Angga Putra Perkhasa
1. Selecting a Subject
2. Specific Purpose
3. The Central Idea
1. Get to know who you are
2. Become quiet
3. Comb through your past experiences
4. Change your perspective
5. Ask your family and friends
6. Putting it all together
1. To Entertain
2. To Persuade
3. To Inform
4. To Convince
5. To Actuate
6. Open to the Public
1. The secret of succesfull public speaking
and speech writing is using one central idea
or message. You can talk about many
speech topics, but always refer back to -
reinforce - that theme or a thesis.
It's the only way the audience will
remember your message. So, what is the
central idea of speech?
2. Capture that speech idea in one
full sentence. It should be a
single and - very important -
declarative sentence. Make
sure that you make a specific
statement. What do you want
the audience to do, know or
remember in the first place?
3. Develop your central speech idea in a clear public
speaking speech outline that contains your supporting
points. There are different kinds of public speaking
outlines. Here are the ones who are used by students and
members of Toastmasters International:
Chronological - The main points are arranged in a
process or a expository central idea in speech sequence.
Topical - The central idea of speech is categorized in a
pattern the audience will recognize.
Spatial - You relate main points in a logical way,
helpful for developing extemporaneous speech topics.
Cause and Effect - State the causes and effects of your
Problem Solution - State and prove there is a problem
and offer a solution.
4. In the introduction you:
Grab attention with a
State the central idea of
Preview your perspectives -
the main points.
5. Now check out your main points. I
recommend you to develop at least three
main points while speech writing, but not
more than five.
Does each point has one single and clear
Does each point reiterate your statement?
Does each point remind the audience of the
central idea of the speech?
Does each point forecast the next main
6. Your sub points have to contain details or
new information to prove, to describe or to
explain your main points that support the
central idea in speech. For instance think
about these supporting material and data:
examples, testimonies, statistics, cases
new information or views
practical and personal experiences
common grounds the audience will
7. Use your conclusion to reinforce the
central idea again. Only now you:
Summarize the speech topic ideas in
the main points in other words.
Circle back to your introduction.
Connect the needs and interests of
the audience with the central idea in
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
SUPPORTING IDEA FROM
SEE YOU NEXT TIME...