PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM “TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE” SUBMITTED BY: LEIDY VIVIANA ZABALA
What is Tourism? ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE
What is Tourism? Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home
Definition of Tourism Mathieson and Wall (1982) definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs." According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors."
Otherterms Excurionist: Persons traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours (Macintosh and Goeldner, 1986). Foreign Tourist: Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least 24 hours (Committee of Statistical Experts of the League of Nations, 1937). Travel: The act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or from school (Macintosh and Goeldner, 1986). Visitor: Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence, for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited (United Nations Conference on International Travel and Tourism, 1963).
TransportationSystems The type and availability of transportation will determine travel destinations. The development of accommodations were likewise determined by the development of transportation systems. These systems are listed below. Stagecoach Railroads Boats & Ships AutomobileAirTravel SpaceTravel
Dimensions of Tourism Attractions: Are the primary motivation for traveling. Natural Resources:are the combination of physical features, and the natural beauty of the area. The challenge to managing natural resources based tourism is to preserve the natural resource from the impact of the tourist's. Culture: A way of life which is observed through a peoples religion, history, government and traditions. Ethnicity: To visit family and friends. Entertainment: Tourism developments of all sizes from Disney World, Universal Studios, Las Vegas to local community Special Events and Festivals such as the Bloomsday Road Race in Spokane, Washington. X-treme Tourism: Tourism based on high adventure activities.
EssentialRequirementsfor Tourism Time, Changes in work days or hours, school calendars. Money, is money left over after all monetary obligations (food, rent and taxes) have been paid. Mobility, is the access to transportation (car, bus, plane, train or ship) and the hours required to get to their destination. Motivation, is the reason people travel.