Electricty vocab
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Electricty vocab

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Electricty vocab Electricty vocab Presentation Transcript

  • Electricty/Energy
    Vocabulary & Terms
  • Static Electricity
    • When you take off your wool hat, it rubs against your hair.
    • Electrons move from your hair to the hat.
    • A static charge builds up and now each of the hairs has the same positive charge.
    • Remember, things with the same charge repel each other. So the hairs try to get as far from each other as possible. The farthest they can get is by standing up and away from the others. And that is how static electricity causes a bad hair day! 
  • What is a conductor?
  • Conductors
    Allows electric energy/current to flow through it
    Best conductors are
    Silver
    Gold
    Copper
    Is Water a Conductor?
  • What is an insulator?
  • Insulators
    Restrict (stop or limit) the flow of electricity through it
    Some insulators are:
    Paper
    Plastic
    Glass
    Ceramic
  • How a Wire Works…
  • A Battery is…
    A container full of chemicals that produce electrons. These electrons produce energy.
    Where do you use batteries?
  • Light Bulb
    Turns electricity into light through
    the filament inside the glass bulb.
    What is the insulator?
    What is the conductor?
  • Types of Circuits
    Open Circuits
    Closed Circuits
  • Series and Parallel Circuits
    • In a series circuit, both bulbs are connected in a row, with electricity passing first through one then the other.
    • In the parallel circuit, electricity passes through both bulbs at the same time.
    • A major advantage of parallel circuits is that if one bulb malfunctions, the other bulbs continue to function.
    • In a series circuit, when one bulb breaks, both bulbs stop working.
  • Which is Which?
    Series Circuit
    Parallel Circuit