Deploying a Standard Exchange Server2007 OrganizationMicrosoft CorporationPublished: February 7, 2006Updated: August 1, 20...
Information in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, is subjectto change without notice. Un...
ContentsDeploying a Standard Exchange Server 2007 Organization.....................................................1Conten...
Exchange Hosted Services.................................................................................................3...
Outlook Web Access...........................................................................................................
Transactional I/O............................................................................................................
Planning for Client Access Servers.......................................................................................1...
Overview of Transport Agents.................................................................................................
Planning for Public Folders..................................................................................................
How to Configure a DNS Suffix for the Edge Transport Server Role....................................291How to Provision Ex...
Verifying an Exchange 2007 Installation...............................................................................370 ...
Preparing to Run the Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync Service..............................................408  Configuring Set...
Modifying ADAM Configuration.........................................................................................444Ho...
Opening the Exchange Management Shell.......................................................................476   Finding ...
Removing an Alias............................................................................................................
Deploying a Standard Exchange Server2007 OrganizationIf you are deploying a standard Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 organi...
single forest, a single global address list (GAL) contains all users across the forest.        The main disadvantage assoc...
Console can perform and additional tasks that cannot be performed in the ExchangeManagement Console.• Unified Messaging Ex...
• Recipient resolution The Hub Transport server efficiently expands distribution        lists and dynamic distribution lis...
For More InformationFor more information about discontinued features and functionality, see DiscontinuedFeatures and De-Em...
Figure 1 The MMC 3.0 designPrerequisitesTo update MMC to version 3.0, you must have Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service ...
New Features in MMC 3.0The following sections discuss several improvements in MMC 3.0 and information aboutMMC 3.0 snap-in...
Adding Snap-ins to a ConsoleYou can add a single snap-in or multiple snap-ins and other items to a console. Additionally,y...
Figure 1 The Exchange Management ShellPrerequisitesThe Exchange Management Shell is a snap-in that relies on Windows Power...
The following are key features of the Exchange Management Shell:       • Command-line interface The command-line interface...
to adjust the interface to suit your tasks. You can edit your personal Exchange        Management Shell profile. This lets...
Exchange 2007 Unified MessagingUnified Messaging (UM) combines voice messaging, fax, and e-mail messaging into a singlemes...
Unified MessagingUnified Messaging is new to the Microsoft Exchange product family. Unified Messagingenables Exchange 2007...
CalendaringThe improved calendaring feature in Exchange 2007 helps resolve reliability issues,enhances the scheduling proc...
New Messaging Policy and ComplianceFeaturesOrganizations need an application-specific approach to coping with a growing nu...
• Edge transport rules You configure the Edge Rules agent on the Edge    Transport server role to create rules that contro...
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  1. 1. Deploying a Standard Exchange Server2007 OrganizationMicrosoft CorporationPublished: February 7, 2006Updated: August 1, 2007Author: Microsoft Exchange Documentation TeamAbstractA standard organization has multiple Exchange servers in a single Active Directory forest andhas more than 1,000 mailboxes. This document provides descriptions and overviews offeatures, guidelines for planning, and steps for deploying a standard Exchange 2007organization. Important: This document is a deployment-specific compilation of several Exchange 2007 Help topics and is provided as a convenience for customers who want to view the topics in print format. To read the most up-to-date deployment topics, visit the Exchange Server 2007 Library. 1
  2. 2. Information in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, is subjectto change without notice. Unless otherwise noted, the companies, organizations, products,domain names, e-mail addresses, logos, people, places, and events depicted in examplesherein are fictitious. No association with any real company, organization, product, domainname, e-mail address, logo, person, place, or event is intended or should be inferred.Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limitingthe rights under copyright, no part of this document may be reproduced, stored in orintroduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the expresswritten permission of Microsoft Corporation.Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectualproperty rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in anywritten license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give youany license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property.© 2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, Windows Media, Windows Mobile, Windows NT, WindowsPowerShell, Windows Server, Windows Vista, Active Directory, ActiveSync, Excel, Forefront,Internet Explorer, Outlook, SmartScreen and Visual Basic are either registered trademarks ortrademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. 2
  3. 3. ContentsDeploying a Standard Exchange Server 2007 Organization.....................................................1Contents...................................................................................................................................3Deploying a Standard Exchange Server 2007 Organization...................................................16Updates to This Document.....................................................................................................17Whats New............................................................................................................................17 New Features in Microsoft Exchange Server 2007.............................................................17New Administration Functionality in the Exchange Management Console.............................20 Prerequisites.......................................................................................................................21 New Features in MMC 3.0...................................................................................................22 MMC 3.0 Snap-ins..............................................................................................................22New Administration Functionality in the Exchange Management Shell..................................23 Prerequisites.......................................................................................................................24 New Features in the Exchange Management Shell............................................................24New Unified Messaging Functionality.....................................................................................26 The Unified Messaging Server Role....................................................................................26 Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging.....................................................................................27New Client Functionality.........................................................................................................27 Unified Messaging...............................................................................................................28 Outlook Web Access...........................................................................................................28 Exchange ActiveSync and Mobility......................................................................................28 Calendaring.........................................................................................................................29 Cached Exchange Mode.....................................................................................................29 Messaging Records Management.......................................................................................29New Messaging Policy and Compliance Features..................................................................30 E-Mail Policy and Compliance Features..............................................................................30New Anti-Spam and Antivirus Functionality............................................................................33 Improvements in Antivirus Protection..................................................................................35 Using Exchange Hosted Services.......................................................................................36New Antivirus and Anti-spam Products for Exchange 2007....................................................37 Exchange 2007 Anti-Spam Functionality.............................................................................37 Forefront Security for Exchange Server..............................................................................38 3
  4. 4. Exchange Hosted Services.................................................................................................38New Transport and Routing Functionality...............................................................................39 Transport Server Roles.......................................................................................................39 New SMTP Transport Stack................................................................................................40 Active Directory Site-Based Routing Topology....................................................................40 SMTP Connectors...............................................................................................................42 Remote Domain Management............................................................................................43 Accepted Domain Management..........................................................................................43New Performance and Scalability Functionality......................................................................44 64-Bit Architecture...............................................................................................................44 Optimized Database Engine and Cache.............................................................................45 New Transport Pipeline.......................................................................................................45New Exchange Database Functionality..................................................................................45 Volume Shadow Copy Service............................................................................................46 Public Folders No Longer Used for System Data................................................................46 Added Customization Opportunities....................................................................................46 Database Architecture Changes..........................................................................................46New Information Worker Functionality....................................................................................47 Calendaring.........................................................................................................................47 Resource Management.......................................................................................................48 Out of Office Feature...........................................................................................................48 Messaging Records Management.......................................................................................49New Deployment Functionality...............................................................................................50 Exchange Server 2007 Setup Wizard.................................................................................50 Unattended Setup...............................................................................................................50 Active Directory Preparation................................................................................................50 Upgrade..............................................................................................................................52Discontinued Features and De-Emphasized Functionality.....................................................52 Components or Features Replaced or Removed................................................................52 Deemphasized Functionality...............................................................................................59Terminology Changes in Exchange 2007...............................................................................59 Exchange Terminology Roadmap........................................................................................59Overview.................................................................................................................................61 Getting Started with Exchange Server 2007.......................................................................61 Exchange Server 2007 and Windows Server 2003.............................................................63 Audience Prerequisite Knowledge......................................................................................63Client Access Server Role: Overview.....................................................................................64 4
  5. 5. Outlook Web Access...........................................................................................................64 Exchange ActiveSync..........................................................................................................65 POP3 and IMAP4................................................................................................................65Edge Transport Server Role: Overview..................................................................................65 Internet Mail Flow................................................................................................................66 Anti-Spam and Antivirus Protection.....................................................................................67 Edge Transport Rules..........................................................................................................67 Address Rewriting...............................................................................................................67Hub Transport Server Role: Overview....................................................................................68 Internal Mail Flow................................................................................................................68 Messaging Policy and Compliance Features......................................................................69 Anti-Spam and Antivirus Protection.....................................................................................69Mailbox Server Role: Overview..............................................................................................70Unified Messaging Server Role: Overview.............................................................................70Topologies: Overview.............................................................................................................71 Examples of Exchange Organization Topologies................................................................72Planning and Architecture.......................................................................................................76 Overview of Message System Planning..............................................................................77 Planning Content.................................................................................................................78 Technical Architecture Content............................................................................................79Planning Checklist..................................................................................................................79 Active Directory Planning....................................................................................................79 Network and Name Resolution Planning.............................................................................80 Existing Exchange Organization Planning...........................................................................81 Mailbox Server Role Planning.............................................................................................81 Client Access Server Planning............................................................................................82 Unified Messaging Server Planning....................................................................................83 Hub Transport Server Planning...........................................................................................84 Edge Transport Server Planning.........................................................................................85 Exchange Client Planning...................................................................................................86Planning Processor and Memory Configurations....................................................................88 Selecting the Appropriate Processor...................................................................................88 Selecting the Appropriate Memory Configuration................................................................89 Recommended Processor Configurations...........................................................................90 Recommended Memory Configurations..............................................................................94Planning Disk Storage..........................................................................................................103 Planning Disk Capacity.....................................................................................................103 5
  6. 6. Transactional I/O...............................................................................................................108 Non-Transactional I/O........................................................................................................113 Storage Technology...........................................................................................................115 RAID Selection..................................................................................................................117 LUNs and Physical Disks..................................................................................................119 Storage Considerations for Server Roles..........................................................................125 Impact of Continuous Replication on Storage Design.......................................................133 Storage Validation.............................................................................................................136 Storage Monitoring............................................................................................................138Best Practices for Deploying a New Exchange Organization...............................................139 Planning a Deployment Path.............................................................................................139 Recommended Deployment Process................................................................................140Best Practices for Transitioning an Exchange Organization.................................................142 Planning a Transition Path................................................................................................142 Recommended Transition Process...................................................................................146Planning for a Standard Exchange Organization..................................................................148 Using Dedicated Active Directory Sites for Exchange.......................................................150 Examples of Standard Exchange Organizations...............................................................150 Planning Considerations for Standard Exchange Topologies............................................152Planning for Coexistence......................................................................................................153 Understanding Coexistence..............................................................................................153 Administration Differences................................................................................................154 Routing Differences...........................................................................................................155 Edge Transport Server Coexistence..................................................................................160 Mailbox Server Coexistence..............................................................................................161 Client Access Server Coexistence....................................................................................161 Unified Messaging Server Interoperability.........................................................................162Planning to Use Active Directory Sites for Routing Mail.......................................................163 How Exchange 2007 Uses Site Membership....................................................................164 Determining Site Membership...........................................................................................165 Overview of IP Site Links..................................................................................................166 Exchange 2007 Placement in Active Directory Sites.........................................................168Planning for Access to Active Directory................................................................................169 Exchange Information Stored in Active Directory..............................................................169Permission Considerations...................................................................................................173 Understanding the Exchange and Active Directory Split Permissions Model....................173 Changes to the Security and Permission Model................................................................174 Summary of Administrator Roles and Permissions...........................................................178 Address Book Attributes....................................................................................................179 6
  7. 7. Planning for Client Access Servers.......................................................................................181 Overview of the Client Access Server Role Features........................................................182 Understanding the Differences Between a Front End Server and a Client Access Server 183 Planning Considerations for Exchange ActiveSync...........................................................184 Planning Considerations for Outlook Web Access............................................................185 Planning Considerations for Outlook Anywhere................................................................187 Planning Considerations for POP3 and IMAP4.................................................................187 Planning Considerations for Exchange 2007 Web Services.............................................188 Security Planning for Client Access Servers.....................................................................188Planning for Client Access Server Features.........................................................................189 Security Planning for Client Access Features....................................................................189 Planning Considerations for Outlook Web Access............................................................190 Planning Considerations for Exchange ActiveSync...........................................................191 Planning Considerations for Outlook Anywhere................................................................193Client Access Deployment....................................................................................................193Planning for Edge Transport Servers....................................................................................193 Planning for Edge Transport Server Deployment..............................................................194Planning for Edge Transport Server Features......................................................................196 Transport Features on the Edge Transport Server............................................................196Planning for Address Rewriting.............................................................................................197 Why Use Address Rewriting?............................................................................................197 Address Rewriting Scenarios............................................................................................197 SMTP Message Headers..................................................................................................199 What Address Rewriting Agents Will Not Rewrite..............................................................200 Considerations for Use of Outbound-Only Address Rewriting...........................................201 Considerations for Bidirectional Address Rewriting...........................................................201 Prioritization of Address Rewriting Entries.........................................................................202 Digitally Signed, Encrypted, and Rights-Protected Messages...........................................202Planning for Anti-Spam and Antivirus Features....................................................................203Using an Edge Subscription to Populate ADAM with Active Directory Data..........................204 The Edge Subscription Process........................................................................................204Planning for Hub Transport Servers.....................................................................................207 Planning for Hub Transport Server Deployment................................................................207Planning for Hub Transport Features....................................................................................208 Transport Features on the Hub Transport Server..............................................................208Planning for Transport Policy and Compliance.....................................................................209 7
  8. 8. Overview of Transport Agents...............................................................................................210 Transport Agents and SMTP Events.................................................................................210 Prioritization of Transport Agents......................................................................................214 Built-In Transport Agents...................................................................................................215 Troubleshooting Transport Agents.....................................................................................216Overview of Journaling.........................................................................................................217 Why Journal?....................................................................................................................217 Journaling Agent...............................................................................................................219 Journaling Mailboxes.........................................................................................................221 Journal Rule Replication - Premium Journaling Only........................................................222 Journal Reports.................................................................................................................222 Protecting Journal Reports Sent Inside an Exchange Server 2007 Organization.............228 Protecting Journal Reports Sent to Third-Party Solution Providers...................................229 Using Exchange Hosted Services.....................................................................................230Understanding How to Manage Journal Reports..................................................................230 Journaling Mailbox Size....................................................................................................231 Alternate Journaling Mailbox.............................................................................................231Overview of Message Classifications...................................................................................233 Regionalization and Localization.......................................................................................236 Precedence and Retention of the Message Classification................................................236 Managing and Deploying Message Classifications...........................................................237Overview of Transport Rules................................................................................................238 Transport Rules Agent.......................................................................................................238 Edge Rules Agent.............................................................................................................239 Managing the Transport Rule Agent and Edge Rules Agent.............................................240 Transport Rules.................................................................................................................240 Using Exchange Hosted Services.....................................................................................241Overview of Disclaimers.......................................................................................................242 Targeting Disclaimers........................................................................................................242 Customizing Disclaimers...................................................................................................242 Using Exchange Hosted Services.....................................................................................244Planning for Domain Security...............................................................................................245 Validation of TLS Certificates............................................................................................246 Using Exchange Hosted Services.....................................................................................246Deployment Options for Hub Transport Servers...................................................................247 Supported Topologies........................................................................................................247Planning for Mailbox Servers................................................................................................248 Sizing Databases..............................................................................................................249 8
  9. 9. Planning for Public Folders...............................................................................................249 Cohosting with Other Server Roles...................................................................................250 Planning for Clustered Mailbox Servers............................................................................251Planning for Unified Messaging Servers...............................................................................251 Who Should Read This Section?.......................................................................................252 Planning Unified Messaging..............................................................................................252Supported IP/VoIP Gateways...............................................................................................253 Supported IP/VoIP Gateways............................................................................................254IP/PBX and PBX Support.....................................................................................................255 IP/PBX Support.................................................................................................................256 PBX Support.....................................................................................................................257 Supported PBXs................................................................................................................258Deployment..........................................................................................................................261 Preparing to Deploy Exchange 2007.................................................................................262 New Installation.................................................................................................................262 Upgrading to Exchange 2007............................................................................................262 Post-Installation Tasks.......................................................................................................263 Removing and Modifying Exchange 2007.........................................................................264Exchange 2007 System Requirements................................................................................264 Network and Directory Servers.........................................................................................264 Directory Server Architecture............................................................................................266 Hardware...........................................................................................................................267 Operating System.............................................................................................................269 Software............................................................................................................................272 Client Computers..............................................................................................................275 Other Recommendations..................................................................................................277How to Prepare Active Directory and Domains.....................................................................277Preparing Legacy Exchange Permissions............................................................................285 Why Run Setup /PrepareLegacyExchangePermissions....................................................285 Permissions Set By Setup /PrepareLegacyExchangePermissions...................................286 Running Setup /PrepareLegacyExchangePermissions Again...........................................287Deployment Security Checklist.............................................................................................287 Pre-Installation..................................................................................................................288 Post-Installation.................................................................................................................288Configuring DNS Settings for Exchange 2007 Servers........................................................289 Configuring DNS Settings for Exchange 2007 Server Roles.............................................289 Overriding DNS Settings...................................................................................................290 9
  10. 10. How to Configure a DNS Suffix for the Edge Transport Server Role....................................291How to Provision Exchange 2007 Server and Delegate Setup.............................................292Deploying Server Roles........................................................................................................294 Before You Deploy............................................................................................................297 Installing Exchange Server 2007.......................................................................................297 After You Deploy...............................................................................................................298How to Perform a Typical Installation Using Exchange Server 2007 Setup..........................298How to Perform a Custom Installation Using Exchange Server 2007 Setup.........................301Using Edge Transport Server Cloned Configuration.............................................................305 Cloned Configuration and EdgeSync................................................................................306 Cloned Configuration Process...........................................................................................306 Configuration Information That Is Not Cloned...................................................................309How to Configure the Edge Transport Server Role by Using Cloned Configuration Tasks...313How to Install Exchange 2007 in Unattended Mode.............................................................316Upgrading to Exchange 2007...............................................................................................321 Supported Scenarios.........................................................................................................323How to Transition from Single Forest to Single Forest..........................................................325Coexisting with Exchange Server 2003 and Exchange 2000 Server....................................329 Supported Coexistence Scenarios....................................................................................329 Deploying Exchange 2007 Server Roles to Coexist with Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2000..............................................................................................................330How to Install Exchange 2007 in an Existing Exchange Server 2003 Organization.............334 After You Finish.................................................................................................................338How to Create Routing Group Connectors from Exchange 2007 to Exchange Server 2003 339How to Suppress Link State Updates...................................................................................342Transferring Settings from Exchange Server 2003 to Exchange 2007.................................343 Administrative Differences.................................................................................................344 Exchange System Manager Features...............................................................................344 Exchange 2003 Active Directory Users and Computers Settings......................................366Post-Installation Tasks..........................................................................................................369 Tasks to Complete on All Server Roles.............................................................................369 Exchange Management Console Post-Installation Tasks..................................................369 Additional Post-Installation Tasks......................................................................................370 10
  11. 11. Verifying an Exchange 2007 Installation...............................................................................370 Verifying Successful Installation........................................................................................370 Event Viewer.....................................................................................................................370 Setup Log Files.................................................................................................................370 Administrative Tools..........................................................................................................372 Active Directory Changes..................................................................................................373 Folder Structure................................................................................................................373 Exchange Server Best Practices Analyzer........................................................................376Verifying the Default Configuration of the Hub Transport Server Agents..............................377 Agent Configuration...........................................................................................................377Verifying the Default Configuration of the Edge Transport Server Agents............................378 Agent Configuration...........................................................................................................378Using the Security Configuration Wizard to Secure Windows for Exchange Server Roles...379 Using the Security Configuration Wizard...........................................................................379How to Install the Security Configuration Wizard..................................................................381How to Register Exchange Server Role SCW Extensions....................................................382How to Create a New Exchange Server Role SCW Policy...................................................384How to Apply an Existing SCW Policy to an Exchange Server Role.....................................387Finalize Deployment Tasks...................................................................................................389 All Server Roles................................................................................................................389 Mailbox Server Role..........................................................................................................390 Client Access Server Role.................................................................................................390 Hub Transport Server Role................................................................................................390 Unified Messaging Server Role.........................................................................................391 Edge Transport Server Role..............................................................................................392How to Configure Authoritative Domains for the Exchange Organization.............................394Configuring Hub Transport Server Connectors.....................................................................396 Connector Configuration...................................................................................................397How to Configure Authoritative Domains on the Edge Transport Server Role......................400Configuring Edge Transport Server Connectors...................................................................402 Connector Configuration...................................................................................................403Subscribing the Edge Transport Server to the Exchange Organization................................406 Replication Data................................................................................................................406 Configuring an Edge Subscription.....................................................................................407 11
  12. 12. Preparing to Run the Microsoft Exchange EdgeSync Service..............................................408 Configuring Settings for Propagation to Edge Transport Servers......................................410How to Export an Edge Subscription File.............................................................................410How to Import the Edge Subscription File.............................................................................412How to Force EdgeSync Synchronization.............................................................................414Deploying Exchange ActiveSync..........................................................................................415 Configure Direct Push to Work with Your Firewall.............................................................415 Configure Policies for Exchange ActiveSync.....................................................................416 Configure Mobile Devices to Synchronize with Exchange Server.....................................416 Configure Security Settings for Exchange ActiveSync......................................................416 Configure the Autodiscover Service for Exchange ActiveSync..........................................416End-to-End Scenario Tasks..................................................................................................417 All Server Roles................................................................................................................417 Mailbox Server Role..........................................................................................................417 Client Access Server Role.................................................................................................418 Hub Transport Server Role................................................................................................418 Unified Messaging Server Role.........................................................................................419 Edge Transport Server Role..............................................................................................419How to Configure Connectors for Internet Mail Flow............................................................421 Internet Mail Flow through a Subscribed Edge Transport Server......................................421 Internet Mail through Exchange Hosted Services or a Third-Party SMTP Gateway..........423Deploying Outlook Anywhere................................................................................................430 Deploying Outlook Anywhere for Exchange 2007.............................................................431Additional Post-Installation Tasks.........................................................................................433 All Server Roles................................................................................................................434 Hub Transport Server Role................................................................................................434 Client Access Server Role.................................................................................................435 Mailbox Server Role..........................................................................................................436 Unified Messaging Server Role.........................................................................................437 Edge Transport Server Role..............................................................................................438How to Enter the Product Key..............................................................................................439Setting Administrator Permissions for the Hub Transport Server Role.................................440 Hub Transport Server Role Permissions...........................................................................440Setting Administrator Permissions for the Edge Transport Server Role................................442 Edge Transport Server Role Permissions.........................................................................442How to Modify ADAM Configuration.....................................................................................443 12
  13. 13. Modifying ADAM Configuration.........................................................................................444How to Apply Configuration Settings to Multiple Exchange Servers.....................................446Using the Exchange Management Console..........................................................................447 Common User Interface Elements in the Exchange Management Console......................448 Server Roles.....................................................................................................................452Using the Organization Configuration Node.........................................................................458 Mailbox..............................................................................................................................458 Client Access.....................................................................................................................460 Hub Transport...................................................................................................................460 Unified Messaging.............................................................................................................461Using the Server Configuration Node...................................................................................462 Mailbox..............................................................................................................................463 Client Access.....................................................................................................................463 Hub Transport...................................................................................................................464 Unified Messaging.............................................................................................................464Using the Recipient Configuration Node...............................................................................464 Mailbox..............................................................................................................................465 Distribution Group.............................................................................................................465 Mail Contact......................................................................................................................465 Disconnected Mailbox.......................................................................................................465 Modifying Recipient Configuration.....................................................................................466Using the Edge Transport Node...........................................................................................466 Anti-Spam Functionality....................................................................................................467 Receive Connectors..........................................................................................................467 Send Connectors..............................................................................................................467 Transport Rules.................................................................................................................468 Accepted Domains............................................................................................................468Using the Toolbox.................................................................................................................469 Configuration Management Tools......................................................................................469 Disaster Recovery Tools....................................................................................................469 Mail Flow Tools..................................................................................................................470 Performance Tools............................................................................................................470How to Use the Queue Viewer.............................................................................................471How to Customize the Exchange Management Console......................................................472How to Filter the Result Pane in the Exchange Management Console................................473Using the Exchange Management Shell...............................................................................475 13
  14. 14. Opening the Exchange Management Shell.......................................................................476 Finding More Detailed Information About the Exchange Management Shell.....................476Getting Help..........................................................................................................................477 Exchange 2007 Help File..................................................................................................478 Help Cmdlets.....................................................................................................................478 Help Views........................................................................................................................482 Role, Component, and Functionality Parameters..............................................................485 Tab Completion.................................................................................................................487Understanding Cmdlets........................................................................................................487Parameters...........................................................................................................................489 Positional Parameters.......................................................................................................490 Parameter Details.............................................................................................................490 Boolean Parameters..........................................................................................................491 Switch Parameters............................................................................................................492 Common Parameters........................................................................................................492Identity..................................................................................................................................496 Examples of the Identity Parameter..................................................................................497Syntax..................................................................................................................................498 Command Conventions in the Exchange Management Shell...........................................498 Parameter Sets.................................................................................................................499 Command Operators in the Exchange Management Shell...............................................500Pipelining..............................................................................................................................504 Using Pipelining to Perform Multiple Actions.....................................................................504 Using Pipelining to Process Data from Another Cmdlet....................................................504 Using Pipelining to Report Errors......................................................................................505WhatIf, Confirm, and Validate Parameters............................................................................505 WhatIf Parameter..............................................................................................................506 Confirm Parameter............................................................................................................506 Validate Parameter............................................................................................................508Working with Command Output............................................................................................509 How to Format Data..........................................................................................................510 How to Output Data...........................................................................................................514 How to Filter Data.............................................................................................................515Comparison Operators.........................................................................................................518Aliases..................................................................................................................................520 Built-in Aliases...................................................................................................................520 Creating Custom Aliases...................................................................................................522 14
  15. 15. Removing an Alias............................................................................................................523 Importing and Exporting Aliases........................................................................................523 Alias Persistence...............................................................................................................524 Alias Limitations................................................................................................................524User-Defined Variables.........................................................................................................524 Using Variables to Store Values........................................................................................524 Storing the Output of a Command in a Variable................................................................525 Storing the Output of the Dir Command in a Variable........................................................526Shell Variables......................................................................................................................527 Common Shell Variables...................................................................................................528Sample Output......................................................................................................................529 Example: Viewing Information About a Receive Connector..............................................529 Example: Viewing a List of Mailboxes...............................................................................530Structured Data....................................................................................................................533 The Structure of an Object................................................................................................533Arrays...................................................................................................................................534 Creating Arrays.................................................................................................................534 Reading Arrays..................................................................................................................534 Manipulating Arrays...........................................................................................................535 Associative Arrays.............................................................................................................535Script Security......................................................................................................................536 Script Execution Modes.....................................................................................................536 Code-Signing Basics.........................................................................................................537 Cmdlets for Managing Code Signing.................................................................................538Scripting with the Exchange Management Shell...................................................................539 Running a Script Inside the Exchange Management Shell................................................539 Running a Script from Cmd.exe........................................................................................540 Getting Hints from the Exchange Management Console...................................................541 Testing Scripts...................................................................................................................542 Troubleshooting Scripts.....................................................................................................543 15
  16. 16. Deploying a Standard Exchange Server2007 OrganizationIf you are deploying a standard Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 organization, you can usethis document to understand the planning and deployment information you will need.Of the four defined organizational models for Exchange 2007, the standard Exchangeorganization represents the most common topology into which Exchange 2007 is deployed.As messaging service needs grow beyond the resource limits of a single computer,separation of Exchange 2007 services onto multiple computers becomes the next topologicaldivision: the standard Exchange organization. The standard Exchange organization buildsupon the simple Exchange organization by deploying multiple computers running Exchange. Note: For more information about the simple Exchange organization, see Planning for a Simple Exchange Organization.Unlike the simple Exchange organization, in which all Exchange server roles and services(except for the Edge Transport server role) are installed on a single computer, thedistinguishing characteristic of the standard Exchange organization is that Exchange servicesare installed on multiple computers. In this topology, Exchange Server is not installed on adirectory server, and it may be installed on multiple member servers. In this case, adequatedirectory service resources must be available to meet the needs of the messaging system.Other distinguishing characteristics of the standard Exchange organization include: • The Service Delivery Location (SDL) and Client Service Location (CSL) reside on the same local area network (LAN). • There are more than 1,000 mailboxes in the organization. • There are fewer than five routing groups, and between one and five Active Directory directory service sites. Multiple locations and Active Directory sites introduce the multi-site routing protocol and role discovery algorithms, as well as a requirement to use IP site links. Note: Multiple routing groups will only exist in a standard Exchange organization that includes Exchange 2007 and either Exchange Server 2003 or Exchange 2000 Server, or both Exchange 2003 and Exchange 2000. In a pure Exchange 2007 environment, all servers belong to a single routing group. • There is a single Active Directory forest. We recommend the single-forest Exchange design because it offers the richest set of mail system features and has the most streamlined administrative model. Because all resources are contained in a 16
  17. 17. single forest, a single global address list (GAL) contains all users across the forest. The main disadvantage associated with this option is that administrators must determine how to share or divide responsibilities for managing Active Directory and Exchange objects. The introduction of a second or subsequent forest automatically redefines the topology as a complex Exchange organization.For a detailed description of the standard Exchange organization, see Planning for aStandard Exchange Organization.Updates to This DocumentSince its release, the following updates were made to this document:• August 2007: Updated system requirements for network and directory servers. See Exchange 2007 System Requirements.Whats NewThis section provides important information about how to useMicrosoft Exchange Server 2007. It outlines the features that are included in Exchange 2007and provides basic information that you must have to start to use them.This section supplements the release notes that are included with Exchange 2007 and shouldbe read after you review the release notes. The release notes contain critical informationabout known issues that are not included in the product documentation.New Features in Microsoft Exchange Server2007 • Exchange Management Console The Exchange Management Console is one of two new administrative interfaces for Exchange 2007 and is based on Microsoft Management Console (MMC) 3.0. The Exchange Management Console is required to install and manage Exchange 2007. The Exchange Management Console combines all your management tasks into one user interface. By using the Exchange Management Console, you can manage all Exchange servers, recipients, and organizational components in your Exchange 2007 organization. • Exchange Management Shell The Exchange Management Shell is a new task-based command line shell and scripting language for system administration. The Exchange Management Shell performs every task that the Exchange Management 17
  18. 18. Console can perform and additional tasks that cannot be performed in the ExchangeManagement Console.• Unified Messaging Exchange 2007 includes support for Unified Messaging(UM). Unified Messaging combines multiple messaging infrastructures into a singlemessaging infrastructure. Therefore, Exchange 2007 UM-enabled users can receiveall voice mail, e-mail, and fax messages in their Exchange 2007 mailboxes and canaccess their mailboxes from a variety of devices. These devices include mobiledevices and cellular, analog, or digital telephones.• Performance improvements Exchange 2007 supports deployment on a 64-bitarchitecture for improved performance and capacity. Because of the move from a 32-bit architecture to a 64-bit architecture, the Enterprise Edition ofExchange Server 2007 now supports a larger number of storage groups anddatabases per server. Exchange Server 2007 lets you create as many as 50 storagegroups per server. Although a storage group can contain as many as 5 databases,there is a limit of 50 databases per server.• Availability When multiple Exchange 2007 computers that are running the HubTransport server role are deployed in a site, mail flow between Hub Transport serversand Mailbox servers is automatically load balanced and does not require anyadditional configuration by the administrator. If a Hub Transport server (formerlyknown as a bridgehead server) is unavailable because of a failure or regularlyscheduled maintenance, failover to the other Hub Transport servers is automatic.• High availability for Mailbox servers Exchange Server 2007 includes threeInbox features that provide high availability for Mailbox servers: Local continuousreplication (LCR), cluster continuous replication (CCR), and single copy clusters(SCC). The continuous replication features use log shipping to create a second copyof a production storage group. In an LCR environment, the second copy is located onthe same server as the production storage group. In a CCR environment, the secondcopy is located on the passive node in the cluster.• Built on Active Directory The complexity of the Exchange routing topology hasbeen reduced by building on the existing Active Directory directory service sitetopology. Exchange 2007 is a site-aware application and uses Active Directory sitesas a basis for selecting which servers to communicate with directly. This means thatno additional routing configuration is required when you deploy a pureExchange 2007 organization. Additional configuration is required during interimphases that require Exchange 2007 to communicate with and route to and fromExchange Server 2003.• Minimize traffic Exchange 2007 automatically routes by using minimal hops.Each Active Directory site is considered a hop. Exchange 2007 selects the mostdirect path between the source and the destination. If a Hub Transport server isunavailable in a site because of temporary network outages, mail is queued at thepoint of failure. 18
  19. 19. • Recipient resolution The Hub Transport server efficiently expands distribution lists and dynamic distribution lists (called query-based distribution lists in Exchange Server 2003), performs directory lookups, and resolves recipients against Active Directory. The Hub Transport server is site-aware and automatically communicates with the directory servers that are located in the same site. To handle large distribution lists efficiently, you can redirect expansion to a dedicated expansion server. • Message conversion The Exchange 2007 Hub Transport server can perform message conversion based on the content of the original mail and intended destination. Mail that flows between Exchange 2007 Hub Transport servers, Exchange 2007 servers that are running the Mailbox server role, and the Internet is converted appropriately. • Autodiscover To optimize bandwidth when a remote user connects to an Exchange 2007 computer that has the Client Access server role installed, the Client Access server that accepts the initial request locates the users mailbox. After the users Mailbox server is located, the client request is redirected to the Client Access server that is nearest to the users Mailbox server. • DevelopmentExchange 2007 includes a new set of Web Services that enable developers to interact with Exchange mailboxes and contents by using standard HTTP. Exchange Web Services provides access to the authenticated users mailbox and the items in the mailbox.Table 1 contains more information about the new enhancements and features that areprovided in Exchange 2007.Table 1 New enhancements and features in Exchange 2007New Administration Functionality in the New Transport and Routing FunctionalityExchange Management ConsoleNew Administration Functionality in the New Performance and ScalabilityExchange Management Shell FunctionalityNew Exchange Concepts and Definitions New High Availability and Clustering FunctionalityNew Unified Messaging Functionality New Exchange Database FunctionalityNew Client Functionality New Information Worker FunctionalityNew Messaging Policy and Compliance New Deployment FunctionalityFeaturesNew Anti-Spam and Antivirus Functionality New Development FunctionalityNew Antivirus and Anti-spam Products forExchange 2007 19
  20. 20. For More InformationFor more information about discontinued features and functionality, see DiscontinuedFeatures and De-Emphasized Functionality.For more information about terminology changes found in Exchange Server 2007, seeTerminology Changes in Exchange 2007.New Administration Functionality in theExchange Management ConsoleThe new and improved Microsoft Management Console (MMC) 3.0 supports rich functionalityfor snap-ins that are created to take advantage of the MMC 3.0 infrastructure, such as theExchange Management Console. The Exchange Management Console, one of two newadministrative interfaces for Microsoft Exchange Server 2007, is based on MMC 3.0, and isrequired to install and manage Exchange 2007. For more information about the secondadministrative interface for Exchange 2007, the Exchange Management Shell, see NewAdministration Functionality in the Exchange Management Shell.This section describes MMC 3.0 and its features. Figure 1 illustrates the design of MMC 3.0. 20
  21. 21. Figure 1 The MMC 3.0 designPrerequisitesTo update MMC to version 3.0, you must have Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack1 (SP1) installed on the computer that will be running MMC 3.0. Additionally, you must haveversion 2.0.50727 of the Microsoft .NET Framework installed on the same computer.The .NET Framework 2.0.50727 is required to run managed framework snap-ins that aredesigned and built for MMC 3.0. For information about how to download the.NET Framework, see the Microsoft .NET Framework Developer Center. Note: If you use only snap-ins that are designed for MMC 2.0 or for earlier versions, you do not have to install the .NET Framework 2.0.50727. Note: MMC 3.0 is included in Windows Server 2003 R2—the second release of the Windows Server 2003 operating system—and in Microsoft Windows Vista.For more information about how to update Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP toMMC 3.0, see MMC 3.0 update is available for Windows Server 2003 and for Windows XP. 21
  22. 22. New Features in MMC 3.0The following sections discuss several improvements in MMC 3.0 and information aboutMMC 3.0 snap-ins.Action PaneThe action pane is located on the right side of the snap-in console. It lists the actions that areavailable to users, based on the items that are currently selected in the console tree or theresult pane. To show or hide the action pane, click the Show/Hide Action Pane button on thetoolbar.New Add or Remove Snap-ins Dialog BoxThe new Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box makes it easy to add, organize, and removesnap-ins. You can control which extensions are available and whether to automatically enablesnap-ins that you install later. You can organize snap-ins by rearranging their position in theconsole tree.Improved Error HandlingMMC 3.0 notifies you of errors in snap-ins that could cause MMC to fail and provides optionsfor responding to those errors.MMC 3.0 Snap-insA snap-in is the basic component of a console. You can use snap-ins only within consoles;you cannot run them independent of a console.When you install a component that has a snap-in associated with it, the snap-in is available toanyone who creates a console on that computer (unless restricted by a user policy).Snap-ins and Snap-in ExtensionsMMC 3.0 supports two types of snap-ins: stand-alone snap-ins and snap-in extensions. Youcan add a stand-alone snap-in, typically called a snap-in, to a console without adding anotheritem first. A snap-in extension, typically called an extension, is always added to a snap-in or toanother snap-in extension that is already in the console tree. When extensions are enabledfor a snap-in, they operate on the objects that are controlled by the snap-in, such as acomputer, printer, modem, or other device.When you add a snap-in or extension to a console, it can appear as a new item in theconsole tree, or it can add shortcut menu items, additional toolbars, additional propertypages, or wizards to a snap-in that is already installed in the console. 22
  23. 23. Adding Snap-ins to a ConsoleYou can add a single snap-in or multiple snap-ins and other items to a console. Additionally,you can add multiple instances of a particular snap-in to the same console to administerdifferent computers or to repair a damaged console. Every time that you add a new instanceof a snap-in to a console, variables for the snap-in are set to default values until you configurethe snap-in. For example, if you configure a specific snap-in to manage a remote computer,and then you add a second instance of the snap-in, the second instance will not automaticallybe configured to manage the remote computer.Typically, you can add only snap-ins that are installed on the computer that you are using tocreate a new console. However, if your computer is part of a domain, you can use MMC 3.0to download snap-ins that are not locally installed but that are available in the Active Directorydirectory service.For More InformationFor more information about the Exchange Management Shell, see New AdministrationFunctionality in the Exchange Management Shell.New Administration Functionality in theExchange Management ShellThe Exchange Management Shell, built on Microsoft Windows PowerShell technology,provides administrators a powerful command-line interface that they can use toadminister Microsoft Exchange Server 2007. With the Exchange Management Shell,administrators can manage every aspect of Exchange 2007. They can enable new e-mailaccounts and configure Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) connectors, store databaseproperties, transport agents, and more. The Exchange Management Shell can perform everytask that can be performed by Exchange Management Console in addition to tasks that cantbe performed in the Exchange Management Console. In fact, when a task is performed in theExchange Management Console, the same command is made available to the ExchangeManagement Shell and is called to process the request. For more information about the newExchange Management Console, see New Administration Functionality in the ExchangeManagement Console.Figure 1 illustrates the design and layout of the Exchange Management Shell. 23
  24. 24. Figure 1 The Exchange Management ShellPrerequisitesThe Exchange Management Shell is a snap-in that relies on Windows PowerShell. Therefore,Windows PowerShell must be installed on the computer that will be running the ExchangeManagement Shell. To install Windows PowerShell, you must install the Microsoft .NET 2.0Framework on the computer that will run Windows PowerShell. For information about how todownload the .NET Framework, see the Microsoft .NET Framework Developer Center.New Features in the Exchange ManagementShellThe Exchange Management Shell provides a robust and flexible scripting platform that canreduce the complexity of current Microsoft Visual Basic scripts. What previously tookhundreds of lines in Visual Basic scripts now be done by using as little as one line of code inthe Exchange Management Shell.The Exchange Management Shell provides this flexibility because it doesnt use text as thebasis for interaction with the system. It uses an object model that is based on theMicrosoft .NET platform. This object model enables the shell commands to apply the outputfrom one command to subsequent commands when they are run. 24
  25. 25. The following are key features of the Exchange Management Shell: • Command-line interface The command-line interface lets you quickly and easily access and modify Exchange 2007 features and their values. It also gives you the flexibility to easily perform tasks in bulk that would have taken many lines of code or hours of work to apply changes through Exchange System Manager. • Piping of data between commands Pipelining makes you even more productive when you administer Exchange 2007 through the Exchange Management Shell. Pipelining helps you use output from one command as input in other commands. This lets you easily perform bulk operations based on criteria applied to filtering commands that then supply the objects to be modified to commands down the "pipe". This feature is a primary reason why the Exchange Management Shell makes it possible to reduce dozens of lines of code to a single chain of commands. • Structured data support Because all output from all the commands in the Exchange Management Shell is an object, all output from the commands can be acted on and processed by other commands by using little or no manipulation. Commands in a particular feature set accept output from other commands in that same feature set, without manipulation. • Extensive support for scripting When you want to perform complex processes, automate functions for Help Desk account management, monitor performance, or enable other automated administrative tasks, the Exchange Management Shell provides a powerful object model environment based on the .NET platform. • Safe Scripting To enable a smooth transition from a test environment to production or just to verify that your commands work correctly before you apply them to actual data, the Exchange Management Shell lets you test your commands to make sure they do what you want. You can verify the changes to be made, confirm that you want to continue, and verify that the process will succeed from end to end. • Access Cmd.exe commands The Exchange Management Shell provides transparent access to the commands that are available through the command prompt (Cmd.exe). You can even take the output of Cmd.exe commands and perform actions based on that output, or integrate that output into the data that you provide to another command. • Trusted scripts To improve security, the Exchange Management Shell requires that all scripts are digitally signed before they are allowed to run. This requirement prevents malicious parties from inserting a harmful script in the Exchange Management Shell. Only scripts that you specifically trust are allowed to run. This precaution helps protect you and your organization. • Profile customization While the default installation of the Exchange Management Shell gives you a fully featured and easy-to-use interface, you may want to add shortcuts to the commands that you frequently use. You might also want 25
  26. 26. to adjust the interface to suit your tasks. You can edit your personal Exchange Management Shell profile. This lets you control how your interface is configured and what commands automatically run when the Exchange Management Shell starts. Profile customization lets you assign scripts to aliases that you frequently use in the daily administration of your Exchange 2007 organization. • Extensible shell support If you dont like the way that data is displayed or if, for example, you cant remember which collections use the Count property and which collections use the Length property, you can easily make adjustments. The Exchange Management Shell uses XML to let you modify many aspects of its behavior. Developers can create new commands to integrate with the built-in Exchange Management Shell commands. This extensibility gives you more control over your Exchange 2007 organization and helps you streamline business processes.For More InformationFor more information about how to use the Exchange Management Shell, see Using theExchange Management Shell.For a list of frequently used Exchange Management Shell command examples that areorganized by administrative functions, such as recipient management and transportconfiguration, see Exchange Management Shell Quick Reference.New Unified Messaging FunctionalityThe telephony functionality found in Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 Unified Messaging(UM) is new to the Microsoft Exchange product line. Its introduction combines multiplemessaging infrastructures into a single messaging infrastructure. This section discusses thenew telephony features and functionality that are found in Exchange 2007 UM.The Unified Messaging Server RoleExchange 2007 provides distinct server roles that align with how a messaging system istypically deployed and distributed in an organization. A server role is a unit that logicallygroups the features and components that are required to perform a specific function in themessaging environment. The Unified Messaging server role is one of the Exchange 2007server roles that can be installed on a computer that is runningMicrosoft Windows Server 2003 or that is running Windows Server 2003 and Exchange 2007. 26
  27. 27. Exchange 2007 Unified MessagingUnified Messaging (UM) combines voice messaging, fax, and e-mail messaging into a singlemessaging infrastructure. Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging puts all e-mail, voice, and faxmessages into one Exchange 2007 mailbox that can be accessed from a variety of devices.After Exchange 2007 UM servers have been deployed on the network, users can access theirmessages from a telephone using Outlook Voice Access, from a mobile device, or from thecomputer of a user who is running Microsoft Windows XP.Today, employees of companies frequently manage their voice and fax messages separatelyfrom their e-mail messages. Additionally, IT administrators frequently manage the voice mailor telephony networks and the e-mail systems or data networks as separate systems. Inthese situations, voice mail and e-mail are located in separate inboxes hosted on separateservers that are accessed through the desktop for e-mail and through the telephone for voicemail. Fax messages come to, and are sent from, physical stand-alone fax machines.Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging offers a single store for all messages including e-mail,voice, and fax messages.For More Information • For more information about the Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging server role, see Exchange Server 2007 Unified Messaging Server Role. • For more information about the telephony concepts and components found in Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging, see Overview of Telephony Concepts and Components.New Client FunctionalityMany client-side improvements in features and functionality are included inMicrosoft Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging. The new features include theOutlook Web Access client that has Unified Messaging configuration pages, Outlook VoiceAccess for subscriber access, a voice mail client for Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, and animproved Outlook experience on mobile devices. This section provides information about thenew and improved client features that are included in Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging.Microsoft Exchange 2007 also includes several feature and functionality improvements forthe information worker. These include improvements and enhancements to calendaring andmessaging records management. 27
  28. 28. Unified MessagingUnified Messaging is new to the Microsoft Exchange product family. Unified Messagingenables Exchange 2007 recipients to store e-mail, voice mail, and fax messages in oneInbox. Several client-side features are available to recipients who are enabled for UnifiedMessaging. For more information about the new Unified Messaging client features, see ClientFeatures in Unified Messaging. Note: When you are using Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync on a mobile device, you can open a voice message in your mailbox and listen to the attached .wma file that contains the voice message. The advanced Unified Messaging features found in the premium version of Outlook Web Access, such as the voice mail configuration options, are unavailable in Outlook Web Access Light. Caution: When you are using Outlook Web Access Light and Pocket Internet Explorer on a mobile device, you may be able to listen to a voice message by using the .wma attachment that is described in Client Features in Unified Messaging. However, this configuration is not supported.Outlook Web AccessOutlook Web Access in Exchange 2007 has been redesigned to enhance the end-userexperience and productivity. Outlook Web Access includes many new features andimprovements that are not found in earlier versions of Microsoft Exchange. Features such assmart meeting booking, Windows SharePoint Services and Windows file shares integration,and the ability to manage mobile devices are now available. Outlook Web Access alsoincludes improvements in search, reminders, the Outlook Web Access address book, andother messaging options.For more information about the new client features found in Outlook Web Access, see ClientFeatures in Outlook Web Access.Exchange ActiveSync and MobilityExchange 2007 offers a significantly improved Outlook user experience on mobile devices. Italso includes improved security and better mobile device management. No additionalsoftware or outsourcing fees are necessary to access data from a mobile device by usingExchange ActiveSync. For more information about the new client features found inExchange ActiveSync, see Client Features In Exchange ActiveSync. 28
  29. 29. CalendaringThe improved calendaring feature in Exchange 2007 helps resolve reliability issues,enhances the scheduling process, and encourages more sharing of calendar information.Overall, these improvements make Microsoft Exchange and Outlook calendaring a morereliable and efficient tool for time management.Cached Exchange ModeYou can configure the clients on your network that are using earlier versions of Outlook andOutlook 2007 to use Cached Exchange Mode with Exchange 2007.However, Exchange 2007 provides a new notification mechanism for Outlook 2007 clientsthat enables the clients that are running in Cached Exchange Mode to start downloading newmessages more quickly than with earlier versions of Microsoft Exchange.Messaging Records ManagementTo comply with legal, regulatory, or business process requirements, many organizations mustprocess, filter, modify, and journal (forward) e-mail messages that are transferred to and fromtheir organization and the Internet and between people in the organization. Administratorscan use the messaging records management features in Exchange 2007 to help users andorganizations keep the messages they need for business or legal reasons and todiscard messages that they do not have to keep. This is done by using managed folders.Managed folders in the users mailbox to which retention policies have been applied. Theadministrator or the user puts these managed folders in the user’s mailbox, and then the usersorts messages into the managed folders according to organization policy. Messagesincluded in these managed folders are periodically processed according to the retentionpolicies. When a message reaches a retention limit, it can be journaled, deleted, moved toanother folder, or marked as past its retention date.For More Information • For more information about Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging, see Overview of Exchange 2007 Unified Messaging. • For more information about Exchange 2007 Outlook Web Access, see Overview of Outlook Web Access in Exchange 2007. • For more information about Exchange 2007 mobility and Exchange ActiveSync, see Overview of ActiveSync in Exchange Server 2007. • For more information about new and improved information worker functionality, see New Information Worker Functionality. 29
  30. 30. New Messaging Policy and ComplianceFeaturesOrganizations need an application-specific approach to coping with a growing number oflegal, regulatory, and internal policy and compliance requirements. Administrators must filter,process, and store e-mail that flows between users in the organization, to or from the Internet,or between partner organizations. Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 provides a broad set of e-mail policy and compliance features to address this increasing requirement to protect andcontrol the flow of information.You can use the policy and compliance features of Exchange 2007 to apply rules tomessages in transport and to enforce retention requirements for stored data. Transport-basedpolicies are configured on computers that have the Hub Transport server role installed and oncomputers that have the Edge Transport server role installed. A collection of transport agentslets you configure rules and settings that are applied as messages enter and leave thetransport components. You can create policy and rule settings that address the regulationsthat apply to your organization and that can easily be changed to adapt to your organizationsrequirements. The Journaling agent acts on messages in transit to enforce retention ofmessages that meet specified criteria. Messaging records management (MRM) policies areapplied to managed folders in users Inboxes to automate and simplify message retentionmanagement. Configuration of storage features help organizations more easily comply withthese legal, regulatory, and internal requirements by providing an efficient system of retentionand disposal according to organization policy.Use the features that are described in this section to support your organizations requirementto comply with legal, regulatory, and internal policies. Transport rules and journaling aretriggered after message categorization and use information about the messages, the sendersidentity, and the recipients identity to determine which policies to apply. Features that runinside the Exchange organization are configured by an Exchange Organization Administrator.The configuration information is stored in the Active Directory directory service. Storing datain Active Directory makes the policy setting available to every internal Exchange server role.This lets you configure the policy one time, and the policy will be applied throughout thewhole organization consistently and continually.E-Mail Policy and Compliance Features • Address rewriting You configure the Address Rewriting agent on the Edge Transport server role to enable the modification of the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) addresses on inbound and outbound messages. Address rewriting is especially useful when an organization that has several domains wants to present a consistent appearance of e-mail addresses to external recipients of messages from the Exchange 2007 organization. For more information, see Planning for Address Rewriting. 30
  31. 31. • Edge transport rules You configure the Edge Rules agent on the Edge Transport server role to create rules that control the flow of messages that are sent to or received from the Internet. The Edge Transport rules help protect corporate network resources and data by applying an action to messages that meet specified conditions. These rules are configured for each server. Edge Transport rule conditions are based on data, such as specific words or text patterns in the message subject, body, header, or From address, the spam confidence level (SCL), or attachment type. Actions determine how the message is processed when a specified condition is true. Possible actions include quarantine of a message, dropping or rejecting a message, appending additional recipients, or logging an event. Optional exceptions exempt particular messages from having an action applied.The Edge Rules agent processes messages that are sent to or received from theInternet. To apply rules to messages that are sent between users in the sameorganization, you must configure the Transport Rules agent. For more information, seeOverview of Transport Rules. • Hub transport rules You configure the Transport Rules agent on the Hub Transport server role to create rules that are applied to messages that are sent to or from users in the organization. The Hub Transport rules help control communications that are affected by regulatory compliance and corporate policy requirements. These rules are stored in the Active Directory directory service and are available to, and are applied by, all Hub Transport servers. Hub Transport rules support an extended set of conditions, letting you control message flow based on distribution groups, internal or external recipients, message classifications, and message importance. Actions determine how the message is processed when a specified condition is true. Possible actions include applying a message classification, appending disclaimer text, redirecting the message to an address, removing the message header, or logging an event. Optional exceptions exempt particular messages from having an action applied.By using Hub Transport rules, you can create regulatory ethical walls to limitcommunications between internal departments where conflicts of interest may exist, andyou can protect your company and clients against privacy invasion. For more information,see Overview of Transport Rules. • Disclaimers You can also configure transport rules to add disclaimer text to the start or end of the message body. The Exchange Organization Administrator customizes disclaimers to meet your organizations requirements. These disclaimers may contain text that refers to accidental disclosure of the message contents, or proprietary or confidential information. For more information, see Overview of Disclaimers. • Journaling You configure journal rules on the Hub Transport server. Transport- based journaling gives you more flexibility than the store-based configuration of Exchange Server 2003 and reduces duplication of journal reports. Communications 31

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