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The russian revolution

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  • 1. Galaxy Pham, Chynna Fong Ms. Kritzeck English2A/ 3 rd period 11/24/13
  • 2.  A series of revolutions that took place in Russia, in which - First revolution: January 1905 - Second revolution: February 1917 - Third revolution: October 1917
  • 3.  A crowd of 150,000 workers, led by a Russian Orthodox Priest Father Gapon, protested -Took place on January 22, 1905 A)Tsar’s Winter Palace at St. Petersburg -Protested due to food shortage and civil unrest -Didn’t mean to create a political reforms A) wanted help from tsar, Nicholas II a) improved lifestyle and working conditions
  • 4.  Troops fired at the protesters -protesters were defenseless -several hundreds of protesters died  Created series of reform movements: -Strikes -Riots -Assassinations -Peasant outbreaks
  • 5. The Russian Revolution of 1905
  • 6. The Winter Palace
  • 7.  February 23, 1917, Petrograd (St. Petersburg) - 90,000 women workers marched through the streets shouting “Bread” “Down with the autocracy!” “Stop the war!” - Males were sent off to fight in World War I - Hungry and tired from working in horrible conditions  A couple days later Petrograd shut down due to lack of workers
  • 8.  Reforms were now caused based more on a political point -people began to realize the corruption and incompetence of the tsar regime A) Led to the abdication of tsar, Nicholas II -People demanded: A) duma or an elected parliament B) rights to form political parties  After the tsar abdicated his position in the government, a provisional government was created -controlled by Duma (Imperial Parliament)
  • 9. Tsar Nicholas II -Last Russian Tsar -born on May 18, 1868 •inherited the throne when his father, Alexander III, died in 1894 •Weak ruler/ never wanted to become tsar & wasn’t prepared to be one
  • 10.  October 25, 1917 the Provisional Government was overthrown -by the Bolshevik party (communist), led by Vladimir Lenin, and the Soviets (workers’ council) -Took place at Petrograd (St. Petersburg)  Eventually the Bolsheviks took over full control of government and appointed themselves as leaders of Russia -ended Provisional Government’s war with Germany through the establishment of the Red Army and signed the Treaty of BrestLitovsk in 1918
  • 11.  Civil war broke out between the “Red”(Bolsheviks) and the white(anti-Bolsheviks) - Continued for several years  The “Red”(Bolsheviks) fraction won eventually  The civil war contributed to the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 12.  -"Russian Revolution." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013 <http://www.history.com/topics/russian-revolution> <http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Russian_Revolution_%281917%29.html>  - "Russian Revolution of 1905." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/513881/Russian-Revolution-of-1905>  Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/russian-revolution-the-revolution-1905.html>.  "The 1905 Russian Revolution." The 1905 Russian Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1905_russian_revolution.htm>.  "Albert Rhys Williams. Through the Russian Revolution. 1921. Part II." Albert Rhys Williams. Through the Russian Revolution. 1921. Part II. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/memoir/rusrev/rr3.htm>.  "Revolution of 1905." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Nov. 2013. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolution_of_1905>.  "ISFP Gallery of Russian Thinkers: Vladimir Lenin." ISFP Gallery of Russian Thinkers: Vladimir Lenin. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.isfp.co.uk/russian_thinkers/vladimir_lenin.html>.