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  • 1. MUSIC, SYMPHONY AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF SOUND The art of music is what most would define as the science of it, then again it seems more ART than SCIENCE but it’s definitely an intermixing of both. For a rather serious musician, music takes the form of science which deals with Phonetics. Phonetics being the study of SOUND and sound a variety of vibrations at a particular note and scale. Let us now analyze the 2 main branches of music in reference to their ORIGIN. The 2 major branches being: 1) WESTERN MUSIC Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 (Scherzo).wma 2) EASTERN MUSIC 10 roobaroo .mp3
  • 2. /WESTERN MUSIC Western music contains a variety of types according to genres. It is mainly subdivided into smaller divisions of origin comprising areas of effect and similarity of music type in definite vicinity -folklore paralleled with classical and dashes of various other types irrespective of time.{cannot be elaborated upon due to the depth and numerous types } Many a time genres of music have their origin evolved (inspired) from an older genre. Symphony according to classical music is composed from the seven key notes 1) do 2) ray 3) me 4) fa 5) so 6) la 7) ti Along with a definitive scaling. Which creates a certain harmony and thus music…………. EASTERN MUSIC/ EASTERN MUSIC is generally that type of sounds and harmony that have their origin and roots from certain countries in the eastern hemisphere. There is a slight difference in the instrument types and a very significant difference in the rhythm of the music as compared to the western types. Symphony in Indian classical music is composed from the seven key notes 1) sa 2) ray 3) ga 4) ma 5) pa 6) dha 7) ni A comparison of the 2 types of key notes used shows us that the language of music is universal. as is clearly evident from the similarity of the notes.
  • 3. NOTATION Musical notation is any method by which sounds are written down so that they can be read and performed by others. The present day conventional system of notation uses a five line stave (staff) –divided by vertical lines into sections known as bars –on which notes, rests, clefs, key signatures, accidentals, and other symbols are written. A note indicates the duration of a sound and, according to its position on the stave, its pitch. Notes can be arranged on the stave in order of pitch to form a scale. A silence in the music is indicated by a rest. The clef, which is placed at the beginning of a stave, fixes the pitch. The key signature, which is placed after the clef, indicates the key. The time signature, placed after the key signature, shows the number of beats in a bar .accidentals are used to indicate the raising or lowering of the pitch of a note. ORCHESTRA: An orchestra is a group of musicians that plays music written for a specific combination of instruments. The number and type of instruments included in the orchestra depends on the style of music being played. The modern orchestra is made up of four sections of instruments – stringed, woodwind, brass, and percussion. An average orchestra consists of the following instruments: Instrument Number/s 1) Tubular bell 1 2) Tam-tam (gong) 1 3) Vibraphone 1 4) Xylophone 1 5) Cymbals 1 6) Side drum 1 7) Bass drum 1 8) Maracas 1
  • 4. 9) Tambourine 1 10) Triangle 1 11) Castanets 1 12) Harp 1 13) Piccolo 1 14) Tuba 1 15) Double bassoon 1 16) cor anglais 1 17) Saxophone 1 18) Bass clarinet 1 19) Clarinets 2 20) Flutes 2 21) Oboes 2 22) Bassoons 2 23) Trombones 3 24) Timpani 3 25) Horns 4 26) Trumpets 4 27) Double basses 8 28) Cellos 10 29) Violas 12 30) Violins 30 And last but not the least 1 conductor’s stand with the score. Instrument types Brass instruments woodwind instruments stringed instruments Keyboard instruments percussion instruments electronic instruments
  • 5. VoCaLs & hArMoNiZiNg For any vocalist his instrument of choice is his larynx (voice box). Harmonizing is the art of scaling the vocal chords to different pitches to form a harmonious over all superposition of sounds. The types of vocals are: 1) Soprano – any normal type of vocal, most commonly practiced. 2) Toner – it is a higher pitched(scaled) vocal type in comparison to soprano but with its own unique pattern of notes 3) Alto – a typically off sounding vocal type that usually generates most thrills in a given harmony of sounds. 4) Bass – the bass vocal type is very low pitched, stays at the background and produces a certain depth in harmonization.