Note: This functional flow is not complete process. For understanding purpose I have explained in simple way for beginners.
  • 15. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 15 Chapter 4 Essential Tools in Oracle Oracle Reports Oracle Forms Workflow Builder Toad SQL Developer SQL Navigator Discoverer Reports XML/BI Publisher ADI: Application Desktop Integrator Putty Oracle reports Oracle Reports is a tool for developing reports against data stored in an Oracle database. Oracle Reports consists of Oracle Reports Developer (a component of the Oracle Developer Suite) and Oracle Application Server Reports Services (a component of the Oracle Application Server). Oracle Forms Oracle Forms is a tool (somewhat like Visual Basic in appearance, but the code inside is PL/SQL) which allows a developer to quickly create user-interface applications which access an Oracle database in a very efficient and tightly-coupled way. Workflow Builder Business process involves exchange of information between entities within and with entities outside the organization. In e-business some these messages are communicated through internet. For efficient exchange of information between processes., you need to implement an efficient workflow management system. This is done with the help of workflow builder.
  • 16. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 16 Toad TOAD is a database administration and SQL development software application from Quest Software. It is widely used by Oracle developers and DBA’s (database administrators). SQL Developer You can use Oracle SQL Developer to connect, run, and debug PL/SQL. SQL Navigator Database Applications of our age are becoming exceedingly complex, so are the databases that support them. Though all information related to meta-data can be retrieved from dictionary tables of Oracle™, SQL Navigator provides all this in one IDE. Apart from getting all necessary information from Dictionary, SQL Navigator also provides the user with an interactive view of data in all tables. Code debugging tools offer a great deal of ease in debugging and tuning back-end stored programs. Discoverer Reports Discoverer is an integrated, intuitive, and interactive business intelligence solution, giving you complete coverage of everything related to report creation and delivery, from data preparation in the database, to final presentation in an interactive dashboard.
  • 17. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 17 XML/BI Publisher Oracle XML Publisher is a template-based publishing solution delivered with the Oracle E-Business Suite. It provides a new approach to report design and publishing by integrating familiar desktop word processing tools with existing E-Business Suite data reporting. At runtime, XML Publisher merges the custom templates with the concurrent request data extracts to generate output in PDF, HTML, RTF, EXCEL (HTML), or even TEXT for use with EFT and EDI transmissions. Oracle ADI (Application Desktop Integrator) Oracle ADI is a spreadsheet-based extension to Oracle Applications that offers full cycle accounting and asset management within the comfort and familiarity of a spreadsheet. Oracle ADI combines a spreadsheet’s ease of use with the power of Oracle Applications, to provide true desktop integration during every phase of your accounting cycle. You can create budgets, record transactions, add assets, reconcile inventory, and run financial statements and inventory reports all without leaving your spreadsheet. Putty PuTTY is a terminal emulator application which can act as a client for the SSH, Telnet, rlogin, and raw TCP computing protocols.
  • 18. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 18 Please zoom out for viewing it.
  • 19. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 19 Chapter 5 Application Architecture The Oracle Applications Architecture is a framework for multi-tiered, distributed computing that supports Oracle Applications products. In this model, various servers are distributed among multiple levels, or tiers. Server - is a process or group of processes and provides a particular functionality/service For example, Database Server listens and process database requests, and similarly Web Server listens for and processes HTTP requests. Tier - is a logical grouping of services, may be on single machine or spread across more than one physical machine. The three-tier architecture that comprises an Oracle E-Business Suite installation is made up of, 1. Database Tier 2. Application Tier 3. Desktop Tier Form Server Report Server HTTP Server Concurrent Processing Server Discoverer Server Administration Server
  • 20. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 20 Database tier Which supports and manages the Oracle database? Application Tier This supports and manages the various Applications components, and is sometimes known as the middle tier. Desktop Tier This provides the user interface via an add-on component to a standard web browser Node - is referred as Machine, Each tier may consist of one or more node and each node can potentially have more than one tier. Each tier may consist of one or more nodes, and each node can potentially accommodate more than one tier. On the database tier, there is increasing use of Real Application Clusters (RAC) , where multiple nodes support a single database instance to give greater availability and Scalability. The connection between the application tier and the desktop tier can operate successfully over a Wide Area Network (WAN). This is because the desktop and application tiers exchange a minimum amount of information, for example field value comparison Differences
  • 21. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 21 Desktop Tier Application Tier
  • 22. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 22 Chapter 6 Oracle Application Technology Layer The Oracle Applications technology layer lies between the Oracle Applications technology stack and the Oracle Applications product-specific modules. It provides features common to all Oracle Applications products. Products in the Oracle Applications technology layer include: • Oracle Applications DBA (AD) • Oracle Applications Object Library (FND) • Oracle Applications Utilities (AU) • Oracle Common Modules (AK) • Oracle Workflow (WF) • Oracle Alert (ALR) • Oracle Applications Framework (FWK) • Oracle XML Publisher (XDO) 1. Oracle Applications DBA (AD) The Applications DBA product provides a set of tools for administration of the Oracle Applications file system and database. AD tools are used for installing, upgrading, maintaining, and patching the Oracle Applications system. 2. Oracle Common Modules (AK) AK is an active data dictionary that enables you to define Oracle Applications components for the HTML-based Applications, and generate many of the characteristics of Oracle Applications at runtime. The Oracle Common Modules can be used to develop inquiry applications for the HTML- based Applications, without the need for any programming. They allow storage of language-translated labels for all the attributes on a transaction page, thus assisting with the provision of support for multiple languages.
  • 23. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 23 3. Oracle Applications Utilities (AU) The Applications Utilities (AU) component is used to maintain the Oracle Applications system. AU hosts a collection of files copied from other products. This allows generating on-site classes of files such as Forms and reports. Generating forms or reports may require access to shared PL/SQL libraries, so these files are copied to AU_TOP as well. 4. Oracle Application Object Library (FND) The Oracle Application Object Library is a key component of the Applications technology layer. It consists of a collection of reusable code, programs, and database objects that provides common functionality across all products. Also Makes System Administration easier. 5. Oracle Workflow (OWF) Oracle Workflow provides an infrastructure for the enterprise-wide communication of data related to defined business events using graphical workflow builder. Acting as a system integration hub, Oracle Workflow can apply business rules to control objects and route them between applications and systems. 6. Oracle Alert (ALR) Oracle Alert (ALR) allows you to email system notifications to users when an exception or event has occurred. 7. Oracle XML Publisher (XDO) XML Publisher utilizes the XSL-FO standard to transform XML data into a formatting object (FO). Chapter 6
  • 24. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 24 Chapter 7 File Systems An Oracle Applications Release 11i system utilizes components from many Oracle products. These product files are stored below a number of key top-level directories on the database and application server machines.
  • 25. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 25 Application Directory Structure Data Directory o This file system contains .dbf files of oracle db. o Rapid installation installs system, data and index files in directories below several mount points (Can be specified during installation). DB & ORA Directory Oracle application supports linking program using tool from 2nd / 3rd version of DB. ORACLE_HOME is used for backward compatibility.
  • 26. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 26 Application Directory All application files are stored here. It is also known as APPL_TOP. It contains: o Core technology files. o Product files & directories. o .env application environment file(Unix) & .cmdon (Windows). Product Directory o Each product has its own directory under APPL_TOP. o Sub Directories are named based on the product standard abbreviation. For E.g. GL for general ledger.
  • 27. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 27 COMN Directory COMN or COMMON_TOP directory contains files used by different oracle application products and used with third party products. Admin It is default location for concurrent manager log and output directories. Html OA_HTML environmental settings points to HTML Directory. Oracle application based sign-on screen & HTML files are installed here. Also it contains files like JSP,XML etc. Java JAVA_TOP points to java directory. This contains oracle application JAR files and ZIP files. Portal This contains portal files. Portal is a webpage that provide access to post install task that is necessary for application Temp Used for caching oracle products like reports. Util This contains JDE, JRE & ZIP utility. Script This contains application tier control scripts such as adstrtal.sh & adstpall.sh which are located in sub directory.
  • 28. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 28 Chapter 8 Overview of Oracle Application Developer User Guide Coding Standards Setting up Application Framework PLSQL coding Standard Menus & Function Security User Profiles Flex fields Concurrent Processing 1. Coding Standards If you want to build custom application code that integrates with and have same look and feel as oracle application, these standards should be followed. The libraries & procedures that are packed with oracle application follow these standards. Coding with Handler Handlers are group of packaged procedure. To organize Plsql Code in forms, to develop maintain & debug easily. Different type of handlers: 1. Item 2. Table 3. Business rules Oracle Application Object Library (AOL): It includes: 1. Starting forms a) TEMPLATE b) APPSTAND 2. PLSQL Libraries 3. Development Standards
  • 29. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 29 Shared Objects It relies on object referencing capabilities i.e. it allow object to reuse across master forms. If any changes are made it affects the objects (Inherit Property). APPSTAND Form It contains master copy of shared objects. TEMPLATE Form It is starting point for developing new forms. It references to many APPSTAND objects. Start developing new forms by copying these files in location: $AU_TOP/Forms/US FND Menu Oracle application default menu contained in: $AU_TOP/resources/US Note: Do not modify this file. Property Clause These are set of attributes that can be applied to almost any oracle form object.
  • 30. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 30 2. Setting up Application Framework Oracle Applications and custom applications that integrate with Oracle Applications rely on having their components arranged in a predictable Structure. This includes particular directory structures where you place reports, forms, programs and other objects, as well as environment variables and application names that allow Oracle Application Object Library to find your application components. Points to be noted while setting up Framework i. Set Up Your Application Directory Structures. ii. Register Your Application. iii. Modify Your Environment Files. iv. Set Up and Register Your Oracle Schema. v. Create Database Objects and Integrate with APPS Schema. vi. Add Your Application to a Data Group. vii. Set Up Concurrent Managers. 3. PLSQL Coding Standard Some essential points to be considered while programming: a) Always use packages. b) Client side package size <=10k & server side package unlimited size. c) Adding new procedure: i. Add only at end, not in middle f package. ii. If added in middle we need to regenerate every form. d) Using field names in client Package: i. Specify field name along with its block name. Eg. Block.Field_name e) Field name in procedure parameter: i. Do not use IN, OUT, IN/OUT Parameters. Eg. Procedure (my_var Char IN) Calling: p1 (‘Block. Field’).
  • 31. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 31 f) Initializing Parameters: i. Use default instead of ‘:=’ g) Formatting PLSQL Code: i. Within package define private variable first & then private procedure then public procedures. h) Avoid RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR. i) Use END_MESSAGE for exceptions. 4. Menus & Functional Security It restricts application functionality to authorized users. System admin implements by creating responsibilities that include or exclude particular function. Function Its an application functionality that is included or excluded in a menu. Types of functions: i. Form function It invokes oracle form developer forms. ii. Sub-Function: A function executed within a form. These functions are associated with graphical elements or buttons. iii. Non- Form Function: It is also called as self service function. Some functions include Other type of code like java, html, jsp etc on a menu Responsibility. Menu A menu is hierarchical arrangement of functions that appears in navigator. Each responsibility has menus associated with it. Menu Entry: Its an menu component that identifies menu of functions or functions.
  • 32. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 32 Responsibility It defines application user current privileges like functions that user can access, concurrent program user can run & application DB account connected to data group. Forms & Sub Functions Form is special class of functions that differ from sub function in following ways: a. Forms appear in navigator window whereas sub functions cannot. b. Forms can exit their own. Sub functions can be only called by logical object within a form. Form Security API for Plsql Procedure: 1. FND_Function.Test Tests particular function is currently accessible or not. 2. FND_Function.Query Tests function is accessible and return information. 3. FND_Function.Execute It executes form function that is attached only to forms. 4. FND_Function.User_function_name It returns user function name. 5. FND_Function.Current_Form_Function It returns function name with current form which is called.
  • 33. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 33 5. User Profiles It is a set of changeable options that affect the way when application runs. AOL treats user profile as hierarchy where in user at top and next is responsibility. Site Level – Affects all applications. Application Level – Affects particular application. Responsibility Level – Affects application runs for all user of Responsibility. User Level – It affects the way application runs for application user. FND_PROFILE It is a user profile API. We can manipulate the value stored in client and server side. Client side Server side Form A Form B Form A Form B (Change in A affects B (Change in A not affects B) & vice versa) 1. FND_Profile.Put Puts value to specified user profile. 2. FND_Profile.Get Gets current value for user profile option or NULL if data does not exits. 3. FND_Profile.Value It is similar to GET except it returns value as a function result.
  • 34. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 34 6. Flexfield Flex field is made up of segments. Each segment has a name & set of valid values. Types of Flexfield a. Key Flexfield (KFF) b. Descriptive Flexfield (DFF) Note: Segments Corresponds to column in oracle table. Oracle application uses KFF to represent Intelligent Keys with unique ID numbers. ID numbers requires only one column whereas intelligent key requires multiple columns. Key Flexfield Key flexfield represents an intelligent key that uniquely identifies an application entity. Each KFF has a name and specific set of valid values (Value sets). Descriptive Flexfield It’s a additional information, not stored in application or strictly for reference when viewed on screen. DFF can be created by using any of attribute columns. When to use KFF i. To uniquely identify an application entity with an intelligent key. Where key can be a multi part & each one have some value. ii. To integrate your application with oracle application.
  • 35. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 35 7. Concurrent Processing Mechanism provided in oracle e-Business Suite (EBS) to facilitate background processing of, 1. Reports 2. Batch Runs 3. Longer Transaction It is a series of background ‘managers’. Separate program that control background processing (i.e. Request) that are: a. Initiated on demand by user b. Scheduled In EBS concurrent manager (CM) schedules the work, and concurrent request (CR), do the work. Eg. Queen bee assign job to its worker bees. Components of Concurrent Processing Two basic components: 1. Concurrent Manager (CM) 2. Concurrent Request (CR) Concurrent Managers Internal Concurrent Manager (ICM) Standard Manager (SM) Specific Concurrent Manager (SCM) Conflict Resolution Manager (CRM)
  • 36. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 36 Internal Concurrent Manager It is boss of all managers. It controls behavior of all other managers. Runs before any other manager runs or activated. Starts & shuts down individual concurrent manager. Reset other manager after one of them has a failure. Standard Manager Its function is to run any reports and batch jobs, which have not been defined in any other project manager. Specific Concurrent Manager It includes inventory manager, CRP inquiry manager and receivables tax manager. Conflict Resolution Manager It handles scheduling conflict. It Checks concurrent program definition for incompatibility rules. Concurrent Request It is the worker that gets scheduled and controlled by concurrent manager. Life cycle of Concurrent request: 1. Pending 2. Running 3. Completed 4. Inactive
  • 37. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 37 Pending: Request waiting to be run. Running: Request is processing. Completed: Request is finished processing. Inactive: Request cannot be run. Different ways script attached to Concurrent Program SQL script SQL *Loader Program Java Program Oracle Report PLSQL Program (Stored Procedure / Packages) UNIX shell script Pro *C Perl Value Sets It’s a set of values. Need: We don’t want the user to insert junk values into all fields, so oracle application validates whether correct data is entered in fields. Value sets are attached to segments in flexfield (KFF). Note: In reality oracle treat parameter as DFF. Types of Validation 1) None 2) Independent 3) Dependent 4) Table 5) Special 6) Pair 7) Tran stable Independent 8) Tran stable Dependent
  • 38. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 38 None Validation is minimal. Independent The data input is based on previously defined list of values. Dependent The data input is checked against a defined set of values. Table The data input is checked against values in a table. Special The data input is checked against a flex-field. Pair The data input is checked against two flex-field specified range of values. Translatable independent The data input is checked against previously defined list of values. Translatable dependent The data input is checked against defined set of values. Changes You Should Never Make You should never make these types of changes (old value set to new value set) because you will corrupt your existing key flex-field combinations data: . Independent to Dependent . Dependent to Independent . None to Dependent . Dependent to Table . Table to Dependent . Translatable Independent to Translatable Dependent
  • 39. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 39 . Translatable Dependent to Translatable Independent . None to Translatable Dependent . Translatable Dependent to Table . Table to Translatable Dependent Lookups It is set of codes and their meaning.
  • 40. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 40 Chapter 9 Apps Login Screen Type the URL of the server to see the apps screen.
  • 41. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 41 Then you can see the apps log in page. Enter the username & password.
  • 42. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 42 If the username & password is valid, the user is redirected to a page where he/she can see their responsibilities assigned to them by system administrator.
  • 43. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 43 Now click on to application developer responsibility. The window will be redirected to application developer screen.
  • 44. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 44 Choose any one of the function of your choice.
  • 45. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 45 Note: Do not close this window. If you close, the application session will be terminated.
  • 46. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 46 Now the application developer Navigator Form is opened. Now click any option in navigator that will open its related form.
  • 47. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 47 Switching Responsibility Choose any responsibility you want to switch.
  • 48. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 48 Now the responsibility is changed to ‘inventory’. Exit Oracle Application
  • 49. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 49 Oracle Application Toolbar
  • 50. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 50
  • 51. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 51
  • 52. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 52 Chapter 10 Oracle Metalink & eTRM Metalink: For technical assistance metalink will be useful. It also contains forums you can post your query & any registered used will reply for your query. URL: http://metalink.oracle.com/ Metalink: log in screen:
  • 53. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 53 After logging into metalink the following page you can see:
  • 54. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 54 For quicker access uses quick find.
  • 55. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 55 For advance search click “Advance Search” tab.
  • 56. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 56 You can even search based on Bug number, date modified etc. or bug details.
  • 57. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 57 For updated or new oracle patches details go to “Patches & Updates” tab.
  • 58. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 58 eTRM: For technical related documents like user guide, Table related information, AOL details you can refer etrm. This is a place you can download all technical references related to oracle apps 11i, 12i. URL: http://etrm.oracle.com/
  • 59. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 59 When you press the link the following page is shown: At left side you can see the DB versions.
  • 60. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 60 Let us go to the link 11.5.10. Now we will go to “FBD Data”. At left side you can see the Modules list.
  • 61. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 61 Now let use search some tables related to “purchase” module.
  • 62. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 62 At left side you can see the list of tables. For viewing those table details click the table name. Let us click “PO_HEADERS_ALL”.
  • 63. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 63 At this page you can see the relation of PO_HEADERS_All tables with other tables. It shows Primary & foreign key relation.
  • 64. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 64 When we press “po.po_headers_all” , you can see the column details.
  • 65. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 65
  • 66. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 66
  • 67. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 67 Chapter 11 Designing Custom Application Note: For Knowledge purpose you can go through this custom application creation process. (As I have not worked with customization, this below customization part alone is referenced from internet.)
  • 68. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 68 Custom Applications are required if you are creating new forms, reports, etc. This allows you to segregate your custom written files from the standard seeded functionality that Oracle Applications provide. Customizations can therefore be preserved when applying patches or upgrades to your environment. 1) Make the directory structure for your custom application files. cd $APPL_TOP mkdir fz mkdir fz/11.5.0 mkdir fz/11.5.0/admin mkdir fz/11.5.0/admin/sql mkdir fz/11.5.0/admin/odf mkdir fz/11.5.0/sql mkdir fz/11.5.0/bin mkdir fz/11.5.0/reports mkdir fz/11.5.0/reports/US mkdir fz/11.5.0/forms mkdir fz/11.5.0/forms/US mkdir fz/11.5.0/$APPLLIB mkdir fz/11.5.0/$APPLOUT mkdir fz/11.5.0/$APPLLOG 2) Add the custom module into the environment Apply ADX.E.1 and add the entry to topfile.txt as a standard product top entry . Customised environment variables can be added to AutoConfig by using the filename specificed by s_custom_file, which is then called from the APPSORA.env file. If using Forms Listener Servlet, you may also need to add $CUSTOM_TOP to formsservlet.ini in $APACHE_TOP/Jserv/etc
  • 69. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 69 3) Create new tablespace for database objects create tablespace FZ datafile '/u01/oracle/visdata/fz.dbf' size 10M default storage(initial 10k next 10k) 4) Create schema create user fz identified by fz default tablespace fz temporary tablespace temp quota unlimited on fz quota unlimited on temp; grant connect, resource to fz; 5) Register your Oracle Schema. Login to Applications with System Administrator responsibility Navigate to Application-->Register Application = FZ Custom Short Name = FZ Basepath = FZ_TOP Description = FZ Custom Application 6) Register Oracle User Naviate to Security-->Oracle-->Register Database User Name = FZ Password = FZ Privilege = Enabled Install Group = 0 Description = FZ Custom Application User 7) Add Application to a Data Group Navigate to Security-->Oracle-->DataGroup Data Group = FZGroup Description = FZ Custom Data Group Click on "Copy Applications from" and pick Standard data Group, then add the following entry. Application = FZ Custom Oracle ID = APPS Description = FZ Custom Application
  • 70. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 70 8) Create custom request group This will act as a placeholder for any custom reports we wish to make available for the Custom Responsibility Navigate to Security-->responsbility-->Request Group = FZ Request Group Application = FZ Custom Code = FZ Description = FZ Custom Requests We will not define any requests to add to the group at this stage, but you can add some now if required. 9) Create custom menu This will act as a placeholder for any menu items we wish to make available for the Custom Responsibility. We will create two menus, one for Core Applications and one for Self Service. Navigate to Application-->Menu Menu = FZ_CUSTOM_MENU User Menu Name = FZ Custom Application Menu Type = <leave blank> Description = FZ Custom Application Menu Seq = 100 Prompt = View Requests Submenu = <leave blank> Function = View All Concurrent Requests Description = View Requests Seq = 110 Prompt = Run Requests Submenu = <leave blank> Function = Requests: Submit Description = Submit Requests Menu = FZ_CUSTOM_MENU_SSWA User Menu Name = FZ Custom Application SSWA Menu Type = <leave blank> Description = FZ Custom Application Menu for SSWA
  • 71. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 71 10) Create new responsibility. One for Core Applications and One for Self Service (SSWA) Navigate to Security-->Responsibility-->Define Responsibility Name = FZ Custom Application = FZ Custom Responsibility Key = FZCUSTOM Description = FZ Custom Responsibility Available From = Oracle Applications Data Group Name = fzGroup Data Group Application = FZ Custom Menu = FZ Custom Application Request Group Name = FZ Request Group Responsibility Name = FZ Custom SSWA Application = FZ Custom Responsibility Key = FZCUSTOMSSWA Description = FZ Custom Responsibility SSWA Available From = Oracle Self Service Web Applications Data Group Name = fzGroup Data Group Application = FZ Custom Menu = FZ Custom Application SSWA Request Group Name = FZ Request Group 11) Add responsibility to user Navigate to Security-->User-->Define Add FZ Custom responsibility to users as required. 12) Other considerations You are now ready to create your database Objects, custom Reports, Forms, Packages, etc Create the source code files in the FZ_TOP directory appropriate for the type of object. For example forms would be located in $FZ_TOP/forms/US or package source code in $FZ_TOP/admin/sql for example.
  • 72. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 72 Database Objects, such as tables, indexes and sequences should be created in the FZ schema, then you need to a) Grant all privilege from each custom data object to the APPS schema. 1. For example : logged in as FZ user i. grant all privileges on myTable to apps; b) Create a synonym in APPS for each custom data object 1. For example : logged in as APPS user i. create synonym myTable for fz.myTable; Other database objects, such as views and packages should be created directly in the APPS schema.
  • 73. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 73 Database User Creation & Registration
  • 74. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 74 Add Application to Data Group
  • 75. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 75 Chapter 12 Application Object Library (AOL) Collection of pre-built application components and facilities. Contains shared components – forms/reports/concurrent/database objects/libraries/menus/flex field definitions. Coding Standards use AOL. Role of AOL • Oracle AOL links all the objects of oracle application. • It stores & contains the information & details about the data in file system. • The object includes apps tables, user information, directory information, forms, reports, form functions, Log files etc. • Thus AOL is a backbone of oracle apps 11i, which integrates all the objects & derives a relation between them.
  • 76. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 76 AOL Responsibilities The responsibilities associated with AOL operations. System Administrator Application Developer Application Developer
  • 77. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 77 System Administrator
  • 78. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 78
  • 79. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 79 Apps Component Structure
  • 80. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 80 APPLICATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT Security Management Involves: 1. Creating a user. 2. Assigning Responsibilities to the user. Responsibility It is a collection of authorizations provided to a user. It Includes i. Access to specific application. ii. Set of books iii. Restricted list of windows. iv. Functions & reports. Responsibilities can be shared by several users. Oracle applications are installed with pre defined responsibilities. Components of Responsibilities 1) Data group (mandatory) 2) Request Security group (optional) 3) Menu (mandatory) 4) Functions & menu Exclusion (optional) We can modify existing responsibility if so it affects users who share these responsibilities. We can include or exclude function in responsibility. We can use request group to add program or report privileges to responsibility.
  • 81. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 81 Define a new responsibility by ‘System administrator’ responsibility. Navigation: System Administrator Security Define (responsibility)
  • 82. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 82 1. Data Group It is mandatory for defining responsibility. It defines relation between oracle application & oracle ID’s accessible to responsibility. It determines DB account accessible by forms, concurrent programs & reports. Data groups in oracle applications are automatically defined. Note: AOL of an application is automatically included in definition of data group. Uses of Data Group It identifies the oracle ID belongs to which forms whenever user selects a responsibility. It enables concurrent manager to match applications that owns report or concurrent program with unique oracle ID. 2. Menu It is hierarchical list of various application forms that are displayed in navigator window. It can also point to non form functions. It is mandatory.
  • 83. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 83 3. Function Security It is mechanism used to control user access to application functionality. Function: It is a set of code that is executed only if function name is present in list maintained within responsibility. Responsibilities have list of functions. Types of Function i. Form Function ii. Non Form Function Form Function: Invokes oracle form and accessible from navigation window. Non Form Function It is subset of functionality of form. A menu is hierarchical arrangement of functions, menus of function and sub menus. To exclude a group function we need to exclude menu function responsibility. 4. Function & Menu Exclusion Exclusions are used against a responsibility to limit its menu and function access privileges. It is optional. Menu Exclusion Exclude all menu & function Functions Exclusion Excludes occurrence of functions within menus.
  • 84. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 84 Exercise 1 Responsibility with Mandatory Component (Menu & Data Group) Description: Let us create a responsibility with default data group & menu. Instruction: 1. Create a Responsibility of your choice. 2. Assigns standard Data Group to it. 3. Also assign default Menu to it. 4. Save the responsibility. 5. Create a user & assign this responsibility. 6. Login as the user & check the responsibility is assigned correctly. Note: To create a responsibility you should have “System Administrator” Responsibility.
  • 85. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 85 Log in as system administrator. In Function Navigator select “Define” under Responsibility.
  • 86. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 86 The responsibility form opens. Now assign a name of your choice. Here I have given responsibility name as “BSL ADMIN” . Select Application as “Application Object Library (AOL)”. Responsibility key name can be user’s choice. Here I have given the name as “BSL_ADMIN_KEY”. Description of your choice.
  • 87. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 87 Effective date is the date from and to which this responsibility is active. Default from date is sysdate. You can make this responsibility effective from date of your choice.
  • 88. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 88 Now assign standard “Data Group” to the responsibility.
  • 89. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 89 Choose data group Application as “AOL”.
  • 90. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 90 Now Choose “Menu”. Here I have chosen existing menu “Administrator Menu”.
  • 91. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 91 Now save the responsibility you have created.
  • 92. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 92 Now define a user and assign this responsibility.
  • 93. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 93 Type the password twice.
  • 94. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 94 Now assign responsibility “BSL ADMIN” to the user.
  • 95. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 95 IF Effective dates are given that responsibility or user is active / valid for those days only. If it is blank it will be active till administrator deactivates it. Save it. Now log in as new user.
  • 96. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 96
  • 97. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 97
  • 98. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 98 Exercise 2 Overview of Inventory Responsibility Menu Tree Description: Now we will check out the existing Inventory in detail. Here we are going to analyze what are all the responsibility components that are assigned to inventory responsibility. Instruction: Select Responsibility "Inventory". Analyze the Mandatory responsibility components. DataGroup Menu Check out the DataGroup. Analyze the Menu assigned to Responsibility. Check out for Sub Menus in Menus. Check out for Form Functions assigned to Menu or Sub Menu. Finally check to which form these Form Functions are assigned.
  • 99. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 99 Step 1: Log in as administrator. Navigate to “ Responsibility /define “
  • 100. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 100 Step2: Press “F11” for query mode and to search a responsibility press “Ctrl + F11”.
  • 101. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 101 Step 3: Now we will analyze the “Data Group”. The Data group assigned to this responsibility is “Standard” and application is “Inventory”. Now Let us go to the navigator window.
  • 102. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 102 Now navigate to ORACLE/DataGroup. Query the data group.
  • 103. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 103 The following application are assigned to that data group.
  • 104. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 104 Data groups will be created by DBA people. So no need t worry. Just know the concepts.
  • 105. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 105 Step 4: Now coming to “Menu” the default menu assigned to inventory responsibility is “INV_NAVIGATE”. Let us check out the menu by navigating to Application/Menu. Query the menu.
  • 106. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 106 The menu structure as below. Lets us check out the “MENU TREE”. Click “View Tree” Tab to see the menu tree. The “Seq” number tells us the order in which menu is structured.
  • 107. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 107 At left side you can see the order in which the functions are arranged. At right side you can see the menu detail info. Now you can see transaction is a menu & it has sub menu “Receiving” within it.
  • 108. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 108 You can verify this in the main page (or) in Inventory Responsibility Navigator window.
  • 109. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 109 Inventory Navigator window. Now let us check the menu “Transaction” assigned to menu “INV_NAVIGATE”. The name assigned to transaction is “INV_TRANSACTIONS”.
  • 110. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 110 Now query that transaction menu.
  • 111. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 111 Now let us see the menu tree.
  • 112. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 112 Now let us check out the functions associated with the menu ”INV_TRANSACTIONS”
  • 113. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 113 Summary Topics we have seen. Responsibility --> Menu. Responsibility: Inventory. Menu: INV_NAVIGATE Menu --> Sub Menu Menu: INV_NAVIGATE Sub Menu: INV_TRANSACTIONS Now we are going to see the functions associated with sub menu. Sub Menu --> Functions Sub Menu: INV_TRANSACTIONS Functions: Sub inventory Transfer, Interorganization Transfer, Miscellaneous Transaction etc..
  • 114. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 114 Step 5: Now navigate to Application / Functions. Then query the function.
  • 115. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 115
  • 116. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 116 Go to “Property” tab to view the property of the function & its type.
  • 117. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 117 If you go to “Form” tab you can see the complete details about the form functions. Now you can see this particular “Form Function” is attached to the form (.fmx) “Inventory Transactions”. You can find the forms in the following folder APPL_TOP/PO/11.5.10.2/forms.
  • 118. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 118 Exercise 3 Creating Customized menus for Customized Responsibility Description: Now we are going to create customized menu for a customized responsibility from the existing defined menus in oracle application. Every business have some business flow of their choice. For this exercise consider we are going to create a normal user with limited functionality. So, I have taken selected functions from the existing oracle application menu, to create customized responsibility as below. System Administrator (only user defining rights) Application Developer (Only Defining Concurrent Program) GL Super User (Open & Close Calendar Periods) Instructions: Prerequisites: Assume Forms & Form Functions are already created by oracle apps DBA. Create a Customized Sub menu for the above responsibilities. Now assign these Sub menus to other Main menu. Define a customized Responsibility & assign the data group & this customized Main Menu. Now create a user & assign this responsibility to it. Log in as the user.
  • 119. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 119 Remember we should always follow the below Function Security flow:
  • 120. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 120 Step 1: Creating Customized Menu's Now Navigate to Application / Menu.
  • 121. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 121 Menu Details Menu Name: DINESH SYS ADMIN User Menu Name: Dinesh_Sys_Admin Function: Users
  • 122. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 122 Now search for the existing oracle application Form function.
  • 123. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 123 Now menu tree is build after saving the menu. Similarly create a customized menu for rest of the sub menu's.
  • 124. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 124 Menu Name: DINESH APPL DEV User Menu Name: Dinesh_Appl_Dev Function: Concurrent Programs (Developer Mode)
  • 125. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 125 Menu Tree:
  • 126. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 126 Menu Name: DINESH GL User Menu Name: Dinesh_GL Function: Open and Close Period
  • 127. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 127 Menu Tree:
  • 128. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 128 Step 2: Create a Main Menu by assigning these above created menus as sub menus. Menu Name: DINESH MANI MENU Menu User name: Dinesh_Main_Menu
  • 129. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 129 Menu Tree:
  • 130. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 130 Step 3: Now create a responsibility & assign the above defined main menu. Save the responsibility.
  • 131. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 131 Step 4: Now create a user & assign this responsibility. Now log in as the above user.
  • 132. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 132 Step 5: Logging in as user DINI_USER At first log in change the password of your choice.
  • 133. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 133 The home page as below: After clicking the responsibility “Dinesh_Custom_Resp”.
  • 134. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 134 Now press system Admin responsibility : User. The following screen appears.
  • 135. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 135 Exercise 4 Menu & Function Exclusion Description: We can exclude functions at any level to customize a responsibility. Excluding a menu item from a responsibility will exclude all the menus and functions nested within that menu item. Excluding a function from a responsibility will exclude all occurrences of that function Throughout the menu structure of the responsibility. Instructions: First select the responsibility. Select which Menu to be excluded. Thirdly, select which function to be excluded.
  • 136. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 136 Menu and Function Exclusion The user “DINI_USER” has the following responsibility assigned as below.
  • 137. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 137
  • 138. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 138 System Admin: This responsibility can create a user.
  • 139. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 139 Application Developer: This responsibility is to define & run Concurrent Program. Similarly for General Ledger.
  • 140. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 140 Menu Exclusion: Now we are going to exclude a menu from the “Dinesh_Cust_Resp”. Log in as “System Administrator” and navigate to Security /Responsibility/ Define. Then Query the responsibility. In the menu exclusion Type select the type & name of function or menu.
  • 141. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 141 Now I have excluded the “Application Developer” Menu. Type: Menu Name: Dineshs_Appl_Dev Now Log in as the user & check out u can access “Application Developer” Responsibility. The application Developer menu is excluded. To enable the menu again delete the record by using icon
  • 142. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 142 Log in again & check out.
  • 143. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 143 Function Exclusion: Now we are going to exclude a function from the “Dinesh_Cust_Resp”. Type: Function Name: Users Now the menu is not excluded only the function within the menu is excluded. Since we have only one function within the Menu, the whole menu is disabled. If we have more functions only that particular functionality is disabled.
  • 144. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 144 Chapter 13 AOL Concurrent Processing & Program Overview of Concurrent Processing A mechanism in oracle e-business suite helps in background processing of Reports, batch runs and longer transactions. It is series of background “Managers”. Concurrent processing is a separate Programs that control Background processing (requests) which is initiated by user or Scheduled. Major Features Online Requests We can submit requests from forms & concurrent manager takes care of work online. Automatic Scheduling Oracle AOL automatically schedules request based on priority and compatibility on submitting. Concurrent Processing options We can control certain runtime options like profile options. Online request review We can review the processing online like getting log information, output and status of the concurrent program. Concurrent managers Helps in managing, controlling all concurrent program transactions. Simultaneous queuing It helps in conflict one request with other i.e. avoids deadlock. Multiple concurrent programs For each executable we can have multiple concurrent programs defined.
  • 145. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 145 Creating Concurrent Program The basic process of creating concurrent program as follows: 1. Create a program execution file. 2. Define concurrent program executable. 3. Define concurrent program. 4. Request you program. 5. Make concurrent program available to user. Note: Request Group & Request set will be covered in later part of the chapters.
  • 146. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 146 Exercise 5 Defining a Concurrent program (Default Parameters) Description: We are going to define a concurrent program in this exercise. Remember if we are going to create a procedure of function default parameters to retrieve the status of the concurrent program. The parameters as follows: Errbuf varchar2 (mandatory) Retcode varchar2 (mandatory) For example: Create or replace procedure sample (Errbuf out varchar2, Retcode out varchar2) As Begin // body of the document End; Instruction: Create a procedure. Create an executable. Attach this executable to the concurrent program (defining Concurrent pg.) Create a request group & assign this to the user responsibility. Now run the request. View the status.
  • 147. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 147 Step 1: Creating a simple procedure to update the description of the user in Apps.FND_USER table. Step 2: Create a executable Log in as “Application Developer” Navigation: Concurrent/Executable
  • 148. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 148 Executable Details: Create Executable as below.
  • 149. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 149 Step 3: Defining a concurrent program.
  • 150. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 150 Step 4: Now we need to define a request group & assign that to a responsibility of the user who runs this request.
  • 151. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 151 Step 5: To the existing responsibility assign the created requested group.
  • 152. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 152 Step 6: Submit the request. Log in as “Application Developer”
  • 153. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 153 Now you can view the status of the request you have submitted as below. Expected Result: Change in description of the user.
  • 154. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 154 Exercise 6 Defining a Concurrent program (with user parameters) Description: We are going to define a concurrent program with user parameter other than the mandatory parameters. Here the concept is same as above exercise, but slightly varies in defining a parameter for concurrent program. We need to create a value set for the parameter & attach to it. Instructions: Create a procedure. Create an executable. Create a value set. Attach this executable to the concurrent program (defining Concurrent pg.) Now attach the value set to the parameter for validation. Create a request group & assign this to the user responsibility. Now run the request. View the status. Additional steps w.r.t. Exercise 5.
  • 155. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 155 Procedure: Executable:
  • 156. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 156 Value set: Navigation:
  • 157. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 157 Values in value set:
  • 158. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 158 Entering values for validation:
  • 159. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 159 Concurrent Program: After filling the main page press “Parameters”.
  • 160. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 160 Defining Parameters: “save” the set up.
  • 161. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 161 Defining Request group:
  • 162. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 162 Responsibility:
  • 163. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 163 Submit Request: Switch responsibility to “Application Developer” Go to “View” Select “Requests”.
  • 164. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 164 Press Submit new request button. Select “Single request”
  • 165. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 165 When selecting the request name a pop up comes, that’s the “parameter” window to substitute the user name. Parameter: Press “Ok”
  • 166. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 166 Submit the request: Status: Successfully completed.
  • 167. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 167 Expected Result: Now you can see the description of the user is modified.
  • 168. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 168 Exercise 7 Concurrent program with report executable Description: In this exercise we are going to create a report as executable and attach it to the concurrent program. All the procedures & steps for creating concurrent program is same but when passing parameters to the reports some points to be noted i.e. token name. The name in the parameter form of the report should be same as token name in the parameter form in apps screen. Instructions: First place the created report in the reports folder in apps data structure. Then create an executable. Define a concurrent program & attach the executable to it. Set the parameter along with the token name (same as parameter names in report .rdf file) Create a request set & submit the request.
  • 169. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 169 Step 1: Create a report and place it in following directory in apps file system. Location: APPL_TOP/Module_name/11.5.0/Reports Suppose if I am creating a report for purchasing module I need to place the report in following location: APPL_TOP/PO/11.5.0/Reports/Dini_PO_report.rdf
  • 170. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 170 Report name: Dini_PO_report.rdf Application: Purchasing Executable:
  • 171. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 171 Concurrent Program:
  • 172. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 172 Parameters
  • 173. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 173 Parameter form in report Note: The Concurrent parameter “Token Name” and the “user parameter” should be same.
  • 174. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 174 Now save the concurrent program & run the request. PO_RELEASE_NUM is at bottom of layout it is not shown in screen shot.
  • 175. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 175 Create a request group. Assign this request group to the responsibility the user is going to execute the concurrent program.
  • 176. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 176 Submit Request: Enter value for report parameter: Submit the request:
  • 177. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 177
  • 178. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 178 Status: Refresh the status every time till it completes. Note: One mandatory report user parameter for running reports is: P_CONC_REQUEST_ID (mandatory)
  • 179. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 179 This parameter is linked with Concurrent Request ID of concurrent program.
  • 180. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 180 Forms Form Functions Menus Responsibilities User Chapter 14 AOL Table Relations Let us summarize the functional Security flow: Note: In this chapter I have covered only main tables. For other tables please refer eTRM. All the table description is referred from eTRM.
  • 181. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 181 Tables Description FND_FORM Fnd_Form stores information about your registered application forms. FND_FORM_FUNCTIONS Fnd_Form_Functions stores information about function grouping in forms. Menus: Tables Description FND_MENUS Fnd_Menus lists the menus that appear in the Navigate Window. FND_MENU_ENTRIES Fnd_Menu_Entries stores information about individual entries in the menus in FND_MENUS. Responsibility: Tables Description FND_RESPONSIBILITY Fnd_Responsibility stores information about responsibilities. Each row includes the name and description of the responsibility, the application it belongs to, and values that identify the main menu, and the first form that it uses. User: Tables Description FND_USER Fnd_User stores information about application users FND_USER_RESP_GROUPS Responsibilities assigned to application users
  • 182. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 182 Data Group: Tables Description FND_DATA_GROUPS Fnd_Data_Groups stores information about different data groups FND_DATA_GROUP_UNITS Fnd_Data_Group_Units stores information about ORACLE database accounts associated with various applications under different data groups Concurrent: Tables Description FND_CONCURRENT_PROCESSORS Fnd_Concurrent_Processors stores information about immediate (subroutine) concurrent program libraries. Each row includes the name and description of the library. FND_CONCURRENT_PROCESSES Fnd_Concurrent_Processes stores information about concurrent managers. Each row includes values that identify the ORACLE process, the operating system process, and the concurrent manager (QUEUE_APPLICATION_ID and CONCURRENT_QUEUE_ID). FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS Fnd_Concurrent_Requests stores information about individual concurrent requests. FND_CONCURRENT_PROGRAMS Fnd_Concurrent_Programs stores information about concurrent programs. Each row includes a name and description of the concurrent program. FND_EXECUTABLES Fnd_Executables stores information about concurrent program executables.
  • 183. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 183 Request: Tables Description FND_REQUEST_GROUPS Fnd_Request_Groups stores information about report security groups. FND_REQUEST_GROUP_UNITS Fnd_Request_Group_Units stores information about individual reports and groups within each report security group. FND_REQUEST_SETS Fnd_Request_Sets stores information about report sets. FND_REQUEST_SET_STAGES A request set is composed of one or more stages. Information about each stage is stored in Fnd_Request_Set_Stages. FND_RUN_REQUESTS Fnd_Run_Requests stores information about running reports within a report set. Each row includes values that identify the running request, the parent request, the request set, and information for printing the report. Application: Tables Description FND_APPLICATION Applications registered with Oracle Application Object Library.
  • 184. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 184 Primary-Foreign Key Relations For people who don’t have access to eTRM, I have given the relations from the eTRM link. Note: You can find foreign key relations between columns only for the topics we have discussed. Responsibility Table: FND_RESPONSIBILITY Main Table Table Relating Column FND_APPLICATION APPLICATION_ID FND_DATA_GROUP_UNITS DATA_GROUP_APPLICATION_ID, DATA_GROUP_ID FND_REQUEST_GROUPS GROUP_APPLICATION_ID ,REQUEST_GROUP_ID FND_MENUS MENU_ID FND_PROFILE_OPTION_VALUES LEVEL_VALUE_APPLICATION_ID FND_USER_DESKTOP_OBJECTS APPLICATION_ID FND_RESPONSIBILITY FND_APPLICATION RESPONSIBILITY_APPLICATION_ID Data Group Table: FND_DATA_GROUP_UNITS Main Table Table Relating Column FND_DATA_GROUPS DATA_GROUP_ID FND_DATA_GROUP_UNITS FND_RESPONSIBILITY DATA_GROUP_APPLICATION_ID, DATA_GROUP_ID
  • 185. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 185 Request Group Table: FND_REQUEST_GROUP Main Table Table Relating Column FND_APPLICATION APPLICATION_ID FND_REQUEST_GROUP_UNITS APPLICATION_ID, REQUEST_GROUP_ID FND_REQUEST_GROUP FND_RESPONSIBILITY GROUP_APPLICATION_ID, REQUEST_GROUP_ID User Table: FND_USER_RESP_GROUPS Main Table Table Relating Column FND_RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY_ID, RESPONSIBILITY_APPLICATION_ID FND_USER USER_ID FND_USER_RESP_GROUPS FND_SECURITY_GROUPS SECURITY_GROUP_ID Concurrent Table: FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS Main Table Table Relating Column FND_CONCURRENT_PROGRAMS PROGRAM_APPLICATION_ID FND_USER REQUESTED_BY FND_RESPONSIBILITY RESPONSIBILITY_APPLICATION_ID ,RESPONSIBILITY_ID FND_CONCURRENT_PROCESSES CONTROLLING_MANAGER FND_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS FND_RUN_REQUESTS REQUEST_ID
  • 186. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 186 Applications Table: FND_APPLICATION Main Table Table Relating Column FND_CONCURRENT_PROCESSORS APPLICATION_ID FND_CONCURRENT_PROGRAMS APPLICATION_ID FND_DESCRIPTIVE_FLEXS APPLICATION_ID FND_EXECUTABLES APPLICATION_ID FND_FORM APPLICATION_ID FND_LOOKUP_TYPES VIEW_APPLICATION_ID FND_PROFILE_OPTIONS APPLICATION_ID FND_REQUEST_GROUPS APPLICATION_ID FND_RESPONSIBILITY APPLICATION_ID FND_TABLES APPLICATION_ID FND_APPLICATIONS FND_VIEWS APPLICATION_ID Relation Diagram Fnd_Responsibility Fnd_Application Fnd_menu Fnd_Data_Group_Units Fnd_Request_Group Fnd_Data_Group Fnd_Form_Functions Fnd_Form Menu_id Sub_Menu_id Function_id Application_id Responsibility_id Application_id Menu_id Group_Application_idData_Group_Application_id Fnd_Menu_Entries Data_Group_id Fnd_Request_Group_Units Application_id Request_Group_id Fnd_User_Resp_Group Application_id Responsibility_Application_id Fnd_User User_id Fnd_Concurrent_Req Requested_By Fnd_Concurrent_Programs Fnd_Concurrent_Processes Program_Application_id Controlling_Manager Responsibility_Application_id Responsibility_id
  • 187. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 187 Chapter 15 Overview of Flexfield Concepts A Flexfield contains Segments or Sub-fields. Each segment contains some set of values (Value Sets). Flexfield Types Two types of flexfields Key flexfield (KFF) Descriptive flexfield (DFF)
  • 188. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 188 Key Flexfield KFF is made up of segments. Segment represents entity characteristics. We can Customize KFF by combining segment values. Also we can define rules on segments.
  • 189. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 189 Descriptive Flexfield DFF is mainly used for storing additional information’s. DFF appears in form as icon “”. Attributes in tables represents DFF. DFF can also have set of values. Features of flexfields Application customization. Use of “Intelligent Keys” – composed of combination of segment values. Value validations. Customizing data fields.
  • 190. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 190 Flexfield in Oracle Application Flexfield Oracle Module Accounting Flexfield General Ledger Account Aliases Item Catalogs Item Categories Sales Orders Stock Locators System Items Inventory Sales Tax Location Flexfield Territory Flexfield Oracle Receivables Grade Flexfield GRD Oracle Assets Job Flexfield Personal Analysis Flexfield Soft Coded Key Flexfield Oracle Human Resources Asset Key Flexfield Category Flexfield Location Flexfield Oracle Assets Oracle Service Item Flexfield Oracle Service
  • 191. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 191 Note: No. of columns allocated for flexfields. KFF – 30 Segments DFF – 15 Attributes For KFF we can view only enabled segments in table. For example, consider “PO_Headers_All” table below.
  • 192. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 192
  • 193. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 193 Global_Attribute Attributes are not used in tables for business, as these attributes are reserved for future purpose by Oracle Corporation.
  • 194. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 194 Exercise 8 Creating accounting Flexfield Structure Description: Now we are going to create a flexfield structure. Let us consider Accounting Flexfield setup in GL. Before creating the structure we need to know some basic & essential terms. They are as below. Accounting Flexfield Segment Separator Cross-Validate Segments Freeze Flexfield Definition Flexfield Qualifiers Segment Qualifiers Structure Freeze Rollup groups Allow dynamic insert Accounting Flexfield: This is used to design GL accounts. This helps in running an organization in proper manner. Also allows classification of accounting information. The structure provides a logical order of values by grouping related accounts. Segment Separator: Segment Separator characters are used to separate different segment values with any conflict. Cross-Validate Segments: Select the Cross-Validate Segments check box if you want to cross-validate multiple segments using cross-validation rules Freeze Flexfield Definition:
  • 195. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 195 If we freeze the flexfield we cannot modify any values of the segment. You must freeze and compile your flexfield definition before you can use your flexfield. Flexfield Qualifiers: The flexfield qualifier identifies the user customized segments, such that it ensures all key segments required for application is defined or not. Segment Qualifiers: It describes the characteristics of segment values. It also helps in retrieving information about segment values. Structure: It is a particular arrangement of flexfield segments. The size of structure depends upon flexfield. Freeze Rollup groups: Rollup groups are used to create summary accounts for reporting purposes. Allow dynamic insert: We can enter new combination of segment values using flexfield value from a foreign key form. Instructions: Create a value set for accounting flexfield segments. Create flexfield structure. Create segments for Flexfield. Assign value set to the segments created. Enable/ Disable Options like Freeze rollups, Dynamic insert, cross validation. Compile Flexfield structure.
  • 196. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 196 Step 1: Log in as “GL Super User”. Navigation: Step 2: Creating a value set for flexfield segments. Account segment uses Natural Account segment. The company segment use Balancing Segment. These segments are mandatory for defining the accounting flexfield.
  • 197. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 197 Creating “value set” for Natural account. Creating “value set” for Balancing account.
  • 198. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 198 Step 3: Adding values to value sets created. Navigation: Setup/Validation/Values
  • 199. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 199 Step 4: Create flexfield structure for accounting flexfield. Create segment for the flexfield. Navigation: Setup/Financials/Flexfield/Key/Segments. First Query the Flexfield title as “Accounting Flexfield”. Then add new record.
  • 200. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 200 Now click to define segments. Now define Flexfield Qualifiers.
  • 201. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 201 For Company_BS: For Account_NA:
  • 202. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 202 Step 5: Enabling other options. Segment Separator: You can define any of the 3 separator or a custom one. I am going to define a custom one. Allow Dynamic Insert: Freeze Flexfield Definition:
  • 203. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 203 Save it & “Compile” Flexfield definition. After compiling you will get message box as below.
  • 204. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 204 Exercise 9 Modifying Flexfield Definition Description: As we know once we freeze the values of flexfield segments we cannot modify or make any changes in it. Now we are going to see how to modify the flexfield definition. Instructions: Create a new value set for balancing segment. Unfreeze Flexfield definition. Update segment values by assigning new value set. Again freeze the flexfield definition. Compile flexfield structure.
  • 205. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 205 Step 1: Create a new value set as below and set the values as below. Assign values to value set.
  • 206. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 206 Step 2: Open the Accounting Flexfield “Ac_Flexfield_GL” and unfreeze the “Freeze Flexfield Definition” checkbox. While unfreezing it you will get the following pop up message as below.
  • 207. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 207 Step 3: Now go to the segment tab and change the value set of segment “Company_BS” value set from BS_GL to BS_GL_2 and save it.
  • 208. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 208 Step 4: Enable checkbox of “Freeze Flexfield Definition” and compile the Accounting Structure “Ac_Flexfield_GL”. The following message box appears while enabling checkbox.
  • 209. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 209 Compile the Flexfield Definition.
  • 210. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 210 Exercise 10 Enabling Descriptive Flexfield (DFF) Description: Now we are going to enable a DFF segment in “GL Super User” Responsibility. DFF appears as single character & enclosed as [ ]. Instruction: In Accounting Calendar Form, at GL you can see a DFF. You need either Application Developer (or) System Administrator Responsibility to do this task. Also for Diagnostic examination of DFF in form you need Oracle Apps Database Password.
  • 211. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 211 Step 1: Navigate: Purchase Order/Purchase orders (or) In windows Navigator
  • 212. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 212 You can see the GL Accounting Calendar form as below. Step 2: To see the name of the DFF do the following steps. Go to help Diagnostics Examine.
  • 213. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 213 As Diagnostics is directly associated with Apps DB schema, you need to provide “Oracle Apps Database password” to examine the form. When the password is correct you can the following window, the details of DFF will be populated in the pop up window. Note down these values populated.
  • 214. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 214 Step 3: To enable this DFF switch to “Application Developer” responsibility (or) to “System Administrator” Responsibility. Here I am switching to System admin. Then navigate to Flexfield / Descriptive /Segments. You will be seeing the below form and Query the DFF. Query Details:
  • 215. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 215 You can see the DFF details as below. Now click you can see the segment summary form.
  • 216. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 216 Fill in the following details as below. Number: 5 Name: Dinesh Fin calendar Window Prompt: Dinesh Fin calendar Column: Attribute 5 Value set: Optional (As I haven’t defined any not using it) Then “Save” the record you have created.
  • 217. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 217 Now freeze the Flexfield definition by enabling the checkbox “Freeze Flexfield Definition”.
  • 218. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 218 Next step is to “Compile” the Flexfield definition by clicking . Now switch to “GL Super User” responsibility.
  • 219. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 219 Now click the “DFF”. You can see the DFF is enabled and the following pop window appears. You can “Disable” the “Context” text field as below. As we have free zed the Flexfield definition we need to unfreeze it & make the changes. Please follow the steps as below.
  • 220. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 220 Now save & freeze it again.
  • 221. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 221 You can also make “Context” text field as mandatory by enabling check box of “Required” as below. Save & freeze. As discussed above I am going to disable the “Context” text field.
  • 222. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 222 Now compile the Flexfield definition. Now open the DFF and check out.
  • 223. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 223 Chapter 16 Oracle User Profile Options User profile affects the way in which user runs the application. AOL provides plenty of choices to set user interface with the business application. In short profile option is used to control & manage transactions & activities in oracle application. User Profile Levels AOL defines hierarchy for user profile. User Level: This option value affects a single application user directly. Responsibility Level: This affects all the application users in the responsibility. Application level: This directly affects the application. Site Level: It affects all the application that run is apps. User Responsibilit y Application Site High Low
  • 224. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 224 Need of User Profile: A practical scenario to understand profile option. Scenario 1: In the above scenario you can see for the organization there are 4 different departments. Every department has its own user. These users have access to their respective departments. Suppose consider a situation when organization has to update 10,000 users responsibility. In this case if the profile option is set this job is done at very short time. This is one simple situation, like this we can use profile option for more complex situations. Organization Finance Dept Sys Admin Dept Manufacturing Dept Quality Dept Users A Users B Users C Users D
  • 225. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 225 Scenario 2: Consider the above diagram in scenario 1. Every department has users and user from finance department cannot access details of quality department and vice versa. Suppose consider this access security can be applied to apps users. That is when the user logs into the apps and the profile option is set for the user, the user can be redirected to any web page. For example, User A Admin User B HR The user will be redirected to the following link: http://apps.DineshSoft.com:8011/OA_HTML/ADMIN.jsp?OAFunc=OAHOMEPAGE
  • 226. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 226 Similarly, when USER B logs in. The user will be redirected to the following link: http://apps.DineshSoft.com:8011/OA_HTML/HR.jsp?OAFunc=OAHOMEPAGE
  • 227. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 227 Exercise 11 Custom Profile Option for Responsibility Description: We are going to create profile option for employees working in Car manufacturing industry say Company like ford, GM etc. In this industry employees are classified on the basis of grades. We are going classify the employees as below. Grade Description A0 Associate Engineer A1 Sr. Engineer A2 Chief Mechanical Engineer As per the company policy when an employee buys a ford car, they will be given some discounts based on their grade. The discounts are below. A0 7% A1 10% A2 20% Assume the Ford Company has implemented oracle apps 11i. Now we are going to create profile options for grades and assign this profile to the responsibility. Such that the employee who comes under particular responsibility will get discounts. Instructions: Create responsibility User Create Profile option User Assign Discount % Responsibility
  • 228. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 228 Step 1: Creating responsibility for grade “A0”. Navigation: System Administrator/Security/Responsibility/Define
  • 229. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 229 In the same way create responsibility for grade “A1” & “A2”. For “A2”.
  • 230. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 230 Step 2: Create “User” and assign above created responsibility. Navigation: System Administrator/Security/User/Define
  • 231. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 231 In the same way create Users for grade “A1” & “A2”. For “A2”.
  • 232. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 232 Step 3: Define Profile options for Discount (Switch to Application Developer responsibility). Navigation: Application Developer/Profile Access Level is based on “Hierarchy type”. “Server” Type.
  • 233. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 233 “Organization” type. “Security” type For our exercise we are going to choose “Security” type.
  • 234. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 234 Defining Profile option.
  • 235. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 235 Step 4: Profile option assignment (Switch to System Administrator Responsibility) for above created responsibilities. Navigation: System Administrator/Profile/System Assignment for “A0 Associate Engineer” Responsibility. Click “Find”.
  • 236. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 236 Based on the below table assign the discount values. Grade Description Discounts % A0 Associate Engineer 7 A1 Sr. Engineer 10 A2 Chief Mechanical Engineer 20 Grade A0: Grade A1:
  • 237. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 237 Grade A2: Now when the employee buys a car from the company automatically they will get discount on total car cost.
  • 238. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 238 Exercise 12 Custom Profile Option for User Description: Now we are going to create profile option for user who already has profile option set for his responsibility. In this exercise we are going to check the hierarchy of the user profile levels. Instructions: Create new user Responsibility Assign Profile User As we have already assigned profile to the responsibility that step is skipped.
  • 239. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 239 Step 1: Creating a new user. Step 2: Assign profile option to be set to “User”. As you can see already profile option is set with “Responsibility” .
  • 240. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 240 Now we are going to set for a user.
  • 241. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 241 Now I have set the discount % as “22” which is greater than responsibility discount %.
  • 242. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 242 Observation: We know the hierarchy for user profile option as below. Here user has highest Priority/Preferences, such that it can override profile options set to Responsibility, Application and Site. Thus, in this exercise we have defied same profile option for responsibility & user with different discount value, that is user value (20) > responsibility value (22). As user is at top level its value (22) overrides responsibility value (20). Therefore, employees SENTHIL.M will have Discount of 22% when he buys a car from Dinesh motors. User Responsibility Application Site High Low
  • 243. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 243 Chapter 17 Oracle Alerts We all know about Exception handling in Java programming. In the same way oracle alerts helps in exception handling & controlling. Alerts -- Entities. (Implies) Oracle alert create entity called “alert’” to control organization business. Types of Alerts Alert Type Usage/Example Event To monitor DB activities like insert or update etc. Periodic Checks DB information at scheduled time like email, concurrent program or running SQL script. Note: Both types of alerts are defined by SQL select statement. Alerts in Business Alerts helps in Database exceptions & tracking transactions by emailing the activity or error or exception to the user. Takes predefined actions depending on exception or response to alert. It Schedules database activities like calling PLSQL stored procedures and decreases manual work.
  • 244. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 244 Exercise 13 Creating Periodic Alert Description: We are going to create a periodic alert. These alerts can be triggered daily, weekly, monthly or yearly at particular interval of time. Note: This alert is no were related with any DB transaction or tracking activity. Periodic alert will notify or report the user regardless of any activity. Instruction: Some steps to remember, while creating periodic alert . Define periodic alert + frequency. Specify detail information about alert. Define actions for alerts. Create action set contains actions. Things to Remember: Define mail account for alerts. Set up connection b/w alert and mail application. Note: In the below exercises I haven’t configured mail account. Define Detail Action Set
  • 245. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 245 Step 1: Go to Responsibility “Alert Manager”.
  • 246. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 246 Creating Periodic Alerts involves 4 steps. 1. Define alert & specify frequency. 2. Specify Details. 3. Define Action. 4. Create Action Set.
  • 247. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 247 Navigation: Oracle Alerts/ Define Step 2: Fill the details of your periodic alert.
  • 248. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 248 Set “frequency” for Periodic alert. There are nine frequency options for alerts as below. Frequency Description On Demand Alert is check only when user specify. On Day of the Month Alert is checked on monthly basis on the day you specify i.e. 14th day of every month. On Day of the Week As above it checks alert on day of week. Every N Calendar Days Checks alerts on every day a day calendar & does not skip holidays. Every N Business Days Checks oracle alerts on every business days. 1 check on business day 2 Check on non-business days. Every Day This is same as “Every N Calendar” and days field value as 1. Every Other Day This is same as “Every N Calendar” and days field value as 2. Every Business Day This is same as “Every N Business” and days field value as 1. Every Other Business Day This is same as “Every N Business” and days field value as 2.
  • 249. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 249 On Day of the Month On Day of the Week Every N Calendar Days Every N Business Days
  • 250. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 250 Every Day Every Other Day Every Business Day Every Other Business Day Now we are going to select “On Demand” frequency for this exercise.
  • 251. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 251 Select Query: We can write query in 2 ways: a) Manually Select Statement b) Import Select Statement Points to Remember while writing Select Query: 1. Periodic alert statement should include INTO clause. 2. Identify inputs with colon (:) in front of name. Example “:Col_Name”. 3. Identify outputs with ampersand (&) in front of name. Example “&Col_Name”. 4. We can format column output by putting Pound sign (#) after column name & define the format. For example “&Amount#999.99”. 5. For importing SQL statement click you can see the below screen.
  • 252. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 252 Sample SQL Statements: Consider I have table like this. Employee: Emp_ID Emp_Name Emp_Department 101 Dinesh IT 256 Vishnu Raju Electronics 553 Srikanth.Pk Mechanical 600 Shovan Mahapatra Bio-Tech 809 Hima.k Architecture 2241 Lokesh. BN Civil Statement 1: Statement 2: To get user input
  • 253. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 253 Now for our exercise we are going to use the following “SQL Select Query”. Below you can see the description of table “Fnd_User”. We are going to select the following columns: Columns User_Id User_name End_Date Description Employee_Id Email_Address
  • 254. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 254 Select Query: SELECT User_Id, User_name, End_Date, Description, Employee_Id, Email_Address INTO &id, &name, &date, &desc, &emp_id, &email FROM APPS.FND_USER
  • 255. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 255 Verifying SQL Statement: 1. To verify the efficiency & accuracy of Select statement click . 2. To execute the Select statement click. Choose save before running the statement using icon. The fully completed periodic alert.
  • 256. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 256 After running the statement you can see the number of rows selected in note window. 3. Go to “Alert Details” window to complete the definition of periodic alert. Click. The alert detail window includes information’s like, a) Alert running against application. b) Default values to input variables. c) Additional characteristics of output variable to have. Alert details window contains 3 tabbed regions: 1) Inputs 2) Outputs 3) Installation
  • 257. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 257 Inputs Tab: Oracle alerts automatically displays inputs unless they are implicit inputs like. Implicit Inputs Description :ROWID Contains ID number when insert/update trigger occurs. :MAILID Contains email username of the person who does insert/update trigger. :ORG_ID Contains organization ID where alert runs. :DATE_LAST_CHECK Contains date & time when alert is recently checked. We can enter default value for these implicit inputs with maximum of 240 characters. As our query does not contain implicit inputs all details in input tab regions are empty. Outputs Tab: In this region oracle alerts displays outputs used in SQL select statement without “&” and numbering format (999.99). Also we can mention maximum number of characters an output variable can have. We can check the “Check for Duplicates” check box to customize the combination of SQL statement results.
  • 258. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 258 Installations Tab: In installations tab region we can specify “Oracle ID” against which we can raise an Oracle alert. If oracle ID is not given, oracle alerts automatically checks alert against all installations in database which owns this alert. Check the “Enable” check box to run alert against any Oracle ID.
  • 259. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 259 Creating Alert Actions: Alert actions are created to perform actions to be performed by the alert. Types of Actions: i. Concurrent Program action ii. Message action iii. Operating Script actions iv. SQL Statement Script
  • 260. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 260 I. Message Action: Navigation: Click then you can find this window below. Select “Action Type” as Message.
  • 261. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 261 This is similar to sending a email from yahoo or gmail or hotmail or from Outlook Express. Similarly, please fill the message details in the alert details form.
  • 262. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 262 As I haven’t configured the mail setups, I cannot show the complete process. So, I have given what are all the details you need to specify in this form. When every detail is filled, please save it & move to alert definition window to create “Action Sets”.
  • 263. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 263 II. Concurrent Program: III. Operation Script Actions: IV. SQL Statement Script:
  • 264. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 264 Creating an Action Set: After creating an alert action, we should include them in “action set” to perform alert check. Action set is, Set of actions. Combination of actions. Combinations of action groups. Oracle alert executes action sets in a sequence you define. To define an action set click .
  • 265. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 265 The following window opens. Fill in the details required. Members Tab:
  • 266. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 266 Inputs Tab: Outputs tab:
  • 267. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 267 Exercise 14 Creating an Event Alert Description: We are going to create an event alert. These alerts are fired or triggered in any transaction change in oracle apps database. For example, if the customer pays for his purchase order, an alert can be set to send information regarding this to the supplier. Instruction: There are 4 tasks involved in creating an event alert: Define Database events. Specify details of alert. Define action for alert. Creation action set. Note: The following points should be considered before creating an alert. Define mail account for alert. Make connection between oracle alert & mail account. (I haven’t shown the mail account setups in this tutorial.)
  • 268. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 268 Step 1: Go to “Alert Manager” Responsibility to define an alert. Navigation: Alert Manager / Alerts / Define (Or) in you can go from oracle home.
  • 269. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 269 In the “Alert” form go to “Event tab” for defining event alert.
  • 270. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 270 Step 2: Fill the following details in form as below: Application: Application Object Library Name: Dinesh_Fnd_Event_Alert Description: Alert when an user description changes Table: FND_USER After insert/Update: As the alert we are going to define is used only when we change the description of Fnd_User we are going to enable “After Update” not “After insert”. Keep Days: This is used to store no. of days the action history should be Stored (10). Note: We cannot define alert on following table “Fnd_Concurrent_Requests”.
  • 271. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 271 Step 3: Write the following query in “Select Statement” text area. Step 4: Verify the SQL Statement. a) Choose Verify button to verify the sql statement. The following dialogue box appears. b) Before running the SQL Statement, save your work by pressing the icon. You can see the following message in status bar.
  • 272. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 272 c) Now run the SQL statement by clicking the icon. Number of rows selected will be displayed in “Note window”. Step 5: Go to the alert details & fill in the default inputs values if necessary. (Please refer the above exercise for steps to fill these alert details, action & action set details.)
  • 273. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 273 Exercise 15 Transferring & Deleting Alert Definitions Description: Transferring: We can transfer an alert definition to another database or make a copy of existing alert. Delete: We can permanently delete an existing alert whether it is disabled or enabled. Instruction: Before deleting an alert we are going to see how to transfer it.
  • 274. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 274 Exercise (15-a): Transferring alert Step 1: To transfer or copy the alert, go to “Transfer Alert Definition” form. Navigation: Alert manager / Alerts / Define Before transferring the alert “Query” the alert already created by pressing F11. Now press Ctrl+ F11. You can see the existing alert.
  • 275. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 275 Step 2: Now transfer the alert by navigating to the following. Navigation: Tools Menu / Transfer Alert. Step 3: When you click “Transfer Alert”. You can see the details of alert in “Transfer Alert Definition” Form.
  • 276. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 276 When you are specifying the “Database” following points should be noted. Source Alert: Application: The name of the application the alert belongs. Alert: Select an Alert you want to transfer or copy. Database: There are two ways syntax can be defined. SQL * Net V1 SQL * Net V2 SQL * Net V1 (Syntax): Username/Password@t:testing:db1 SQL * Net V2 (Syntax): Username/Password@db1 Destination Alert: Application & Database fields are to be filled same as above. Alert: We can assign our own name (i.e. it’s like “save as” concept in document.).
  • 277. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 277 Step 4: As I do not have second instance for my apps application I am going to use the same instance details in database. Step 5: Now transfer the alert.
  • 278. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 278 Exercise (15-b): Deleting an alert Step 1: Query & select any alert in the application.
  • 279. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 279 Step 2: To delete this alert navigate to the following in alert form. Navigation: Edit / Delete While closing the form click “Yes”.
  • 280. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 280 Step 3: Now query this alert, to check it’s deleted or not. The alert is successfully deleted.
  • 281. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 281 Chapter 18 Oracle FNDLOAD – Generic Loader The FNDLOAD is a “Concurrent Program” that is used to transfer oracle application entity to database instances. Configuration (.lct) file is used to select the entity to be transferred. Text (.ldt) file is created by Fndload contains entity definitions. Use of Configuration file: Identify FND located in $FND_TOP/patch/115/import. Identify AME/HR located in $PER_TOP/patch/115/import. Note: Custom Configuration files are not supported by oracle. Source & target oracle application cannot be different release. For example, we cannot move concurrent program from oracle apps 10 to 11i and vice versa. Entities that can be migrated/moved: Concurrent Program and its executables. Request group & request sets. Profile options. Form function, forms, menu, Responsibilities. Value sets and look up types. Document sequence and Messages. Printer Styles. KFF & DFF.
  • 282. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 282 Configuration file, Entity & Parameter Details: Object Name .LCT file Entity Parameter Concurrent Program Executable afcpexec.lct PROGRAM EXECUTABLE_NAME APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Concurrent Program Definitions afcpprog.lct PROGRAM CONCURRENT_PROGRAM_NAME APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Request Group afcpreqg.lct REQUEST_GROUP REQUEST_GROUP_NAME APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Request Sets afcprset.lct REQ_SET REQUEST_SET_NAME APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Profile options afscprof.lct PROFILE PROFILE_NAME APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Menus afsload.lct MENU MENU_NAME Responsibilities afscursp.lct FND_RESPONSIBILITY RESP_KEY FND Form Personalization affrmcus.lct FND_FORM_CUSTOM_RULES FUNCTION_NAME Value Sets afffload.lct VALUE_SET_VALUE FLEX_VALUE_SET_NAME Key Flexfield (KFF) afffload.lct KEY_FLEX P_LEVEL APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME P_STRUCTURE_CODE Descriptive Flexfield (DFF) afffload.lct DESC_FLEX P_LEVEL APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME P_CONTEXT_CODE Look ups aflvmlu.lct FND_LOOKUP_TYPE LOOKUP_TYPE APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME Printer Styles afcppstl.lct STYLE PRINTER_STYLE_NAME FNDLOAD Modes: Entity download: DOWNLAOD Entity Partial or Full uploads: UPLOAD (or) UPLOAD_PARTIAL Force Update: CUSTOM_MODE = FORCE UPLOAD_MODE = REPLACE NLS uploads: UPLOAD_MODE = NLS
  • 283. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 283 BASE Syntax: Method 1: FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_DB_PASSWORD 0 Y MODE COFIGURATION_FILE -- full Location path TARGET_TEXT_FILE -- full Location path ENTITY PARAMETER Method 2: FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_DB_PASSWORD@HOST 0 Y MODE COFIGURATION_FILE -- full Location path TARGET_TEXT_FILE -- full Location path ENTITY PARAMETER Explanation: Keyword Description FNDLOAD FND Generic loader Keyword APPS Application APPS_DB_PASSWORD Application DB password 0 Y Concurrent Program Flags MODE Upload (or) Upload_Partial (or) Download COFIGURATION_FILE (.LCT) $FND_TOP/patch/115/import/file_name.lct $PER_TOP/patch/115/import/ file_name.lct TARGET_TEXT_FILE (.LDT) This file contains definition of entity that is migrated (the name of the file is user’s choice). ENTITY Type of object in oracle application PARAMETER Parameter related to entity. These details are useful to migrate the entity faster.
  • 284. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 284 Steps to move entity from one instance to another: 1) Define one entity (Concurrent program, menu, value sets etc.). 2) Register this entity in instance one. 3) Connect to “Unix Box” of instance one. 4) Run the command FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_DB_PASSWORD 0 Y DOWNLOAD COFIGURATION_FILE TARGET_TEXT_FILE ENTITY PARAMETER 5) Move the downloaded .ldt to new instance using FTP. 6) Connect to the new instance. 7) Run the command FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_DB_PASSWORD 0 Y UPLOAD COFIGURATION_FILE TARGET_TEXT_FILE Consider the following: Apps Password: dinesh123# Application Short Name: FND Concurrent Program Name: dini_demo_cp (Refer Exercise 5) Note: I have given example only for concurrent program. In the same manner you try it for other oracle application entities.
  • 285. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 285 Syntax based on mode: Mode 1: Download FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_db_PASSWORD 0 Y DOWNLOAD CONFIGURATION_FILE TARGET_TEXT_FILE ENTITY PARAMETER Example: Migrating Concurrent program FNDLOAD APPS/dinesh123# 0 Y DOWNLOAD $FND_TOP/patch/115/import/ afcpprog.lct Dinesh_cp.ldt PROGRAM CONCURRENT_PROGRAM_NAME = “dini_demo_cp” APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME = “FND” _______________________________________________________________
  • 286. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 286 _______________________________________________________________ Mode 2: Upload FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_db_PASSWORD 0 Y UPLOAD CONFIGURATION_FILE TARGET_TEXT_FILE Example: FNDLOAD APPS/dinesh123# 0 Y UPLOAD $FND_TOP/patch/115/import/ afcpprog.lct Dinesh_cp.ldt _______________________________________________________________ Mode 3: Upload_Partial FNDLOAD APPS/APPS_db_PASSWORD 0 Y UPLOAD_PARTIAL CONFIGURATION_FILE TARGET_TEXT_FILE ENTITY PARAMETER Example: FNDLOAD APPS/dinesh123# 0 Y UPLOAD_PARTIAL $FND_TOP/patch/115/import/ afcpprog.lct Dinesh_cp.ldt PROGRAM CONCURRENT_PROGRAM_NAME = “dini_demo_cp” APPLICATION_SHORT_NAME = “FND” _______________________________________________________________
  • 287. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 287 Chapter 19 SQL *Loader SQL *Loader is a utility to load huge amount of data in oracle DB tables. The data can be loaded from any text file into database. Architecture: SQL *Loader reads data from data file and data information details from control file. If any additional parameter required, it gets from parameter file. Then it loads data into database. Parameter File Data File Control File Log File Control File Discard File Bad File Database SQL LOADER Data
  • 288. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 288 Input Files: Control File: Control File is a text file which contains DLL instructions. It also contains table information how data will be loaded. The information’s includes table name, Column & its data types, Delimiters etc. Thus control file helps for data loading process for SQL loader. Sections of Control file: The control file has 3 main sections with 2 mandatory & 1 optional sections in the following order below. i. Session wide information (mandatory) ii. Table & field list information (mandatory) iii. Input data (optional) a) Session wide information: This section contains options like, o Global options – bindsize, rows, records to skip etc. o INFILE clause o Data Character set specification. b) Table field information: This contains one of more “INTO TABLE”. c) Input data: This section is optional & it contains input data.
  • 289. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 289 Control File Syntax: SQL *Loader Options: Here I have described few options that is used frequently.
  • 290. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 290 Sample Control File: Method 1: Method 2: Method 3: Data file in control file.
  • 291. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 291 Method 4: File name & path as parameter in concurrent program. Method 5: Loading fixed format data file. 'Dinesh.dat' content Dinesh_motors_Ltd#111***dinesh*asdfgv$*cse$%29-AUG-07## Dinesh_motors_Ltd#222***Vishnu*asdfgv$*ece$%29-AUG-07## Dinesh_motors_Ltd#231***sri.pk*asdfgv$*eee$%29-AUG-07## Dinesh_motors_Ltd#561***vinush*asdfgv$*civ$%29-AUG-07## Dinesh_motors_Ltd#423***hima.k*asdfgv$*Bio$%29-AUG-07## Dinesh_motors_Ltd#964***shovan*asdfgv$*Mec$%29-AUG-07## 1 19 21 25 30 40 42 45 53 55 Dinesh_motors_Ltd#111***dinesh*asdfgv$*cse$%29-AUG-07##
  • 292. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 292 Method 6: Skip Columns The columns can be skipped by using the keyword “FILLER”. Data File: This files stores text data which is to be loaded into the database table. A particular data file can be in fixed record format, variable record format or stream record format. If the data file is within control file then data is interrupted in stream record format with default record terminator. Fixed file format: If all the records in data file are of same byte length then the file is in fixed file format. Variable Record Format: In this format the fields will be separated by some delimiter. Stream record format: The SQL loader load data by identifying record terminator.
  • 293. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 293 Method 1: Loading data in fixed file format Method 2: Loading data in variable record format Method 3: Streamed record format
  • 294. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 294 Exercise 16 Upload Data Using SQL *Loader Description: We are going to upload data into table “employee” using SQL * Loader. In this exercise we are going to see the basic method to upload the data. Instruction: Follow the sets below to upload the data. Create a table “employee”. Write a control file & save it in ‘c:’. Prepare a data file which contains data to be uploaded. Go to command prompt & upload the data. Table Structure: Data file name: dinesh.txt Control file name: dinesh.ctl Location to save: ‘C:’
  • 295. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 295 Step 1: Create a table & check the table is empty. Step 2: Create a control file ‘dinesh.ctl’ and save it in ‘C: ’
  • 296. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 296 Step 3: Create a data file ‘dinesh.txt’ and save it in ‘C: ’. Step 4: Now go to command prompt & type the following command as below. Command Syntax: Sqlldr username/password@host control=c:xyz.ctl
  • 297. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 297 For our exercise the command as: Sqlldr dbuser/password@blrge9i.blrge.birlasoft.com control=c:dinesh.ctl log=c:diensh.log Step 5: Check the log file to see data uploaded successfully or not.
  • 298. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 298 Log file content:
  • 299. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 299 Step 6: Now check out the data in table ‘employee’ In SQL *PLUS: In TOAD:
  • 300. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 300 Exercise 17 Upload Data Using SQL *Loader – Options Description: We are going to ‘Append’ some more data in existing ‘employee’ table using SQL *Loader. Also we are going to use some more additional loading options. Instruction: Create a ‘Control file’ & save it in ‘C: ’. Create a text file to store additional data which is to append to ‘employee’ table. Go to command prompt & enter the command below. Data file Name: ‘dinesh.txt’ Control file name: ‘dinesh.ctl’ Discardfile name: ‘dinesh.dsc’ Bad file name: ‘dinesh.bad’ Location to save: ‘C: ’
  • 301. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 301 Step 1: Check the existing records in table ‘employee’ In SQL *PLUS: In TOAD: Total no. of records: 6 Step 2: Create a control file ‘dinesh.ctl’ & save it in ‘C: ’
  • 302. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 302 Step 3: Create a data file which contains records to be appended. Input some data’s which do not meet loading criteria. Total no. of additional records: 7 Defective record: 1 Step 4: Now go to command prompt & type the following command. Sqlldr dbuser/password@blrge9i.blrge.birlasoft.com control=c:dinesh.ctl log=c:dinesh.log
  • 303. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 303 Step 5: Check in ‘C: ’ the files created. Successfully ‘.log’ & ‘.bad’ bad file is created. Step 6: Open the ‘dinesh.bad’ file to check the deleted record. The above record is eliminated as it does not meet search criteria.
  • 304. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 304 Step 7: Open the ‘dinesh.log’ file to check all records are inserted successfully or not.
  • 305. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 305 Step 8: Check the ‘employee’ table. In SQL *PLUS: In TOAD: Total records: 6+ (7-1) = 12
  • 306. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 306 REFERENCES USEFUL LINKS Oracle Meta link: http://metalink.oracle.com/ Oracle eTRM: http://etrm.oracle.com/ Oracle Forums: http://forums.oracle.com/forums/ Oracle Application Documentation: http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/applications.html Oracle 11i Documentation Library : http://compass.threesixtysourcing.com/appdoc11i/html/homeset.html Oracle Use full Downloads: http://georgenet.net/oracle/ Oracle vision instances: Solution Beacon: http://www.solutionbeacon.com/tools_vision.htm Appshosting: http://www.appshosting.com/ Oracle blobs: http://erpstuff.com/ http://www.appsbi.com/what-is-oracle-apps-erp/ http://it.toolbox.com/ http://oracle.anilpassi.com/
  • 307. A Guide to Oracle Apps 11i – by Dinesh Kumar S 307

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